1968 Formula One season: Wikis

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1968 FIA Formula One World Championship season
Previous: 1967 Next: 1969
Index: Races by country | Races by season

The 1968 Formula One season included the 19th FIA Formula One World Championship season, which commenced on January 1, 1968, and ended on November 3 after twelve races.

Contents

Season summary

Although they had failed to win the title in 1967, by the end of the season the Lotus 49 and the DFV engine were mature enough to make the Lotus team dominant again. For 1968 Lotus lost its exclusive right to use the DFV. McLaren built a new DFV-powered car and a new force appeared on the scene when Ken Tyrrell entered his own team using a Cosworth-powered car built by French aeronautics company Matra and driven by ex-BRM driver Jackie Stewart.

Unsurprisingly the season-opening 1968 South African Grand Prix confirmed Lotus' superiority, with Jim Clark and Graham Hill finishing 1–2. It would be Clark's last win. On 7 April 1968 Clark, one of the most successful and popular drivers of all time, was killed at Hockenheim in a non-championship Formula Two event.

The season saw two significant innovations. The first was the arrival of unrestricted sponsorship, which the FIA decided to permit that year after the withdrawal of support from automobile related firms like BP, Shell and Firestone. In May the Lotus Formula One team appeared at Jarama in the Red, Gold and White colors of Imperial Tobacco's Gold Leaf brand. The second innovation was the introduction of wings as seen previously on various cars including the Chaparral sports car. Colin Chapman introduced modest front wings and a spoiler on Graham Hill's Lotus 49B at Monaco. Brabham and Ferrari went one better at the Belgian Grand Prix with full width wings mounted on struts high above the driver. Lotus replied with a full width wing directly connected to the rear suspension that required a redesign of suspension wishbones and transmission shafts. Matra then produced a high mounted front wing connected to the front suspension. This last innovation was mostly used during practice as it required a lot of effort from the driver. By the end of the season most teams were using sophisticated wings.

Despite the death of Jim Clark, Lotus won both titles in 1968 with Graham Hill, but Stewart was a serious contender, winning several Grands Prix in the Tyrrell-run Matra MS10. Stewart's winning drive during the rain and fog of the 1968 German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring, where he won by a margin of four minutes, is considered as one of the finest ever, even though his rain tires were probably better than those of the competition. The car's most innovative feature was the use of aviation-inspired structural fuel tanks. These allowed the chassis to be around 15 kg lighter, while still being stronger than its competitors. The FIA considered the technology to be unsafe and decided to ban it for 1970, insisting on rubber bag-tanks (Which meant the effective end of spaceframe chassis in F1). Safety became a major issue in Formula One.

McLaren fielded a pair of Cosworth powered M7s for reigning Formula One World Champion Denny Hulme and team founder Bruce McLaren. McLaren won the non-championship Brands Hatch Race of Champions, then the Belgian Grand Prix was the scene of the team's first Championship win. In doing so, McLaren became only the third driver to win a race in a car manufactured by his own team - Jack Brabham having done it in 1966 and Dan Gurney in 1967 at Spa Francorchamps. Hulme won the Italian Grand Prix and Canadian Grand Prix later in the year.

Repco produced a more powerful version of their V8 to maintain competitiveness against Ford's new Cosworth DFV, but it proved very unreliable. The Brabhams were fast — Rindt set pole position twice during the season — but Brabham and Rindt finished only three races between them, and ended the year having scored just ten points.[1]

Season review

Rnd Race Date Location Winning driver Constructor Report
1 South Africa South African Grand Prix January 1 Kyalami United Kingdom Jim Clark United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Report
2 Spain Spanish Grand Prix May 12 Jarama United Kingdom Graham Hill United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Report
3 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix May 26 Monaco United Kingdom Graham Hill United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Report
4 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix June 9 Spa-Francorchamps New Zealand Bruce McLaren United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Report
5 Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix June 23 Zandvoort United Kingdom Jackie Stewart France Matra-Ford Report
6 France French Grand Prix July 7 Rouen-Les-Essarts Belgium Jacky Ickx Italy Ferrari Report
7 United Kingdom British Grand Prix July 20 Brands Hatch Switzerland Jo Siffert United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Report
8 Germany German Grand Prix August 4 Nürburgring United Kingdom Jackie Stewart France Matra-Ford Report
9 Italy Italian Grand Prix September 8 Monza New Zealand Denny Hulme United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Report
10 Canada Canadian Grand Prix September 22 Mont-Tremblant New Zealand Denny Hulme United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Report
11 United States United States Grand Prix October 6 Watkins Glen United Kingdom Jackie Stewart France Matra-Ford Report
12 Mexico Mexican Grand Prix November 3 Hermanos Rodriguez United Kingdom Graham Hill United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Report

