The Full Wiki

1974 FIFA World Cup: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1974 FIFA World Cup
Fußball-Weltmeisterschaft 1974

1974 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host country  West Germany
Dates 13 June – 7 July
Teams 16 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s) (in 9 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  West Germany (2nd title)
Runner-up  Netherlands
Third place  Poland
Fourth place  Brazil
Tournament statistics
Matches played 38
Goals scored 97 (2.55 per match)
Attendance 1,774,022 (46,685 per match)
Top scorer(s) Poland Grzegorz Lato (7 goals)

The 1974 FIFA World Cup, the tenth staging of the World Cup, was held in West Germany from 13 June to 7 July. West Germany had been chosen in July 1966 as hosts by FIFA. The tournament marked the first time that the current trophy, the FIFA World Cup Trophy, created by the Italian sculptor Silvio Gazzaniga, was awarded. The previous trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, was won for the third time by Brazil in 1970 and awarded permanently to the Brazilians. The host nation won the title beating the Netherlands in the final, 2–1. The victory was the second for West Germany, who had won in 1954.

Contents

Qualification

Qualifying countries

Ninety-eight countries took part in the qualifying tournament, and as usual there were some high-profile failures on the road to the finals. France was among them, having lost out to USSR in their qualifying group. Spain, England and Hungary also failed to reach the finals. First-time qualifiers included East Germany, Haiti, Australia and Zaire, the first team from sub-Saharan Africa to reach the World Cup finals.

Summary

Advertisements

First round

The tournament was held mostly in bad weather, and the stadia had few protected places. Few western European nations had qualified, of which most were eliminated early. Fans from the Eastern neighbor states were hindered by political circumstances.

Carlos Caszely of Chile became the first player to be sent off with a red card in a World Cup match, during their match against West Germany. Red cards were formally introduced in World Cup play in 1970, but no players were sent off in that tournament. The format of the competition changed from 1970: 16 teams qualified, divided into four groups of four. The top two teams in each group advanced to the second round, where they split into two groups of four. The winners of each group played each other in the final, and the second place finishers in the third place match.

Two teams made a particularly powerful impact on the first round. The Netherlands demonstrated the Total football techniques pioneered by the top Dutch club Ajax, in which specialised positions were virtually abolished for the outfield players, and individual players became defenders, midfielders or strikers as the situation required. The Dutch marked their first World Cup finals since 1938 by topping their first-round group, with wins over Uruguay and Bulgaria and a draw with Sweden. Sweden joined the Dutch in the second group round after beating Uruguay 3–0.

Poland, meanwhile, took maximum points from a group containing two of the favourites for the tournament. They beat Argentina 3–2, trounced Haiti 7–0, then beat Italy 2–1 - a result that knocked the Italians out of the Cup and resulted in Argentina sneaking to the second group round on goal average. While Haiti didn't do particularly well in their first World Cup finals (losing all three of their games) they did have one moment of glory. In their opening game against Italy, they managed to take the lead with a goal from Emmanuel Sanon, before eventually losing 3–1 (Italy had not conceded a goal in 12 international matches). That goal proved to be a significant goal as it ended Dino Zoff's run of 1142 minutes without conceding a goal.

Group 2 was a particularly close group. The group was decided by how many goals could Brazil, Yugoslavia and Scotland score to defeat Zaire. Every other game played in the group was drawn so the three top teams finished with four points each. Yugoslavia hammered Zaire 9–0. Brazil beat them 3–0. Scotland could only manage a 2–0 margin, and so were edged out of the tournament on goal difference. After holding the mighty Brazil to a goalless draw, and going through the group unbeaten, the Scots were entitled to feel very unlucky to be eliminated.

Group 1 contained both East Germany and the host West Germany, and they both progressed at the expense of Chile and Australia. But the big clash was between the two German teams. In one of the most politically charged matches of all time, it was the East that won, thanks to a late Jürgen Sparwasser goal. Despite the fact that they were safely through to the second group round, the embarrassing result caused a realignment of the West German team that helped them win the Cup.

Second Group Round

Ironically, the two second-round groups both produced matches that were, in effect, semi-finals. In Group A, the Netherlands and Brazil met after each had taken maximum points from their previous two matches. In Group B, the same was true of West Germany and Poland - so the winners of these two games would contest the final.

