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1st Canadian Armoured Carrier Regiment
Active October 1944–June 1945
Country Canada
Branch Army
Type Specialised armour (armoured personnel carriers)
Size 2 squadrons of 53 carriers
Nickname Kangaroos
Motto Latin: Armatos Fundit
("loosely translated as "Bearing Armed Men")
Engagements Le Havre
Boulogne
The Lower Maas
The Roer
The Rhineland
The Reichswald
Moyland Wood
Goch-Calcar Road
The Hochwald
The Rhine
Groningen
North-West Europe, 1944-1945
Xanten
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Gordon Minto Churchill

1st Canadian Armoured Carrier Regiment (1CACR) (also known as the 1st Canadian Armoured Personnel Carrier Regiment) was an armoured regiment of the Canadian Army formed during the late stages of World War II in the European theatre. It was formed in October 1944 at Tilburg with the original 1st Canadian Armoured Personnel Carrier Squadron as its core. It was the only Canadian regiment to be both formed and disbanded overseas. The new regiment was a specialised armoured unit equipped with Kangaroo armoured personnel carriers.

Infantry of the 53rd (Welsh) Division in a Ram Kangaroo on the outskirts of Ochtrup, Germany, 3 April 1945

The regiment was disbanded on June 20 1945, at Penheim, Germany.

Contents

Formation

During the Battle of Normandy, the commander of the II Canadian Corps, Guy Simonds ordered that redundant Priest self propelled guns be converted to carry troops. This enabled the delivery of infantry close to the enemy, rapidly and protected from gunfire. These were first used on August 7 1944 at Falaise, during Operation Totalize, and although there had been no time to organise or train, they were very successful.[1]

The "Kangaroo Squadron" was formed on 26 August 1944, attached for administrative purposes to the 25th Canadian Armoured Delivery Regiment (The Elgin Regiment). The Elgin Regiment was under First Canadian Army control and the "Kangaroo Squadron" was an Army asset available for use as needed. The Squadron's commanding officer was Lieutenant-Colonel G.M. Churchill who had been DCO of the Elgins. He was to remain as CO throughout the war.[1]

After the impressive performance of Kangaroo mounted infantry in the break-out from Normandy, it was decided to form two regiments of Kangaroos, one within each of the two Armies within the 21st Army Group. Consequently, on 24 October 1944, the formation was authorised of the 1st Canadian Armoured Carrier Regiment, with the "Kangaroo Squadron" as its core. This was done at Tilburg, where the "Kangaroos" had already concentrated. 1CACR was established as part of 79th Armoured Division, along with other specialised armoured vehicles. The new regiment consisted of two squadrons of four troops, each squadron equipped with 53 Ram Kangaroos. (Ram tanks had replaced the original Priests as the conversion basis.)

Unlike most Canadian regiments, which had strong local roots, 1CACR's personnel were drawn from all over Canada. These diverse elements with their scattered loyalties were moulded together to form a coherent unit of high morale.[1]

Battle honours

Despite only a short existence, the 1CACR acquired numerous battle honours,

Equipment

A Priest Kangaroo in Italy, April 1945

References

External links

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