1989 Formula One season: Wikis

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1989 FIA Formula One World Championship season
Previous: 1988 Next: 1990
Index: Races by country | Races by season
Alain Prost won the title for McLaren-Honda on 76 points.
Prost's team mate Ayrton Senna was the runner up, 16 points behind.
Riccardo Patrese came third on 40 points for Williams.

The 1989 Formula One season was the 40th FIA Formula One World Championship season. It commenced on March 26, 1989 and ended on November 5 after sixteen races. Alain Prost won his third Drivers' World Championship, and his McLaren team were Constructors' champions.

McLaren-Honda won the constructors championship in 1989 with the MP4/5.

Contents

Pre-season

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Technical and rules changes

  • Turbocharged engines had been banned at the end of 1988, as they were felt to be making the sport dangerous, not to mention expensive.
  • In response to the above, a number of new teams were expected to entered the series, and there would be 39 drivers now competing for 26 spots on the starting grid. A one-hour Pre-Qualifying session was instituted, in order to render Qualifying itself manageable. Not all teams were required to Pre-Qualify, and the group of teams required to do so was revised at the halfway point of the season.
    • At the start of the season, new (Onyx) or returning (Brabham) teams had to pre-qualify, along with two Osellas and Zakspeeds and single EuroBrun. Four teams who had run single car in 1988 had to run one car in pre-qualifying at the beginning: Dallara, Coloni, Rial and AGS.
    • At the halfway of the season, Alex Caffi in the 2nd Dallara, both Brabhams and Volker Weidler in the Rial (although he had never got out of pre-qualifying in the 1st half of the season and was soon replaced during the 2nd half of the Season by Pierre-Henri Raphanel) moved up, whilst Gabriele Tarquini's AGS (although he had scored a point for his team), both Larrousse Cars and Roberto Moreno's Coloni, which had only qualify three times and never finished a Grand Prix in the 1st half of 1989 were demoted.
  • Another new regulation[1] decreed by FISA was that, in the interest of safety, the driver's feet must be situated behind the front axle-line. Designers, not thinking of the driver's comfort, simply designed smaller and more cramped cockpits.The problem was first highlighted at the first round, the Brazilian Grand Prix, with focus on the Ross Brawn designed Arrows cars. Both drivers, Derek Warwick and Eddie Cheever, suffered severe cramping and felt the new regulations were in fact making it more dangerous, with Cheever saying that "if (he) got sideways ... (he) simply cannot correct with the steering wheel" due to his lanky frame.[2]

Team and Driver Changes

Race-by-Race

Race One: Brazil

The climate as the Formula One circus arrived at Jacarepagua was one of much optimism in what many saw as a new age, with many revelling in the brutal and much more appealing sounds of the V10 and V12 engines. Brazil proved to be an excitement filled race, and dramatic too. Qualifying had a few surprises, with Riccardo Patrese scoring a front row position next to the home favorite, world champion Ayrton Senna. Williams and Renault were both surprised by the position, but both highly pleased with Thierry Boutsen qualifying fourth alongside the high powered Ferrari of Berger.

The race started with a bang, as Senna's hopes at a home grand prix victory were dashed as he squeezed Berger a little too much. Senna went on to finish two laps down whilst Berger retired on the spot.

Double world champion Alain Prost's McLaren had been having problems all weekend, and when his two stop strategy was ruined by a clutch failure, he knew he had to continue the race on one set of tyres. He finished second. Nigel Mansell secured a surprising win for the Scuderia, with no problems despite ongoing gearbox faults all weekend and winter testing. The final step of the podium was taken by local Maurício Gugelmin.

Race Two: San Marino

At Imola, "normal service" was resumed. McLaren settled on the front row of the grid and stayed that way for the race, with Mansell's Ferrari retiring midway with gearbox issues. Gerhard Berger, despite showing promise by setting the fastest time in the wet Friday qualifying, suffered a brake problem and careered off the track at Tamburello at high speed, forcing the race to be stopped after the third lap. Berger miraculously survived with just a broken rib, shoulder bone and burns to his back and hands. He gave a thumbs up and the race was restarted not too long after. Senna went on to win with Prost second. Patrese's engine failed and Boutsen was disqualified (but he got his 4th position back in an appeal), so the third place was taken by the Benetton Ford of Alessandro Nannini.

After the Grand Prix, Prost seemed disgruntled and said he wished to not make a comment on the race, other than that "orders were not respected". Senna refused to comment on the matter. Before the race at Monaco, Prost said he wanted "nothing to do with (Senna)" and refused to speak with him.

