1988 Formula One season: Wikis

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1988 FIA Formula One World Championship season
Previous: 1987 Next: 1989
Index: Races by country | Races by season

The 1988 Formula One season was the 39th season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 1988 FIA Formula One World Championship which commenced on April 3, 1988 and ended on November 13 after sixteen races. Two titles were awarded: the Formula One World Championship for Drivers, won by Ayrton Senna, and the Formula One World Championship for Constructors, easily taken by McLaren Honda.

Contents

Season summary

Ayrton Senna won his first world championship in his first season driving for McLaren.
In a year dominated by McLaren, Alain Prost was narrowly beaten by his team-mate.
Gerhard Berger finished third in the Drivers' Championship, and Ferrari were runners-up in the Constructors' Championship, but both were a long way behind McLaren and its drivers.

The pre-season was a very contentious time, with many theories of the championship flying around. Would the Honda engines prove successful with McLaren? Would Ferrari be able to continue the trend set by the last two rounds of 1987 where Gerhard Berger took successive victories? Would Williams be able to continue their success without Honda and Nelson Piquet? Could World Champion Piquet succeed in defending his title with the Honda powered Lotus?

The Jim Clark and Colin Chapman cups had been withdrawn as the "atmospheric", naturally aspirated engines were making a return as the sole engine for 1989, with severe restrictions on turbos for this season. Many teams took the gamble of using Judd or Cosworth V8 engines, to get an extra year in to get used to the new regulations, whilst other teams like Ferrari and McLaren decided to make the most of their turbo experience and made one last turbo car to hopefully bring the most of the cars despite the regulations.

For the first race of the season in Brazil, with Ferrari being the only completely stable option, many agreed that Gerhard Berger would be in serious contention, and this was supported in his second place behind Alain Prost's McLaren as well as securing the fastest lap for the Scuderia. Remarkable, also, was Nigel Mansell's recovery from his accident in Japan to score a front row position for his non-turbo Judd-powered Williams on his first race back. Ayrton Senna suffered from a failure at the race's beginning, eventually being disqualified after switching to a second car. At the time he had risen up to second place after starting from the pits.

At Imola, however, it was plain to see what all the teams had feared. Gordon Murray's MP4/4, combined with the championship winning Honda Turbo, made a mockery of the rest of the grid. Even the Lotus-Hondas of Piquet and Nakajima were left a lap behind race winner Senna, with team-mate Prost less than five seconds behind him. At the front of the grid, things were as tight as ever, however for everyone else it had become a race for third.

Despite what many expected, the championship would hardly be considered boring with the McLaren onslaught peaking with the drivers fighting in several feuds. At Monaco, after Alain Prost set the fastest lap, Ayrton refused to accept that his team-mate could be driving faster than he was, especially after Senna out qualified Prost by over a second. Senna pushed and after scoring the fastest lap, he had a lapse in concentration and hit the wall. Berger picked up second place behind Prost.

In Mexico, it was nearly a repeat of San Marino: McLaren 1-2, with this time only one driver on the lead lap. Gerhard Berger had picked up his third podium in four races, giving him the edge on Piquet and Alboreto for the title of "Best of the Rest" - The race for third.

Canada again proved a repeat of the McLaren onslaught, this time Boutsen's Benetton being the only other car on the lead lap, and 50 seconds behind. This was repeated in Detroit, however this time Boutsen failed to stay on the lead lap as Senna took his second victory in a row, making it six out of six for McLaren and Honda.

The following race at Paul Ricard saw another 1-2 for McLaren, this time with Prost at the helm for his home Grand Prix, followed by the Ferraris of Alboreto and Berger, with only the former on the lead lap. Piquet raced a brilliant race, despite lacking second gear, to come through for a fifth place.

At the wet British Grand Prix at Silverstone, Nigel Mansell surprised all by scoring a second place for an atmos car for his first finish of the season after seven races of DNFs, a result which definitely pleased the hordes of British fans who were still gripped in Mansell-mania despite the driver's (or rather, the car's) lack lustre performance through the year. The podium was rounded off by Nannini, proving that Silverstone's long straights, although showcasing the high speed of the turbos, was not a good race for the to-be-banned cars, with the efficiency of the atmos cars proving a much better deal, albeit Senna still dominating in his McLaren, proving once again his skill as a wet weather driver.