1968 Constructors Championship final standings

Place Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Points Wins Podiums Poles
1 United Kingdom Lotus-Ford 49
49B
Ford Cosworth DFV 75 5 9 5
2 United Kingdom McLaren-Ford M7A Ford Cosworth DFV 56 3 6
3 France Matra-Ford MS7
MS9
MS10
Ford Cosworth DFV 45 3 5
4 Italy Ferrari 312 Ferrari 242C 37 1 5 4
5 United Kingdom BRM P115
P126
P133
P138
BRM P142 28 4
6 United Kingdom Cooper-BRM T86B BRM P142 20 2
7 Japan Honda RA300
RA301
Honda RA273E
Honda RA301E
14 2 1
8 United Kingdom Brabham-Repco BT24
BT26
Repco 740
Repco 860
12 2 2
9 France Matra MS11 Matra MS68 8 1
10 United Kingdom McLaren-BRM M5A BRM P142 3
11 South Africa LDS-Repco Mk3B Repco 620
12 United States Eagle-Weslake T1G Gurney-Weslake 58
13 United Kingdom Cooper-Maserati T81B Maserati Tipo 10/F1
14 United Kingdom Cooper-Climax T79 Climax FPF
15 United Kingdom Brabham-Climax BT11 Climax FPF
16 United Kingdom Lola-BMW T102 BMW M12/3

1968 Drivers Championship final standings

Championship points were awarded on a 9-6-4-3-2-1 basis to the top six placegetters in each race. Only the best five results from the first six races and the best five results from the remaining six races were counted towards a driver's total.[2]

