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1994 FIFA World Cup
World Cup '94

1994 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host country  United States
Dates 17 June – 17 July
Teams 24 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s) (in 9 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  Brazil (4th title)
Runner-up  Italy
Third place  Sweden
Fourth place  Bulgaria
Tournament statistics
Matches played 52
Goals scored 141 (2.71 per match)
Attendance 3,587,538 (68,991 per match)
Top scorer(s) Bulgaria Hristo Stoichkov
Russia Oleg Salenko (6 goals)
Best player Brazil Romário
1990
1998

The 1994 FIFA World Cup, the 15th staging of the FIFA World Cup, was held in the United States from 17 June to 17 July 1994. The United States was chosen as hosts by FIFA on 4 July 1988. Brazil became the first nation to win four World Cup titles when they beat Italy 3-2 in a penalty shootout after the game ended 0-0 after extra-time, the first World Cup final to be decided on penalties.

Average attendance was nearly 69,000, which broke records that had stood since 1950, due to the bigger capacities of the American stadiums compared to those of Europe and Latin America. The total attendance for the final tournament of nearly 3.6 million remains the highest in World Cup history, despite the expansion of the competition from 24 to 32 teams (and from 52 to 64 matches) in 1998. It was also the highest-attended single sport event in U. S. history.

Contents

Qualification

Qualifying countries

Greece, Nigeria, and Saudi Arabia qualified for the World Cup finals for the first time. Russia, competing independently for the first time after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, also qualified. The defending champions West Germany were united with their East German counterparts, representing the unified Germany for the first time since the 1938 World Cup. Due to the strong performances by African teams in 1990, Africa were given three spots for the first time, with Nigeria joining Cameroon and Morocco. For the first, and so far the only time, no British teams competed in a World Cup since they started to participate in the tournament in 1950.

Summary

FIFA's decision to hold the event in the United States over the bids of Morocco and Brazil surprised many due to the common perception that the United States had a relative lack of football (soccer) fans. FIFA hoped that by staging the world's most prestigious football tournament there, it would lead to a growth of interest in the sport - one condition FIFA imposed was the creation of a professional football league; Major League Soccer started play in 1996. Despite these misgivings, in terms of attendance the event was a success. The average attendance of nearly 69,000 shattered a record that had stood since 1950, due to the bigger capacities of the American stadiums compared to those of Europe and Latin America. To this day, the total attendance for the final tournament of nearly 3.6 million remains the highest in World Cup history, despite the expansion of the competition to 32 teams in 1998. Germany, Brazil, Argentina, Belgium, Italy and the USA were seeded for the final draw that took place in Las Vegas, on 19 December 1993.[1]

USA 94 mascot.

The format of the competition stayed the same as in 1990: 24 teams qualified, divided into six groups of four. Sixteen teams would qualify for the knockout competition: the six group winners, the six group runners-up, and the four third-placed teams with the best records. This was the last time this format was used, due to the expansion of the finals tournament in 1998 to 32 teams. This World Cup was the first in which three points were awarded for a win instead of two. FIFA instituted this feature to encourage attacking football after the defensive display of many teams at Italia '90.

The tournament saw the end of Diego Maradona's World Cup career, having played in 1982, 1986 where he led Argentina to the World Cup title, and 1990 as well. Maradona was expelled from the tournament after he failed a drug test which uncovered ephedrine, a weight loss drug, in his blood. Colombia, despite high expectations due to their style and impressive qualifying campaign, disappointed in the tournament, failed to advance from the round robin. The team was supposedly dogged by influence from betting syndicates and drug cartels, with coach Francisco Maturana receiving death threats over squad selection. Defender Andrés Escobar was a tragic figure of this tournament, as in the group stage match against the United States, he scored an own goal which eliminated his team 2-1. Escobar was shot to death outside a bar in a Medellín suburb only 10 days after the match, apparently in retaliation for the own goal.[2]

Germany's Lothar Matthäus scoring a penalty kick against Bulgaria in the 10 July quarter-final at Giants Stadium. Bulgaria came back to win the match.

On the field, the biggest surprise of the tournament was Bulgaria. The Bulgarians had previously never won a match in the finals but, led by Hristo Stoichkov who eventually shared the tournament lead in scoring, they made a surprising run; Bulgaria won two of their three group matches to qualify for the second round, where they advanced with a 3-1 penalty shoot-out win over Mexico. Bulgaria then faced the reigning world champions, Germany, in the quarter-finals, where goals from Stoichkov and Yordan Letchkov gave them a 2-1 victory. Bulgaria went on to finish in fourth place after losing to Italy and Sweden, in the semi-finals and third-place match, respectively. Hosts United States advanced to the second round as one of the best third-place teams. There they played Brazil and, despite a 1-0 defeat, the USA's performance was considered a great success.