Germany proved a return to the year's trend, with again long straights of Hockenheim showcasing the brute strength of the turbos, with the only atmos car on the lead lap behind both McLaren and Ferraris respectively being Capelli's March. Senna took the win to Prost, with Berger taking the bottom step of the rostrum. At the following grand prix at Hungary, Senna secured his 24th pole position, securing the third highest total after legendary champions Jim Clark and Fangio, backing his qualifying effort up with a victory, less than a second in front of team-mate Prost. This was Senna's sixth win of the season, and third on the trot, with Prost on just four wins.

The 1988 Belgian Grand Prix showed Prost one thing: to not change his set-up at the last minute. All through the year, Prost's better feel at setting up a car was not only noticed by his team-mate, but mimicked. Senna had used Prost's set-ups for every race thus far, and the race at Spa was no different. This annoyed Prost, and he changed his aero-settings at the last minute, hoping to give himself an edge over the pole-sitting Senna. At the start, Prost took the lead after Senna suffered wheel spin but was caught and passed half way around the track.

Senna went on to secure the victory to Prost, a distant second. Third and fourth was filled by the two Benettons, however their finishes were struck from the results [1] long after the race had ended, for using illegal fuel, giving Capelli his first podium of the year. The 1-2 for McLaren signified the end of any statistical hope of Ferrari catching them in constructors championship, securing McLaren one of the earliest recorded constructors victories.

Before the Italian Grand Prix, Prost was quoted as saying that, as it was very possible that McLaren would take out a perfect sixteen out of sixteen victories, the winner would be determined between which McLaren driver would take the most wins, and on the change they both took eight, it would be determined on their second places, which at the time Prost had more of despite having fewer wins. This meant Prost could only let Senna win one more time.

Monza, being another high speed circuit, would prove to be another McLaren dominated race, with both sitting on the front row, again with both Ferraris behind. The race fell into regular routine as Senna lead from the start and Prost close behind. However, on lap 35 of 51, Prost's championship hopes seemed to evaporate in a cloud of smoke, leaking from his engine. The tifosi cheered as their drivers were shifted to second and third, and Honda were livid in their engine expiring on a track that was being dominated by the turbo cars.

Senna looked set to secure another victory, and albeit seal his championship hopes, when lapping Schlesser, filling in for the still ill Mansell, decided it was wise to do so on one of the track's corners, instead of waiting for the long straight that would follow. Senna accidentally hit Schlesser and was livid, whilst the tifosi erupted; Gerhard Berger and Michele Alboreto sat first and second, where they remained at the finish. The victory was made poignant by the fact that it was the first race since Enzo Ferrari's death. Both drivers and team dedicated the victory to him. This race would prove to be the only chink in McLaren's perfect year and their only double retirement.

The following grand prix at Portugal proved to be an exciting affair, for all but Ayrton Senna who suffered race long with fuel troubles. He ended sixth while Prost kept his championship hopes alive to secure his fifth race of the year. Then at Spain, he secured his sixth, again in an attempt to delay an almost inevitable eighth race for Senna - a race that would secure his first of three championships. Senna suffered from similar problems and was lucky to secure fourth whilst Mansell doubled his British Grand Prix efforts and scored another six points.

The penultimate round in Japan was, once again, where the title was decided. This time it was the end of the weekend, and not the beginning. Prost made a superb start to the lead, whilst Senna stalled, lucky in the fact that Suzuka had a sloping grid, helping to start his car. Senna knew he had nothing to lose and everything to gain in this race, and knew he could seal the championship here. By the end of the lap he had already made up six positions, and by the fourth lap he was sitting in fourth position. The top six cars were all sitting very close and when the rain started to fall, so did Prost. Capelli took this chance to become the first naturally aspirated car to lead a Grand Prix in over 4 years, thrilling the March team. Unfortunately, this was not to last as his electronics would eventually fail.

By then, Senna was hot on the tail of Prost. Prost hated the wet, as much as he hated to lose, and his failing gearbox only added to the Brazilian's chances. When the pair came round to lap some back-markers, as Prost was caught up with de Cesaris, Ayrton went past to take the lead, and set three consecutive fastest laps and setting a new lap record. As he was now out on a wet track with dry tires, as many other drivers were, he signaled to stop the race. However, the race ran its full distance and Honda were reveling in their 1-2 finish, whilst Prost was bitter. He would go on to win in Adelaide, and score eleven more points in total than Senna, but only the eleven highest scores counted, with Senna's eight wins and three seconds giving him a total of 90 points to Prost's 87. He went on to be a proponent of the 90's scoring system - all results counting to the final results with the winner scoring 10, not 9, points.

