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Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).

            List of years in poetry       (table)
 1947 .  1948 .  1949 .  1950  . 1951  . 1952  . 1953 
1954 1955 1956 -1957- 1958 1959 1960
 1961 .  1962 .  1963 .  1964  . 1965  . 1966  . 1967 
   In literature: 1954 1955 1956 -1957- 1958 1959 1960     
Related time period  or  subjects
 1954 . 1955 . 1956 - 1957 - 1958 . 1959 . 1960 
1920s . 1930s . 1940s -1950s- 1960s . 1970s . 1980s

 19th century . 20th century . 21st century 

Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Science +...



  • Howl obscenity trial in San Francisco brings significant attention to beat poetry, Lawrence Ferlinghetti and Allen Ginsberg
  • This year, Ginsberg surprised the literary world by abandoning San Francisco. After a spell in Morocco, he and Peter Orlovsky moved to Paris at the suggestion of Gregory Corso, who introduced them to a shabby lodging house above a bar at 9 rue Gît-le-Coeur, where they were soon joined by William S. Burroughs and others, including young painters, writers and black Jazz musicians. The building became known as the Beat Hotel. The writers' time there became a productive, creative period for many of them. There, Ginseberg would finished his poem "Kaddish", Corso composed "Bomb" and "Marriage", and Burroughs (with Ginsberg and Corso's help) put together "Naked Lunch", from previous writings. Corso returned to New York in 1958. The "hotel" closed in 1963. Ginsberg and Orlovsky left for travels to India in 1967.
  • Shi'r ("Poetry") magazine is founded in Beirut by Syrian-born poets Yusuf al-Khal and Ali Ahmad Said (a.k.a. Adonis)[1] The journal is a showcase for experimental Arabic poetry as well as translations of poetry from European languages.[2]
  • Black Mountain Review literary magazine folds.[3]

Works published in English

Listed by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:



New Zealand

United Kingdom

Criticism, scholarship and biography in the United Kingdom

United States

Criticism, scholarship and biography in the United States

  • Annotated Index to the Cantos of Ezra Pound, the first guide to Pound's Cantos
  • William Carlos Williams, The Selected Letters of William Carlos Williams, edited by John C. Thirwall
  • William Butler Yeats, Variorum Edition of the Poems of W.B. Yeats, edited by Peter Allt and Russell K. Alspach, New York: Macmillan (posthumous)[14]

Other in English

Works in other languages

Listed by language and often by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:

French language

Canada, in French

  • Claude Fournier, Le Ciel fermé
  • Pierre Trotier, Poèmes de Russie
  • Reginald Boisvert, Le Temps de vivre
  • Maurice Beaulieu, À glaise fendre
  • Jean-Guy Pilon, L'Homme et le Jour
  • Rina Lasnier, Présence de l'absence



  • Peter Gan, Schachbrett
  • Margot Scharpenberg, Gefährliche Uebung
  • Benno von Weise, editor, Die deutsche Lyrik: Form und Geschichte. Interpretationen ("German poetry: Form and history. Interpretations"), two volumes, Düsseldorf (criticism)[21]


  • N. Alterman, Ir ha-Yona ("City of the Dove")
  • Moses ibn Ezra, Shirai ha-Kodesh le-Moshe Ibn Ezra ("The Sacred Poems of Moses Ibn Ezra"), edited by Simon Bernstein, the first comprehensive collection
  • Ephraim Lisitzky, Negohot ma-Arafel ("Light through the Mist")
  • Yaakov Schteinberg, Kol Kitvai Yaakov Schteinberg ("Complete Works")
  • A. Zeitlin, Ben ha-Esh ve-Hayesha ("Between Fire and Redemption")

Indian subcontinent

Including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Listed alphabetically by first name, regardless of surname:

Portuguese language



Spanish language


  • V. Aleixandre, Mis poemas mejores (1956)
  • Gabriel Celaya, De claro en claro
  • R. Montesino, La soledad y los días
  • R. Pombo, Poesías completas
  • María C. Lacaci, Humana voz (winner of the 1956 Adonaïs Prize)
  • J. Guillén, "Lugar de Lázaro" (fragment of Clamor)
  • J.R. Jiménez:
    • Libros en poesía
    • Tercera antología poética
Spanish anthologies
  • R. Menendez Pidal, editor, Espana y su historia
  • J.M. Blecua, Floresta lírica espanola

Latin America

  • Jacinto Cordero Espinosa, Despojamiento
  • Pablo Neruda:
    • Viajes
    • Nuevas odas elementales
  • Amado Nervo:
    • complete poetic works (publisher: Aguilar)
    • Pensamientos (publisher: Barcelona)
  • Octavio Paz (Chile), Piedra de sol
  • César Vallejo (Peru), collected poems (posthumous)


