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1 symbol Broadway – Seventh Avenue Local
Northern end 242nd Street
Southern end South Ferry
Stations 38 (incl. Cortlandt St.)

1 map

The 1 Broadway – Seventh Avenue Local is a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway. It is colored red on station signs, route signs and the official subway map, since it uses the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line for its entire route.

The 1 service operates at all times between Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street in the Bronx and South Ferry in Lower Manhattan, making all local stops.

The 1 is the only service in the system that has elevated stations in the borough of Manhattan: 125th Street and all stations north of and including Dyckman Street.

Contents

History

R12 IRT 1.svg
R12 end rollsign
1 (1967-1979 New York City Subway bullet).svg
1967–1979 bullet
NYCS-bull-trans-9.svg
1989–2005 bullet

When the first subway opened between 1904 and 1908, one of the main service patterns was the West Side Branch, running from Lower Manhattan to Van Cortlandt Park via what is now the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, 42nd Street Shuttle, and IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line. Both local and express trains were operated, with express trains using the express tracks south of 96th Street. Express trains ran through to Atlantic Avenue in Brooklyn during rush hours, while other express trains and all local trains turned around at City Hall or South Ferry.[1][2][3]

The first portion of the Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line south of Times Square – 42nd Street, a shuttle to 34th Street – Penn Station, opened on June 3, 1917.[4] This shuttle was extended south to South Ferry, with a shorter shuttle on the Brooklyn Branch between Chambers Street and Wall Street, on July 1, 1918.[5] Finally, the new "H" system was implemented on August 1, 1918, joining the two halves of the Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line and sending all West Side trains south from Times Square.[6]

The local tracks ran to South Ferry, while the express tracks used the Brooklyn Branch to Wall Street, extended into Brooklyn to Atlantic Avenue via the Clark Street Tunnel on April 15, 1919.[7] Extensions of the Eastern Parkway Line and the connecting Nostrand Avenue Line and New Lots Line opened in the next few years, with the end result being that West Side trains ran to Flatbush Avenue or New Lots Avenue.

On February 6, 1959, the 1 train became the West Side local. Previously, 1 trains ran express along the West Side and into Brooklyn, and the 3 was the local service to South Ferry. Since then, 1 train service has remained consistent.

On August 21, 1989, the 1/9 weekday skip-stop service was formed.[8][9] Skip-stop service operated north of 137th Street – City College between the hours of 6:30 a.m. and 7 p.m.; during this time, 1 trains skipped Marble Hill – 225th, 207th, 191st and 145th Streets and 9 trains skipped 238th, 215th, Dyckman and 157th Streets.

In 1994, midday skip-stop service was discontinued.[10] By this time, 1 trains only skipped Marble Hill – 225th, 207th and 145th Streets, while 9 trains still skipped 238th, 215th, Dyckman and 157th Streets.

After September 11, 2001, 1 trains had to be rerouted since the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line ran directly under the World Trade Center site and was heavily damaged in the collapse of the Twin Towers. It ran only between 242nd Street and 14th Street, running local north of and express south of 96th Street; the 9 train and skip-stop service were suspended at this time. On September 19, after a few switching delays at 96th Street, service was changed. 1 trains made all local stops from 242nd Street to New Lots Avenue via the Clark Street Tunnel and IRT Eastern Parkway Line, to replace 3 trains (which terminated at 14th Street) at all times except late nights, when it terminated at Chambers Street in Manhattan instead. On September 15, 2002, 1 trains returned to South Ferry and the 9 train and skip-stop service was restored.[11]

On May 27, 2005, the 9 train and skip-stop service was discontinued.[10]

Gallery

Route

Following lines

The following lines are used by the 1 service:

Line Tracks Time
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line from Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street to Marble Hill – 225th Street local all times
Broadway Bridge
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line from 215th Street to Chambers Street
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line from Chambers Street to South Ferry N/A

Stations

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights only Stops late nights only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
Station closed Station closed
Time period details
1 service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections
The Bronx
Stops all times Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street
Stops all times 238th Street
Stops all times 231st Street Handicapped/disabled access
Manhattan
Stops all times Marble Hill – 225th Street Metro-North Hudson Line at Marble Hill
Stops all times 215th Street
Stops all times 207th Street
Stops all times Dyckman Street
Stops all times 191st Street
Stops all times 181st Street
Stops all times 168th Street A all times C all except late nights (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
Stops all times 157th Street
Stops all times 145th Street
Stops all times 137th Street – City College
Stops all times 125th Street
Stops all times 116th Street – Columbia University M60 bus to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times Cathedral Parkway – 110th Street M60 bus to LaGuardia Airport
Stops all times 103rd Street
Stops all times 96th Street 2 all times 3 all times
Stops all times 86th Street 2 late nights
Stops all times 79th Street 2 late nights
Stops all times 72nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times 3 all times
Stops all times 66th Street – Lincoln Center Handicapped/disabled access 2 late nights
Stops all times 59th Street – Columbus Circle 2 late nights
A all times B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. C all except late nights D all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line)
Stops all times 50th Street 2 late nights
Stops all times Times Square – 42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times 3 all times
7 all times <7>weekdays until 10:00 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
A all times C all except late nights E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal)
N all times Q all times R all except late nights W weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (BMT Broadway Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
Stops all times 34th Street – Penn Station Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times 3 all except late nights Amtrak, LIRR, and NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
Stops all times 28th Street 2 late nights
Stops all times 23rd Street 2 late nights
Stops all times 18th Street 2 late nights
Stops all times 14th Street 2 all times 3 all except late nights
F all times V weekdays until midnight (IND Sixth Avenue Line at 14th Street)
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line at Sixth Avenue)
PATH at 14th Street
Stops all times Christopher Street – Sheridan Square 2 late nights PATH at Christopher Street
Stops all times Houston Street 2 late nights
Stops all times Canal Street 2 late nights
Stops all times Franklin Street 2 late nights
Stops all times Chambers Street Handicapped/disabled access 2 all times 3 all except late nights
Station closed Cortlandt Street Closed since September 11, 2001
Stops all times Rector Street
Stops all times South Ferry Handicapped/disabled access N late nights R all except late nights W weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (BMT Broadway Line) Staten Island Ferry at South Ferry

References

External links


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