Pos. Driver RSA
South Africa
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
BEL
Belgium
NED
Netherlands
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
ITA
Italy
CAN
Canada
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
Pts.
1 United Kingdom Graham Hill 2 1 1 Ret 9 Ret Ret 2 Ret 4 2 1 48
2 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Ret 4 1 3 6 1 Ret 6 1 7 36
3 New Zealand Denny Hulme 5 2 5 Ret Ret 5 4 7 1 1 Ret Ret 33
4 Belgium Jacky Ickx Ret Ret 3 4 1 3 4 3 DNS Ret 27
5 New Zealand Bruce McLaren Ret Ret 1 Ret 8 7 13 Ret 2 6 2 22
6 Mexico Pedro Rodríguez Ret Ret Ret 2 3 Ret Ret 6 Ret 3 Ret 4 18
7 Switzerland Jo Siffert 7 Ret Ret 7 Ret 11 1 Ret Ret Ret 5 6 12
8 United Kingdom John Surtees 8 Ret Ret Ret Ret 2 5 Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 12
9 France Jean-Pierre Beltoise 6 5 Ret 8 2 9 Ret Ret 5 Ret Ret Ret 11
10 New Zealand Chris Amon 4 Ret Ret 6 10 2 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 10
11 United Kingdom Jim Clark 1 9
12 Austria Jochen Rindt 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret 8
13 United Kingdom Richard Attwood 2 Ret 7 7 Ret 14 6
14 France Johnny Servoz-Gavin Ret Ret 2 Ret Ret 6
15 United Kingdom Jackie Oliver Ret 5 NC Ret 11 Ret Ret DNS 3 6
16 Italy Ludovico Scarfiotti Ret 4 4 6
17 Belgium Lucien Bianchi 3 6 Ret Ret NC Ret Ret 5
18 United Kingdom Vic Elford 4 Ret Ret Ret 5 Ret 8 5
19 United Kingdom Brian Redman Ret 3 Ret 4
20 United Kingdom Piers Courage Ret Ret Ret Ret 6 8 8 4 Ret Ret Ret 4
21 United States Dan Gurney Ret Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret Ret 4 Ret 3
22 Sweden Jo Bonnier Ret DNQ Ret 8 Ret 6 Ret Ret 5 3
23 Australia Jack Brabham Ret DNS Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 Ret Ret Ret 10 2
24 Switzerland Silvio Moser DNQ 5 NC DNQ 2
25 France Henri Pescarolo Ret DNS 9 0
26 Rhodesia John Love 9 0
27 Germany Hubert Hahne 10 0
28 Germany Kurt Ahrens, Jr. 12 0
South Africa Jackie Pretorius NC 0
United Kingdom Derek Bell Ret Ret 0
United States Mario Andretti DNS Ret 0
United States Bobby Unser DNS Ret
Italy Andrea de Adamich Ret 0
South Africa Dave Charlton Ret 0
United Kingdom Mike Spence Ret 0
South Africa Basil van Rooyen Ret 0
Rhodesia Sam Tingle Ret 0
United Kingdom Robin Widdows Ret 0
United Kingdom David Hobbs Ret 0
Canada Bill Brack Ret 0
Mexico Moisés Solana Ret 0
Australia Frank Gardner DNQ 0
Pos. Driver RSA
South Africa
ESP
Spain
MON
Monaco
BEL
Belgium
NED
Netherlands
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
ITA
Italy
CAN
Canada
USA
United States
MEX
Mexico
Pts.
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrew entry before the event (WD)
Place Driver Country Points Wins Podiums Poles
1 Graham Hill United Kingdom Britain 48 3 6 2
2 Jackie Stewart United Kingdom Britain 36 3 4
3 Denny Hulme New Zealand New Zealand 33 2 3
4 Jacky Ickx Belgium Belgium 27 1 4 1
5 Bruce McLaren New Zealand New Zealand 22 1 3
6 Pedro Rodríguez Mexico Mexico 18 3
7 Jo Siffert Switzerland Switzerland 12 1 1 1
8 John Surtees United Kingdom Britain 12 2 1
9 Jean-Pierre Beltoise France France 11 1
10 Chris Amon New Zealand New Zealand 10 1 3
11 Jim Clark United Kingdom Britain 9 1 1 1
12 Jochen Rindt Austria Austria 8 2 2
13 Richard Attwood United Kingdom Britain 6 1
14 Johnny Servoz-Gavin France France 6 1
15 Jackie Oliver United Kingdom Britain 6 1
16 Ludovico Scarfiotti Italy Italy 6
17 Lucien Bianchi Belgium Belgium 5 1
18 Vic Elford United Kingdom Britain 5
19 Brian Redman United Kingdom Britain 4 1
20 Piers Courage United Kingdom Britain 4
21 Dan Gurney United States United States 3
22 Jo Bonnier Sweden Sweden 3
23 Jack Brabham Australia Australia 2
24 Silvio Moser Switzerland Switzerland 2
25 Henri Pescarolo France France
26 John Love Rhodesia Rhodesia
27 Hubert Hahne Germany Germany
28 Kurt Ahrens, Jr. Germany Germany
Jackie Pretorius South Africa South Africa
Derek Bell United Kingdom Britain
Mario Andretti United States United States 1
Bobby Unser United States United States
Andrea de Adamich Italy Italy
Dave Charlton South Africa South Africa
Mike Spence United Kingdom Britain
Basil van Rooyen South Africa South Africa
Sam Tingle Rhodesia Rhodesia
Robin Widdows United Kingdom Britain
David Hobbs United Kingdom Britain
Bill Brack Canada Canada
Moisés Solana Mexico Mexico
Frank Gardner Australia Australia

Non-Championship race results

Other Formula One races held in 1968, which did not count towards the World Championship.

Race Name Circuit Date Winning driver Constructor Report
United Kingdom III Race of Champions Brands Hatch March 17 New Zealand Bruce McLaren United Kingdom McLaren-Cosworth Report
United Kingdom XX BRDC International Trophy Silverstone April 25 New Zealand Denny Hulme United Kingdom McLaren-Cosworth Report
United Kingdom XV International Gold Cup Oulton Park August 17 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart France Matra-Cosworth Report

References

  1. ^ Fearnley (May 2006) p. 41
  2. ^ Mike Kettlewell, The Champion Book of World Championship Facts and Figures, 1982, Page 25

External links

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Simple English

The 1968 Formula One season crowned as champion Graham Hill.