  • Yankev Glatshteyn, Fun mayn gantser mi ("Of All My Labor, Selected Poems, 1919-1956")
  • A. Leyeles, Baym fus fun barg ("At the Foot of the Mountain")
  • Khos Kliger, Peyzazhn fun Yisroel ("Israel Landscapes")

Other languages

Awards and honors


  • Governor General's Awards: Robert A.D. Ford, A Window on the North
  • President's Medal for a single poem: Jay Macpherson, The Fisherman — A Book of Riddles

United Kingdom

United States

Poetry Magazine awards

Poetry Society of America awards


  • Fastenrath Prize (Spain) for the best poetry published in the past four years: J. García Nieto, La red


Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:


Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:

See also


  1. ^ Irwin, Robert, "An Arab Surrealist", The Nation, January 3, 2005, pp 23–24, 37–38
  2. ^ "An Arab Poet Who Dares to Differ" by Adam Shatz, The New York Times, July 13, 2002, accessed April 23, 2008
  3. ^ Everett, Nicholas, "Robert Creeley's Life and Career" at the Modern American Poetry website, accessed May 1, 2008
  4. ^ a b c d e f Gustafson, Ralph, The Penguin Book of Canadian Verse, revised edition, 1967, Baltimore, Maryland: Penguin Books
  5. ^ Preminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, et al., editors, The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, 1993, Princeton University Press and MJF Books, "Canadian Poetry" article, English "Anthologies" section, p 164
  6. ^ Web page titled "Charles Brasch: New Zealand Literature File" at the University of Auckland Library website, accessed April 26, [[2008
  7. ^ Allen Curnow Web page at the New Zealand Book Council website, accessed April 21, 2008
  8. ^ Web page titled "The Contemporary Scene" in An Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 1966 website, accessed April 21, 2008
  9. ^ a b c d Macha L. Rosenthal, The New Poets: American and British Poetry Since World War II, New York: Oxford University Press, 1967, "Selected Bibliography: Individual Volumes by Poets Discussed", pp 334-340
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Cox, Michael, editor, The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature, Oxford University Press, 2004, ISBN 0-19-860634-6
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Ludwig, Richard M., and Clifford A. Nault, Jr., Annals of American Literature: 1602–1983, 1986, New York: Oxford University Press ("If the title page is one year later than the copyright date, we used the latter since publishers frequently postdate books published near the end of the calendar year." — from the Preface, p vi)
  12. ^ a b c Richard Ellmann and Robert O'Clair, editors, The Norton Anthology of Modern Poetry, W. W. Norton & Company, 1973, ISBN 0393093573
  13. ^ Web page titled "Wallace Stevens (1879 - 1955)" at the Poetry Foundation website, retrieved April 9, 2009
  14. ^ Mac Liammoir, Michael, and Eavan Boland, W. B. Yeats, Thames and Hudson (part of the "Thames and Hudson Literary Lives" series), London, 1971, "Bibliographical Note", p. 130
  15. ^ Preminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, et al., editors, The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, 1993, Princeton University Press and MJF Books, "Australian Poetry" article, Anthologies section, p 108
  16. ^ Naik, M. K., Perspectives on Indian poetry in English, p. 230, (published by Abhinav Publications, 1984, ISBN 0391032860, ISBN 9780391032866), retrieved via Google Books, June 12, 2009
  17. ^ a b c d Auster, Paul, editor, The Random House Book of Twentieth-Century French Poetry: with Translations by American and British Poets, New York: Random House, 1982 ISBN 0394521978
  18. ^ a b c Bree, Germaine, Twentieth-Century French Literature, translated by Louise Guiney, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1983
  19. ^ "Saint-John Perse" article, Encyclopaedia Britannica, retrieved August 26, 2009. Archived 2009-09-03.
  20. ^ Web page titled "Saint-John Perse: The Nobel Prize in Literature 1960: Bibliography" at the Nobel Prize Website, retrieved July 20, 2009. Archived 2009-07-24.
  21. ^ Preminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, et al., editors, The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, 1993, Princeton University Press and MJF Books, "German Poetry" article, "Criticism in German" section, p 474
  22. ^ a b c Das, Sisir Kumar and various, History of Indian Literature: 1911-1956: struggle for freedom: triumph and tragedy, Volume 2, 1995, published by Sahitya Akademi, ISBN 9788172017989, retrieved via Google Books on December 23, 2008
  23. ^ Hofmann, Michael, editor, Twentieth-Century German Poetry: An Anthology, Macmillan/Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2006


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