1960 World Series: Wikis

  
  

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1960 World Series
Team (Wins) Manager Season
Pittsburgh Pirates (4) Danny Murtaugh 95–59, .617, GA: 7
New York Yankees (3) Casey Stengel 97–57, .630, GA: 8
Dates: October 5–October 13
MVP: Bobby Richardson (New York, the losing team)
Television: NBC
TV announcers: Mel Allen, Bob Prince
Radio: NBC
Radio announcers: Chuck Thompson, Jack Quinlan
Umpires: Dusty Boggess (NL), Johnny Stevens (AL), Bill Jackowski (NL), Nestor Chylak (AL), Stan Landes (NL: outfield only), Jim Honochick (AL: outfield only)
Future Hall of Famers: Pirates: Roberto Clemente, Bill Mazeroski
Yankees: Casey Stengel (mgr.), Yogi Berra, Whitey Ford, Mickey Mantle
 < 1959 World Series 1961 > 

The 1960 World Series was played between the Pittsburgh Pirates (NL) and New York Yankees (AL) from October 5 to October 13, 1960. It is most notable for the Game 7, ninth-inning home run hit by Bill Mazeroski, winning the game for the Pirates 10–9, and also winning them their third Championship, their first since 1925.

This World Series featured seven past, present or future league Most Valuable Players. The Pirates had two (Dick Groat (1960) and Roberto Clemente (1966)), while the Yankees had five (Yogi Berra (1951, 1954, 1955), Mickey Mantle (1956, 1957, 1962), Roger Maris (1960, 1961), Elston Howard (1963), and Bobby Shantz (1952)).

As noted in the superstition called the "Ex-Cub Factor", this was the only Series after 1945 and until 2001 in which a team with three or more former members of the Chicago Cubs (Don Hoak, Smoky Burgess and Gene Baker) was able to win a World Series.

Contents

Summary

The Pirates were grossly outmatched against the Yankees, who had won their tenth pennant in twelve years. Indeed, the Bronx Bombers outscored the Pirates 55–27 in this Series, outhit them 91–60, outbatted them .338 to .256, hit ten home runs to Pittsburgh's four (three of the latter's coming in Game 7), got two complete game shutouts from Whitey Ford—and lost. The Pirates' inconsistent pitching resulted in the peculiar combination of close games and routs. Law and Ford were both excellent for their teams. Pirates relief pitcher Elroy Face was a major factor in several games.

NL Pittsburgh Pirates (4) vs. AL New York Yankees (3)

Game Date Score Location Time Attendance
1 October 5 New York Yankees – 4, Pittsburgh Pirates – 6 Forbes Field 2:29 36,676[1]
2 October 6 New York Yankees – 16, Pittsburgh Pirates – 3 Forbes Field 3:14 37,308[2] 
3 October 8 Pittsburgh Pirates – 0, New York Yankees – 10 Yankee Stadium (I) 2:41 70,001[3] 
4 October 9 Pittsburgh Pirates – 3, New York Yankees – 2 Yankee Stadium (I) 2:29 67,812[4] 
5 October 10 Pittsburgh Pirates – 5, New York Yankees – 2 Yankee Stadium (I) 2:32 62,753[5] 
6 October 12 New York Yankees – 12, Pittsburgh Pirates – 0 Forbes Field 2:38 38,580[6] 
7 October 13 New York Yankees – 9, Pittsburgh Pirates – 10 Forbes Field 2:36 36,683[7]

Matchups

Game 1

Wednesday, October 5, 1960, at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 4 13 2
Pittsburgh 3 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 X 6 8 0

WP: Vern Law (1–0)  LP: Art Ditmar (0–1)  SV: Roy Face (1)  
HRs:  NYY – Roger Maris (1), Elston Howard (1)  PIT – Bill Mazeroski (1)

As mentioned previously, in 1960 the Yankees had won their tenth pennant in twelve years; only the Cleveland Indians in 1954 and the Chicago White Sox in 1959 had managed to break New York's streak of consecutive AL championships. The Pirates, meanwhile, were appearing in their first World Series since 1927, when they fell in a four-game sweep to the dominant "Murderers' Row" Yankees. For Game 1, the Yankees threw Art Ditmar against the Pirates' Vern Law.