Brazil's win over the USA helped take them to the final against Italy. While Brazil's path was relatively smooth as they defeated the Netherlands in the quarter-finals and Sweden in the semis (it was the second game between Sweden and Brazil in the tournament, the first ending 1-1), the Italians had made hard work of reaching the final game. During the group stage the Italian team struggled and narrowly advanced to the next round, despite losing 1-0 to the Republic of Ireland. Roberto Baggio, who was expected to be the shining star, had not scored a goal. During the Round of 16 match against Nigeria, Italy was trailing 1-0 in the dying minutes when Baggio scored the equalizer forcing the game into extra time. There, he scored again with a penalty kick to send Italy through. Baggio carried the Italians from there, scoring the game-winning goal in the quarter-final against Spain, and both goals in Italy's semi-final victory over Bulgaria.

The final match at the Rose Bowl was tense but devoid of scoring chances. Despite the strategies disposed by the FIFA to promote offensive play, both teams failed to produce a goal. After 120 goalless minutes, the World Cup was decided for the first time by a penalty shoot-out. After four rounds, Brazil led 3-2, and Baggio, playing injured, had to score to keep Italy's hopes alive. He missed by shooting it over the bar, and Brazil were crowned champions. The trophy was handed to captain Dunga from the hands of the vice-president Al Gore. The Brazilian national team dedicated the title to the deceased Brazilian F1 champion Ayrton Senna, who had died two and a half months prior.

The third-place playoff was set between Bulgaria and Sweden, the team which scored more goals than any other in this World Cup. Sweden won convincingly with a 4-0 victory. One of Sweden's players - Thomas Brolin - was named to the All-star team.

The tournament's Golden Boot went jointly to Bulgaria's Stoichkov and Oleg Salenko of Russia, who scored a record five goals in their match against Cameroon. Both players scored six goals in the tournament. Brazil's Romário, with five goals, won the Golden Ball as the tournament's best player.

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Saudi Arabia flag controversy

McDonald's and Coca-Cola advertised their sponsorship of the World Cup by printing the flags of the participating nations on take-out bags and soda cans, respectively. However, in doing so they made the faux pas of including the flag of Saudi Arabia, which bears the Islamic declaration of faith. Outraged Saudi Arabian officials said that printing the creed on disposable items was completely unacceptable, and these items were discontinued.

Mascot

The official mascot of this World Cup was Striker, a dog wearing a red, white and blue football kit with a football.[3]

Venues

Pasadena (Los Angeles) Pontiac (Detroit) Stanford (San Francisco) East Rutherford (New Jersey) Orlando
Rose Bowl Pontiac Silverdome Stanford Stadium Giants Stadium Citrus Bowl
Capacity: 91,794 Capacity: 77,557 Capacity: 80,906 Capacity: 75,338 Capacity: 61,219
Rose Bowl August 2007.JPG Pontiacdome.png StanfordStadium2004.jpg Giants Stadium aerial.jpg Citrus Bowl aerial view.jpg
Chicago Dallas Foxborough (Boston) Washington DC
Soldier Field Cotton Bowl Foxboro Stadium RFK Stadium
Capacity: 63,117 Capacity: 63,998 Capacity: 53,644 Capacity: 53,142
Soldier Field Chicago aerial view.jpg Red River Shootout 2006.jpg Foxborostade.png RFK Stadium aerial photo, 1988.JPEG

Referees

Africa
Asia
Europe
North and Central America
South America

Squads

Seeding

The composition of the four pots was based on the FIFA World Ranking (established in 1993) and on the qualified teams' results in the three previous World Cups.

Pot 1 Pot 3 Pot 4 Pot 2

Opening Ceremony

The opening ceremony of the World Cup was held on June 17 at Chicago's Soldier Field. Numerous dignitaries attended, including US President Bill Clinton, Chancellor of Germany Helmut Kohl and President of Bolivia Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada. The ceremony was emceed by Oprah Winfrey, who fell off the dais whilst presenting. In addition, Diana Ross also gave a performance. She was supposed to score a penalty right at the end of her performance, splitting a goal in half. However, she sent the ball wide to the left, but the goals still split open, for no obvious reason at the time.

Results

First round

Key to colours in group tables
Group winners, runners-up, and best four third-placed teams advance to the Round of 16

Group A

Group A will be remembered for two historical moments in international football. First was that the match between the United States and Switzerland would be the first ever to take place indoors, having been played under the roof at the Pontiac Silverdome. The second was the murder of Colombian defender Andres Escobar - shot dead on his return to Colombia, after his own goal had contributed to them being knocked out of the tournament. Victories against Colombia and the United States (in front of a staggering crowd of 93,869) were enough to see Romania through as group winners, despite a 4-1 hammering by Switzerland in between. The magnitude of that victory let the Swiss pip the United States to second place on goal difference, although the hosts qualified for the second round as one of the best third-placed teams.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Romania 3 2 0 1 5 5 0 6
 Switzerland 3 1 1 1 5 4 +1 4
 United States 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
 Colombia 3 1 0 2 4 5 −1 3
18 June 1994
11:35 EDT
United States  1 – 1  Switzerland Pontiac Silverdome, Pontiac
Attendance: 73,425
Referee: Francisco Oscar Lamolina (Argentina)
Wynalda Goal 45' (Report) Bregy Goal 39'

