1985 Formula One season: Wikis

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1985 FIA Formula One World Championship season
Previous: 1984 Next: 1986
Index: Races by country | Races by season

The 1985 Formula One season was the 36th FIA Formula One World Championship season. It commenced on April 7, 1985, and ended on November 3 after sixteen races.

Contents

Season summary

The 1985 Formula One season saw continued success for the McLaren-TAG team. After missing out on the championship by just half a point the previous year, Alain Prost would ultimately secure his first of four titles by a 23-point margin. The Formula One writer Koen Vergeer remarks that "it was about time, everyone knew he was the best", reflecting a general feeling that Prost had been unlucky to finish runner-up twice, to Nelson Piquet and Niki Lauda.

The reigning champion Lauda competed in his final season of Formula One but was unable to match Prost for results, winning just once at Zandvoort despite being close to his team-mate in terms of pace. For most of the season the points table was headed by Ferrari's Michele Alboreto, who enjoyed his best season in F1. He won the Canadian and German Grands Prix, and was on the podium eight times. Ferrari's results faded badly in the second half of the season as other emerging drivers took the fight to Prost.

Among these were Ayrton Senna and Nigel Mansell, both of whom scored their first victories in 1985. Lotus team manager Peter Warr had replaced Mansell with Senna going into the season, a decision which initially seemed justified when Senna took a superb win in the wet at Estoril. However Mansell fought back with Williams, and chalked up two victories near the season's end, including his famous breakthrough win at Brands Hatch. Mansell would go on to mount a serious title challenge in 1986. Perhaps the fastest combination of the year was Keke Rosberg in the other Williams, who used the powerful Honda engine to set a new lap record around Silverstone in qualifying for the British Grand Prix - becoming the first man to lap at an average speed of over 160 mph (257 km/h). He finished third in the standings after wins on the street circuits of Detroit and Adelaide, but lacked the reliability to overcome Prost.

1.5-litre turbo engines had become universal by 1985, heralding the extinction of the Ford Cosworth DFV. Between 1985 and 1986 Formula One engines would achieve the highest levels of power ever seen in the sport, before serious restrictions and their 'phasing out' began in 1987. The power output of the engines was controlled in racing conditions by means of a strict fuel limit; however in qualifying trim teams were commonly able to increase the boost of their engines for optimum power. This fuel economy was key to successful race strategy in 1985; Mansell recalls the added interest of planning his fuel use in his autobiography. It also proved costly for Ayrton Senna, who lost victory just four laps from home at Imola when he ran out of fuel. After Prost was disqualified for an underweight McLaren, victory fell to the other Lotus of Elio de Angelis.

1985 also saw a welcome return to the calendar of the Spa-Francorchamps circuit in Belgium. Although shortened from its dangerous 1960s form, it remained a challenge for the drivers. It also caused one of the few cancellations of Grands Prix in the sport's history, when the new all-weather track surface broke up badly during practice. Extensive repairs were needed and the race was rescheduled for later in the year; Senna was the winner, with Prost finishing on the podium again to take a big step towards his first championship.

The Dutch Grand Prix was the last Grand Prix for Stefan Bellof, who died in the World Sports Car Championship race at Spa Francorchamps in the famous Eau Rouge corner. He was the reigning world champion in this series, but decided against running for the Porsche factory team in 1985, to concentrate on formula 1, but was still driving in various WSC races for the private Brun team. Until his death Stefan Bellof was one of the rising stars in racing, being rumored to having an offer to drive for Ferrari in 1986. The summer of 1985 was remembered as the sadest weeks for German racing, as both German formula one drivers, Manfred Winkelhock and Stefan Bellof died within three weeks in WSC races.