Race Three: Monaco

With Berger out, there was 29 cars in qualifying instead of 30, because Ferrari didn't have a replacement driver. Senna had scored his third pole of the season, with the number 2 car of Prost again alongside. March introduced their new 1989 design.[3] Senna went on to win by almost a whole minute over Prost while Stefano Modena secured a valuable third for the rekindled Brabham team (which effectively was the result that allowed Brabham to avoid prequalifying in the second half of the season, Modena however failed to scored any points in any other Grand Prix in 1989), while Michele Alboreto secured his first points since leaving Ferrari for Tyrrell.

Race Four: Mexico

At Mexico, Gerhard Berger made a return despite continued pain in his fingers. However, transmission and gearbox problems forced the Ferraris to retire from point-scoring positions for the third race straight. While they lamented their results, McLaren and Senna took a third win on the trot by a differing choice of tyres. Prost's choice, and the wrong set of tyres being given to him at a pit stop, sent him down the order to fifth. Patrese was second for Williams, while Alboreto doubled his efforts in Monaco by scoring third. Gabriele Tarquini was able to bring his barely-prequalified AGS home in sixth for a well-celebrated point.

Race Five: United States

The United States Grand Prix had a new destination, this time in the hot desert of Phoenix, Arizona. It was a new place, but the same old dirty and dusty street circuits. Senna made the most of his skill and scored another pole, Prost again playing second fiddle by over a second.

However, Senna suffered an electric problem when leading the race, and Prost took the victory. Williams ended up being the only team to finish with both cars as the dirty track and unforgiving concrete walls ended six races, with the heat and dust cutting out many more. One driver, Nannini, suffered from a severely sore neck after a crash in the morning warm-up and had to retire early. Mansell and Berger suffered with the Ferrari V12s cutting out from identical alternator failures and both eventually retired. Patrese's second gave him third place in the championship, while Prost took the lead. An ecstatic Cheever celebrated his and his team's first podium of the season at his own home grand prix. The Brabhams, on the other hand, continued their lacklustre return, both drivers retiring with worn-out brakes.

Race Six: Canada

The Canadian Grand Prix was run in wet conditions and provided many retirements, but also a new winner. Senna was comfortably leading with only three laps to go when engine problems forced him to retire, handing Boutsen his first victory. Patrese came home second to make it a 1-2 finish for Williams, the first time a team other than McLaren had achieved this since Ferrari in Monza the previous year. Andrea de Cesaris picked up third for Dallara.

Race Seven: France

In his home race, Prost took pole and won convincingly, while fellow Frenchman Jean Alesi made his debut for the Tyrrell team, replacing Alboreto due to the team now having Camel sponsorship which conflicted with his personal Marlboro sponsorship. This proved to pay off as Alesi secured a fourth place finish (having run second at one stage). Nigel Mansell ended Ferrari's run of retirements with a secure second while Patrese was third. Swede Stefan Johansson also scored the Onyx team's first points. Senna, meanwhile, was forced to retire straight after the re-start with a differential problem.

The race had to be restarted when, on the first lap, Gugelmin caused a major first corner accident when he lost control of his March, flew into the air and landed on Mansell's rear wing. Luckily, no one was hurt and all drivers managed to take the restart.

Race Eight: Great Britain

The British Grand Prix proved much the same - McLaren front row, Senna retiring, and Prost winning. Mansell finished second in his home race to please the British fans, whose Mansellmania coupled with the tifosi made for hysteria. Nannini finished third while both Minardis scored points.

At this, the halfway point of the championship, Prost's lead over Senna had increased to 20 points. Despite much talk, he downplayed the thought of a third championship. "I don't want to start talking about the championship, getting into all that," he said, "but I'm much happier now, yes. Motivated again. I've had no engine problems since Mexico, which is nice, and also I'm pleased to see Ferrari getting more competitive: both Nigel and Gerhard can win races and that can only help me."[4]

Race Nine: Germany

In Germany, however, Senna's bad luck ended after scoring a treble - pole, fastest lap and the win, but he had to fight almost all the way with Prost to do so. After both McLarens suffered bad mid-race stops for tyres, Prost emerged in the lead and looked to have the race in his grasp but lost top gear with less than two laps to go. Berger's pointless season continued with a tire puncture causing a spectacular accident and robbing him of a possible podium. Mansell picked up a third place and mused everyone's thoughts: "If any of the circuits in the world is ideal for McLaren-Honda, it's Hockenheim."[5]

Race Ten: Hungary

The dirty Hungaroring provided an almost gripless practice and qualifying, that eventually led to the first non-McLaren pole position of the year - Riccardo Patrese made a Senna-like performance with a 0.31 gap between himself and Senna himself. Another surprise was the equally impressive Alex Caffi, who scored third with a time less than a second slower than that of Patrese - in a car that had been notoriously midfield. The Ferraris, however, suffered badly. Mansell was over two seconds off Patrese's time of an impressive 1:19.7, whilst Berger constantly complained of gear shift troubles - even asking the team to change the gearbox pre-race, which they didn't.

