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2-Methyl-2-butanol: Wikis


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IUPAC name
Other names • tert-Amyl alcohol
• Dimethylethylcarbinol
• t-Amyl alcohol
• tert-Pentyl alcohol
CAS number 75-85-4 Yes check.svgY
PubChem 6405
Molecular formula C5H12O
Molar mass 88.15 g mol−1
Exact mass 88.088815
Density 0.815 g/cm³, liquid
Melting point

-12 °C, 261 K, 10 °F

Boiling point

102 °C, 375 K, 216 °F

Solubility in water 120 g/L
MSDS External MSDS
Main hazards Highly Flammable
Liver damage may occur with prolonged exposure
NFPA 704
NFPA 704.svg
Flash point 19 °C
 Yes check.svgY (what is this?)  (verify)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

2-Methyl-2-butanol, also known as tert-amyl alcohol, is one of the isomers of amyl alcohol. It is a clear, colorless liquid with a strong odor of peppermint.[1] In humans it possesses sedative and hypnotic effects similar to ethanol through ingestion or inhalation, and was previously used in medicine for this purpose.[2] It is active in doses of 2,000-4,000 mg, making it some 20 times more potent than regular ethanol.[3] 2-methyl-2-butanol is similar in structure to ethchlorvynol and methylpentynol. It is a byproduct of the fermentation of grain. [4]

See also


  1. ^ Coblentz, Virgil. The Newer Remedies: A reference manual for physicians, pharmacists, and students. 1899. [1]
  2. ^ Robert A. Lewis. Lewis' Dictionary of Toxicology, 1998
  3. ^ Hans Brandenberger & Robert A. A. Maes. Analytical Toxicology for Clinical, Forensic and Pharmaceutical Chemists, 1997 [2]
  4. ^ George Milbry Gould & R J E Scott. "The Practitioner's Medical Dictionary", 1910


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