The Full Wiki

1978 FIFA World Cup: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1978 FIFA World Cup
Argentina '78

1978 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host country  Argentina
Dates 1 June – 25 June
Teams 16 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s) (in 5 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  Argentina (1st title)
Runner-up  Netherlands
Third place  Brazil
Fourth place  Italy
Tournament statistics
Matches played 38
Goals scored 102 (2.68 per match)
Attendance 1,546,151 (40,688 per match)
Top scorer(s) Argentina Mario Kempes (6 goals)

The 1978 FIFA World Cup, the 11th staging of the FIFA World Cup, was held in Argentina between 1 June and 25 June. Argentina was chosen as hosts by FIFA in July 1966. The 1978 World Cup was won by Argentina who beat the Netherlands 3–1 after extra time in the final. This win was the first World Cup title for Argentina who became the fifth team (after Uruguay, Italy, England, and West Germany), to be both hosts and world champions.

Contents

Qualification

Qualifying countries

England failed to qualify for the second World Cup in succession, losing out to Italy. European champions Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and the Soviet Union also failed to make it through the qualifying tournament. Newcomers to the finals were Iran and Tunisia, while France, Spain and Hungary were back for the first time since 1966.

Summary

Argentina was a candidate to host the 1970 World Cup, but since Mexico City was hosting the 1968 Summer Olympics and had constructed new football stadia, it went to Mexico. This edition was the first appearance of Coca-Cola in the FIFA World Cup as a sponsor.

Advertisements

First round

The format of the competition stayed the same as in 1974: 16 teams qualified, divided into four groups of four. The top two teams in each group would advance to the second round, where they would be split into two groups of four. The winners of each group would play each other in the final, and the second place finishers in the third place match. For the 1978 World Cup, FIFA introduced the penalty shootout as a means of determining the winner in knockout stages should the match end on a draw after 120 minutes. The method, however, was not put in practice as both the third-place match and the final were decided before 120 minutes. The first World Cup to feature a penalty shootout was the 1982 World Cup, in the semifinal match between France and West Germany.

A controversial fact surrounding the 1978 World Cup was that Argentina had suffered a military coup only two years before the cup. Because of this, some countries, most notably the Netherlands, considered publicly whether they should participate in the cup. Despite this, all teams eventually participated without restrictions. Allegations that Dutch star Johan Cruijff refused to participate because of political convictions were refuted by him 30 years later[1]. More controversy surrounded the host, Argentina, as all of their games in the first round kicked off at night, giving the Argentines the advantage of knowing where they stood in the group. This issue would arise again in Spain 1982, which prompted FIFA to change the rules so that the final two group games in subsequent World Cups would be played simultaneously.

The first round produced several surprises. Poland won Group 2 ahead of world champions West Germany, after holding the Germans to a goalless draw and then beating Tunisia and Mexico. The Germans played out a second goalless draw against Tunisia, and only redeemed themselves with a 6–0 thrashing of Mexico. Although they failed to qualify for the second round, Tunisia made history by beating Mexico 3–1. It was the first time that any African team had won a match at the World Cup finals.

Peru pushed the Netherlands into second place in Group 4, where Scotland missed out on goal difference for the second successive tournament. Teofilo Cubillas was outstanding for Peru, scoring twice against Scotland in Peru's 3–1 win and hitting a hat-trick in their 4–1 victory over Iran. Rob Rensenbrink of the Netherlands also scored three times against Iran, scoring all the goals as the Dutch won 3–0. Scotland drew with Iran 1–1 and the only highlight of their campaign was a 3–2 victory over the Netherlands in their final group game which was not enough to prevent elimination. Iran, the reigning Asian champions, went out of the tournament winless. The Netherlands's Rob Rensenbrink's goal against Scotland was the 1000th goal of World Cup history. Scotland's Willie Johnston was expelled from the World Cup after he was found to have taken a banned stimulant during the opening game against Peru.