Drivers and constructors

The following drivers and constructors competed in the 1988 season

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre No Driver Test driver(s)
United Kingdom Camel Team Lotus Honda Lotus 100T Honda RA168E 1.5 V6T G 1 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Martin Donnelly
2 Japan Satoru Nakajima
United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell 017 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G 3 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer n/a
4 United Kingdom Julian Bailey
United Kingdom Canon Williams Team Williams FW12 Judd CV 3.5 V8 G 5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell France Jean-Louis Schlesser
United Kingdom Martin Brundle
France Jean-Louis Schlesser
6 Italy Riccardo Patrese
Germany West Zakspeed Racing Zakspeed 881 Zakspeed 1500/4 1.5 L4T G 9 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani Germany Christian Danner
10 Germany Bernd Schneider
United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren MP4/4 Honda RA168E 1.5 V6T G 11 France Alain Prost Italy Emanuele Pirro
12 Brazil Ayrton Senna
France Automobiles Gonfaronaise Sportive AGS JH22
JH23
Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G 14 France Philippe Streiff n/a
United Kingdom Leyton House March Racing Team March 881 Judd CV 3.5 V8 G 15 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin n/a
16 Italy Ivan Capelli
United Kingdom USF&G Arrows Megatron Arrows A10B Megatron M12/13 1.5 L4T G 17 United Kingdom Derek Warwick n/a
18 United States Eddie Cheever
United Kingdom Benetton Formula Ltd Benetton B188 Ford Cosworth DFR 3.5 V8 G 19 Italy Alessandro Nannini United Kingdom Johnny Dumfries
Australia Gary Brabham
20 Belgium Thierry Boutsen
Italy Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1I
FA1L
Osella 890T 1.5 V8T G 21 Italy Nicola Larini n/a
Germany Rial Racing Rial ARC1 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G 22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris n/a
Italy Lois Minardi Team SpA Minardi M188 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G 23 Spain Adrian Campos Italy Pierluigi Martini
Italy Pierluigi Martini
24 Spain Luis Perez-Sala
France Ligier Loto Ligier JS31 Judd CV 3.5 V8 G 25 France René Arnoux
26 Sweden Stefan Johansson
Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari F1/87/88C Ferrari 033E 1.5 V6T G 27 Italy Michele Alboreto Brazil Roberto Moreno
Italy Gianni Morbidelli
Italy Dario Benuzzi
28 Austria Gerhard Berger
France Larrousse Calmels Lola LC88 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G 29 France Yannick Dalmas n/a
France Pierre-Henri Raphanel
Japan Aguri Suzuki
30 France Philippe Alliot
Italy Coloni SpA Coloni FC188
FC188B
Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G 31 Italy Gabriele Tarquini n/a
Italy EuroBrun Racing EuroBrun ER188 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G 32 Argentina Oscar Larrauri n/a
33 Italy Stefano Modena
Italy BMS Scuderia Italia Dallara 188 Ford Cosworth DFZ 3.5 V8 G 36 Italy Alex Caffi n/a

Race schedule

Round Race Date Location
1 Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix April 3 Jacarepaguá
2 San Marino San Marino Grand Prix May 1 Imola
3 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix May 15 Monaco
4 Mexico Mexican Grand Prix May 29 Hermanos Rodriguez
5 Canada Canadian Grand Prix June 12 Circuit Gilles Villeneuve
6 United States Detroit Grand Prix June 19 Detroit
7 France French Grand Prix July 3 Paul Ricard
8 United Kingdom British Grand Prix July 10 Silverstone
9 Germany German Grand Prix July 24 Hockenheimring
10 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix August 7 Hungaroring
11 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix August 28 Spa-Francorchamps
12 Italy Italian Grand Prix September 11 Monza
13 Portugal Portuguese Grand Prix September 25 Estoril
14 Spain Spanish Grand Prix October 2 Jerez
15 Japan Japanese Grand Prix October 30 Suzuka
16 Australia Australian Grand Prix November 13 Adelaide