Drivers and constructors

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyres No Driver Test driver(s)
United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/2B TAG TTE PO1 1.5 V6T G 1 Austria Niki Lauda n/a
United Kingdom John Watson
2 France Alain Prost
United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell 012 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8
Renault EF4B 1.5 V6T
G 3/4 United Kingdom Martin Brundle n/a
Germany Stefan Bellof
4 Sweden Stefan Johansson
Italy Ivan Capelli
France Philippe Streiff
United Kingdom Canon Williams Honda Team Williams FW10 Honda RA164E 1.5 V6T G 5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell New Zealand Mike Thackwell
6 Finland Keke Rosberg
United Kingdom Motor Racing Developments Brabham BT54 BMW M12/13 1.5 L4T P 7 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Barry Sheene
Italy Emanuele Pirro
Italy Franco Uncini
Italy Marco Lucchinelli
United States Willy T. Ribbs
8 France François Hesnault
Switzerland Marc Surer
United Kingdom Skoal Bandit Formula 1 Team RAM 03 Hart 415T 1.5 L4T P 9 Germany Manfred Winkelhock n/a
France Philippe Alliot
10
United Kingdom Kenny Acheson
United Kingdom John Player Special Team Lotus Lotus 97T Renault EF15 1.5 V6T G 11 Italy Elio de Angelis n/a
12 Brazil Ayrton Senna
France Equipe Renault Elf Renault RS60
RS60B
Renault EF4B 1.5 V6T
Renault EF15 1.5 V6T
G 14 France François Hesnault n/a
15 France Patrick Tambay
16 United Kingdom Derek Warwick
United Kingdom Barclay Arrows BMW Arrows A8 BMW M12/13 1.5 L4T G 17 Austria Gerhard Berger n/a
18 Belgium Thierry Boutsen
United Kingdom Toleman Group Motorsport Toleman TG185 Hart 415T 1.5 L4T P 19 Italy Teo Fabi Italy Alessandro Nannini
Italy Emanuele Pirro
Spain Luis Perez-Sala
Italy Gabriele Tarquini
Argentina Oscar Larrauri
Germany Volker Weidler
20 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani
United Kingdom Spirit Enterprises Ltd Spirit 101D Hart 415T 1.5 L4T P 21 Italy Mauro Baldi n/a
Italy Benetton Team Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo 184TB
185T
Alfa Romeo 890T 1.5 V8T G 22 Italy Riccardo Patrese Italy Giorgio Francia
23 United States Eddie Cheever
Italy Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1F Alfa Romeo 890T 1.5 V8T P 24 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani Italy Giorgio Francia
Netherlands Huub Rothengatter
France Equipe Ligier
France Equipe Ligier Gitanes
Ligier JS25 Renault EF4B 1.5 V6T P 25 Italy Andrea de Cesaris France Michel Ferté
France Philippe Streiff
26 France Jacques Laffite
Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 156/85 Ferrari 031 1.5 V6T G 27 Italy Michele Alboreto United Kingdom Johnny Dumfries
28 France René Arnoux
Sweden Stefan Johansson
Italy Minardi Team SpA Minardi M185 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8
Motori Moderni Tipo 615-90 1.5 V6T
P 29 Italy Pierluigi Martini Italy Michele Alboreto
Germany West Zakspeed Racing Zakspeed 841 Zakspeed 1500/4 1.5 L4T G 30 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer n/a
Germany Christian Danner
United States Team Haas (USA) Ltd Lola THL1 Hart 415T 1.5 L4T G 33 Australia Alan Jones n/a