The biggest surprise of all came in Group 3, where Austria finished ahead of Brazil. The Austrians beat Spain and Sweden, while Brazil were held to draws by the same two teams. The draw with Sweden was especially controversial, due to Welsh referee Clive Thomas ending the first half just as Zico headed the ball into the net. At the final minutes of the Brazil vs Sweden match, the Brazilians were awarded a corner kick that resulted in a goal (which would have given Brazil a 2–1 victory). However, the goal was not awarded, because the referee Clive Thomas had whistled the end of the game as the ball was being kicked into the area. The Brazilian players were not happy with the decision, but the final result remained a 1–1 draw. Brazil needed to beat Austria in their final group game to be sure of progressing to the second round, and managed a 1–0 win thanks to a goal from Roberto Dinamite. Brazil and Austria thus finished with the same number of points and the same goal difference, but Austria won the group by virtue of having scored more goals.

Group 1 had the strongest line-up of teams in the first round, featuring Italy, the host Argentina, France and Hungary. The two places in the second round were claimed before the final round of games, with Italy and Argentina both beating France and Hungary. The Italy-Argentina game decided who topped the group, and a goal from Roberto Bettega midway through the second half was enough to give that honour to Italy. It also forced Argentina to move out of Buenos Aires and play in Rosario.

The 1978 World Cup marked the only occasion during which a national team did not wear its official kit to play a match. The incident happened during the game between France and Hungary. The worldwide television broadcast of the games was in colour, but Argentina only had black and white TV equipment in place; the team's tops were indistinguishable on the older TV sets, resulting in the French side electing to wear the jerseys of a local squad from Mar del Plata, Club Atletico Kimberley; the jerseys had vertical green and white stripes.

Second round

In the all-European Group A, the Netherlands got off to a flying start by thrashing Austria 5–1, Johnny Rep scoring two of their goals. In a rematch of the 1974 final, the Dutch then drew 2–2 with West Germany, who had previously shared a goalless game with Italy. The Italians beat Austria 1–0, and so the Netherlands faced Italy in their last group game knowing that the winners would reach the final. Erny Brandts scored an 18th-minute own goal to put Italy ahead at half-time, but he made up for his mistake by scoring at the right end in the fifth minute of the second half. Arie Haan got the winner for the Dutch with 15 minutes remaining, and the Netherlands had reached their second successive World Cup Final. In the game known as the miracle of Cordoba, West Germany were surprisingly beaten by Austria 2–3 which marked their end as World Champions.

Group B was essentially a battle between Argentina and Brazil, and it was resolved in controversial circumstances. In the first round of group games, Brazil beat Peru 3–0 while Argentina saw Poland off by a score of 2–0. Brazil and Argentina then played out a tense and violent goalless draw, so both teams went into the last round of matches with three points. Argentina had an advantage that their match against Peru kicked off several hours after Brazil's match with Poland. Brazil won their match 3–1, so Argentina could know that they had to beat Peru by four clear goals to go through to the final. Argentina managed it with what some saw as a suspicious degree of ease. Trailing 2–0 at half-time, Peru simply collapsed in the second half, and Argentina eventually won 6–0. Rumours suggested that Peru might have been bribed to lose the game (especially because the Peruvian goalkeeper, Ramón Quiroga, was born in Argentina)[2]; but nothing could be proved, and Argentina met the Netherlands in the final. Brazil, denied a final place by Argentina's 6–0 win over Peru, took third place from an enterprising Italy side with Nelinho scoring a memorable goal, and were dubbed "moral champions" by coach Cláudio Coutinho, because they did not only win the tournament, but did not lose a single match either. Brazil was eliminated from the competition without having lost a single match (the same would happen to England and Cameroon in the next World Cup).

Final

Kempes scores his second goal of the match, giving Argentina the advantage.