18 June 1994
16:35 PDT
Colombia  1 – 3  Romania Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 93,586
Referee: Jamal Al Sharif (Syria)
Valencia Goal 43' (Report) Răducioiu Goal 16'89'
Hagi Goal 34'

22 June 1994
16:05 EDT
Romania  1 – 4  Switzerland Pontiac Silverdome, Pontiac
Attendance: 61,428
Referee: Neji Jouini (Tunisia)
Hagi Goal 36' (Report) Sutter Goal 16'
Chapuisat Goal 53'
Knup Goal 66'72'

22 June 1994
16:35 PDT
United States  2 – 1  Colombia Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 93,689
Referee: Fabio Baldas (Italy)
Escobar Goal 34' (o.g.)
Stewart Goal 52'
(Report) Valencia Goal 89'

26 June 1994
13:05 PDT
Switzerland  0 – 2  Colombia Stanford Stadium, Stanford
Attendance: 83,401
Referee: Peter Mikkelsen (Denmark)
(Report) Gaviria Goal 44'
Lozano Goal 89'

26 June 1994
13:05 PDT
United States  0 – 1  Romania Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 93,869
Referee: Mario van der Ende (Netherlands)
(Report) Petrescu Goal 17'

Group B

Group B produced two of the four semi-finalists of this World Cup, and was also one of the two groups in which two, rather than three, sides would progress to the second round. Brazil and Sweden proved to be far stronger than Cameroon and Russia in every department. The match between the latter two broke two World Cup records. Oleg Salenko of Russia became the first - and remains the only - man ever to score five goals in a single World Cup match as Russia ran out 6–1 winners against their African opponents. The goals also ensured that Salenko finished the tournament joint-top scorer with six goals, having previously bagged one against Sweden. Cameroon left a mark too as Roger Milla, at the age of 42, became the oldest World Cup goalscorer of all time as he grabbed his side's consolation goal in the match. The result was not enough to take Russia through following heavy defeats at the hands of both Brazil and Sweden. Brazil overcame Cameroon with similar ease before a draw with Sweden confirmed top spot. The Swedes also progressed, finishing in second place with five points.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Brazil 3 2 1 0 6 1 +5 7
 Sweden 3 1 2 0 6 4 +2 5
 Russia 3 1 0 2 7 6 +1 3
 Cameroon 3 0 1 2 3 11 −8 1
19 June 1994
16:35 PDT
Cameroon  2 – 2  Sweden Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 93,194
Referee: Alberto Tejada Noriega (Peru)
Embé Goal 31'
Omam-Biyik Goal 47'
(Report) Ljung Goal 8'
Dahlin Goal 75'

20 June 1994
13:05 PDT
Brazil  2 – 0  Russia Stanford Stadium, Stanford
Attendance: 81,061
Referee: Lim Kee Chong (Mauritius)
Romário Goal 26'
Raí Goal 52' (pen.)
(Report)

24 June 1994
13:05 PDT
Brazil  3 – 0  Cameroon Stanford Stadium, Stanford
Attendance: 83,401
Referee: Arturo Brizio Carter (Mexico)
Romário Goal 39'
Márcio Santos Goal 66'
Bebeto Goal 73'
(Report)

24 June 1994
19:35 EDT
Sweden  3 – 1  Russia Pontiac Silverdome, Pontiac
Attendance: 71,528
Referee: Joël Quiniou (France)
Brolin Goal 37' (pen.)
Dahlin Goal 59'81'
(Report) Salenko Goal 4' (pen.)

28 June 1994
13:05 PDT
Russia  6 – 1  Cameroon Stanford Stadium, Stanford
Attendance: 74,914
Referee: Jamal Al Sharif (Syria)
Salenko Goal 15'41'44' (pen.)72'75'
Radchenko Goal 81'
(Report) Milla Goal 46'

28 June 1994
16:05 EDT
Brazil  1 – 1  Sweden Pontiac Silverdome, Pontiac
Attendance: 77,217
Referee: Sándor Puhl (Hungary)
Romário Goal 46' (Report) K. Andersson Goal 23'