In the top of the first inning, New York right fielder Roger Maris, the eventual 1960 AL MVP, drilled a solo home run off Law to give the Yankees a 1–0 lead. In the bottom half, however, the Pirates evened the score when Bill Virdon walked, stole second, advanced to third on an error by Yankee shortstop Tony Kubek, and scored on a double by Dick Groat (the eventual 1960 NL MVP). Bob Skinner then singled to drive in Groat and stole second himself, coming home on another single by Roberto Clemente. Pittsburgh now led by a 3–1 score, and this was enough to compel Casey Stengel, the Yankee manager, to pull Ditmar in favour of Jim Coates, who finally ended the inning.

In the fourth, New York cut the lead to one run when Maris singled, moved to second on a Mickey Mantle walk, took third on a flyout by Yogi Berra, and scored on a single by Bill Skowron. But the Pirates extended their lead to 5–2 when Don Hoak walked and Bill Mazeroski homered, a portentous omen of events to come in the series. Pittsburgh added an insurance run in the sixth, and although the Yankees sliced the lead to two on a ninth-inning home run by Elston Howard, Pirate reliever Elroy Face successfully closed out the inning to give the Buccos a 6–4 victory and a 1–0 lead in the Series.

Game 2

Thursday, October 6, 1960, at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York 0 0 2 1 2 7 3 0 1 16 19 1
Pittsburgh 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 3 13 1

WP: Bob Turley (1–0)  LP: Bob Friend (0–1)  SV: Bobby Shantz (1)  
HRs:  NYY – Mickey Mantle 2 (2)

While the Pirates surprisingly drew first blood with their victory in Game 1, in Game 2 (matching New York's Bob Turley against the Pirates' Bob Friend) the Yankees conclusively demonstrated why they had dominated the previous decade, mercilessly pummelling the Buccos 16–3.

The game was scoreless until the top of the third, when the Yankees jumped out to a 2–0 lead. New York second baseman Bobby Richardson walked, was sacrificed over to second by Turley, and scored on a single by Tony Kubek. Gil McDougald then doubled, plating Kubek all the way from first base, and Turley aided his own cause in the fourth, driving home Richardson with a single. Although Hoak doubled home Gino Cimoli in the bottom of the fourth to break the shutout, the Yankees extended their lead to 5–1 courtesy of a two-run home run by Mantle that also scored Maris.

In the sixth, the solid Yankee lead turned into a rout, as the Bronx Bombers erupted for seven runs and chased Pirates reliever Fred Green from the game. Richardson and Berra led the way with two RBI each, while McDougald, Skowron, and Howard accounted for the other runs. Mantle continued the onslaught by popping a three-run homer in the seventh and scoring on a wild pitch by Tom Cheney in the ninth. Although the Pirates tacked on two runs in the bottom half of the frame, the game was well out of reach for them by this time. The decisive Yankee victory tied the series at a game apiece.

Game 3

Saturday, October 8, 1960, at Yankee Stadium in Bronx, New York

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Pittsburgh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0
New York 6 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 X 10 16 1

WP: Whitey Ford (1–0)  LP: Vinegar Bend Mizell (0–1)  
HRs:  NYY – Bobby Richardson (1), Mickey Mantle (3)

For Game 3, the series shifted to Yankee Stadium, and it was for this game that Stengel chose to send his ace, Whitey Ford, to the mound against Pittsburgh's Vinegar Bend Mizell. This proved to be a critical decision, as Ford's starting of the third game made him unavailable for an eventual deciding seventh game. Why Stengel did not tab Ford to start Game 1 has been the subject of much speculation. Ford's last starting assignment had been on September 28, a week before the first game of the World Series. Ford had also been used in two innings of relief on October 2, presumably just to keep his arm fresh as the Yankees had already clinched the pennant. Some have written that denying Ford the honor of starting Game 1 of the series was Stengel's way of punishing Mickey Mantle for off-field misconduct. Stengel's supposed logic being that although he couldn't bench his best player, a move unlikely to achieve the desired result in any event, he could penalize Mantle's off-field running mate and perhaps thereby moderate Mantle's behavior.[8] However, since Ford underwent arm surgery after the series, a more likely explanation is that Ford was experiencing arm problems and was questionable for even two starts, let alone three. In fact, Ditmar at 15-9, 3.06 ERA and 200 IP had a superior record to Ford's 12-9, 3.08 ERA and 192.2 IP that season, so it may well have been a decision based on merit.