The final, Argentina vs Netherlands, was also controversial, as the Dutch accused the Argentines of using stalling tactics to delay the match. The host team came out late and questioned the legality of a plaster cast on René van de Kerkhof's wrist, which the Dutch claimed allowed tension to build in front of a hostile Buenos Aires crowd. Mario Kempes opened the scoring for the hosts before Dick Nanninga equalized a few minutes from the end. Rob Rensenbrink had a glorious stoppage-time opportunity to win it for the Netherlands but his effort came back off the goal post. Argentina won the final 3–1 after extra time, after Daniel Bertoni scored and Kempes, who finished the tournament's top scorer with six goals, added his second of the day. The Netherlands, because of the controversial game events, refused to attend the post-match ceremonies after the match ended.[3] They had lost their second World Cup final in a row, both times to the host nation, after losing to West Germany in 1974.

Mascot

Gauchito

The official mascot of this World Cup was Gauchito, a boy wearing an Argentina strip. His hat (with the words ARGENTINA '78), neckerchief and whip are typical of gauchos.

Venues

Buenos Aires Buenos Aires Córdoba
Estadio Monumental Estadio José Amalfitani Estadio Cordoba
Capacity: 76,000 Capacity: 49,540 Capacity: 46,083
Estadio Monumental.jpg Estadio José Amalfitani.JPG EstadioCordoba.jpg
Mar del Plata Rosario Mendoza
Estadio José María Minella Estadio Gigante de Arroyito Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza
Capacity: 43,542 Capacity: 41,654 Capacity: 34,875
Minella-1978.jpg Estadio Gigante de Arroyito.jpg Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza.JPG

Match officials

Africa
  • Senegal Youssou N'Diaye
Asia
Europe
North and Central America
  • Mexico Alfonso González Archundia
South America

Squads

For a list of all squads that appeared in the final tournament, see 1978 FIFA World Cup squads.

Seeding

Pot 1 Pot 2 Pot 3 Pot 4

Results

First round

Group 1

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Italy 3 3 0 0 6 2 +4 6
 Argentina 3 2 0 1 4 3 +1 4
 France 3 1 0 2 5 5 0 2
 Hungary 3 0 0 3 3 8 −5 0
2 June 1978
13:45 ART
Italy  2 – 1  France Estadio José Maria Minella, Mar del Plata
Attendance: 38,100
Referee: Nicolae Rainea (Romania)
Rossi Goal 29'
Zaccarelli Goal 54'
(Report) Lacombe Goal 1'

2 June 1978
19:15 ART
Argentina  2 – 1  Hungary Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 71,615
Referee: Antonio Garrido (Portugal)
Luque Goal 14'
Bertoni Goal 83'
(Report) Csapó Goal 9'

6 June 1978
13:45 ART
Italy  3 – 1  Hungary Estadio José Maria Minella, Mar del Plata
Attendance: 26,533
Referee: Ramon Barreto (Uruguay)
Rossi Goal 34'
Bettega Goal 35'
Benetti Goal 61'
(Report) A. Tóth Goal 81' (pen.)

6 June 1978
19:15 ART
Argentina  2 – 1  France Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 71,666
Referee: Jean Dubach (Switzerland)
Passarella Goal 45' (pen.)
Luque Goal 73'
(Report) Platini Goal 60'

10 June 1978
14:30[4] ART
France  3 – 1  Hungary Estadio José Maria Minella, Mar del Plata
Attendance: 23,127
Referee: Arnaldo Cézar Coelho (Brazil)
Lopez Goal 23'
Berdoll Goal 38'
Rocheteau Goal 42'
(Report) Zombori Goal 41'

10 June 1978
19:15 ART
Argentina  0 – 1  Italy Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 71,712
Referee: Abraham Klein (Israel)
(Report) Bettega Goal 67'

Group 2

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Poland 3 2 1 0 4 1 +3 5
 West Germany 3 1 2 0 6 0 +6 4
 Tunisia 3 1 1 1 3 2 +1 3
 Mexico 3 0 0 3 2 12 −10 0
1 June 1978
15:00 ART
West Germany  0 – 0  Poland Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 67,579
Referee: Angel Norberto Coerezza (Argentina)
(Report)

2 June 1978
16:45 ART
Tunisia  3 – 1  Mexico Estadio Gigante de Arroyito, Rosario
Attendance: 17,396
Referee: John Gordon (Scotland)
Kaabi Goal 55'
Ghommidh Goal 80'
Dhouib Goal 86'
(Report) Vázquez Ayala Goal 45' (pen.)