1988 Calendar

Rd. Grand Prix Pole Position Fastest Lap Winning Driver Constructor Report
1 Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Austria Gerhard Berger France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
2 San Marino San Marino Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
3 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
4 Mexico Mexican Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
5 Canada Canadian Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
6 United States Detroit Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
7 France French Grand Prix France Alain Prost France Alain Prost France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
8 United Kingdom British Grand Prix Austria Gerhard Berger United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
9 Germany German Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Italy Alessandro Nannini Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
10 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
11 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Austria Gerhard Berger Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
12 Italy Italian Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Italy Michele Alboreto Austria Gerhard Berger Italy Ferrari Report
13 Portugal Portuguese Grand Prix France Alain Prost Austria Gerhard Berger France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
14 Spain Spanish Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
15 Japan Japanese Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
16 Australia Australian Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report

1988 Drivers Championship final standings

Pos Driver BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
MEX
Mexico
CAN
Canada
DET
United States
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
JPN
Japan
AUS
Australia
Points[2]
1 Brazil Ayrton Senna DSQ 1 Ret 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 10 6 4 1 2 90 (94)*
2 France Alain Prost 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 Ret 2 2 2 Ret 1 1 2 1 87 (105)*
3 Austria Gerhard Berger 2 5 2 3 Ret Ret 4 9 3 4 Ret 1 Ret 6 4 Ret 41
4 Belgium Thierry Boutsen 7 4 8 8 3 3 Ret Ret 6 3 DSQ 6 3 9 3 5 27
5 Italy Michele Alboreto 5 18 3 4 Ret Ret 3 17 4 Ret Ret 2 5 Ret 11 Ret 24
6 Brazil Nelson Piquet 3 3 Ret Ret 4 Ret 5 5 Ret 8 4 Ret Ret 8 Ret 3 22
7 Italy Ivan Capelli Ret Ret 10 16 5 DNS 9 Ret 5 Ret 3 5 2 Ret Ret 6 17
8 United Kingdom Derek Warwick 4 9 4 5 7 Ret Ret 6 7 Ret 5 4 4 Ret Ret Ret 17
9 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 2 Ret Ret Ret 2 Ret Ret 12
10 Italy Alessandro Nannini Ret 6 Ret 7 Ret Ret 6 3 18 Ret DSQ 9 Ret 3 5 Ret 12
11 Italy Riccardo Patrese Ret 13 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret 6 Ret 7 Ret 5 6 4 8
12 United States Eddie Cheever 8 7 Ret 6 Ret Ret 11 7 10 Ret 6 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret 6
13 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin Ret 15 Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 4 8 5 Ret 8 Ret 7 10 Ret 5
14 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer Ret 14 5 DNQ 6 5 Ret Ret 11 Ret 12 DNQ Ret Ret 12 Ret 5
15 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Ret Ret Ret Ret 9 4 10 Ret 13 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 3
16 Japan Satoru Nakajima 6 8 DNQ Ret 11 DNQ 7 10 9 7 Ret Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret 1
17 Italy Pierluigi Martini 6 15 15 DNQ Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret 13 7 1
NC France Yannick Dalmas Ret 12 7 9 DNQ 7 13 13 19 9 Ret Ret Ret 11 0
NC Italy Alex Caffi DNPQ Ret Ret Ret DNPQ 8 12 11 15 Ret 8 Ret 7 10 Ret Ret 0
NC United Kingdom Martin Brundle 7 0
NC France Philippe Streiff Ret 10 Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 Ret 9 Ret 8 11 0
NC Spain Luis Perez-Sala Ret 11 Ret 11 13 Ret NC Ret DNQ 10 DNQ Ret 8 12 15 Ret 0
NC Italy Gabriele Tarquini Ret Ret Ret 14 8 DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 13 Ret DNQ 11 DNPQ DNPQ DNQ 0
NC France Philippe Alliot Ret 17 Ret Ret 10 Ret Ret 14 Ret 12 9 Ret Ret 14 9 10 0
NC Sweden Stefan Johansson 9 DNQ Ret 10 Ret Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret 11 DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 9 0
NC United Kingdom Julian Bailey DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret 9 DNQ 16 DNQ DNQ DNQ 12 DNQ DNQ 14 DNQ 0
NC Italy Nicola Larini DNQ DSQ 9 DNQ DNQ Ret Ret 19 Ret DNPQ Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret DNPQ 0
NC France René Arnoux Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret DNQ 18 17 Ret Ret 13 10 Ret 17 Ret 0
NC Italy Stefano Modena Ret NC DSQ DSQ 12 Ret 14 12 Ret 11 DNQ DNQ DNQ 13 DNQ Ret 0
NC France Jean-Louis Schlesser 11 0
NC Germany Bernd Schneider DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ 12 DNQ 13 Ret DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ 0
NC Argentina Oscar Larrauri Ret DNQ Ret 13 Ret Ret Ret DNQ 16 DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNQ DNQ Ret 0
NC Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani DNQ Ret Ret 15 14 DNQ DSQ DNQ 14 DNQ Ret Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret 0
NC Spain Adrián Campos Ret 16 DNQ DNQ DNQ 0
NC Japan Aguri Suzuki 16 0
NC France Pierre-Henri Raphanel DNQ 0
Pos Driver BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
MEX
Mexico
CAN
Canada
DET
United States
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
JPN
Japan
AUS
Australia
Points
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrew entry before the event (WD)
  • Drivers Championship points were awarded on a 9-6-4-3-2-1 basis to the first six finishers in each race [3].
  • Only best 11 results counted toward the championship [4]. Prost scored 105 points during the year, but only 87 points were counted toward the championship. Senna scored 94 points, with 90 points counted toward the championship. Thus, Senna became the World Champion, although he did not score most points over the course of the year.
Place Driver Number Country Points[2] Wins Podiums Poles
1 Brazil Ayrton Senna 12 Brazil 90 (94) 8 11 13
2 France Alain Prost 11 France 87 (105) 7 14 2
3 Austria Gerhard Berger 28 Austria 41 1 5 1
4 Belgium Thierry Boutsen 20 Belgium 27 5
5 Italy Michele Alboreto 27 Italy 24 3
6 Brazil Nelson Piquet 1 Brazil 22 3
7 Italy Ivan Capelli 16 Italy 17 2
8 United Kingdom Derek Warwick 17 Britain 17
9 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 5 Britain 12 2
10 Italy Alessandro Nannini 19 Italy 12 2
11 Italy Riccardo Patrese 6 Italy 8
12 United States Eddie Cheever 18 USA 6 1
13 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin 15 Brazil 5
14 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer 3 Britain 5
15 Italy Andrea de Cesaris 22 Italy 3
16 Japan Satoru Nakajima 2 Japan 1
17 Italy Pierluigi Martini 23 Italy 1
NC France Yannick Dalmas 29 France 0
NC Italy Alex Caffi 36 Italy 0
NC United Kingdom Martin Brundle 5 Britain 0
NC France Philippe Streiff 14 France 0
NC Spain Luis Perez-Sala 24 Spain 0
NC Italy Gabriele Tarquini 31 Italy 0
NC France Philippe Alliot 30 France 0
NC Sweden Stefan Johansson 26 Sweden 0
NC United Kingdom Julian Bailey 4 Britain 0
NC Italy Nicola Larini 21 Italy 0
NC France René Arnoux 25 France 0
NC Italy Stefano Modena 33 Italy 0
NC France Jean-Louis Schlesser 5 France 0
NC Germany Bernd Schneider 10 Germany 0
NC Argentina Oscar Larrauri 32 Argentina 0
NC Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani 9 Italy 0
NC Spain Adrián Campos 23 Spain 0
NC Japan Aguri Suzuki 29 Japan 0
NC France Pierre-Henri Raphanel 29 France 0