This eventually cost him a point scoring position, as the gearbox went on to fail. Countering this was Mansell's impressive 12th-to-first race, even overtaking Senna in the area he excelled most, lapping back markers - an impressive move on a track notorious for mediocre and unpassable races. He went on to compare the race to his win at Silverstone two years earlier and dedicated it to the late Enzo Ferrari, a year after the Old Man's death. Caffi's race was the exact counter-point of Mansell's - despite a strong start he finished a lonely seventh, earning no points. Senna finished nearly half a minute behind Mansell in second, while Prost again suffered problems and finished fourth. Patrese retired from the lead and Boutsen finished third.

Race Eleven: Belgium

A wet Spa showcased Senna's wet weather skills at their best. 'Magic' (Senna's nickname during the wet[6]) shone that day to give him another win despite engine troubles that also befell Prost with Mansell in third saying that problems like that he could certainly use - he finished less than two seconds behind Senna.

Race Twelve: Italy

The Italian Grand Prix sealed the end of two things: Gerhard Berger's terrible season (he scored a second place on both the grid and in the race) and Prost's relationship with McLaren. Having become progressively distanced from the team due to his conflict with Senna, he announced his switch to Ferrari for 1990, and after inheriting the race win when Senna retired from the lead late on, he proceeded to give the trophy he had won to the tifosi. Ron Dennis' usual composure was shattered and he hurled his trophy at the driver's feet, storming off. Prost later said it was an unsatisfactory win. Boutsen inherited third for Williams.

Race Thirteen: Portugal

The World Championship was virtually decided in the thirteenth round at Estoril, as Prost finished second to Berger and Senna retired in controversial circumstances when he collided with Mansell, who had illegally reversed in the pit-lane and ignored the resultant black disqualification flags. Mansell was subsequently banned from the next race.

This was Prost's twelfth points finish of the season, which meant that he now had to drop points as only the eleven best points finishes counted, but he still led by 24 points with three races left.

Johansson finished a fine third for the struggling Onyx team (a result that meant they did not have to go through pre-qualifying in the first half of 1990), marveling at the car's performance on a low-grip track and speaking of optimism for Spain, while Pierluigi Martini qualified fifth and finished in that position, but led for one lap, the only time in the Minardi team's 21-year history that it led a Grand Prix. The new Williams, however, suffered near-simultaneous and identical motor blow-outs. Up until then they looked promising.

Race Fourteen: Spain

Senna kept the Championship alive in Spain by taking pole position and leading throughout, beating Berger by almost half a minute. Prost drove a cautious race and finished third, dropping more points, but it meant that Senna had to win both remaining races to have any chance of beating the Frenchman to the title. Meanwhile, Alesi scored another strong fourth place for the Tyrrell team.

Race Fifteen: Japan

Then the Formula One circus arrived at Suzuka, Japan for the now infamous penultimate round for the championship. Prost, after saying he would not leave the door open for his teammate, who he felt had made far too many risky moves on him.[7]

Senna took pole, but Prost beat him away from the grid and led by 1.4 seconds by the end of the first lap. By lap 15, however, Senna was all over the back of Prost's McLaren after moving through both Williams and Benettons. He whittled down Prost's 5 second lead to just under a second by lap 30, but the latter pulled a few seconds ahead by the 35th lap. By the end of lap 46, with 7 to go, the gap was just over a second. Senna, further back then he had been earlier in the race, made a move on Prost in the chicane before the start-finish straight. True to his word, Prost closed the gap and the two skidded into the escape road and both engines stalled.[citation needed] Prost had won the championship and jumped from his car. Senna, however, got a push from the marshals and returned to the track.

He worked his way past both Williams and the Benettons again, to take a three second victory. However, his altercation with Prost seven laps earlier meant he had missed the chicane, and not completed the lap. He was disqualified and Nannini reveled in his first grand prix victory. The new Williams FW13s finished second and third, putting them five points ahead of the Ferrari team in the race for second.

McLaren went to appeal the decision. With the matter hanging in the air, Senna went on record saying it was a plot and conspiracy against him by FIA and FISA president Jean Marie Balestre who he said favored Alain Prost. Senna would comment again on the matter after sealing his 1991 championship, reiterating his belief that he had been unfairly treated.