Group C

Holders Germany, and Spain progressed to round two. Coming from two goals down with four minutes left to snatch a 2–2 draw against Spain, the Koreans very nearly eclipsed that feat against Germany when they came from 3–0 down to lose narrowly 3–2. In spite of these comebacks, South Korea were held to a 0–0 draw against Bolivia in their other group match when a win would have seen them through. Instead, only two teams progressed, Spain's late implosion against the Koreans effectively deciding that it would be Germany who won the group and not them. Germany, who defeated Bolivia 1–0 in the tournament's opening match, finished on seven points. Spain had to settle for second place despite leading in all three matches.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Germany 3 2 1 0 5 3 +2 7
 Spain 3 1 2 0 6 4 +2 5
 Korea Republic 3 0 2 1 4 5 −1 2
 Bolivia 3 0 1 2 1 4 −3 1
17 June 1994
14:05 CDT
Germany  1 – 0  Bolivia Soldier Field, Chicago
Attendance: 63,117
Referee: Arturo Brizio Carter (Mexico)
Klinsmann Goal 61' (Report)

17 June 1994
18:35 CDT
Spain  2 – 2  Korea Republic Cotton Bowl, Dallas
Attendance: 56,247
Referee: Peter Mikkelsen (Denmark)
Salinas Goal 51'
Goikoetxea Goal 55'
(Report) Hong Myung-Bo Goal 85'
Seo Jung-Won Goal 90'

21 June 1994
15:05 CDT
Germany  1 – 1  Spain Soldier Field, Chicago
Attendance: 63,113
Referee: Filippi Cavani (Uruguay)
Klinsmann Goal 48' (Report) Goikoetxea Goal 14'

23 June 1994
19:35 EDT
Korea Republic  0 – 0  Bolivia Foxboro Stadium, Foxborough
Attendance: 54,453
Referee: Leslie Mottram (Scotland)
(Report)

27 June 1994
15:05 CDT
Bolivia  1 – 3  Spain Soldier Field, Chicago
Attendance: 63,089
Referee: Rodrigo Badilla (Costa Rica)
E. Sánchez Goal 67' (Report) Guardiola Goal 19' (pen.)
Caminero Goal 66'70'

27 June 1994
15:05 CDT
Germany  3 – 2  Korea Republic Cotton Bowl, Dallas
Attendance: 63,998
Referee: Joël Quiniou (France)
Klinsmann Goal 12'37'
Riedle Goal 20'
(Report) Hwang Sun-Hong Goal 52'
Hong Myung-Bo Goal 63'

Group D

Argentina collected a maximum of six points from their opening two matches after beating Greece 4–0 in Foxboro before coming from behind to overcome the feisty Nigerians 2–1 on the same ground four days later, yet still only finished third. The match against Greece had been won in style thanks mainly to a hat-trick from Gabriel Batistuta, yet it was the other goal in the match - from Diego Maradona - that hit the headlines. Nigeria had been very impressive on their World Cup debut, and despite the narrow loss to Argentina, had emerged as group winners following comfortable victories against Bulgaria and Greece. The Bulgarians also surprised many. Having never won a single match at the World Cup finals prior to this tournament, their fortunes seemed unlikely to change in the aftermath of the 3–0 defeat by Nigeria in their first game. However a 4–0 demolition of the Greeks (who had suffered the exact same fate five days earlier against Argentina) and a win against Argentina had seen them advance in style. Argentina had actually been winning the group going into injury-time, however a 91st minute strike from Nasko Sirakov meant that they dropped two places and finished 3rd.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Nigeria 3 2 0 1 6 2 +4 6
 Bulgaria 3 2 0 1 6 3 +3 6
 Argentina 3 2 0 1 6 3 +3 6
 Greece 3 0 0 3 0 10 −10 0
21 June 1994
12:35 EDT
Argentina  4 – 0  Greece Foxboro Stadium, Foxborough
Attendance: 54,456
Referee: Arturo Angeles (United States)
Batistuta Goal 2'45'89' (pen.)
Maradona Goal 60'
(Report)

21 June 1994
18:35 CDT
Nigeria  3 – 0  Bulgaria Cotton Bowl, Dallas
Attendance: 44,132
Referee: Rodrigo Badilla (Costa Rica)
Yekini Goal 21'
Amokachi Goal 43'
Amuneke Goal 55'
(Report)

25 June 1994
16:05 EDT
Argentina  2 – 1  Nigeria Foxboro Stadium, Foxborough
Attendance: 54,453
Referee: Bo Karlsson (Sweden)
Caniggia Goal 21'28' (Report) Siasia Goal 8'

26 June 1994
11:35 CDT
Greece  0 – 4  Bulgaria Soldier Field, Chicago
Attendance: 63,160
Referee: Ali Bujsaim (United Arab Emirates)
(Report) Stoichkov Goal 5' (pen.)55' (pen.)
Letchkov Goal 65'
Borimirov Goal 90'

30 June 1994
18:35 CDT
Argentina  0 – 2  Bulgaria Cotton Bowl, Dallas
Attendance: 63,998
Referee: Neji Jouini (Tunisia)
(Report) Stoichkov Goal 61'
Sirakov Goal 90'

30 June 1994
19:35 EDT
Greece  0 – 2  Nigeria Foxboro Stadium, Foxborough
Attendance: 53,001
Referee: Leslie Mottram (Scotland)
(Report) George Goal 45'
Amokachi Goal 90'