6 June 1978
16:45 ART
West Germany  6 – 0  Mexico Estadio Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 35,258
Referee: Farouk Bouzo (Syria)
D. Müller Goal 14'
H. Müller Goal 29'
Rummenigge Goal 38'71'
Flohe Goal 44'89'
(Report)

6 June 1978
16:45 ART
Poland  1 – 0  Tunisia Estadio Gigante de Arroyito, Rosario
Attendance: 9,624
Referee: Angel Franco Martínez (Spain)
Lato Goal 42' (Report)

10 June 1978
16:45 ART
West Germany  0 – 0  Tunisia Estadio Olímpico Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 30,667
Referee: César Guerrero Orosco (Peru)
(Report)

10 June 1978
16:45 ART
Poland  3 – 1  Mexico Estadio Gigante de Arroyito, Rosario
Attendance: 22,651
Referee: Jaffar Namdar (Iran)
Boniek Goal 42'83'
Deyna Goal 56'
(Report) Rangel Goal 51'

Group 3

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Austria 3 2 0 1 3 2 +1 4
 Brazil 3 1 2 0 2 1 +1 4
 Spain 3 1 1 1 2 2 0 3
 Sweden 3 0 1 2 1 3 −2 1
3 June 1978
13:45 ART
Austria  2 – 1  Spain Estadio José Amalfitani, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 40,841
Referee: Károly Palotai (Hungary)
Schachner Goal 10'
Krankl Goal 79'
(Report) Dani Goal 21'

3 June 1978
13:45 ART
Brazil  1 – 1  Sweden Estadio José Maria Minella, Mar del Plata
Attendance: 32,569
Referee: Clive Thomas (Wales)
Reinaldo Goal 45' (Report) Sjöberg Goal 37'

7 June 1978
13:45 ART
Austria  1 – 0  Sweden Estadio José Amalfitani, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 41,424
Referee: Charles Corver (Netherlands)
Krankl Goal 44' (pen.) (Report)

7 June 1978
13:45 ART
Brazil  0 – 0  Spain Estadio José Maria Minella, Mar del Plata
Attendance: 34,771
Referee: Sergio Gonella (Italy)
(Report)

11 June 1978
13:45 ART
Spain  1 – 0  Sweden Estadio José Amalfitani, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 46,765
Referee: Ferdinand Biwersi (West Germany)
Asensi Goal 75' (Report)

11 June 1978
13:45 ART
Brazil  1 – 0  Austria Estadio José Maria Minella, Mar del Plata
Attendance: 35,221
Referee: Robert Wurtz (France)
Roberto Dinamite Goal 40' (Report)

Group 4

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Peru 3 2 1 0 7 2 +5 5
 Netherlands 3 1 1 1 5 3 +2 3
 Scotland 3 1 1 1 5 6 −1 3
 Iran 3 0 1 2 2 8 −6 1
3 June 1978
16:45 ART
Peru  3 – 1  Scotland Estadio Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 37,927
Referee: Ulf Eriksson (Sweden)
Cueto Goal 43'
Cubillas Goal 70'76'
(Report) Jordan Goal 19'

3 June 1978
16:45 ART
Netherlands  3 – 0  Iran Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza, Mendoza
Attendance: 33,431
Referee: González Archundía (Mexico)
Rensenbrink Goal 40' (pen.)62'78' (pen.) (Report)