Race Sixteen: Australia

The final round at Adelaide saw the race run under heavy rain. Prost elected to withdraw at the end of the first lap in such torrentially wet conditions and would score no points. Senna, who still had a slim chance of winning the championship, pending the appeal, saw no choice but to race. By lap ten, he had over 30 seconds to the Williams pair and counting. Instead of relaxing, he continued to push in poor visibility. On lap 13, he ran into the rear of Brundle's Brabham and sealed the championship for Prost. The Williams scored a double podium finish with Boutsen winning, despite being a strong proponent of not starting in such conditions.

The Australian Grand Prix was overshadowed by the ongoing controversy surrounding the Japanese race, but once the appeals had been considered, Prost was crowned the champion for the third time.

Drivers and Constructors

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1989 FIA Formula One World Championship.

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre No Driver Rounds Test Driver(s)
United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren MP4/5 Honda RA109A 3.5 V10 G 1 Brazil Ayrton Senna All Italy Emanuele Pirro
United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer
2 France Alain Prost All
United Kingdom Tyrrell Racing Organisation Tyrrell 017B
018
Ford DFR 3.5 V8 G 3 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer All n/a
4 Italy Michele Alboreto 1-6
France Jean Alesi 7-10, 12, 14-16
United Kingdom Johnny Herbert 11, 13
United Kingdom Canon Williams Team Williams FW12C
FW13
Renault RS1 3.5 V10 G 5 Belgium Thierry Boutsen All United Kingdom Mark Blundell
6 Italy Riccardo Patrese All
United Kingdom Motor Racing Developments Brabham BT58 Judd EV 3.5 V8 P 7 United Kingdom Martin Brundle All n/a
8 Italy Stefano Modena All
United Kingdom Arrows Grand Prix International Arrows A11 Ford DFR 3.5 V8 G 9 United Kingdom Derek Warwick 1-6, 8-16 n/a
United Kingdom Martin Donnelly 7
10 United States Eddie Cheever All
United Kingdom Camel Team Lotus Lotus 101 Judd CV 3.5 V8 G 11 Brazil Nelson Piquet All United Kingdom Martin Donnelly
12 Japan Satoru Nakajima All
United Kingdom Leyton House March Racing Team March 881
CG891
Judd EV 3.5 V8 G 15 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin All Italy Bruno Giacomelli
16 Italy Ivan Capelli All
Italy Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1M89 Ford DFR 3.5 V8 P 17 Italy Nicola Larini All n/a
18 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani All
United Kingdom Benetton Formula Ltd Benetton B188
B189
Ford DFR 3.5 V8
Ford HBA4 3.5 V8
G 19 Italy Alessandro Nannini All United Kingdom Johnny Dumfries
United Kingdom Johnny Herbert

Australia Gary Brabham

20 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert 1-6
Italy Emanuele Pirro 7-16
Italy BMS Scuderia Italia Dallara F189 Ford DFR 3.5 V8 P 21 Italy Alex Caffi All n/a
22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris All
Italy Minardi Team SpA Minardi M188B
M189
Ford DFR 3.5 V8 P 23 Italy Pierluigi Martini 1-14, 16 Italy Paolo Barilla
Italy Paolo Barilla 15
24 Spain Luis Perez Sala All
France Ligier Loto Ligier JS33 Ford DFR 3.5 V8 G 25 France René Arnoux All n/a
26 France Olivier Grouillard All
Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 640 Ferrari 035/5 3.5 V12 G 27 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell All Brazil Roberto Moreno
Italy Gianni Morbidelli
Finland JJ Lehto
28 Austria Gerhard Berger All
France Larrousse Calmels
France Equipe Larrousse
Lola LC88B
LC89
Lamborghini 3512 3.5 V12 G 29 France Yannick Dalmas 1-6 n/a
France Éric Bernard 7-8
Italy Michele Alboreto 9-16
30 France Philippe Alliot All
Italy Coloni SpA Coloni FC188B
C3
Ford DFR 3.5 V8 G 31 Brazil Roberto Moreno All n/a
32 France Pierre-Henri Raphanel 1-10
Italy Enrico Bertaggia 11-16
Italy EuroBrun Racing EuroBrun ER188B
ER189
Judd CV 3.5 V8 P 33 Switzerland Gregor Foitek 1-11 n/a
Argentina Oscar Larrauri 12-16
Germany West Zakspeed Racing Zakspeed 891 Yamaha OX88 3.5 V8 P 34 Germany Bernd Schneider All n/a
35 Japan Aguri Suzuki All
United Kingdom Moneytron Onyx Formula One Onyx ORE-1 Ford DFR 3.5 V8 G 36 Sweden Stefan Johansson All n/a
37 Belgium Bertrand Gachot 1-12
Finland JJ Lehto 13-16
Germany Rial Racing Rial ARC2 Ford DFR 3.5 V8 G 38 Germany Christian Danner 1-13 n/a
Switzerland Gregor Foitek 14
Belgium Bertrand Gachot 15-16
39 Germany Volker Weidler 1-10
France Pierre-Henri Raphanel 11-16
France Automobiles Gonfaronaise Sportive AGS JH23B
JH24
Ford DFR 3.5 V8 G 40 France Philippe Streiff 1 n/a
Italy Gabriele Tarquini 2-16
41 Germany Joachim Winkelhock 1-7
France Yannick Dalmas 8-16