Group E

Group E remains the only group in World Cup history in which all four teams finished on the same points. It began when Ray Houghton's chip ensured that Ireland would gain revenge on Italy by reversing a 1–0 scoreline the Italians had beaten them by in the quarter-finals of the previous World Cup. The next day in Washington, Kjetil Rekdal's goal five minutes from time proved decisive in an equally tense encounter as Norway beat Mexico. Mexico however were much more comfortable playing in Orlando, the setting for their next match against Ireland, where the heat proved to be a key factor. Garcia's double had them 2–0 up and in control of the game before a disagreement on the touchline resulted in fines for both Republic of Ireland's manager, Jack Charlton, and their striker John Aldridge. Fortunately for Ireland, Aldridge was able to re-gain concentration in time to score six minutes from the end of the game. Though Ireland still lost the match 2–1, Aldridge's goal proved crucial in the final group standings. The previous day in New York, Italy's World Cup hopes seemed to be diminishing fast as goalkeeper Gianluca Pagliuca was sent off with the game still at 0–0. Yet despite this, Italy were still able to salvage an important 1–0 victory. Norway would ultimately pay for a price for their inability to take advantage of Pagliuca's dismissal. With the four teams level on points, the final two group matches would each have to finish as draws for things to stay that way. Republic of Ireland made it through after a dreary 0–0 draw with Norway, whilst midfielders Massaro and Bernal traded strikes as Italy were held 1–1 by Mexico. That result meant that Mexico won the group on goals scored with Ireland and Italy also progressing having finished with identical records (Ireland finishing second on account of the fact that they had beaten Italy when the teams played one another). Norway's shortcomings in attack had ultimately let them down.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Mexico 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
 Republic of Ireland 3 1 1 1 2 2 0 4
 Italy 3 1 1 1 2 2 0 4
 Norway 3 1 1 1 1 1 0 4
18 June 1994
16:05 EDT
Italy  0 – 1  Republic of Ireland Giants Stadium, East Rutherford
Attendance: 75,338
Referee: Mario van der Ende (Netherlands)
(Report) Houghton Goal 11'

19 June 1994
16:05 EDT
Norway  1 – 0  Mexico RFK Stadium, Washington
Attendance: 52,395
Referee: Sándor Puhl (Hungary)
Rekdal Goal 84' (Report)

23 June 1994
16:05 EDT
Italy  1 – 0  Norway Giants Stadium, East Rutherford
Attendance: 74,624
Referee: Hellmut Krug (Germany)
D. Baggio Goal 69' (Report)

24 June 1994
12:35 EDT
Mexico  2 – 1  Republic of Ireland Citrus Bowl, Orlando
Attendance: 60,790
Referee: Kurt Röthlisberger (Switzerland)
García Goal 42'65' (Report) Aldridge Goal 84'

28 June 1994
12:35 EDT
Italy  1 – 1  Mexico RFK Stadium, Washington
Attendance: 52,535
Referee: Francisco Oscar Lamolina (Argentina)
Massaro Goal 48' (Report) Bernal Goal 57'

28 June 1994
12:35 EDT
Republic of Ireland  0 – 0  Norway Giants Stadium, East Rutherford
Attendance: 72,404
Referee: José Torres Cadena (Colombia)
(Report)

Group F

Morocco lost each of their matches only by a single goal. Belgium's campaign went the same way as Argentina's; finishing third despite winning their first two matches. After 1–0 victories against Morocco and the Netherlands, Belgium were ultimately beaten by what is regarded by many as the finest goal in World Cup history - Saudi player Saaed Al-Owairian running from his own half through a maze of Belgian players to score the game's only goal. Both teams went through. For the much-fancied Dutch however, progression to the second round was a somewhat nervier experience. The opening 2–1 victory against Saudi Arabia was followed by defeat against the Belgians before another 2–1 victory - this time at the expense of Morocco - eventually saw them win the group. Winger Bryan Roy scored the winner a mere twelve minutes from time.

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Netherlands 3 2 0 1 4 3 +1 6
 Saudi Arabia 3 2 0 1 4 3 +1 6
 Belgium 3 2 0 1 2 1 +1 6
 Morocco 3 0 0 3 2 5 −3 0
19 June 1994
12:35 EDT
Belgium  1 – 0  Morocco Citrus Bowl, Orlando
Attendance: 61,219
Referee: José Torres Cadena (Colombia)
Degryse Goal 11' (Report)

20 June 1994
19:35 EDT
Netherlands  2 – 1  Saudi Arabia RFK Stadium, Washington
Attendance: 50,535
Referee: Manuel Diaz Vega (Spain)
Jonk Goal 50'
Taument Goal 86'
(Report) Amin Goal 18'

25 June 1994
12:35 EDT
Saudi Arabia  2 – 1  Morocco Giants Stadium, East Rutherford
Attendance: 76,322
Referee: Philip Don (England)
Al-Jaber Goal 7' (pen.)
Amin Goal 45'
(Report) Chaouch Goal 26'