Season review

Round Race Date Location Winning driver Constructor Report
1 Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix April 7 Jacarepaguá France Alain Prost McLaren-TAG Report
2 Portugal Portuguese Grand Prix April 21 Estoril Brazil Ayrton Senna Lotus-Renault Report
3 San Marino San Marino Grand Prix May 5 Imola Italy Elio de Angelis Lotus-Renault Report
4 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix May 19 Monaco France Alain Prost McLaren-TAG Report
5 Canada Canadian Grand Prix June 16 Circuit Gilles Villeneuve Italy Michele Alboreto Ferrari Report
6 United States Detroit Grand Prix June 23 Detroit Finland Keke Rosberg Williams-Honda Report
7 France French Grand Prix July 7 Paul Ricard Brazil Nelson Piquet Brabham-BMW Report
8 United Kingdom British Grand Prix July 21 Silverstone France Alain Prost McLaren-TAG Report
9 Germany German Grand Prix August 4 Nürburgring Italy Michele Alboreto Ferrari Report
10 Austria Austrian Grand Prix August 18 Österreichring France Alain Prost McLaren-TAG Report
11 Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix August 25 Zandvoort Austria Niki Lauda McLaren-TAG Report
12 Italy Italian Grand Prix September 8 Monza France Alain Prost McLaren-TAG Report
13 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix September 15 Spa-Francorchamps Brazil Ayrton Senna Lotus-Renault Report
14 United Kingdom European Grand Prix October 6 Brands Hatch United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Report
15 South Africa South African Grand Prix October 19 Kyalami United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Report
16 Australia Australian Grand Prix November 3 Adelaide Finland Keke Rosberg Williams-Honda Report

1985 Constructors Championship final standings

Place Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Points Wins Podiums Poles
1 United Kingdom McLaren-TAG MP4/2B TAG Porsche P01 G 90 6 12 2
2 Italy Ferrari 156/85 Ferrari 031 G 82 2 10 1
3 United Kingdom Williams-Honda FW10
FW10B
Honda RA163E G 71 4 8 3
4 United Kingdom Lotus-Renault 97T Renault EF4B
Renault EF15
G 71 3 9 8
5 United Kingdom Brabham-BMW BT54 BMW M12/13 P 26 1 2 1
6 France Ligier-Renault JS25 Renault EF4B P 23 4
7 France Renault RE60
RE60B
Renault EF4B
Renault EF15
G 16 2
8 United Kingdom Arrows-BMW A8 BMW M12/13 G 14 1
9 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford 012 Ford DFV G 4
10 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Renault 014 Renault EF4B
Renault EF15
G 3
11 Italy Minardi-Motori Moderni M85B Motori Moderni Tipo 615-90 P
12 Italy Alfa Romeo 184T
185T
Alfa Romeo 890T G
13 United Kingdom RAM-Hart 03 Hart 415T P
14 Italy Osella-Alfa Romeo FA1F
FA1G
Alfa Romeo 890T P
15 United Kingdom Toleman-Hart TG185 Hart 415T P 1
16 United Kingdom Spirit-Hart 101D Hart 415T P
17 United Kingdom Lola-Hart THL1 Hart 415T G
18 Italy Minardi-Ford M85 Ford DFV P
19 Germany Zakspeed 841 Zakspeed 1500/4 G