1988 Constructors Championship final standings

Place Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Points Wins Podiums Poles
1 United Kingdom McLaren-Honda MP4/4 Honda RA168E G 199 15 25 15
2 Italy Ferrari F1-87/88C Ferrari 033E G 65 1 8 1
3 United Kingdom Benetton-Ford B188 Ford DFR G 39 7
4 United Kingdom Lotus-Honda 100T Honda RA168E G 23 3
5 United Kingdom Arrows-Megatron A10B (BMW) Megatron M12/13 G 23 1
6 United Kingdom March-Judd 881 Judd CV G 22 2
7 United Kingdom Williams-Judd FW12 Judd CV G 20 2
8 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford 017 Ford DFZ G 5
9 Germany Rial-Ford ARC1 Ford DFZ G 3
10 Italy Minardi-Ford M188 Ford DFZ G 1
NC Germany Zakspeed 881
881B
Zakspeed 1500/4 G
NC Italy Coloni-Ford FC188
FC188B
Ford DFZ G
NC France Ligier-Judd JS31 Judd CV G
NC Italy Osella-Alfa Romeo FA1I
FA1L
Alfa Romeo 890T G
NC United Kingdom Lola-Ford LC88 Ford DFZ G
NC Italy Dallara-Ford 3087
F188
Ford DFV/DFZ G
NC France AGS-Ford JH23 Ford DFZ G
NC Italy Euro Brun-Ford ER188 Ford DFZ G