In Group A, two goals from the inspirational Johan Cruyff helped the Dutch side thrash Argentina 4–0. At the same time, Brazil defeated East Germany 1–0. The Dutch triumphed over East Germany 2–0 while in the "Battle of the South Americans", Brazil managed to defeat Argentina 2–1 in a scrappy match. Argentina and East Germany drew 1-1 and were on their way home while the crucial match between the Netherlands and Brazil turned into another triumph for 'total football', as second-half goals from Johan Neeskens and Cruyff put the Netherlands in the final. However the match would also be remembered for harsh defending on both sides.

Meanwhile, in Group B, West Germany and Poland both managed to beat Yugoslavia and Sweden. The crucial game between the Germans and the Poles was goalless until the 76th minute, when Gerd Muller scored to send the hosts through 1–0. The Poles took third place after defeating Brazil 1–0.

The Final

The FIFA World Cup Trophy awarded for the first time at this World Cup.

West Germany was led by Franz Beckenbauer, while the Dutch had their star Johan Cruijff, and their Total Football system which had dazzled the competition. With just a minute gone on the clock, following a solo run, Cruijff was brought down by Uli Hoeneß close to the German penalty area, and the Dutch took the lead from the ensuing penalty by Johan Neeskens before any German player had even touched the ball. West Germany struggled to recover, and the 26th minute was soon awarded a penalty after Bernd Hölzenbein fell within the Dutch area, causing British referee to award another controversial penalty. Paul Breitner spontaneously decided to kick, and scored. These two penalties were the first in a World Cup final. West Germany now pushed, but could not score, until when in the 43rd, in his typical style, Gerd Müller scored what turned out to be the winning goal, and the last of his career as he retired from the national team. The second half saw chances for both sides, with Müller putting the ball in the net for a goal that was disallowed as offside. In the 85th, Hölzenbein was fouled again, but no penalty this time. Eventually, West Germany, European Champions of 1972, also won the 1974 World Cup. This is the only case of the reigning European champions winning the World Cup, although France have also held both trophies at the same time by winning the 1998 World Cup followed by Euro 2000.

Joao Havelange (former FIFA President from 1974 to 1998) claimed that the 1966 and 1974 World Cups were fixed so that England and Germany would win respectively[1], however this would be strange considering Germany had a penalty awarded against them so early in the final and Havelange's comments were littered with references to how his home nation of Brazil should have won, hinting that the comments are biased.

Poland's Grzegorz Lato led the tournament in scoring seven goals. Gerd Müller's goal in the final was the 14th in his career of two World Cups, beating Just Fontaine's record of 13, in his single World Cup. Müller's record was only surpassed in 2006 by Ronaldo's 15 goals from three World Cups.

Mascot

The official mascots of this World Cup were Tip and Tap, two boys wearing outfit similar to West Germany's, with the letters WM (Weltmeisterschaft, World Cup) and number 74.

Venues

Munich West Berlin Hamburg
Olympiastadion Olympiastadion Volksparkstadion
Capacity: 76,000 Capacity: 85,000 Capacity: 65,000
Olympiastadion Muenchen.jpg Berliner Olympiastadion innen.jpg AOL-Arena.jpg
Dortmund Düsseldorf Gelsenkirchen
Westfalenstadion Rheinstadion Parkstadion
Capacity: 53,600 Capacity: 70,100 Capacity: 70,000
Westfalenstadion von oben.jpg Rheinstadion.jpg Parkstadion 1998-09-12.jpg
Frankfurt Hanover Stuttgart
Waldstadion Niedersachsenstadion Neckarstadion
Capacity: 62,200 Capacity: 60,400 Capacity: 72,200
Commerzbank-Arena-Luftbild.jpg Panorama AWD-Arenax.jpg Gottlieb-daimler-stadion.jpg


Match officials

Africa (CAF)
  • Egypt Mahmoud Mustafa Kamel
  • Senegal Youssou N'Diaye
Asia (AFC)
  • Iran Jaffar Namdar
  • Singapore Govindasamy Suppiah
Europe (UEFA)
North and Central America (CONCACAF)
  • Mexico Alfonso González Archundia
  • Canada Werner Winsemann
Oceania (OFC)
South America (CSF)
  • Uruguay Ramon Barreto
  • Colombia Omar Delgado Gómez
  • Venezuela Vicente Llobregat
  • Brazil Armando Marques
  • Argentina Luis Pestarino
  • Peru Edison Peréz-Núñez

Squads

For a list of all squads that appeared in the final tournament, see 1974 FIFA World Cup squads.