1985 Drivers Championship final standings

Pos Driver BRA
Brazil
POR
Portugal
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
DET
United States
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
AUT
Austria
NED
Netherlands
ITA
Italy
BEL
Belgium
EUR
United Kingdom
RSA
South Africa
AUS
Australia
Points[1]
1 France Alain Prost 1 Ret DSQ 1 3 Ret 3 1 2 1 2 1 3 4 3 Ret 73 (76)
2 Italy Michele Alboreto 2 2 Ret 2 1 3 Ret 2 1 3 4 13 Ret Ret Ret Ret 53
3 Finland Keke Rosberg Ret Ret Ret 8 4 1 2 Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret 4 3 2 1 40
4 Brazil Ayrton Senna Ret 1 7 Ret 16 Ret Ret 10 Ret 2 3 3 1 2 Ret Ret 38
5 Italy Elio de Angelis 3 4 1 3 5 5 5 NC Ret 5 5 6 Ret 5 Ret DSQ 33
6 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Ret 5 5 7 6 Ret DNS Ret 6 Ret 6 11 2 1 1 Ret 31
7 Sweden Stefan Johansson 7 8 6 Ret 2 2 4 Ret 9 4 Ret 5 Ret Ret 4 5 26
8 Brazil Nelson Piquet Ret Ret 8 Ret Ret 6 1 4 Ret Ret 8 2 5 Ret Ret Ret 21
9 France Jacques Laffite 6 Ret Ret 6 8 12 Ret 3 3 Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret 2 16
10 Austria Niki Lauda Ret Ret 4 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 Ret 1 Ret Ret Ret 14
11 Belgium Thierry Boutsen 11 Ret 2 9 9 7 9 Ret 4 8 Ret 9 10 6 6 Ret 11
12 France Patrick Tambay 5 3 3 Ret 7 Ret 6 Ret Ret 10 Ret 7 Ret 12 Ret 11
13 Switzerland Marc Surer 15 8 8 6 Ret 6 10 4 8 13 Ret Ret 5
14 United Kingdom Derek Warwick 10 7 10 5 Ret Ret 7 5 Ret Ret Ret Ret 6 Ret Ret 5
15 France Philippe Streiff 10 9 8 Ret 3 4
16 Germany Stefan Bellof 6 Ret DNQ 11 4 13 11 8 7 Ret 4
17 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Ret Ret Ret 4 14 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 3
18 Italy Ivan Capelli Ret 4 3
19 France René Arnoux 4 3
20 Austria Gerhard Berger Ret Ret Ret Ret 13 11 Ret 8 7 Ret 9 Ret 7 10 5 6 3
NC United Kingdom Martin Brundle 8 Ret 9 10 12 Ret Ret 7 10 DNQ 7 8 13 Ret 7 Ret 0
NC Netherlands Huub Rothengatter Ret 9 NC Ret NC Ret 7 0
NC United Kingdom John Watson 7 0
NC Italy Pierluigi Martini Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret 8 0
NC Italy Riccardo Patrese Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 Ret 11 9 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret Ret 0
NC United States Eddie Cheever Ret Ret Ret Ret 17 9 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret Ret 0
NC Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani 12 9 NC DNQ Ret Ret 15 Ret DNS Ret DNS Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
NC France Philippe Alliot 9 Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
NC United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer Ret Ret 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
NC Germany Manfred Winkelhock 13 NC Ret DNQ Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret 0
NC Italy Teo Fabi Ret Ret Ret 14 Ret Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
NC France François Hesnault Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret 0
NC Australia Alan Jones Ret Ret DNS Ret 0
NC Italy Mauro Baldi Ret Ret Ret 0
NC Germany Christian Danner Ret Ret 0
NC United Kingdom Kenny Acheson Ret 0
Pos Driver BRA
Brazil
POR
Portugal
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
DET
United States
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
AUT
Austria
NED
Netherlands
ITA
Italy
BEL
Belgium
EUR
United Kingdom
RSA
South Africa
AUS
Australia
Points
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrew entry before the event (WD)
Place Driver Number Points[1] Wins Podiums Poles
1 France Alain Prost 2 73 (76) 5 11 2
2 Italy Michele Alboreto 27 53 2 8 1
3 Finland Keke Rosberg 6 40 2 5 2
4 Brazil Ayrton Senna 12 38 2 6 7
5 Italy Elio de Angelis 11 33 1 3 1
6 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 5 31 2 3 1
7 Sweden Stefan Johansson 28 26 2
8 Brazil Nelson Piquet 7 21 1 2 1
9 France Jacques Laffite 26 16 3
10 Austria Niki Lauda 1 14 1 1
11 Belgium Thierry Boutsen 18 11 1
12 France Patrick Tambay 15 11 2
13 Switzerland Marc Surer 8 5
14 United Kingdom Derek Warwick 16 5
15 France Philippe Streiff 25 4 1
16 Germany Stefan Bellof 4 4
17 Italy Andrea de Cesaris 25 3
18 Italy Ivan Capelli 4 3
19 France René Arnoux 28 3
20 Austria Gerhard Berger 17 3

Notes

  1. ^ a b Only the best 11 results counted towards the Drivers' Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

External links

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Simple English

The 1985 Formula One season was the 36th of the championship. The champion was Alain Prost in a close battle.


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