Race schedule

Round Race Date Location
1 Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix March 26 Jacarepaguá
2 San Marino San Marino Grand Prix April 23 Imola
3 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix May 7 Monaco
4 Mexico Mexican Grand Prix May 28 Hermanos Rodriguez
5 United States United States Grand Prix June 4 Phoenix
6 Canada Canadian Grand Prix June 18 Circuit Gilles Villeneuve
7 France French Grand Prix July 9 Paul Ricard
8 United Kingdom British Grand Prix July 16 Silverstone
9 Germany German Grand Prix July 30 Hockenheimring
10 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix August 13 Hungaroring
11 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix August 27 Spa-Francorchamps
12 Italy Italian Grand Prix September 10 Monza
13 Portugal Portuguese Grand Prix September 24 Estoril
14 Spain Spanish Grand Prix October 1 Jerez
15 Japan Japanese Grand Prix October 22 Suzuka
16 Australia Australian Grand Prix November 5 Adelaide

1989 Calendar

Rd. Grand Prix Pole Position Fastest Lap Winning Driver Constructor Report
1 Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Italy Ferrari Report
2 San Marino San Marino Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
3 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
4 Mexico Mexican Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
5 United States United States Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
6 Canada Canadian Grand Prix France Alain Prost United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Williams-Renault Report
7 France French Grand Prix France Alain Prost Brazil Maurício Gugelmin France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
8 United Kingdom British Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Nigel Mansell France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
9 Germany German Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
10 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Italy Ferrari Report
11 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
12 Italy Italian Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
13 Portugal Portuguese Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Austria Gerhard Berger Austria Gerhard Berger Italy Ferrari Report
14 Spain Spanish Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
15 Japan Japanese Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna France Alain Prost Italy Alessandro Nannini United Kingdom Benetton-Ford Report
16 Australia Australian Grand Prix Brazil Ayrton Senna Japan Satoru Nakajima Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Williams-Renault Report

1989 Constructors Championship final standings

Place Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Points Wins Podiums Poles
1 United Kingdom McLaren-Honda MP4/5 Honda RA109E G 141 10 18 15
2 United Kingdom Williams-Renault FW12C
FW13
Renault RS1 G 77 2 11 1
3 Italy Ferrari 640 Ferrari 035/5 G 59 3 9
4 United Kingdom Benetton-Ford B188
B189
Ford DFR
Ford HBA1
G 39 1 4
5 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford 017B
018
Ford DFR G 16 1
6 United Kingdom Lotus-Judd 101 Judd CV G 15
7 United Kingdom Arrows-Ford A11 Ford DFR G 13 1
8 Italy Dallara-Ford F189 Ford DFR P 8 1
9 United Kingdom Brabham-Judd BT58 Judd EV P 8 1
10 Italy Minardi-Ford M188B
M189
Ford DFR P 6
11 United Kingdom Onyx-Ford ORE-1 Ford DFR G 6 1
12 United Kingdom March-Judd 881
CG891
Judd EV G 4 1
13 France Ligier-Ford JS33 Ford DFR G 3
14 Germany Rial-Ford ARC2 Ford DFR G 3
15 France AGS-Ford JH23B
JH24
Ford DFR G 1
16 United Kingdom Lola-Lamborghini LC88B
LC89
Lamborghini 3512 G 1
17 Italy Euro Brun-Judd ER188B
ER189
Judd CV P
18 Italy Osella-Ford FA1M89 Ford DFR P
19 Germany Zakspeed-Yamaha 891 Yamaha OX88 P
20 Italy Coloni-Ford FC188B
C3
Ford DFR P