For the third contest, the Yankees did not let up on their offensive pressure from the second game at all. They grabbed a 6–0 lead by the end of the first inning, as Skowron and Howard ripped RBI base hits while Richardson clubbed a grand slam. (During the regular season, Richardson had hit only one home run, off Baltimore's Arnie Portocarrero on April 30.) In the fourth, the Bombers added on four more runs, courtesy a two-run home run by Mantle and a two-run single by Richardson. The Pirates, meanwhile, simply could not get anything going against Ford, who tossed a masterful two-hitter. The Yankees now led the series, 2–1.

Game 4

Sunday, October 9, 1960, at Yankee Stadium in Bronx, New York

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Pittsburgh 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 3 7 0
New York 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 2 8 0

WP: Vern Law (2–0)  LP: Ralph Terry (0–1)  SV: Roy Face (2)  
HRs:  NYY – Bill Skowron (1)

The Buccos had seen their pitching fail them in the previous two games, as the team fell victim to the powerful Yankee bats. This was not the case in Game 4, however, as Pittsburgh sent Vern Law to the hill against Ralph Terry of the Yankees.

The game was scoreless until the bottom of the fourth, when Skowron launched a solo home run off Law to give New York a 1–0 advantage. The very next half-inning, though, Pittsburgh stormed back, as Law doubled in Cimoli and Virdon added a two-run single. Law kept the potent pinstripers at bay, though the Yankees did scratch and claw for a single run in the bottom of the seventh when Skowron doubled, moved to third on a single by McDougald, and scored on a fielder's choice by Richardson. However, after the Yankees scored that run, Pirate manager Danny Murtaugh brought in reliever Elroy Face, who held the fort for the final two innings as Pittsburgh tied the series at two games each.

Game 5

Monday, October 10, 1960, at Yankee Stadium in Bronx, New York

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Pittsburgh 0 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 5 10 2
New York 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 5 2

WP: Harvey Haddix (1–0)  LP: Art Ditmar (0–2)  SV: Roy Face (3)  
HRs:  NYY – Roger Maris (2)

With the series now tied at two apiece, Yankee manager Casey Stengel started pitcher Art Ditmar, his Game 1 starter, against the Pirates' Harvey Haddix, who had become famous for losing a perfect game in the thirteenth inning of a game against the Milwaukee Braves the previous year.

As it turned out, on this day Ditmar could not get out of the second inning. Dick Stuart singled and was forced out at second by Gino Cimoli, who then moved to third on a double by Smoky Burgess. Don Hoak then slapped a ground ball toward Yankee shortstop Kubek, who flipped it to third baseman McDougald in an attempt to force Burgess. However, McDougald missed the catch for a fielding error, allowing Cimoli to score, Burgess to move up to third, and Hoak to end up at second. Mazeroski then lashed a double to left, scoring both Burgess and Hoak. After this small offensive outburst, Stengel yanked Ditmar and replaced him with Luis Arroyo, who finally got out of the inning.

The next half-inning, New York picked up a run when Elston Howard doubled, moved to third on a ground out by Richardson, and scored on another grounder by Kubek. However, the Pirates extended their lead to three runs in the third, when Roberto Clemente singled home Groat, who had led off with a double.

In the bottom of the third, Roger Maris touched Haddix for a home run to deep right field. However, otherwise the Pittsburgh hurler was in fine form, holding the Yankees at bay until the seventh, when he was replaced by Face. In the ninth, the Pirates added an insurance run when Hoak singled in Joe Christopher, and Face shut down the pinstripers in the bottom half of the frame to give the Buccos a 5–2 victory and a 3–2 edge in the Series.

Game 6

Wednesday, October 12, 1960, at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York 0 1 5 0 0 2 2 2 0 12 17 1
Pittsburgh 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 1

WP: Whitey Ford (2–0)  LP: Bob Friend (0–2)  

For the sixth contest in Pittsburgh, the Yankees threw Whitey Ford against the Pirates' Bob Friend. And as was the case the last time Ford had toed the rubber for the Yanks in Game 3, his teammates relentlessly mashed the ball en route to a resounding 12–0 victory.