25 June 1994
12:35 EDT
Belgium  1 – 0  Netherlands Citrus Bowl, Orlando
Attendance: 62,387
Referee: Renato Marsiglia (Brazil)
Albert Goal 65' (Report)

29 June 1994
12:35 EDT
Belgium  0 – 1  Saudi Arabia RFK Stadium, Washington
Attendance: 52,959
Referee: Hellmut Krug (Germany)
(Report) Al-Owairan Goal 5'

29 June 1994
12:35 EDT
Morocco  1 – 2  Netherlands Citrus Bowl, Orlando
Attendance: 60,578
Referee: Alberto Tejada Noriega (Peru)
Nader Goal 47' (Report) Bergkamp Goal 43'
Roy Goal 77'

Ranking of third-placed teams

Group Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
D  Argentina 3 2 0 1 6 3 +3 6
F  Belgium 3 2 0 1 2 1 +1 6
A  United States 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
E  Italy 3 1 1 1 2 2 0 4
B  Russia 3 1 0 2 7 6 +1 3
C  Korea Republic 3 0 2 1 4 5 −1 2

Knockout stage

Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                           
3 July - Pasadena            
  Romania  3
10 July - Stanford
  Argentina  2  
  Romania  2 (4)
3 July - Dallas
    Sweden (pens.)  2 (5)  
  Sweden  3
13 July - Pasadena
  Saudi Arabia  1  
  Sweden  0
4 July - Stanford
    Brazil  1  
  Brazil  1
9 July - Dallas
  United States  0  
  Brazil  3
4 July - Orlando
    Netherlands  2  
  Netherlands  2
17 July - Pasadena
  Republic of Ireland  0  
  Brazil (pens.)  0 (3)
2 July - Chicago
    Italy  0 (2)
  Germany  3
10 July - East Rutherford
  Belgium  2  
  Germany  1
5 July - East Rutherford
    Bulgaria  2  
  Mexico  1 (1)
13 July - East Rutherford
  Bulgaria (pens.)  1 (3)  
  Bulgaria  1
5 July - Foxborough
    Italy  2   Third place
  Nigeria  1
9 July - Foxborough 16 July - Pasadena
  Italy (a.e.t.)  2  
  Italy  2   Sweden  4
2 July - Washington
    Spain  1     Bulgaria  0
  Spain  3
  Switzerland  0  

Round of 16

2 July 1994
12:00 CDT
Germany  3 – 2  Belgium Soldier Field, Chicago
Attendance: 60,246
Referee: Kurt Röthlisberger (Switzerland)
Völler Goal 6'40'
Klinsmann Goal 11'
(Report) Grün Goal 8'
Albert Goal 90'

2 July 1994
16:35 EDT
Spain  3 – 0  Switzerland RFK Stadium, Washington
Attendance: 53,121
Referee: Mario van der Ende (Netherlands)
Hierro Goal 15'
Luis Enrique Goal 74'
Begiristain Goal 86' (pen.)
(Report)

3 July 1994
12:05 CDT
Saudi Arabia  1 – 3  Sweden Cotton Bowl, Dallas
Attendance: 60,277
Referee: Renato Marsiglia (Brazil)
Al-Ghesheyan Goal 85' (Report) Dahlin Goal 6'
K. Andersson Goal 51'88'

3 July 1994
13:35 PDT
Romania  3 – 2  Argentina Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 90,469
Referee: Pierluigi Pairetto (Italy)
Dumitrescu Goal 11'18'
Hagi Goal 58'
(Report) Batistuta Goal 16' (pen.)
Balbo Goal 75'

4 July 1994
12:05 EDT
Netherlands  2 – 0  Republic of Ireland Citrus Bowl, Orlando
Attendance: 61,355
Referee: Peter Mikkelsen (Denmark)
Bergkamp Goal 11'
Jonk Goal 41'
(Report)

4 July 1994
12:35 PDT
Brazil  1 – 0  United States Stanford Stadium, Stanford
Attendance: 84,147
Referee: Joel Quiniou (France)
Bebeto Goal 72' (Report)

5 July 1994
13:05 EDT
Nigeria  1 – 2
(a.e.t.)
 Italy Foxboro Stadium, Foxborough
Attendance: 54,367
Referee: Arturo Brizio Carter (Mexico)
Amuneke Goal 25' (Report) R. Baggio Goal 88'100' (pen.)