1989 Drivers Championship final standings

Pos Driver BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
MEX
Mexico
USA
United States
CAN
Canada
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
JPN
Japan
AUS
Australia
Points[8]
1 France Alain Prost 2 2 2 5 1 Ret 1 1 2 4 2 1 2 3 Ret Ret 76 (81)
2 Brazil Ayrton Senna 11 1 1 1 Ret 7 Ret Ret 1 2 1 Ret Ret 1 DSQ Ret 60
3 Italy Riccardo Patrese 15 Ret 15 2 2 2 3 Ret 4 Ret Ret 4 Ret 5 2 3 40
4 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 1 Ret Ret Ret Ret DSQ 2 2 3 1 3 Ret DSQ EX Ret Ret 38
5 Belgium Thierry Boutsen Ret 4 10 Ret 6 1 Ret 10 Ret 3 4 3 Ret Ret 3 1 37
6 Italy Alessandro Nannini 6 3 8 4 Ret DSQ Ret 3 Ret Ret 5 Ret 4 Ret 1 2 32
7 Austria Gerhard Berger Ret Ret INJ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 2 1 2 Ret Ret 21
8 Brazil Nelson Piquet Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret 4 8 4 5 6 DNQ Ret Ret 8 4 Ret 12
9 France Jean Alesi 4 Ret 10 9 5 4 Ret Ret 8
10 United Kingdom Derek Warwick 5 5 Ret Ret Ret Ret 9 6 10 6 Ret Ret 9 6 Ret 7
11 United States Eddie Cheever Ret 9 7 7 3 Ret 7 DNQ 12 5 Ret DNQ Ret Ret 8 Ret 6
12 Sweden Stefan Johansson DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret Ret DSQ 5 DNPQ Ret Ret 8 DNPQ 3 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 6
13 Italy Michele Alboreto 10 DNQ 5 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 DNPQ DNQ DNPQ 6
14 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert 4 11 14 15 5 DNQ Ret DNQ 5
15 Italy Pierluigi Martini Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 9 Ret 9 7 5 Ret 6 5
16 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin 3 Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret NC Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret 10 Ret 7 7 4
17 Italy Andrea de Cesaris 13 10 13 Ret 8 3 DNQ Ret 7 Ret 11 Ret Ret 7 10 Ret 4
18 Italy Stefano Modena Ret Ret 3 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret DNQ 14 Ret Ret 8 4
19 Italy Alex Caffi DNPQ 7 4 13 Ret 6 Ret DNPQ Ret 7 Ret 11 Ret Ret 9 Ret 4
20 United Kingdom Martin Brundle Ret Ret 6 9 Ret DNPQ DNPQ Ret 8 12 Ret 6 8 Ret 5 Ret 4
21 Japan Satoru Nakajima 8 NC DNQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret 8 Ret Ret DNQ 10 7 Ret Ret 4 3
22 Germany Christian Danner 14 DNQ DNQ 12 4 8 DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ 3
23 Italy Emanuele Pirro 9 11 Ret 8 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 2
24 France René Arnoux DNQ DNQ 12 14 DNQ 5 Ret DNQ 11 DNQ Ret 9 13 DNQ DNQ Ret 2
25 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer 7 6 9 9 Ret 10 Ret Ret 13 14 Ret 6 10 Ret DNQ 2
26 France Olivier Grouillard 9 DSQ Ret 8 DNQ DNQ 6 7 Ret DNQ 13 Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret 1
27 Italy Gabriele Tarquini 8 Ret 6 7 Ret Ret DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 1
28 Spain Luis Perez-Sala Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 6 DNQ Ret 15 8 12 Ret Ret DNQ 1
29 France Philippe Alliot 12 Ret Ret NC Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret DNPQ 16 Ret 9 6 Ret Ret 1
NC Italy Ivan Capelli Ret Ret 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
NC France Éric Bernard 11 Ret 0
NC Belgium Bertrand Gachot DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 13 12 DNQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ DNQ 0
NC Italy Nicola Larini DSQ 12 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret Ret Ret 0
NC United Kingdom Martin Donnelly 12 0
NC Brazil Roberto Moreno DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DSQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
NC Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret 0
NC Germany Bernd Schneider Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ 0
NC Finland Jyrki Järvilehto DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret 0
NC France Yannick Dalmas DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
NC France Pierre-Henri Raphanel DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ 0
NC Italy Paolo Barilla Ret 0
NC Switzerland Gregor Foitek DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNQ 0
NC Germany Volker Weidler DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DSQ DNQ 0
NC Japan Aguri Suzuki DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
NC Germany Joachim Winkelhock DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
NC Italy Enrico Bertaggia DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
NC Argentina Oscar Larrauri DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
Pos Driver BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
MON
Monaco
MEX
Mexico
USA
United States
CAN
Canada
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
POR
Portugal
ESP
Spain
JPN
Japan
AUS
Australia
Points
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrew entry before the event (WD)
Place Driver Number Points[8] Wins Podiums Poles
1 France Alain Prost 2 76 (81) 4 11 2
2 Brazil Ayrton Senna 1 60 6 7 13
3 Italy Riccardo Patrese 6 40 6 1
4 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 27 38 2 6
5 Belgium Thierry Boutsen 5 37 2 5
6 Italy Alessandro Nannini 19 32 1 4
7 Austria Gerhard Berger 28 21 1 3
8 Brazil Nelson Piquet 11 12
9 France Jean Alesi 4 8
10 United Kingdom Derek Warwick 9 7
11 United States Eddie Cheever 10 6 1
12 Sweden Stefan Johansson 36 6 1
13 Italy Michele Alboreto 29 6 1
14 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert 4 5
15 Italy Pierluigi Martini 23 5
16 Brazil Maurício Gugelmin 15 4 1
17 Italy Andrea de Cesaris 22 4 1
18 Italy Stefano Modena 8 4 1
19 Italy Alex Caffi 21 4
20 United Kingdom Martin Brundle 7 4
21 Japan Satoru Nakajima 12 3
22 Germany Christian Danner 38 3
23 Italy Emanuele Pirro 20 2
24 France René Arnoux 25 2
25 United Kingdom Jonathan Palmer 3 2
26 France Olivier Grouillard 26 1
27 Italy Gabriele Tarquini 40 1
28 Spain Luis Perez-Sala 24 1
29 France Philippe Alliot 30 1
30 Italy Ivan Capelli 16 0
31 France Éric Bernard 29 0
32 Belgium Bertrand Gachot 39 0
33 Italy Nicola Larini 17 0
34 Republic of Ireland Martin Donnelly 9 0
Brazil Roberto Moreno 31 0
Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani 18 0
Germany Bernd Schneider 34 0
Finland Jyrki Järvilehto 37 0
France Yannick Dalmas 41 0
France Pierre-Henri Raphanel 39 0
Italy Paolo Barilla 23 0
Switzerland Gregor Foitek 38 0
Germany Volker Weidler 39 0
Japan Aguri Suzuki 35 0
Germany Joachim Winkelhock 41 0
Argentina Oscar Larrauri 33 0