Seeding

Pot 1 Pot 2 Pot 3 Pot 4

Results

First round

Group 1

East German lineout v. Australia
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 East Germany 3 2 1 0 4 1 +3 5
 West Germany 3 2 0 1 4 1 +3 4
 Chile 3 0 2 1 1 2 −1 2
 Australia 3 0 1 2 0 5 −5 1
14 June 1974
16:00 CET
West Germany  1 – 0  Chile Olympiastadion, West Berlin
Attendance: 83,168
Referee: Doğan Babacan (Turkey)
Breitner Goal 18' (Report)

14 June 1974
19:30 CET
East Germany  2 – 0  Australia Volksparkstadion, Hamburg
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: Youssou N'Diaye (Senegal)
Curran Goal 58' (o.g.)
Streich Goal 72'
(Report)

18 June 1974
16:00 CET
Australia  0 – 3  West Germany Volksparkstadion, Hamburg
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Mahmoud Mustafa Kamel (Egypt)
(Report) Overath Goal 12'
Cullmann Goal 34'
Müller Goal 53'

18 June 1974
19:30 CET
Chile  1 – 1  East Germany Olympiastadion, West Berlin
Attendance: 20,000
Referee: Aurelio Angonese (Italy)
Ahumada Goal 69' (Report) Hoffmann Goal 55'

22 June 1974
16:00 CET
Australia  0 – 0  Chile Olympiastadion, West Berlin
Attendance: 14,681
Referee: Jafar Namdar (Iran)
(Report)

22 June 1974
19:30 CET
East Germany  1 – 0  West Germany Volksparkstadion, Hamburg
Attendance: 60,350
Referee: Ramon Barreto (Uruguay)
Sparwasser Goal 77' (Report)

Group 2

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Yugoslavia 3 1 2 0 10 1 +9 4
 Brazil 3 1 2 0 3 0 +3 4
 Scotland 3 1 2 0 3 1 +2 4
 Zaire 3 0 0 3 0 14 −14 0
13 June 1974
17:00 CET
Brazil  0 – 0  Yugoslavia Waldstadion, Frankfurt
Attendance: 62,000
Referee: Rudolf Scheurer (Switzerland)
(Report)

14 June 1974
19:30 CET
Zaire  0 – 2  Scotland Westfalenstadion, Dortmund
Attendance: 25,000
Referee: Gerhard Schulenburg (West Germany)
(Report) Lorimer Goal 26'
Jordan Goal 34'

18 June 1974
19:30 CET
Yugoslavia  9 – 0  Zaire Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 20,000
Referee: Omar Delgado Gómez (Colombia)
Bajević Goal 8'30'81'
Džajić Goal 14'
Šurjak Goal 18'
Katalinski Goal 22'
Bogićević Goal 35'
Oblak Goal 61'
Petković Goal 65'
(Report)

18 June 1974
19:30 CET
Scotland  0 – 0  Brazil Waldstadion, Frankfurt
Attendance: 50,000
Referee: Arie van Gemert (Netherlands)
(Report)

22 June 1974
16:00 CET
Scotland  1 – 1  Yugoslavia Waldstadion, Frankfurt
Attendance: 60,000
Referee: González Archundía (Mexico)
Jordan Goal 88' (Report) Karasi Goal 81'

22 June 1974
16:00 CET
Zaire  0 – 3  Brazil Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Nicolae Rainea (Romania)
(Report) Jairzinho Goal 12'
Rivelino Goal 66'
Valdomiro Goal 79'

Group 3

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Netherlands 3 2 1 0 6 1 +5 5
 Sweden 3 1 2 0 3 0 +3 4
 Bulgaria 3 0 2 1 2 5 −3 2
 Uruguay 3 0 1 2 1 6 −5 1
15 June 1974
16:00 CET
Uruguay  0 – 2  Netherlands Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover
Attendance: 53,700
Referee: Károly Palotai (Hungary)
(Report) Rep Goal 16'86'

15 June 1974
16:00 CET
Sweden  0 – 0  Bulgaria Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
Attendance: 22,500
Referee: Edison Perez Nunez (Peru)
(Report)

19 June 1974
19:30 CET
Uruguay  1 – 1  Bulgaria Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover
Attendance: 12,000
Referee: Jack Taylor (England)
Pavoni Goal 87' (Report) Bonev Goal 75'

19 June 1974
19:30 CET
Netherlands  0 – 0  Sweden Westfalenstadion, Dortmund
Attendance: 53,700
Referee: Werner Winsemann (Canada)
(Report)

23 June 1974
16:00 CET
Netherlands  4 – 1  Bulgaria Westfalenstadion, Dortmund
Attendance: 52,100
Referee: Tony Boskovic (Australia)
Neeskens Goal 5' (pen.)44' (pen.)
Rep Goal 71'
de Jong Goal 88'
(Report) Krol Goal 78' (o.g.)

