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XVI Olympic Winter Games
1992 wolympics logo.svg
The emblem is the Olympic flame
in the colours of the Savoie region, above stripes representing the colours of France.
Host city Albertville, France
Nations participating 64
Athletes participating 1801 (1313 men, 488 women)
Events 57 in 7 sports
Opening ceremony February 8
Closing ceremony February 23
Officially opened by President François Mitterrand
Athlete's Oath Surya Bonaly
Judge's Oath Pierre Bornat
Olympic Torch Michel Platini and
François-Cyrille Grange
Stadium Théâtre des Cérémonies

The 1992 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVI Olympic Winter Games, were a winter multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1992 in Albertville, France. Other candidate cities were Anchorage, Alaska, USA; Berchtesgaden, Germany; Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy; Lillehammer, Norway; Falun, Sweden; and Sofia, Bulgaria.

In 1986, the International Olympic Committee voted to separate the Summer and Winter Games, which had been held in the same year since 1924, and place them in alternating even-numbered years, beginning in 1994. The 1992 Winter Games were the last to be staged in the same year as the Summer Games.[1] They were also the first Games where the Winter Paralympics and the Winter Olympics were held at the same site. The opening and closing ceremonies were choregraphed by Philippe Decouflé and were a show in themselves. The information below comes from the International Olympic Committee Vote History web page.

Contents

Bidding

1992 Winter Olympics Bidding Results
City NOC Name Round 1 Round 2 Round 3 Round 4 Round 5
(Runoff)
Round 6
Albertville  France 19 26 29 42 - 51
Sofia  Bulgaria 25 25 28 24 - 25
Falun  Sweden 10 11 11 11 41 9
Lillehammer  Norway 10 11 9 11 40 -
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 7 6 7 - - -
Anchorage  United States 7 5 - - - -
Berchtesgaden  Germany 6 - - - - -

Athletic highlights

  • Freestyle skiing event of moguls and short-track speedskating made their debuts as medal disciplines, as did women's biathlon.
  • Norwegian skiers won every male cross-country skiing race. Bjørn Dæhlie and Vegard Ulvang each won three gold medals.
  • Speedskater Bonnie Blair won both the 500 and 1,000 m events; Gunda Niemann took both of the longest races.
  • Ski jumper Toni Nieminen, 16, became the youngest male gold medalist of a Winter Olympic event.
  • Italian alpine skier Alberto Tomba won the Giant Slalom for the second time in a row.
  • Austrian alpine skier Petra Kronberger won both the combined event and the slalom.
  • Kim Kihoon earned gold medals in both men's short-track events.
  • Annelise Coberger of New Zealand wins the southern hemisphere's first Winter Olympic medal—a silver in the women's slalom.
  • Kristi Yamaguchi and Midori Ito of the United States and Japan respectively, became the first persons of Asian descent to win Olympic medals in figure skating.
  • Midori Ito becomes the first woman to land a triple axel in Olympic competition.
  • Nicolas Bochatay was a Swiss speed skier who died during the Games. On the morning of the speed skiing finals, Bochatay was killed after colliding with a snow grooming vehicle.

Medals

See the medal winners, ordered by sport:

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Demonstration sports

This was the final time demonstration sports were included in the Winter Olympics programme.

  • Curling - Competed for the first time since 1924. It became a regular discipline in 1998.
  • Freestyle skiing - While moguls skiing was an official discipline, aerials and ski ballet were still considered as demonstration events.
  • Speed skiing - A death occurred during a training session. The sport has not been included in the Winter Olympics program.

Participating nations

A total of 64 nations sent athletes to compete in these Games. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, six states formed a Unified Team, while the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania had their own teams. Croatia and Slovenia, who were making their first appearance at the Winter Olympics, competed as independent nations after leaving Yugoslavia. The UN sanctions against Yugoslavia that saw them miss the 1992 Summer Olympics had yet to come into effect. The German team won most medals in the games, with a total of 10 gold medals, 10 silver and 6 bronze. It was the first time since the 1936 Winter Olympics that Germany competed with a unified team after the reunification.

Making their debuts were Algeria, Bermuda, Brazil, Honduras, Ireland and Swaziland (as well as the previously mentioned Croatia and Slovenia). It would also be the only appearance for both Honduras and Swaziland in Winter Olympics to date.

Venues

The 1992 Games were as of today the last ones where the speed skating venue was outdoors.

Medal count

(Host nation is highlighted.)

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Germany 10 10 6 26
2 Unified Team¹ 9 6 8 23
3 Norway 9 6 5 20
4 Austria 6 7 8 21
5 United States 5 4 2 11
6 Italy 4 6 4 14
7 France 3 5 1 9
8 Finland 3 1 3 7
9 Canada 2 3 2 7
10 South Korea 2 1 1 4

(¹ combined team with athletes from 6 nations of the Commonwealth of Independent States; team only appeared in these Winter Olympics)

See Also

Notes

References

External links

Preceded by
Calgary
Winter Olympics
Albertville

XVI Olympic Winter Games (1992)
Succeeded by
Lillehammer


Simple English

The 1992 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVI Olympic Winter Games, were celebrated in 1992 in Albertville, France. Other possible host cities were Anchorage, USA; Berchtesgaden, Germany; Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy; Lillehammer, Norway; Falun, Sweden; and Sofia, Bulgaria.

These were the last Winter Games to be held in the same year as the Summer Games. They were also the first Games where the Winter Paralympics and the Winter Olympics were held at the same site.

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Olympic Games
Summer Games: 1896, 1900, 1904, 1906, 1908, 1912, (1916), 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940), (1944), 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024, 2028
Winter Games: 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940), (1944), 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, 2022
Athens 2004Turin 2006Beijing 2008Vancouver 2010London 2012Sochi 2014Rio 2016

Games in italics will be held in the future, and those in (brackets) were cancelled because of war. See also: Ancient Olympic Games

Youth Olympic Games
Summer Games:2010, 2014, 2018
Winter Games:2012, 2016
Singapore 2010Innsbruck 2012Nanjing 2014


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