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Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).

            List of years in poetry       (table)
 1949 .  1950 .  1951 .  1952  . 1953  . 1954  . 1955 
1956 1957 1958 -1959- 1960 1961 1962
 1963 .  1964 .  1965 .  1966  . 1967  . 1968  . 1969 
   In literature: 1956 1957 1958 -1959- 1960 1961 1962     
Related time period  or  subjects
 1956 . 1957 . 1958 - 1959 - 1960 . 1961 . 1962 
1920s . 1930s . 1940s -1950s- 1960s . 1970s . 1980s

 19th century . 20th century . 21st century 

Art . Archaeology . Architecture . Literature . Music . Science +...



  • In the United States, "Those serious new Bohemians, the beatniks, occupied with reading their deliberately undisciplined, protesting verse in night clubs and hotel ballrooms, created more publicity than poetry", wrote Harrison M. Hayford, an academic at Northwestern University. "Meanwhile back on the campus, the 'square' poets were turning more and more to a controlled verse, much of it good enough to survive the pointed charge of academicism." Non-beat, off-campus poets almost routinely displayed "simple competence in the handling of complex forms", he wrote in Encyclopaedia Britannica's Britannica Book of the Year 1960, which covered 1959.[1]
  • Literary critic M.L. Rosenthal coins the term "confessional" as used in Confessional poetry in "Poetry as Confession", an article appearing in the September 19 issue of The Nation. Rosenthal's article reviewed the poetry collection Life Studies by Robert Lowell. The review was later collected in Rosenthal's book of selected essays and reviews, Our Life In Poetry, published in 1991[2]
  • March — at a dinner celebrating Robert Frost's 85th birthday, the critic Lionel Trilling gave some brief remarks about Frost's poetry and "permanently changed the way people think about his subject", according to critic Adam Kirsch. Trilling said that Frost, had been long viewed as a folksy, unobjectionable poet, "an articulate Bald Eagle" who gave readers comfortable truths in traditional meter and New England dialect in such schoolbook favorites such as "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" and "The Road Not Taken". But the critic said Frost instead was "a terrifying poet" not so much like Longfellow as Sophocles, "who made plain ... the terrible things of human life." Trilling was severely criticized at the time, but his view would become widely accepted in the following decades.[3]
  • The chairmanship of The Group, a grouping of British poets, passed to Edward Lucie-Smith this year when Philip Hobsbaum left London to study in Sheffield. The meetings continued at his house in Chelsea, and the circle of poets expanded to include Fleur Adcock, Taner Baybars, Edwin Brock, and Zulfikar Ghose; others including Nathaniel Tarn circulated poems for comment.
  • After 20 years, John Crowe Ransom steps down as editor of The Kenyon Review, which he founded.
  • Aldous Huxley turns down the offer of a knighthood.
  • Carl Sandburg, poet and historian, lectured at the U.S. fair and exposition in Moscow.[1]
  • In France, the centenary of the death of Marceline Desbordes-Valmore was commemorated this year.[1]
  • May 18-24 — Nikita Khrushchev, Soviet Union, head of state, in an extemporaneous speech at the Congress of Soviet Writers, calls for indulgence towards "deviationist" writers. At the same conference, the poet Alexis Surkov again condemns writing "hostile to socialist realism and denounces fellow poet Boris Pasternak as acting in a way that is "trecherous and unworthy of a Soviet writer". A liberalizing trend in the state's treatment of its writers is evident. Surkov, the subject of intense criticism himself, resigned from the congress, and at some point in the year attacks against Pasternak ceased.[1]
  • The journal Canadian Literature is founded by George Woodcock at the University of British Columbia.
  • The British poetry magazine Agenda was founded by William Cookson and Ezra Pound.[4]

Works published in English

Listed by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:



United Kingdom

Anthologies in the United Kingdom

United States

Criticism, scholarship and biography in the United States

Other in English

Works published in other languages

Listed by language and often by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:

French language


Anthologies in France
  • Roger Caillois and Jean Clarence Lambert, editors, Trésor de la poésie universelle[1]
  • Max Pol Fouchet, De L'Amour au voyage, anthologie thématique de la poésie française[1]
  • Paul Valéry wrote the preface to the new edition this year of Anthologie des poètes de la N. R. F.[1]
Criticism, scholarship and biography in France


  • Maurice Beaulieu, Il fait clair de glaise[1]
  • Olivier Marchand, Crier que je vis[1]
  • Fernand Ouellet, Séquences de l'Aile[1]
Criticism, scholarship and biography in French Canada
  • Editor not known, La Poésie et nous, a collection of essays on poetry[1]



  • L. Ben-Amitai, Ahaliba[1]
  • Leah Goldberg, Mukdam Umeuhar ("Early and Late")[1]
  • Abraham Halfi, ka-Almonin ba-Geshem ("As the Unknown in the Rain")[1]
  • Yeshurun Keshet, Hayim Genuzim ("Hidden Life")[1]
  • Shimshon Meltzer, Or Zorua, ("Scattered Light")[1]
  • Yonathan Ratush, Zela[1]
  • Zalmen Shneur, a 10-volume collection of his poems[1]

