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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the 1988 Major League Baseball season only. For information on all of baseball, see 1988 in baseball.

In 1988, the Major League Baseball season ended with the underdog Los Angeles Dodgers shocking the Oakland Athletics, who had won 104 games during the regular season, in the World Series. The most memorable moment of the series came in Game 1, when injured Dodger Kirk Gibson hit a dramatic pinch-hit walk-off home run off Athletics' closer Dennis Eckersley to win the game for Los Angeles. The Dodgers rode the momentum of the homer all the way to a decisive Series victory in five games.

Contents

Overview

The American League's best player in 1988 clearly was Athletics outfielder José Canseco. This season saw him become the first player in history to hit 40 home runs and steal 40 bases in a single season, unanimously garnering league MVP honors. The A's surrounded him with a stellar supporting cast, led by fellow slugger Mark McGwire (with whom Canseco formed the famed "Bash Brothers" duo). Aided by strong pitching from Dave Stewart and Bob Welch and the lights-out Eckersley securing 45 saves, Oakland ran away with the American League West and swept the Boston Red Sox of Boggs, Rice, and Clemens in the playoffs before falling to the Dodgers in the World Series.

Speaking of the Dodgers, nobody expected them to even contend for the National League West title in 1988, let alone win the World Championship. However, the intensity and clutch hitting of Gibson (named the NL MVP at season's end) and the solid pitching of Orel Hershiser (who won a league-leading 23 games) spearheaded L.A. to a division championship by seven games over the Cincinnati Reds. In addition to his 23 victories, Hershiser led the National League with 267 innings pitched and 15 shutouts, and also set a record of 59 consecutive scoreless innings (formerly held by Dodger great Don Drysdale). These accomplishments, combined with his 2.26 ERA, earned him the National League Cy Young Award. However, it was in the post-season that Hershiser really distinguished himself – he started Games 1 and 3 of the NLCS against the tough New York Mets, won Game 4 in relief, and threw a complete game shutout in Game 7. He hurled another complete game shutout in Game 2 of the World Series and again went the distance in the clinching Game 5. Hershiser was named MVP of both the NLCS and the World Series, capping off arguably one of the greatest seasons a starting pitcher has ever had.

Champions

  League Championship Series World Series
                 
East  Boston Red Sox 0  
West  Oakland Athletics 4  
    AL  Oakland Athletics 1
  NL  Los Angeles Dodgers 4
East  New York Mets 3
West  Los Angeles Dodgers 4  

Awards and honors

MLB statistical leaders

  American League National League
Type Name Stat Name Stat
AVG Wade Boggs BOS .366 Tony Gwynn SDP .313
HR José Canseco OAK 42 Darryl Strawberry NYM 39
RBI José Canseco OAK 124 Will Clark SFG 109
Wins Frank Viola MIN 24 Orel Hershiser LAD
Danny Jackson CIN
23
ERA Allan Anderson MIN
Teddy Higuera MIL
2.45 Joe Magrane STL 2.18
SO Roger Clemens BOS 291 Nolan Ryan HOU 228
SV Dennis Eckersley OAK 45 John Franco CIN 39
SB Rickey Henderson NYY 93 Vince Coleman STL 81

Major league baseball final standings

American League
Rank Club Wins Losses Win %   GB
East Division
1st Boston Red Sox   89   73 .549    --
2nd Detroit Tigers   88   74 .543   1.0
3rd Milwaukee Brewers   87   75 .537   2.0
3rd Toronto Blue Jays   87   75 .537   2.0
5th New York Yankees   85   76 .528   3.5
6th Cleveland Indians   78   84 .481 11.0
7th Baltimore Orioles   54 107 .335 34.5
West Division
1st Oakland Athletics 104   58 .642    --
2nd Minnesota Twins   91   71 .562 13.0
3rd Kansas City Royals   84   77 .522 19.5
4th California Angels   75   87 .463 29.0
5th Chicago White Sox   71   90 .441 32.5
6th Texas Rangers   70   91 .435 33.5
7th Seattle Mariners   68   93 .422 35.5
National League
Rank Club Wins Losses Win %   GB
East Division
1st New York Mets 100   60 .625    --
2nd Pittsburgh Pirates   85   75 .531 15.0
3rd Montréal Expos   81   81 .500 20.0
4th Chicago Cubs   77   85 .475 24.0
5th St. Louis Cardinals   76   86 .469 25.0
6th Philadelphia Phillies   65   96 .404 35.5
West Division
1st Los Angeles Dodgers   94   67 .584    --
2nd Cincinnati Reds   87   74 .540   7.0
3rd San Diego Padres   83   78 .516 11.0
4th San Francisco Giants   83   79 .512 11.5
5th Houston Astros   82   80 .506 12.5
6th Atlanta Braves   54 106 .338 40