Season review

Rnd Race Date Location Winning driver Constructor Report
1 South African Grand Prix January 1 Kyalami Jim Clark Lotus-Ford Report
2 Spanish Grand Prix May 12 Jarama Graham Hill Lotus-Ford Report
3 Monaco Grand Prix May 26 Monaco Graham Hill Lotus-Ford Report
4 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgian Grand Prix June 9 Spa-Francorchamps Bruce McLaren McLaren-Ford Report
5 Dutch Grand Prix June 23 Zandvoort Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Report
6 French Grand Prix July 7 Rouen-Les-Essarts File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Jacky Ickx Ferrari Report
7 British Grand Prix July 20 Brands Hatch Jo Siffert Lotus-Ford Report
8 German Grand Prix August 4 Nürburgring Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Report
9 Italian Grand Prix September 8 Monza Denny Hulme McLaren-Ford Report
10 Canadian Grand Prix September 22 Mont-Tremblant Denny Hulme McLaren-Ford Report
11 United States Grand Prix October 6 Watkins Glen Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Report
12 Mexican Grand Prix November 3 Hermanos Rodriguez Graham Hill Lotus-Ford Report

1968 Drivers Championship final standings

Pos. Driver RSA
ESP
MON
BEL
File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
NED
FRA
GBR
GER
ITA
CAN
USA
MEX
Pts.
1 Graham Hill 2 1 1 Ret 9 Ret Ret 2 Ret 4 2 1 48
2 Jackie Stewart Ret 4 1 3 6 1 Ret 6 1 7 36
3 Denny Hulme 5 2 5 Ret Ret 5 4 7 1 1 Ret Ret 33
4 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Jacky Ickx Ret Ret 3 4 1 3 4 3 Ret 27
5 Bruce McLaren Ret Ret 1 Ret 8 7 13 Ret 2 6 2 22
6 File:Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg Pedro Rodríguez Ret Ret Ret 2 3 NC Ret 6 Ret 3 Ret 4 18
7 Jo Siffert 7 Ret Ret 7 Ret 11 1 Ret Ret Ret 5 6 12
8 John Surtees 8 Ret Ret Ret Ret 2 5 Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 12
9 Jean-Pierre Beltoise 6 5 Ret 8 2 9 Ret Ret 5 Ret Ret Ret 11
10 Chris Amon 4 Ret Ret 6 10 2 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 10
11 Jim Clark 1 9
12 Jochen Rindt 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret 8
13 Richard Attwood 2 Ret 7 7 Ret 14 6
14 Johnny Servoz-Gavin Ret Ret 2 Ret Ret 6
15 Jackie Oliver Ret 5 NC Ret 11 Ret Ret DNS 3 6
16 Ludovico Scarfiotti Ret 4 4 6
17 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Lucien Bianchi 3 6 Ret Ret NC Ret Ret 5
18 Vic Elford 4 Ret Ret Ret 5 Ret 8 5
19 Brian Redman Ret 3 Ret 4
20 Piers Courage Ret Ret Ret Ret 6 8 8 4 Ret Ret Ret 4
21 Dan Gurney Ret Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret Ret 4 Ret 3
22 Jo Bonnier Ret DNQ Ret 8 Ret 6 Ret Ret 5 3
23 Jack Brabham Ret DNS Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 Ret Ret Ret 10 2
24 Silvio Moser DNQ 5 NC DNQ 2
25 Henri Pescarolo Ret DNS 9 0
26 John Love 9 0
27 Hubert Hahne 10 0
28 Kurt Ahrens Jr. 12 0
Jackie Pretorius NC 0
Derek Bell Ret Ret 0
Mario Andretti DNS Ret 0
Bobby Unser DNS Ret
Andrea de Adamich Ret 0
Dave Charlton Ret 0
Mike Spence Ret 0
Basil van Rooyen Ret 0
Sam Tingle Ret 0
Robin Widdows Ret 0
David Hobbs Ret 0
Bill Brack Ret 0
File:Flag of Mexico (1934-1968).svg Moises Solana Ret 0
Frank Gardner DNQ 0
Pos. Driver RSA
ESP
MON
BEL
File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
NED
FRA
GBR
GER
ITA
CAN
USA
MEX
Pts.
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(starting in 2003)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrew entry before the event (WD)

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