7 June 1978
16:45 ART
Scotland  1 – 1  Iran Estadio Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 7,938
Referee: Youssou N'Diaye (Senegal)
Eskandarian Goal 43' (o.g.) (Report) Danaeifard Goal 60'

7 June 1978
16:45 ART
Netherlands  0 – 0  Peru Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza, Mendoza
Attendance: 28,125
Referee: Adolf Prokop (East Germany)
(Report)

11 June 1978
16:45 ART
Peru  4 – 1  Iran Estadio Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 21,262
Referee: Alojzy Jarguz (Poland)
Velásquez Goal 2'
Cubillas Goal 36' (pen.)39' (pen.)79'
(Report) Rowshan Goal 41'

11 June 1978
16:45 ART
Scotland  3 – 2  Netherlands Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza, Mendoza
Attendance: 35,130
Referee: Erich Linemayr (Austria)
Dalglish Goal 44'
Gemmill Goal 46' (pen.)68'
(Report) Rensenbrink Goal 34' (pen.)
Rep Goal 71'

Second round

Group A

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Netherlands 3 2 1 0 9 4 +5 5
 Italy 3 1 1 1 2 2 0 3
 West Germany 3 0 2 1 4 5 −1 2
 Austria 3 1 0 2 4 8 −4 2
14 June 1978
13:45 ART
Austria  1 – 5  Netherlands Estadio Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 25,050
Referee: John Gordon (Scotland)
Obermayer Goal 80' (Report) Brandts Goal 6'
Rensenbrink Goal 35' (pen.)
Rep Goal 36'53'
W. van de Kerkhof Goal 82'

14 June 1978
13:45 ART
Italy  0 – 0  West Germany Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 67,547
Referee: Dušan Maksimović (Yugoslavia)
(Report)

18 June 1978
16:45 ART
Netherlands  2 – 2  West Germany Estadio Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 40,750
Referee: Ramón Barreto (Uruguay)
Haan Goal 27'
R. van de Kerkhof Goal 82'
(Report) Abramczik Goal 3'
D. Müller Goal 70'

18 June 1978
16:45 ART
Italy  1 – 0  Austria Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 66,695
Referee: Francis Rion (Belgium)
Rossi Goal 13' (Report)

21 June 1978
13:45 ART
Austria  3 – 2  West Germany Estadio Chateau Carreras, Córdoba
Attendance: 38,318
Referee: Abraham Klein (Israel)
Vogts Goal 59' (o.g.)
Krankl Goal 66'88'
(Report) Rummenigge Goal 19'
Hölzenbein Goal 67'

21 June 1978
13:45 ART
Italy  1 – 2  Netherlands Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 67,433
Referee: Angel Franco Martínez (Spain)
Brandts Goal 19' (o.g.) (Report) Brandts Goal 49'
Haan Goal 76'

Group B

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Argentina 3 2 1 0 8 0 +8 5
 Brazil 3 2 1 0 6 1 +5 5
 Poland 3 1 0 2 2 5 −3 2
 Peru 3 0 0 3 0 10 −10 0
14 June 1978
16:45 ART
Peru  0 – 3  Brazil Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza, Mendoza
Attendance: 31,278
Referee: Nicolae Rainea (Romania)
(Report) Dirceu Goal 15'27'
Zico Goal 72' (pen.)

14 June 1978
19:15 ART
Argentina  2 – 0  Poland Estadio Gigante de Arroyito, Rosario
Attendance: 37,091
Referee: Ulf Eriksson (Sweden)
Kempes Goal 16'72' (Report)

18 June 1978
13:45 ART
Peru  0 – 1  Poland Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza, Mendoza
Attendance: 35,288
Referee: Pat Partridge (England)
(Report) Szarmach Goal 64'

18 June 1978
19:15 ART
Argentina  0 – 0  Brazil Estadio Gigante de Arroyito, Rosario
Attendance: 37,326
Referee: Károly Palotai (Hungary)
(Report)