Events

  • April - The Baltimore Orioles begin the season with a Major League-record 21 consecutive losses. Manager Cal Ripken, Sr., was a casualty of the streak, losing his job after the sixth consecutive loss.
  • October 15 - In Game One of the 1988 World Series at Dodger Stadium, the Los Angeles Dodgers trail the Oakland Athletics 4-3 in the bottom of the ninth inning when the Dodgers' Kirk Gibson, badly injured in the NLCS against the New York Mets, hobbles to the plate to pinch-hit against Oakland's lethal closer, Dennis Eckersley. With two outs, a 3-2 count against him, and Mike Davis on second base, Gibson uses his upper body and wrists to launch a backdoor slider from Eckersley into the right-field stands for a 5-4 Los Angeles victory. Gibson's home run re-energized the underdog Dodgers and shattered the confidence of the A's, who lost the series in five games. It inspired the coining of the phrase "walk-off home run," and is widely regarded as one of the greatest moments in baseball history.
  • October 20 - Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher Orel Hershiser ends his dream season with a 5–2 four-hitter over the Oakland Athletics in Game Five of the World Series. The win gives the Dodgers their first World Championship since 1981, and makes them the only team to win more than one World Series in the 1980s. Hershiser is selected the Series MVP.

Movies

Deaths

  • February 20 - Bob O'Farrell, 91, catcher for four NL teams over 21 seasons who won 1926 MVP award with the Cardinals
  • February 23 - Pete Donohue, 87, pitcher who had three 20-win seasons for the Reds and beat the Phillies 20 consecutive times from 1922-25
  • February 28 - Harvey Kuenn, 57, 8-time All-Star shortstop and outfielder, most notably with the Tigers, who batted .303 lifetime and led AL in hits four times and doubles three times; 1953 Rookie of the Year and 1959 batting champion, later managed Brewers to their first pennant in 1982
  • March 21 - Edd Roush, 94, Hall of Fame center fielder for the Cincinnati Reds who batted .323 lifetime; led NL in batting twice, and in slugging, doubles and triples once each; hit 30 inside-the-park home runs, and ended career with 13th-most triples in history
  • March 29 - Ted Kluszewski, 63, All-Star first baseman for the Reds who led NL in homers and RBI in 1954 and batted .300 seven times, known for his sleeveless jersey; later a Reds coach
  • June 9 - Newt Allen, 87, All-Star second baseman for the Negro Leagues' Kansas City Monarchs
  • July 4 - Lee Weyer, 51, National League umpire since 1963 who worked in four World Series and 5 NL Championship Series
  • July 20 - John W. Galbreath, 90, owner of the Pittsburgh Pirates from 1945 to 1985, during which period the team won three World Series
  • September 2 - Jim Bagby, Jr., 71, All-Star pitcher for the Red Sox and Indians, led AL in starts and innings in 1943
  • September 16 - Bob Trice, 62, first black player in Philadelphia Athletics history
  • October 14 - Vic Raschi, 69, All-Star pitcher who won 20 games for the Yankees three straight years (1949-51), won World Series clinchers in 1949 and 1951
  • November 21 - Carl Hubbell, 85, Hall of Fame pitcher who won 253 games for the New York Giants, second most among NL left-handers upon retirement; named NL's MVP in 1933 and 1936, he led league in wins and ERA three times each and had 1.79 ERA in six World Series starts; 1677 strikeouts were NL record for left-handers until 1958, and won 24 straight games in 1936-37
  • November 22 - Ray Kelly, 74, sportswriter who covered the Philadelphia Athletics and Phillies since the late 1940s
  • November 30 - Wally Berger, 83, All-Star center fielder for the Boston Braves who had four 100-RBI seasons, batted .300 lifetime; led NL in homers and RBI in 1935
  • December 12 - Joe Reichler, 73, sportswriter and author who wrote for the Associated Press for 20 years and served as an assistant to the commissioner after 1966; editor of the Macmillan Baseball Encyclopedia since its first edition in 1969
  • December 21 - Willie Kamm, 88, third baseman for the White Sox and Indians who led AL in fielding average eight times and in putouts seven times; batted .308 in 1928 and led league in walks in 1925
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