1st Marine Aircraft Wing: Wikis

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1st Marine Aircraft Wing
1maw.gif
1st MAW insignia
Active
  • July 7, 1941 - present
Country United States
Branch USMC
Type Marine Aircraft Wing
Role Conduct air operations in support of the Fleet Marine Forces
Part of III Marine Expeditionary Force
Garrison/HQ Marine Corps Air Station Futenma
Nickname 1st MAW
Engagements World War II
* Battle of Guadalcanal
* Philippines campaign (1944–45)
Korean War
Vietnam War
Commanders
Current
commander
MajGen Raymond C. Fox
Notable
commanders
Louis E. Woods
Roy Geiger
Duane D. Thiessen
George J. Trautman, III
John F. Goodman

The 1st Marine Aircraft Wing is an aviation unit of the United States Marine Corps that serves as the Aviation Combat Element of the III Marine Expeditionary Force. The wing is headquartered at Marine Corps Air Station Futenma on the island of Okinawa, Japan. Activated in 1940, the wing has seen heavy combat operations during World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

Contents

Mission

Conduct air operations in support of the Fleet Marine Forces to include offensive air support, antiair warfare, assault support, aerial reconnaissance including active and passive electronic countermeasures (ECM), and control of aircraft and missiles. As a collateral function, the Wing may participate as an integral component of Naval Aviation in the execution of such other Navy functions as the Fleet Commander may direct.

Subordinate units

See also: List of United States Marine Corps aircraft squadrons.

1st MAW consists of 5 subordinate groups, a headquarters squadron and a liaison group:[1]

Structure 1st Marine Aircraft Wing
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Locations

Units of 1st MAW are located in the Pacific Region at the following bases:

History

World War II

Marine F4U

In late 1940, Congress authorized a naval air fleet of fifteen thousand aircraft. The Marine Corps was allotted a percentage of these planes to be formed into 2 air wings with 32 operational squadrons. On the advice of Navy and Marine advisors returning from observing the war in Europe these numbers were doubled very soon after. It was under this expansion program that the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing was activated at Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginia on July 7, 1941. The First Marine Aircraft Group which was the largest east coast aviation unit in the Marines at the time, became its first component[2]. Although a new wing, it is considered an unofficial descendant of the Northern Bombing Group of World War I[3].

Following the attacks on Pearl Harbor, the wing transferred to Naval Air Station San Diego, California on December 10, 1941 and then to Camp Kearny on December 31. The first deployment for 1st MAW came in August 1942 when forward elements of the Wing arrived on Guadalcanal and made up the Cactus Air Force supporting the 1st Marine Division during the Battle of Guadalcanal[4].

Korean War

At the beginning of the Korean War, the initial deployment of Marines was a provisional brigade activated on July 7, 1950 — the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade — formed from the 1st Marine Division and the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing. Its core consisted of two units — a regimental combat team from the 5th Marine Regiment and Marine Aircraft Group 33 (MAG-33). Their job was to provide close air support, resupply, and Medevac for Marine ground forces.

In late-June 1952, 75 aircraft from 1st MAW participated in the attack on the Sui-ho Dam which were stikes aimed at the hydroelectric plants in North Korea.[5]

Two 1st MAW aircraft groups, MAG-33 and MAG-12, and the 1st Antiaircraft Artillery Gun Battalion served during the course of the war. The wing flew 127,496 sorties of which over 40,000 were close air support and Marine helicopters evacuated more than 9,800 wounded personnel[6][7]

Vietnam

From April 1962, when HMM-362 flew into the Mekong Delta to set up operations at the Soc Trang airfield in, through April 1975, when helicopters of HMM-164 evacuated the last Americans from the US Embassy, Saigon. While early missions involved Marine helicopters providing logistical support for South Vietnam, this role quickly expanded when 1st MAW pilots and crewmen were called upon to perform their traditional role of providing close air support for Marine combat units as American involvement in the war escalated.

Helicopters played an extensive role in air operations in vietna, as Marine pilots flew CH-34s and later CH-46s and CH-53s to transport Marines into landing zones near suspected enemy concentrations, and to evacuate the wounded following combat engagements. Helicopters, supplemented by C-130 transports where there were landing strips, were also used to re-supply Marines in the field at remote outposts. Other Marine pilots, flew UH-1E Hueys, and AH-1 Cobras. Many of these choppers provided reconnaissance and armed air cover for combat air operations.

The build up of American troops resulted in the deployment of the Marine Corps' attack and fighter aircraft including the Douglas A-4, and the McDonnell F4B, as well as the maintenance, ordnance, and other support personnel necessary.

Gulf War and the 1990s

Global War on Terror

HMH 463 has deployed to support the Operation Enduring Freedom Mission in Afghanistan in 2009.

Current aircraft in use

Fixed wing aircraft

Rotary wing aircraft

See also

Notes

  1. ^ LtGen George J. Trautman, III (2009) (PDF). 2010 Marine Aviation Plan. Headquarters Marine Corps. http://www.marines.mil/unit/aviation/Documents/FY2010%20AvPlan%20Final%20(17%20Nov%2009%20ver).pdf. Retrieved 2010-01-05.  
  2. ^ DeChant
  3. ^ Rottman USMC WWII OOB, p. 430.
  4. ^ Sherrod History of Marine Corps Aviation, p. 438.
  5. ^ Field Jr., James A. (2000-06-21). "Part 2. March 1952—February 1953: Stalemate". History of United States Naval Operations: Korea. Department of the Navy - Naval Historical Center. http://www.history.navy.mil/books/field/ch12b.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-19.  
  6. ^ Mersky USMC Aviation, p. 191.
  7. ^ "Brief History of the Marine Corps in the Korean War". United States of America - Korean War Commemoration. Marine Corps History and Museums Division. http://korea50.army.mil/history/factsheets/marine.shtml. Retrieved 2009-04-22.  

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Marine Corps.
Print
  • De Chant, John A. (1947). Devilbirds. New York: Harper and Brothers Publishers.  
  • Mersky, Peter B. (1983). U.S. Marine Corps Aviation - 1912 to the Present. Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company of America. ISBN 0-933852-39-8.  
  • Rottman, Gordon L. (2002). U.S. Marine Corps World War II Order of Battle - Ground and Air Units in the Pacific War, 1939 - 1945.’’. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-31906-5.  
  • Sherrod, Robert (1952). History of Marine Corps Aviation in World War II. Washington, D.C.: Combat Forces Press.  
  • Simmons, Edwin H. (2003). The United States Marines: A History, Fourth Edition. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-790-5.  
Web

External links


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