In the top of the second, the Yankees went to work. After a Yogi Berra walk and a Bill Skowron single, Elston Howard was hit by a pitch to load the bases. Ford himself then notched the first RBI of the game, with a ground ball single to a counterpart Friend that scored Berra. The next inning, Mantle cracked a two-run single that scored Kubek and Maris. After a Berra single moved Maris to third, Danny Murtaugh removed the clearly ineffective Friend in favour of Tom Cheney. He, however, fared no better, as a Skowron sacrifice fly scored Mantle and a triple to deep left field by Richardson plated Berra and Johnny Blanchard, making the score 6–0 New York.

The Yankees then began to run away with the game, scoring two runs in each of the sixth, seventh, and eighth innings. Richardson ripped his second RBI triple of the contest, and Ford added his second RBI courtesy a fielder's choice on a sacrifice bunt. On the mound, as in Game 2, Ford was his masterful self, not letting the Pirates mount anything resembling a rally for the full nine innings. His second shutout of the series was a critical one, as it tied the series at three games each.

Game 7

Thursday, October 13, 1960, at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York 0 0 0 0 1 4 0 2 2 9 13 1
Pittsburgh 2 2 0 0 0 0 0 5 1 10 11 0

WP: Harvey Haddix (2–0)  LP: Ralph Terry (0–2)  
HRs:  NYY – Bill Skowron (2), Yogi Berra (1)  PIT – Rocky Nelson (1), Hal Smith (1), Bill Mazeroski (2)

Bob Turley, the winning pitcher in Game 2, got the nod for the Yankees against the Pirates' Vern Law, the winning pitcher in Games 1 and 4.

Turley lasted only one inning. After the first two Pirates made out, Turley walked Bob Skinner, then Rocky Nelson homered to give the Pirates a 2–0 lead. Turley was then pulled after walking Smoky Burgess leading off the second. Don Hoak then drew a base on balls against new pitcher Bill Stafford, and Bill Mazeroski's bunt single loaded the bases. Stafford appeared to get the Yankees out of trouble after inducing Law to hit into a double play, pitcher to catcher to first. But Bill Virdon singled to right to score both Hoak and Mazeroski and increase the Pirates' lead to 4–0.

The Yankees got on the scoreboard in the fifth on Bill Skowron's leadoff home run, his second homer of the Series. In the sixth, Bobby Richardson led off with a single and Tony Kubek drew a base on balls. Elroy Face relieved Law and got Roger Maris to pop out to Hoak in foul territory, but Mickey Mantle singled to score Richardson. Yogi Berra followed with a home run that gave the Yankees their first lead, 5–4.

The Yankees plated two more runs in the eighth. With two out, Berra walked and Skowron singled. Johnny Blanchard then singled to score Berra, then Clete Boyer doubled to score Skowron.

The Pirates opened the bottom of the eighth inning with singles by Gino Cimoli, pinch-hitting for Face, then Virdon (the latter's was on a ground ball to short for what could have been a double play; instead the ball took a bad hop and struck Kubek in the throat). Dick Groat then chased Bobby Shantz (who had entered the game in the third and had pitched five innings, after not pitching more than four during the regular season) with a single to score Cimoli. Jim Coates replaced Shantz and got Skinner out on a sacrifice bunt. Nelson followed with a fly ball to right, and when Virdon declined to challenge Maris' throwing arm, Coates was one out away from getting the Yankees out of their most serious trouble of the afternoon.

However, a lapse by Coates allowed the Pirates to keep their inning alive. After stopping Roberto Clemente's ground ball, first baseman Skowron turned and prepared to throw to Coates covering first—but Coates, thinking Skowron would make the play himself, stopped midway to the base. Skowron was forced to hold onto the ball, and Virdon scored to cut the Yankee lead to 7–6. Hal Smith followed with a three-run home run to give the Pirates a 9–7 lead.