5 July 1994
16:35 EDT
Mexico  1 – 1
(a.e.t.)
 Bulgaria Giants Stadium, East Rutherford
Attendance: 71,030
Referee: Jamal Al Sharif (Syria)
García Aspe Goal 18' (pen.) (Report) Stoichkov Goal 6'
  Penalties  
García Aspe Missed
Bernal Missed (saved)
Rodríguez Missed (saved)
Suárez Scored
1 – 3 Missed (saved) Balakov
Scored Guentchev
Scored Borimirov
Scored Letchkov

Quarter-finals

9 July 1994
12:05 EDT
Italy  2 – 1  Spain Foxboro Stadium, Foxborough
Attendance: 53,400
Referee: Sándor Puhl (Hungary)
D. Baggio Goal 25'
R. Baggio Goal 87'
(Report) Caminero Goal 58'

9 July 1994
14:35 CDT
Netherlands  2 – 3  Brazil Cotton Bowl, Dallas
Attendance: 63,500
Referee: Rodrigo Badilla (Costa Rica)
Bergkamp Goal 64'
Winter Goal 76'
(Report) Romário Goal 53'
Bebeto Goal 63'
Branco Goal 81'

10 July 1994
12:05 EDT
Bulgaria  2 – 1  Germany Giants Stadium, East Rutherford
Attendance: 72,000
Referee: José Torres Cadena (Colombia)
Stoichkov Goal 75'
Letchkov Goal 78'
(Report) Matthäus Goal 47' (pen.)

10 July 1994
12:35 PDT
Sweden  2 – 2
(a.e.t.)
 Romania Stanford Stadium, Stanford
Attendance: 83,500
Referee: Philip Don (England)
Brolin Goal 78'
K. Andersson Goal 115'
(Report) Răducioiu Goal 88'101'
  Penalties  
Mild Missed
K. Andersson Scored
Brolin Scored
Ingesson Scored
R. Nilsson Scored
Larsson Scored
5 – 4 Scored Răducioiu
Scored Hagi
Scored Lupescu
Missed (saved) Petrescu
Scored Dumitrescu
Missed (saved) Belodedici

Semi-finals

13 July 1994
16:05 EDT
Italy  2 – 1  Bulgaria Giants Stadium, East Rutherford
Attendance: 74,110
Referee: Joel Quiniou (France)
R. Baggio Goal 20'25' (Report) Stoichkov Goal 44' (pen.)

13 July 1994
16:35 PDT
Brazil  1 – 0  Sweden Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 91,856
Referee: José Torres Cadena (Colombia)
Romário Goal 80' (Report)

Third place match

16 July 1994
12:35 PDT
Sweden  4 – 0  Bulgaria Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 91,500
Referee: Ali Bujsaim (United Arab Emirates)
Brolin Goal 8'
Mild Goal 30'
Larsson Goal 37'
K. Andersson Goal 40'
(Report)

Final

17 July 1994
12:35 PDT
Brazil  0 – 0
(a.e.t.)
 Italy Rose Bowl, Pasadena
Attendance: 94,194
Referee: Sándor Puhl (Hungary)
(Report)
  Penalties  
Márcio Santos Missed (saved)
Romário Scored
Branco Scored
Dunga Scored
3 – 2 Missed (over the bar) Baresi
Scored Albertini
Scored Evani
Missed (saved) Massaro
Missed (over the bar) R. Baggio
 1994 FIFA World Cup Winners 

Brazil
Fourth title

Awards

Golden Shoe Winners Golden Ball Winner Yashin Award FIFA Fair Play Trophy Most Entertaining Team
Bulgaria Hristo Stoichkov
Russia Oleg Salenko
Brazil Romário Belgium Michel Preud'homme  Brazil  Brazil

All-star team

Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards

Belgium Michel Preud'homme

Brazil Jorginho
Brazil Márcio Santos
Italy Paolo Maldini

Brazil Dunga
Bulgaria Krassimir Balakov
Romania Gheorghe Hagi
Sweden Tomas Brolin

