The 1 Broadway – Seventh Avenue Local is a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway. It is colored red on station signs, route signs and the official subway map, since it uses the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line for its entire route.
When the first subway opened between 1904 and 1908, one of the main service patterns was the West Side Branch, running from Lower Manhattan to Van Cortlandt Park via what is now the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, 42nd Street Shuttle, and IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line. Both local and express trains were operated, with express trains using the express tracks south of 96th Street. Express trains ran through to Atlantic Avenue in Brooklyn during rush hours, while other express trains and all local trains turned around at City Hall or South Ferry.
The first portion of the Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line south of Times Square – 42nd Street, a shuttle to 34th Street – Penn Station, opened on June 3, 1917. This shuttle was extended south to South Ferry, with a shorter shuttle on the Brooklyn Branch between Chambers Street and Wall Street, on July 1, 1918. Finally, the new "H" system was implemented on August 1, 1918, joining the two halves of the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and sending all West Side trains south from Times Square.
The local tracks ran to South Ferry, while the express tracks used the Brooklyn Branch to Wall Street, extended into Brooklyn to Atlantic Avenue via the Clark Street Tunnel on April 15, 1919. Extensions of the Eastern Parkway Line and the connecting Nostrand Avenue Line and New Lots Line opened in the next few years, with the end result being that West Side trains ran to Flatbush Avenue or New Lots Avenue.
On February 6, 1959, the 1 train became the West Side local. Previously, 1 trains ran express along the West Side and into Brooklyn, and the 3 was the local service to South Ferry. Since then, 1 train service has remained consistent.
On August 21, 1989, the 1/9 weekday skip-stop service was formed. Skip-stop service operated north of 137th Street – City College between the hours of 6:30 a.m. and 7 p.m.; during this time, 1 trains skipped Marble Hill – 225th, 207th, 191st and 145th Streets and 9 trains skipped 238th, 215th, Dyckman and 157th Streets.
In 1994, midday skip-stop service was discontinued. By this time, 1 trains only skipped Marble Hill – 225th, 207th and 145th Streets, while 9 trains still skipped 238th, 215th, Dyckman and 157th Streets.
After September 11, 2001, 1 trains had to be rerouted since the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line ran directly under the World Trade Center site and was heavily damaged in the collapse of the Twin Towers. It ran only between 242nd Street and 14th Street, running local north of and express south of 96th Street; the 9 train and skip-stop service were suspended at this time. On September 19, after a few switching delays at 96th Street, service was changed. 1 trains made all local stops from 242nd Street to New Lots Avenue via the Clark Street Tunnel and IRT Eastern Parkway Line, to replace 3 trains (which terminated at 14th Street) at all times except late nights, when it terminated at Chambers Street in Manhattan instead. On September 15, 2002, 1 trains returned to South Ferry and the 9 train and skip-stop service was restored.
1 train at Dyckman Street Station in Manhattan
1 train approaching 125th Street in Manhattan
Several 1 trains parked in the 240th Street Yard in the Bronx for the evening
The following lines are used by the 1 service:
|IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line from Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street to Marble Hill – 225th Street||local||all times|
|IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line from 215th Street to Chambers Street|
|IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line from Chambers Street to South Ferry||N/A|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops late nights only|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
|Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street|
|Marble Hill – 225th Street||Metro-North Hudson Line at Marble Hill|
|168th Street||A C (IND Eighth Avenue Line)|
|137th Street – City College|
|116th Street – Columbia University||M60 bus to LaGuardia Airport|
|Cathedral Parkway – 110th Street||M60 bus to LaGuardia Airport|
|96th Street||2 3|
|72nd Street||2 3|
|66th Street – Lincoln Center||2|
|59th Street – Columbus Circle||2
A B C D (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
|Times Square – 42nd Street||2 3
7 <7> (IRT Flushing Line)
A C E (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal)
N Q R W (BMT Broadway Line)
S (42nd Street Shuttle)
|Port Authority Bus Terminal|
|34th Street – Penn Station||2 3||Amtrak, LIRR, and NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station|
|14th Street||2 3
F V (IND Sixth Avenue Line at 14th Street)
L (BMT Canarsie Line at Sixth Avenue)
|PATH at 14th Street|
|Christopher Street – Sheridan Square||2||PATH at Christopher Street|
|Chambers Street||2 3|
|Cortlandt Street||Closed since September 11, 2001|
|South Ferry||N R W (BMT Broadway Line)||Staten Island Ferry at South Ferry|