References

  1. ^ Grand Prix 1989. Nigel Roebuck and John Townsend. ISBN 0-908081-99-5. Page 30, paragraph 11
  2. ^ Grand Prix 1989. Nigel Roebuck and John Townsend. ISBN 0-908081-99-5. Page 30, paragraph 15.
  3. ^ Henry, Alan ed. (1989) Autocourse 1989-90 p.121 Hazleton publishing ISBN 0-905138-62-7
  4. ^ Grand Prix 1989. Nigel Roebuck and John Townsend. ISBN 0-908081-99-5. Page 92, paragraph 12
  5. ^ Grand Prix 1989. Nigel Roebuck and John Townsend. ISBN 0-908081-99-5. Page 96, grand prix summary.
  6. ^ F1 Saga british television series. 1994.
  7. ^ http://www.prostfan.com/senna2.htm - Prost on Senna.
  8. ^ a b Only the best 11 results counted towards the Drivers' Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

Simple English

The 1989 Formula One season was the 40th of the championship. The champion was Alain Prost in a close battle.

Season review

Round Race Date Location Winning driver Constructor Report
1 Brazilian Grand Prix March 26 Jacarepaguá Nigel Mansell Ferrari Report
2 San Marino Grand Prix April 23 Imola Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
3 Monaco Grand Prix May 7 Monaco Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
4 Mexican Grand Prix May 28 Hermanos Rodriguez Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
5 United States Grand Prix June 4 Phoenix Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Report
6 Canadian Grand Prix June 18 Circuit Gilles Villeneuve File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Thierry Boutsen Williams-Renault Report
7 French Grand Prix July 9 Paul Ricard Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Report
8 British Grand Prix July 16 Silverstone Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Report
9 German Grand Prix July 30 Hockenheimring Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
10 File:Flag of Hungary (1957-1989).svg Hungarian Grand Prix August 13 Hungaroring Nigel Mansell Ferrari Report
11 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgian Grand Prix August 27 Spa-Francorchamps Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
12 Italian Grand Prix September 10 Monza Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Report
13 Portuguese Grand Prix September 24 Estoril Gerhard Berger Ferrari Report
14 Spanish Grand Prix October 1 Jerez Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Report
15 Japanese Grand Prix October 22 Suzuka Alessandro Nannini Benetton-Ford Report
16 Australian Grand Prix November 5 Adelaide File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Thierry Boutsen Williams-Renault Report