Bob Friend, an eighteen-game-winner for the Pirates and their starter in Games 2 and 6, came on in the ninth to try to protect the lead. The Yankees' Bobby Richardson and pinch-hitter Dale Long both greeted Friend with singles, and Pirates manager Danny Murtaugh was forced to bench the veteran pitcher in favor of Harvey Haddix. Although he got Roger Maris to foul out, Haddix gave up a key single to Mickey Mantle that scored Richardson and moved Long to third. Yogi Berra followed, hitting a short grounder to first, with Rocky Nelson easily making the second out. In what, at the moment, stood as a monumental play, Mantle, seeing he had no chance to beat a play at second, scurried back to first and avoided Nelson's tag (which would have been the third out) as Gil McDougald raced home to tie the score, 9–9.

Ralph Terry, who had gotten the final out of the eighth inning, returned to the mound in the bottom of the ninth. The first batter to face him was Bill Mazeroski. With a count of one ball and no strikes, the Pirates' second baseman smashed a historic long drive over the left field wall, ending the contest and crowning the National League as champions. As the Pirates erupted, the Yankees stood across the field in disbelief. The improbable champions were outscored, outhit, and outplayed, but had managed to pull out a victory anyhow. Years later, Mickey Mantle was quoted as saying that losing the 1960 series was the biggest disappointment of his career. For Bill Mazeroski, it was the highlight.

Mazeroski became the first player to hit a walk-off home run to win a World Series. Thirty-three years later, Joe Carter would become the only other player to end the World Series with a home run, doing so for the Toronto Blue Jays in the 1993 World Series, albeit in Game 6. Although most noted for the series-ending homer, Game 7 is also the only game in all of postseason history with no strikeouts recorded by either side.

Bobby Richardson of the Yankees was named MVP of the Series, the only time that someone from the defeated team has been so honored.

Composite box

1960 World Series (4–3): Pittsburgh Pirates (N.L.) over New York Yankees (A.L.)

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Pittsburgh Pirates 5 5 1 3 3 1 0 5 4 27 60 4
New York Yankees 7 2 8 7 3 13 6 4 5 55 91 8
Total attendance: 349,813   Average attendance: 49,973
Winning player’s share: $8,418   Losing player’s share: $5,215[9]

Aftermath

This would prove to be Casey Stengel's last World Series, as the Yankee club soon sent him into retirement. This led to his famous remark, "I'll never make the mistake of turning 70 again."

Series quotes

We made too many wrong mistakes.
Yogi Berra's assessment of what happened to his club.
Dick Groat on third base. Bob Clemente on first base. Two runs in, 7-6 New York. Two balls, two strikes...And Hal Smith hits a drive to deep left field...That ball is way back out there, going, going, gone!
Mel Allen on NBC television, calling Hal Smith's home run off Jim Coates that gave the Pirates a 9-7 lead in the 8th inning of Game 7. The Yankees would tie the game in the top of the 9th, setting up Bill Mazeroski's final at-bat in the bottom of the inning.
Well, a little while ago, when we mentioned that this one, in typical fashion, was going right to the wire, little did we know…Art Ditmar throws—There's a swing and a high fly ball going deep to left, this may do it!…Back to the wall goes Berra, it is…over the fence, home run, the Pirates win!…(long pause for crowd noise)…Ladies and gentleman, Mazeroski has hit a one-nothing pitch over the left field fence at Forbes Field to win the 1960 World Series for the Pittsburgh Pirates by a score of ten to nothing!…Once again, that final score…The Pittsburgh Pirates, the 1960 world champions, defeat the New York Yankees. The Pirates ten, and the Yankees nine!
Chuck Thompson's radio call of the final play, including a mistake on who the pitcher was (actually mentioning who was warming up in the bullpen when he was interrupted), and initially flubbing the final score.

Notes

References

  • Neft, David S., and Richard M. Cohen. The World Series. 1st ed. New York: St Martins, 1990. (Neft and Cohen 281–286)
  • Reichler, Joseph, ed. (1982). The Baseball Encyclopedia (5th ed.), p. 2168. MacMillian Publishing. ISBN 0-02-579010-2.
  • Forman, Sean L.. "1960 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com - Major League Statistics and Information.. http://www.baseball-reference.com/postseason/1960_WS.shtml. Retrieved 2007-12-09.  

External links








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