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1st Bombardment Wing
Active 1918; 1919-1924; 1931-1945
Country United States
Branch United States Army Air Forces
Role Bomber Command and Control

The 1st Bombardment Wing is an inactive United States Army Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the Continental Air Forces, based at McChord Field, Washington. It was inactivated on 7 Nov 1945.

As the 1st Wing, the unit was one of the original wings of the GHQ Air Force on 1 March 1935. During World War II, it was one of the primary B-17 Flying Fortress heavy strategic bombardment wings of VIII Bomber Command and later, Eighth Air Force.

Contents

History

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Lineage

  • Organized as 1st Pursuit Wing in France on 6 Jul 1918
Demobilized in France in Dec 1918.
  • Reconstituted and consolidated (1936) with 1st Wing, which was organized in the US on 16 Aug 1919
Inactivated on 26 Jun 1924.
  • Redesignated 1st Bombardment Wing in 1929
Activated on 1 Apr 1931
Redesignated 1st Pursuit Wing in 1933
Redesignated 1st Wing 1 Mar 1935
Redesignated 1st Bombardment Wing 19 Oct 1940
Redesignated 1st Combat Bombardment Wing (Heavy) in Aug 1943
Redesignated 1st Bombardment Wing (Heavy) in Jun 1945
Inactivated On 7 Nov 1945

Assignments

Redesignated: 1st Air Division: 19 Dec 1944-26 Aug 1945

Stations

Components

VIII Bomber Command

Attached to: 201st Provisional Combat Bombardment Wing, Feb-13 Sep 1943
Attached to: 102d Provisional Combat Bombardment Wing, May-13 Sep 1943
Attached to: 102d Provisional Combat Bombardment Wing, Feb-May 1943
Attached to: 103d Provisional Combat Bombardment Wing, May-13 Sep 1943
Attached to: 102d Provisional Combat Bombardment Wing, Feb-13 Sep 1943
Attached to: 101st Provisional Combat Bombardment Wing, Feb-Jun 1943
Attached to: 102d Provisional Combat Bombardment Wing, Jun-13 Sep 1943
Attached to: 101st Provisional Combat Bombardment Wing, May-13 Sep 1943
Attached to: 103d Provisional Combat Bombardment Wing, May-13 Sep 1943
Attached to: 101st Provisional Combat Bombardment Wing, Jun-13 Sep 1943
Attached to: 103d Provisional Combat Bombardment Wing, Jun-13 Sep 1943

* Note: Reassigned to Twelfth Air Force

Operations

Organized at Toul Airdrome, France, during World War I. Served in combat, Jul-Nov 1918. Operated first in the defensive sector near Toul. During the St Mihiel offensive in Sep, flew reconnaissance sorties, protected observation aircraft, attacked enemy observation balloons, strafed enemy troops, flew counter-air patrols, and bombed towns, bridges, and railroad stations behind the enemy's lines. During the Meuse-Argonne offensive (26 Sep-11 Nov 1918) bombardment aircraft continued their attacks behind the lines while pursuit ships concentrated mainly on large-scale counter-air patrols.

Reactivated in 1919. Engaged in border patrol activities until it became an advanced flying training wing in 1922. Inactivated in 1924. Reactivated in 1931 as part of GHQ Air Force and conducted much of the Army's pursuit, bombardment, attack, and observation activities in the western part of the US until 1941.

Moved to England, Jul-Aug 1942, and became a heavy bombardment wing of Eighth AF. Served in combat in the European theater from Aug 1942 until 25 Apr 1945, receiving a DUC for an attack on aircraft factories in Germany on 11 Jan 1944. Returned to the US in Aug 1945. Inactivated On 7 Nov 1945.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links


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