Points towards the 1988 FIA Formula One World Championship for Constructors were awarded on a 9-6-4-3-2-1 basis for the first six places at each round.

Notes and references

  1. ^ Grand Prix Results: Belgian GP, 1988 Retrieved from www.grandprix.com on 2 December 2009
  2. ^ a b Only the best 11 results counted towards the Drivers' Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.
  3. ^ Peter Higham, The Guinness Guide to International Motor Racing, 1995, page 6
  4. ^ Peter Higham, The Guinness Guide to International Motor Racing, 1995, page 126

External links

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Simple English

The 1988 Formula One season was the 39th of the championship. The champion was Ayrton Senna in a close battle.

Contents

Drivers & Constructors

The following drivers and constructors competed in the 1988 season

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre No Driver
Camel Team Lotus Honda Lotus Lotus 100T Honda G 1 Nelson Piquet
2 Satoru Nakajima
Tyrell Racing Organization Tyrrell Tyrrell 017 Ford Cosworth G 3 Jonathan Palmer
4 Julian Bailey
Williams Grand Prix Engineering WilliamsF1 Williams FW12 Judd G 5 Nigel Mansell
Martin Brundle
Jean-Louis Schlesser
6 Riccardo Patrese
Zakspeed Racing Zakspeed Zakspeed 881 Zakspeed G 9 Piercarlo Ghinzani
10 Bernd Schneider
Marlboro McLaren International Honda McLaren McLaren MP4/4 Honda G 11 Ayrton Senna
12 Alain Prost
Team AGS AGS AGS JH22
AGS JH23
Ford Cosworth G 14 Philippe Streiff
Leyton House March Racing Team March March 881 Judd G 15 Mauricio Gugelmin
16 Ivan Capelli
Arrows Racing Team Arrows Arrows A10B Megatron G 17 Derek Warwick
18 Eddie Cheever
Benetton Formula Benetton Benetton B188 Ford Cosworth G 19 Alessandro Nannini
20 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Thierry Boutsen
Osella Squadra Corse Osella Osella FA1I
Osella FA1L
Osella G 21 Nicola Larini
Rial Racing Rial Rial ARC1 Ford Cosworth G 22 Andrea de Cesaris
Minardi Team Minardi Minardi M188 Ford Cosworth G 23 Adrian Campos
Pierluigi Martini
24 Luis Perez-Sala
Equipe Ligier Ligier Ligier JS31 Judd G 25 René Arnoux
26 Stefan Johansson
Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari Ferrari F187/88C Scuderia Ferrari G 27 Michele Alboreto
28 Gerhard Berger
Larrousse & Calmels F1 Lola Lola LC88 Ford Cosworth G 29 Yannick Dalmas
Pierre-Henri Raphanel
Aguri Suzuki
30 Philippe Alliot
Coloni Racing Coloni Coloni FC188
Coloni FC188B
Ford Cosworth G 31 Gabriele Tarquini
Eurobrun Racing Euro Brun Euro Brun ER188 Ford Cosworth G 32 Oscar Larrauri
33 Stefano Modena
Scuderia Italia Dallara Dallara 188 Ford Cosworth G 36 Alex Caffi

Season review

Round Race Date Location Winning driver Constructor Report
1 Brazilian Grand Prix April 3 Jacarepaguá Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Report
2 San Marino Grand Prix May 1 Imola Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
3 Monaco Grand Prix May 15 Monaco Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Report
4 Mexican Grand Prix May 29 Hermanos Rodríguez Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Report
5 Canadian Grand Prix June 12 Circuit Gilles Villeneuve Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
6 United States Grand Prix East June 19 Detroit Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
7 French Grand Prix July 3 Paul Ricard Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Report
8 British Grand Prix July 10 Silverstone Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
9 German Grand Prix July 24 Hockenheimring Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
10 Hungarian Grand Prix August 7 Hungaroring Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
11 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgian Grand Prix August 28 Spa-Francorchamps Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
12 Italian Grand Prix September 11 Monza Gerhard Berger Ferrari Report
13 Portuguese Grand Prix September 25 Estoril Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Report
14 Spanish Grand Prix October 2 Jerez Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Report
15 Japanese Grand Prix October 30 Suzuka Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
16 Australian Grand Prix November 13 Adelaide Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Report