United States

  • M. S. Ben-Meir, Zel Utzlil ("Shadow and Sound"), posthumous[1]
  • A. S. Schwartz, Shirim ("Poems"), posthumous[1]


Anthologies in Italy

  • Editor not known, Nuovi poeti, an anthology of Italian poetry since 1945[1]
  • Salvatore Quasimodo, editor, Poesia italiana del dopoguerra, an anthology of Italian poetry since 1945[1]

Spanish language

Latin America

Anthologies in Latin America
  • P. Félix Restrepo, prologue and epilogue, Poemas de Colombia, published by the Colombian Academy, with biographical notes by Carlos López Narváez[1]
  • Antonio de Undurraga, editor, Atlas de la poesía de Chile, including poetry from Guillermo Blest Gana and Luis Merino Reyes[1]
Criticism, scholarship and biography in Latin America
  • Raúl Leiva, Imagen de la poesía mexicana contemporánea, concerning 29 poets


  • Gabriel Celaya, Cantata en Aleixandre, verse variations on themes of Vicente Aleixandre, published as a book by the literary magazine Papeles de sSon Armadans[1]


  • B. Y. Bialostotsky, a book of poetry[1]
  • M. Daych, a book of poetry[1]
  • E. Korman, a book of poetry[1]
  • H. Leyvik, Lider tsum eybikn ("Songs to the Eternal")[1]
  • Efrayim Oyerbakh, a book of poetry[1]
  • Y. Tsvi Shargel, a book of poetry[1]


Awards and honors

United Kingdom

United States



Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:


Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs Britannica Book of the Year 1960, covering events of 1959, published by the Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1960; including these articles: "American Literature", "Canadian Literature", English Literature", "French Literature", "German Literature", "Jewish Literature", "Italian Literature", "Latin American Literature", "Obituaries", "Spanish Literature" and "Soviet Literature"
  2. ^ Rosenthal, Our Life in Poetry pages 109 – 112
  3. ^ [1] Kirsch, Adam, "Subterranean Frost Books", a review of The Notebooks of Robert Frost, in The New York Sun, February 12, 2007, accessed February 16, 2007
  4. ^ "'Agenda': the long and the short of excellence in poetry" article (no byline) in The Independent, April 25, 2008, accessed April 27, 2008
  5. ^ Preminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, et al., editors, The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, 1993, Princeton University Press and MJF Books, "Canadian Poetry" article, English "Anthologies" section, p 164
  6. ^ Gnarowsky, Michael, "Poetry in English, 1918-1960", article in The Canadian Encyclopedia, retrieved February 8, 2009
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j M. L. Rosenthal, The New Poets: American and British Poetry Since World War II, New York: Oxford University Press, 1967, "Selected Bibliography: Individual Volumes by Poets Discussed", pp 334-340
  8. ^ a b c Cox, Michael, editor, The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature, Oxford University Press, 2004, ISBN 0-19-860634-6
  9. ^ a b Richard Ellmann and Robert O'Clair, editors, The Norton Anthology of Modern Poetry, W. W. Norton & Company, 1973, ISBN 0393093573
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Ludwig, Richard M., and Clifford A. Nault, Jr., Annals of American Literature: 1602–1983, 1986, New York: Oxford University Press ("If the title page is one year later than the copyright date, we used the latter since publishers frequently postdate books published near the end of the calendar year." — from the Preface, p vi)
  11. ^ "Selected Timeline of Anglophone Caribbean Poetry" in Williams, Emily Allen, Anglophone Caribbean Poetry, 1970–2001: An Annotated Bibliography, page xvii and following pages, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, ISBN 9780313317477, retrieved via Google Books, February 7, 2009
  12. ^ Naik, M. K., Perspectives on Indian poetry in English, p. 230, (published by Abhinav Publications, 1984, ISBN 0391032860, ISBN 9780391032866), retrieved via Google Books, June 12, 2009
  13. ^ Web page titled "The Contemporary Scene" in An Encyclopedia of New Zealand, 1966 website, accessed April 21, 2008
  14. ^ Preminger, Alex and T.V.F. Brogan, et al., editors, The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics, 1993, Princeton University Press and MJF Books, "New Zealand Poetry" article, "History and Criticism" section, p 837
  15. ^ a b c Auster, Paul, editor, The Random House Book of Twentieth-Century French Poetry: with Translations by American and British Poets, New York: Random House, 1982 ISBN 0394521978
  16. ^ a b c d Bree, Germaine, Twentieth-Century French Literature, translated by Louise Guiney, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1983
  17. ^ Web page titled "Saint-John Perse: The Nobel Prize in Literature 1960: Bibliography" at the Nobel Prize Website, retrieved July 20, 2009. Archived 2009-07-24.


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