Brazil Romário
Bulgaria Hristo Stoichkov
Italy Roberto Baggio

Scorers

6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

Trivia

Firsts

Large enthusiastic crowds attended the matches, such as this one at the Giants Stadium quarterfinals match.
  • The United States-Switzerland match in the Pontiac Silverdome was the first to be played indoors in World Cup history: grass was grown by Michigan State University and was the first time since 1965 that natural turf was used in an indoor stadium in the United States.
  • Oleg Salenko of Russia became the first player to score 5 goals in a single World Cup finals game in his country's group stage win over Cameroon. Cameroon's Roger Milla also scored a goal in the same match, becoming the oldest player to score a goal in a World Cup. At 42, he was also the oldest player to appear in a World Cup match.
  • Gianluca Pagliuca of Italy became the first goalkeeper to be sent off in a World Cup Finals match, dismissed for handling outside his area against Norway.
  • The finals were the first time FIFA decided to experiment with the style of jerseys worn by officials, foregoing the traditional black. They would choose between burgundy, yellow or white shirts depending on what was feasible to avoid a clash of colours with the two competing teams. This custom has since been followed, but with black shirts added as an option later.
  • The finals were also the first time that players had their names printed in the back of their jerseys in a World Cup, just like other American sports did. This custom followed from Euro 92, and has followed ever since.
  • The finals were the first to award 3 points for a win in the group stage to motivate teams to play an attacking style.
  • In disciplinary matters, for the first time yellow cards accumulated in the group stage were wiped clean after its completion, and players start with a clean slate at the start of the knockout stage. Previously, players were suspended for one match if accumulating two yellow cards throughout the tournament. Now, players were suspended for one match if accumulating two yellow cards in the group stage, or two yellow cards in the knockout stage. This was in response to the situation in 1990, where players such as Claudio Caniggia and Paul Gascoigne were suspended for the later matches.
  • The 1994 World Cup revolutionized television coverage of sports in the USA through the sponsored scoreboard and game clock that were constantly shown on screen throughout the game. Television sports coverage in the US had long been dependent upon commercial breaks; a feature suitable for sports such as baseball, basketball, ice hockey and American football (which all have breaks in the action), but long considered incompatible with football, due to the long stretches of uninterrupted play. Variations on it were quickly incorporated into virtually every team sports broadcast by the decade's end. The first American pro sports broadcaster to do this was Fox Sports which won national rights to broadcast the NFL's National Football Conference from CBS 6 1/2 months before the 1994 World Cup began.
  • The 1994 FIFA World Cup final match was the first to be decided on a penalty shoot-out with no goals being scored either in regular time or in extra time.

Lasts

  • This was the last World Cup in which matches other than the last two in each group would be played simultaneously, although this would only happen once in this tournament; Saudi Arabia v Morocco and Belgium v Netherlands in Group F. From France '98 onwards, each game in the first two rounds of group play and the whole knockout stage would be played separately to maximise television audiences.
  • This was the last World Cup where the 3rd-placed team in each group was still able to progress via Third Place qualifiers for round of 16.

References

External links


Simple English

The 1994 FIFA World Cup was a football (soccer) sporting event that was held in USA from June 17 1994 to July 17 1994. 24 teams took part from many countries. Brazil won the trophy after Roberto Baggio from Italy famously missed the last penalty in a penalty shootout.

Contents

Participants

Africa

Asia

Europe

North and Central America

South America

Results

Round 1

Group A

PosTeamROUSUIUSACOLPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Romania-1-41-03-13201556Round 2
2Switzerland4-1-1-10-23111544Round 2
3United States0-11-1-2-13111334Round 2
4Colombia1-32-01-2-3102453

Group B

PosTeamBRASWERUSCMRPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Brazil-1-12-03-03210617Round 2
2Sweden1-1-3-12-23120645Round 2
3Russia0-21-3-6-13102763
4Cameroon0-32-21-6-30123111

Group C

PosTeamGERESPKORBOLPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Germany-1-13-21-03210537Round 2
2Spain1-1-2-23-13120645Round 2
3Korea Republic2-32-2-0-03021452
4Bolivia0-11-30-0-3012141

Group D

PosTeamNGABULARGGREPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Nigeria-3-01-22-03201626Round 2
2Bulgaria0-3-2-04-03201636Round 2
3Argentina2-10-2-4-03201636Round 2
4Greece0-24-00-4-30030100

Group E

PosTeamMEXITAIRLNORPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Mexico-1-12-10-13111334Round 2
2Italy1-1-0-11-03111224Round 2
3Republic of Ireland1-21-0-0-03111224Round 2
4Norway1-00-10-0-3111114

Group F

PosTeamNEDKSABELMARPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Netherlands-2-10-12-13201436Round 2
2Saudi Arabia1-2-1-02-13201436Round 2
3Belgium1-00-1-1-03201216Round 2
4Morocco1-21-20-1-3003250

Knockout stage

The games starting with the second round are known as the knockout stage. These games can not end in a draw (tie). If a match (game) is tied at the end of 90 minutes (the regular game time limit), extra periods are added to the game. Two periods, each 15 minutes long, will be played. If the score is still tied after the two extra periods, the game will be decided by a penalty kick shootout.

Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                           
3 July            
  Romania  3
10 July
  Argentina  2  
  Romania  3 (4)
3 July
    Sweden penalty shootout  2 (5)  
  Saudi Arabia  1
13 July
  Sweden  3  
  Sweden  0
4 July
    Brazil  1  
  Brazil  1
9 July
  United States  0  
  Brazil  3
4 July
    Netherlands  2  
  Netherlands  2
17 July
  Ireland  0  
  Brazil penalty shootout  0 (3)
2 July
    Italy  0 (2)
  Germany  3
10 July
 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium  2  
  Germany  1
5 July
    Bulgaria  2  
  Mexico  1 (1)
13 July
  Bulgaria penalty shootout  1 (3)  
  Bulgaria  1
5 July
    Italy  2   Third place
  Nigeria  1
9 July 16 July
  Italy extra time}  2  
  Italy  2   Sweden  4
2 July
    Spain  1     Bulgaria  0
  Spain  3
  Switzerland  0  

Final

 Brazil won the championship.

References


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