1988 Constructors Championship final standings

Place Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Points Wins Podiums Poles
1 McLaren-Honda MP4/4 Honda RA186E G 199 15 25 15
2 Ferrari F1-87/88C Ferrari 033E G 65 1 8 1
3 Benetton-Ford B188 Ford DFR G 39 7
4 Arrows-Megatron A10B (BMW) Megatron M12/13 G 23 1
5 Lotus-Honda 100T Honda RA186E G 23 3
6 March-Judd 881 Judd CV G 22 2
7 Williams-Judd FW12 Judd CV G 20 2
8 Tyrrell-Ford 017 Ford DFZ G 5
9 Rial-Ford ARC1 Ford DFZ G 3
10 Minardi-Ford M188 Ford DFZ G 1
11 Zakspeed 881
881B
Zakspeed 1500/4 G
12 Coloni-Ford FC188
FC188B
Ford DFZ G
13 Ligier-Judd JS31 Judd CV G
14 Osella-Alfa Romeo FA1I
FA1L
Alfa Romeo 890T G
15 Lola-Ford LC88 Ford DFZ G
16 Dallara-Ford 3087
F188
Ford DFV
Ford DFZ
G
17 AGS-Ford JH23 Ford DFZ G
18 Euro Brun-Ford ER188 Ford DFZ G