21 June 1978
16:45 ART
Poland  1 – 3  Brazil Estadio Ciudad de Mendoza, Mendoza
Attendance: 39,586
Referee: Juan Silvagno Cavanna (Chile)
Lato Goal 45' (Report) Nelinho Goal 13'
Roberto Dinamite Goal 58'63'

21 June 1978
19:15 ART
Argentina  6 – 0  Peru Estadio Gigante de Arroyito, Rosario
Attendance: 37,315
Referee: Robert Wurtz (France)
Kempes Goal 21'49'
Tarantini Goal 43'
Luque Goal 50'72'
Houseman Goal 67'
(Report)

Third place match

24 June 1978
15:00 ART
Brazil  2 – 1  Italy Estadio José Amalfitani, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 69,659
Referee: Abraham Klein (Israel)
Nelinho Goal 64'
Dirceu Goal 71'
(Report) Causio Goal 38'

Final

25 June 1978
15:00 ART
Netherlands  1 – 3
(a.e.t.)
 Argentina Estadio Monumental, Buenos Aires
Attendance: 71,483
Referee: Sergio Gonella (Italy)
Nanninga Goal 82' (Report) Kempes Goal 37'104'
Bertoni Goal 115'

Winner

 1978 FIFA World Cup Winners 

Argentina
First title

Awards

FIFA Fair Play Trophy:
 Argentina

Scorers

6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

Notes

  1. ^ "Kidnappers made Cruyff miss World Cup". guardian.co.uk. 16 April 2008. http://www.guardian.co.uk/football/2008/apr/16/newsstory.sport15. Retrieved 20 June 2008.  
  2. ^ "Keeping the Dark Side of Soccer Away From the City of Light". nytimes.com. 7 June 1998. http://www.nytimes.com/specials/worldcup/98/articles/060798soc-match-fixing.html. Retrieved 14 November 2009.  
  3. ^ CNN/SI - World Cup France '98 - The Netherlands pay back controversial loss to Argentina - Saturday 4 July 1998 03:33 PM
  4. ^ Original kick-off scheduled for 13:45. Match delayed by 45 minutes due to both teams wearing identical kits (red, white & blue). The French eventually donned the kits of the local team Club Atlético Kimberley.

External links


Simple English

The 1978 FIFA World Cup was a football (soccer) sporting event that was held in Argentina in 1978. Argentina won the trophy after beating Holland 3 - 1 in the final.

Contents

Participants

Africa

Asia

Europe

North and Central America

South America

Results

Round 1

Group A

PosTeamITAARGFRAHUNPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Italy-1-02-13-13300626Round 2
2Argentina0-1-2-12-13201434Round 2
3France1-21-2-3-13102552
4Hungary1-31-21-3-3003380

Group B

PosTeamPOLFRGTUNMEXPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Poland-0-01-03-13210415Round 2
2West Germany0-0-0-06-03120604Round 2
3Tunisia0-10-0-3-13111323
4Mexico1-30-61-3-30032120

Group C

PosTeamAUTBRAESPSWEPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Austria-0-12-11-03201324Round 2
2Brazil1-0-0-01-13120214Round 2
3Spain1-20-0-1-03111223
4Sweden0-11-10-1-3012131

Group D

PosTeamPERNEDSCOIRNPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Peru-0-03-14-13210725Round 2
2Netherlands0-0-2-13-03111533Round 2
3Scotland1-31-2-1-13111563
4Iran1-40-31-1-3012281

Round 2

Group A

PosTeamNEDITAFRGAUTPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Netherlands-2-12-25-13210945Final
2Italy1-2-0-01-031112233rd place
3West Germany2-20-0-2-33021452
4Austria1-50-13-2-3102482

Group B

PosTeamARGBRAPOLPERPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Argentina-0-02-06-03210805Final
2Brazil0-0-3-13-032106153rd place
3Poland0-21-3-1-03102252
4Peru0-60-30-1-30030100

Round 3

3rd place

Final

Argentina won the championship.

References


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message