23 June 1974
16:00 CET
Sweden  3 – 0  Uruguay Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
Attendance: 27,100
Referee: Erich Linemayr (Austria)
Edström Goal 46'77'
Sandberg Goal 74'
(Report)

Group 4

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Poland 3 3 0 0 12 3 +9 6
 Argentina 3 1 1 1 7 5 +2 3
 Italy 3 1 1 1 5 4 +1 3
 Haiti 3 0 0 3 2 14 −12 0
15 June 1974
18:00 CET
Italy  3 – 1  Haiti Olympiastadion, Munich
Attendance: 51,100
Referee: Vicente Llobregat (Venezuela)
Rivera Goal 52'
Benetti Goal 64'
Anastasi Goal 78'
(Report) Sanon Goal 46'

15 June 1974
18:00 CET
Poland  3 – 2  Argentina Neckarstadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 31,500
Referee: Clive Thomas (Wales)
Lato Goal 7'62'
Szarmach Goal 8'
(Report) Heredia Goal 60'
Babington Goal 66'

19 June 1974
19:30 CET
Argentina  1 – 1  Italy Neckarstadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 68,900
Referee: Rudi Glöckner (East Germany)
Houseman Goal 20' (Report) Perfumo Goal 35' (o.g.)

19 June 1974
19:30 CET
Haiti  0 – 7  Poland Olympiastadion, Munich
Attendance: 23,400
Referee: Govindasamay Suppiah (Singapore)
(Report) Lato Goal 17'87'
Deyna Goal 18'
Szarmach Goal 30'34'50'
Gorgoń Goal 31'

23 June 1974
16:00 CET
Argentina  4 – 1  Haiti Olympiastadion, Munich
Attendance: 24,000
Referee: Pablo Sanchez Ibanez (Spain)
Yazalde Goal 15'68'
Houseman Goal 18'
Ayala Goal 55'
(Report) Sanon Goal 63'

23 June 1974
16:00 CET
Poland  2 – 1  Italy Neckarstadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 68,900
Referee: Hans-Joachim Weyland (West Germany)
Szarmach Goal 38'
Deyna Goal 44'
(Report) Capello Goal 85'

Second round

Group A

Streich heads East Germany into the lead v. Argentina
Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Netherlands 3 3 0 0 8 0 +8 6
 Brazil 3 2 0 1 3 3 0 4
 East Germany 3 0 1 2 1 4 −3 1
 Argentina 3 0 1 2 2 7 −5 1
26 June 1974
19:30 CET
Netherlands  4 – 0  Argentina Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 55,348
Referee: Bob Davidson (Scotland)
Cruijff Goal 11'90'
Krol Goal 25'
Rep Goal 73'
(Report)

26 June 1974
19:30 CET
Brazil  1 – 0  East Germany Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover
Attendance: 58,463
Referee: Clive Thomas (Wales)
Rivelino Goal 60' (Report)

30 June 1974
16:00 CET
Argentina  1 – 2  Brazil Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover
Attendance: 38,000
Referee: Vital Loraux (Belgium)
Brindisi Goal 35' (Report) Rivelino Goal 32'
Jairzinho Goal 49'

30 June 1974
16:00 CET
East Germany  0 – 2  Netherlands Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 67,148
Referee: Rudolf Scheurer (Switzerland)
(Report) Neeskens Goal 7'
Rensenbrink Goal 59'

3 July 1974
19:30 CET
Argentina  1 – 1  East Germany Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
Attendance: 53,054
Referee: Jack Taylor (England)
Houseman Goal 20' (Report) Streich Goal 14'

3 July 1974
19:30 CET
Netherlands  2 – 0  Brazil Westfalenstadion, Dortmund
Attendance: 52,500
Referee: Kurt Tschenscher (West Germany)
Neeskens Goal 50'
Cruijff Goal 65'
(Report)