1988 Drivers Championship final standings

Pos Driver BRA
SMR
MON
MEX
CAN
USE
FRA
GBR
GER
HUN
BEL
File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
ITA
POR
ESP
JPN
AUS
Points[1]
1 Ayrton Senna DSQ 1 Ret 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 10 6 4 1 2 90 (94)*
2 Alain Prost 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 Ret 2 2 2 Ret 1 1 2 1 87 (105)*
3 Gerhard Berger 2 5 2 3 Ret Ret 4 9 3 4 Ret 1 Ret 6 4 Ret 41
4 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Thierry Boutsen 7 4 8 8 3 3 Ret Ret 6 3 DSQ 6 3 9 3 5 27
5 Michele Alboreto 5 18 3 4 Ret Ret 3 17 4 Ret Ret 2 5 Ret 11 Ret 24
6 Nelson Piquet 3 3 Ret Ret 4 Ret 5 5 Ret 8 4 Ret Ret 8 Ret 3 22
7 Ivan Capelli Ret Ret 10 16 5 DNS 9 Ret 5 Ret 3 5 2 Ret Ret 6 17
8 Derek Warwick 4 9 4 5 7 Ret Ret 6 7 Ret 5 4 4 Ret Ret Ret 17
9 Nigel Mansell Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 2 Ret Ret Ret 2 Ret Ret 12
10 Alessandro Nannini Ret 6 Ret 7 Ret Ret 6 3 18 Ret DSQ 9 Ret 3 5 Ret 12
11 Riccardo Patrese Ret 13 6 Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret 6 Ret 7 Ret 5 6 4 8
12 Eddie Cheever 8 7 Ret 6 Ret Ret 11 7 10 Ret 6 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret 6
13 Mauricio Gugelmin Ret 15 Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 4 8 5 Ret 8 Ret 7 10 Ret 5
14 Jonathan Palmer Ret 14 5 DNQ 6 5 Ret Ret 11 Ret 12 DNQ Ret Ret 12 Ret 5
15 Andrea de Cesaris Ret Ret Ret Ret 9 4 10 Ret 13 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 3
16 Satoru Nakajima 6 8 DNQ Ret 11 DNQ 7 10 9 7 Ret Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret 1
17 Pierluigi Martini 6 15 15 DNQ Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret 13 7 1
18 Yannick Dalmas Ret 12 7 9 DNQ 7 13 13 19 9 Ret Ret Ret 11 0
19 Alex Caffi DNPQ Ret Ret Ret 8 12 11 15 Ret 8 Ret 7 10 Ret Ret 0
20 Martin Brundle 7 0
21 Philippe Streiff Ret 10 Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 Ret 9 Ret 8 11 0
22 Luis Perez-Sala Ret 11 Ret 11 13 Ret NC Ret DNQ 10 DNQ Ret 8 12 15 Ret 0
23 Gabriele Tarquini Ret Ret Ret 14 8 DNQ 13 Ret DNQ 11 DNQ 0
24 Philippe Alliot Ret 17 Ret Ret 10 Ret Ret 14 Ret 12 9 Ret Ret 14 9 10 0
25 Stefan Johansson 9 DNQ Ret 10 Ret Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret 11 DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 9 0
26 Julian Bailey DNQ Ret DNQ Ret 9 DNQ 16 DNQ DNQ DNQ 12 DNQ DNQ 14 DNQ 0
27 Nicola Larini DNQ DSQ 9 DNQ DNQ Ret Ret 19 Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret DNPQ 0
28 René Arnoux Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret Ret DNQ 18 17 Ret Ret 13 10 Ret 17 Ret 0
29 Stefano Modena Ret NC DSQ DSQ 12 Ret 14 12 Ret 11 DNQ DNQ DNQ 13 DNQ Ret 0
30 Jean-Louis Schlesser 11 0
31 Bernd Schneider DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ 12 DNQ 13 Ret DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ 0
32 Oscar Larrauri Ret DNQ Ret 13 Ret Ret Ret DNQ 16 DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret 0
33 Piercarlo Ghinzani DNQ Ret Ret 15 14 DNQ DSQ DNQ 14 DNQ Ret Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ Ret 0
34 Adrián Campos Ret 16 DNQ DNQ 0
35 Aguri Suzuki 16 0
Pierre-Henri Raphanel DNQ 0
Pos Driver BRA
SMR
MON
MEX
CAN
USE
FRA
GBR
GER
HUN
BEL
File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
ITA
POR
ESP
JPN
AUS
Points
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Finished, in points
Blue Finished, no points
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Not classified (NC)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Withdrew (WD)
Blank Did not participate
Injured (INJ)
Excluded (EX)
  • Only best 11 results counted toward the championship. Prost scored 105 points during the year, but only 87 points were counted toward the championship. Senna scored 94 points, with 90 points counted toward the championship. Thus, Senna became the World Champion, although he did not score most points over the course of the year.
Place Driver Number Country Points[1] Wins Podiums Poles
1 Ayrton Senna 12 Brazil 90 (94) 8 11 13
2 Alain Prost 11 France 87 (105) 7 14 2
3 Gerhard Berger 28 Austria 41 1 5 1
4 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Thierry Boutsen 20 Belgium 27 5
5 Michele Alboreto 27 Italy 24 3
6 Nelson Piquet 1 Brazil 22 3
7 Ivan Capelli 16 Italy 17 2
8 Derek Warwick 17 Britain 17
9 Nigel Mansell 5 Britain 12 2
10 Alessandro Nannini 19 Italy 12 2
11 Riccardo Patrese 6 Italy 8
12 Eddie Cheever 18 USA 6 1
13 Mauricio Gugelmin 15 Brazil 5
14 Jonathan Palmer 3 Britain 5
15 Andrea de Cesaris 22 Italy 3
16 Satoru Nakajima 2 Japan 1
17 Pierluigi Martini 23 Italy 1
18 Yannick Dalmas 29 France 0
19 Alex Caffi 36 Italy 0
20 Martin Brundle 5 Britain 0
21 Philippe Streiff 14 France 0
22 Luis Perez-Sala 24 Spain 0
23 Gabriele Tarquini 31 Italy 0
24 Philippe Alliot 30 France 0
25 Stefan Johansson 26 Sweden 0
26 Julian Bailey 4 Britain 0
27 Nicola Larini 21 Italy 0
28 René Arnoux 25 France 0
29 Stefano Modena 33 Italy 0
30 Jean-Louis Schlesser 5 France 0
31 Bernd Schneider 10 Germany 0
32 Oscar Larrauri 32 Argentina 0
33 Piercarlo Ghinzani 9 Italy 0
34 Adrián Campos 23 Spain 0
35 Aguri Suzuki 29 Japan 0
Pierre-Henri Raphanel 29 France 0

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Only the best 11 results counted towards the Drivers' Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

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