1989 Drivers Championship final standings

Pos Driver BRA
SMR
MON
MEX
USA
CAN
FRA
GBR
GER
HUN
File:Flag of Hungary (1957-1989).svg
BEL
File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
ITA
POR
ESP
JPN
AUS
Points[1]
1 Alain Prost 2 2 2 5 1 Ret 1 1 2 4 2 1 2 3 Ret Ret 76 (81)
2 Ayrton Senna 11 1 1 1 Ret 7 Ret Ret 1 2 1 Ret Ret 1 DSQ Ret 60
3 Riccardo Patrese 15 Ret 15 2 2 2 3 Ret 4 Ret Ret 4 Ret 5 2 3 40
4 Nigel Mansell 1 Ret Ret Ret Ret DSQ 2 2 3 1 3 Ret DSQ Ret Ret 38
5 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Thierry Boutsen Ret 4 10 Ret 6 1 Ret 10 Ret 3 4 3 Ret Ret 3 1 37
6 Alessandro Nannini 6 3 8 4 Ret DSQ Ret 3 Ret Ret 5 Ret 4 Ret 1 2 32
7 Gerhard Berger Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 2 1 2 Ret Ret 21
8 Nelson Piquet Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret 4 8 4 5 6 DNQ Ret Ret 8 4 Ret 12
9 Jean Alesi 4 Ret 10 9 5 4 Ret Ret 8
10 Derek Warwick 5 5 Ret Ret Ret Ret 9 6 10 6 Ret Ret 9 6 Ret 7
11 Eddie Cheever Ret 9 7 7 3 Ret 7 DNQ 12 5 Ret DNQ Ret Ret 8 Ret 6
12 Stefan Johansson DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret Ret DSQ 5 DNPQ Ret Ret 8 DNPQ 3 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 6
13 Michele Alboreto 10 DNQ 5 3 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 DNPQ DNQ DNPQ 6
14 Johnny Herbert 4 11 14 15 5 DNQ Ret DNQ 5
15 Pierluigi Martini Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 9 Ret 9 7 5 Ret 6 5
16 Mauricio Gugelmin 3 Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret NC Ret Ret Ret 7 Ret 10 Ret 7 7 4
17 Andrea de Cesaris 13 10 13 Ret 8 3 DNQ Ret 7 Ret 11 Ret Ret 7 10 Ret 4
18 Stefano Modena Ret Ret 3 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 11 Ret DNQ 14 Ret Ret 8 4
19 Alex Caffi DNPQ 7 4 13 Ret 6 Ret DNPQ Ret 7 Ret 11 Ret Ret 9 Ret 4
20 Martin Brundle Ret Ret 6 9 Ret DNPQ DNPQ Ret 8 12 Ret 6 8 Ret 5 Ret 4
21 Satoru Nakajima 8 NC DNQ Ret Ret DNQ Ret 8 Ret Ret DNQ 10 7 Ret Ret 4 3
22 Christian Danner 14 DNQ DNQ 12 4 8 DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ 29 DNQ 3
23 Emanuele Pirro 9 11 Ret 8 10 Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 2
24 René Arnoux DNQ DNQ 12 14 DNQ 5 Ret DNQ 11 DNQ Ret 9 13 DNQ DNQ Ret 2
25 Jonathan Palmer 7 6 9 9 Ret 10 Ret Ret 13 14 Ret 6 10 Ret DNQ 2
26 Olivier Grouillard 9 DSQ Ret 8 DNQ DNQ 6 7 Ret DNQ 13 Ret DNQ Ret Ret Ret 1
27 Gabriele Tarquini 8 Ret 6 7 Ret Ret DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 1
28 Luis Perez-Sala Ret Ret Ret DNQ Ret Ret DNQ 6 DNQ Ret 15 8 12 Ret Ret DNQ 1
29 Philippe Alliot 12 Ret Ret NC Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret DNPQ 16 Ret 9 6 Ret Ret 1
30 Ivan Capelli Ret Ret 11 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
31 Éric Bernard 11 Ret 0
32 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Bertrand Gachot DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 13 12 DNQ Ret Ret Ret DNQ DNQ 0
33 Nicola Larini DSQ 12 DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret Ret Ret 0
34 Martin Donnelly 12 0
Roberto Moreno DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ Ret DNQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DSQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
Piercarlo Ghinzani DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret 0
Bernd Schneider Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ 0
Jyrki Järvilehto DNPQ Ret DNPQ Ret 0
Yannick Dalmas DNQ Ret DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
Pierre-Henri Raphanel DNPQ DNPQ Ret DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ DNQ 0
Paolo Barilla Ret 0
Gregor Foitek DNQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNQ 0
Volker Weidler DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DSQ DNQ 0
Aguri Suzuki DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
Joachim Winkelhock DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
Oscar Larrauri DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ DNPQ 0
Enrico Bertaggia DNPQ 0
Pos Driver BRA
SMR
MON
MEX
USA
CAN
FRA
GBR
GER
HUN
BEL
File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
ITA
POR
ESP
JPN
AUS
Points

References

  1. Only the best 11 results counted towards the Drivers' Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

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