Group B

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 West Germany 3 3 0 0 7 2 +5 6
 Poland 3 2 0 1 3 2 +1 4
 Sweden 3 1 0 2 4 6 −2 2
 Yugoslavia 3 0 0 3 2 6 −4 0
26 June 1974
16:00 CET
Yugoslavia  0 – 2  West Germany Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
Attendance: 66,085
Referee: Armando Marques (Brazil)
(Report) Breitner Goal 39'
Müller Goal 82'

26 June 1974
19:30 CET
Sweden  0 – 1  Poland Neckarstadion, Stuttgart
Attendance: 43,755
Referee: Ramon Barreto (Uruguay)
(Report) Lato Goal 43'

30 June 1974
16:00 CET
Poland  2 – 1  Yugoslavia Waldstadion, Frankfurt
Attendance: 55,000
Referee: Rudi Glöckner (East Germany)
Deyna Goal 24' (pen.)
Lato Goal 62'
(Report) Karasi Goal 43'

30 June 1974
19:30 CET
West Germany  4 – 2  Sweden Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
Attendance: 66,500
Referee: Nicolae Rainea (Romania)
Overath Goal 51'
Bonhof Goal 52'
Grabowski Goal 76'
Hoeneß Goal 89' (pen.)
(Report) Edström Goal 24'
Sandberg Goal 53'

3 July 1974
16:30 CET
Poland  0 – 1  West Germany Waldstadion, Frankfurt
Attendance: 59,000
Referee: Erich Linemayr (Austria)
(Report) Müller Goal 76'

3 July 1974
19:30 CET
Sweden  2 – 1  Yugoslavia Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
Attendance: 40,000
Referee: Luis Pestarino (Argentina)
Edström Goal 29'
Torstensson Goal 85'
(Report) Šurjak Goal 27'

Third place match

6 July 1974
16:00
Brazil  0 – 1  Poland Olympiastadion, Munich
Attendance: 74,100
Referee: Aurelio Angonese (Italy)
(Report) Lato Goal 76'

Final

7 July 1974
16:00 CET
Netherlands  1 – 2  West Germany Olympiastadion, Munich
Attendance: 75,200
Referee: Jack Taylor (England)
Neeskens Goal 2' (pen.) (Report) Breitner Goal 25' (pen.)
Müller Goal 43'

Awards

 1974 FIFA World Cup Winners 

West Germany
Second title

Scorers

7 goals

5 goals

4 goals

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal
Own goals

References

External links


Simple English

The 1974 FIFA World Cup was a football (soccer) sporting event that was held in Germany in 1974. 16 teams took part from many countries. Germany won the trophy after beating Netherlands in the final.

Contents

Participants

Africa

Asia

Europe

North and Central America

South America

Results

Round 1

Group A

PosTeamGDRFRGCHIAUSPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1East Germany-1-01-12-03210415Round 2
2West Germany0-1-1-03-03201414Round 2
3Chile1-10-1-0-03021122
4Australia0-20-30-0-3012051

Group B

PosTeamYUGBRASCOZAIPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Yugoslavia-0-01-19-031201014Round 2
2Brazil0-0-0-03-03120304Round 2
3Scotland1-10-0-2-03120314
4Zaire0-90-30-2-30030140

Group C

PosTeamNEDSWEBULURUPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Netherlands-0-04-12-03210615Round 2
2Sweden0-0-0-03-03120304Round 2
3Bulgaria1-40-0-1-13021252
4Uruguay0-20-31-1-3012161

Group D

PosTeamPOLARGITAHAIPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Poland-3-22-17-033001236Round 2
2Argentina2-3-1-14-13111753Round 2
3Italy1-21-1-3-13111543
4Haiti0-71-41-3-30032140

Round 2

Group A

PosTeamNEDBRAGDRARGPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Netherlands-2-02-04-03300806Final
2Brazil0-2-1-02-132013343rd place
3East Germany0-20-1-1-13012141
4Argentina0-41-21-1-3012271

Group B

PosTeamFRGPOLSWEYUGPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1West Germany-1-04-22-03300726Final
2Poland0-1-1-02-132013243rd place
3Sweden2-40-1-2-13102462
4Yugoslavia0-21-21-2-3003260

3rd place

Final

West Germany won the championship.

References


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message