2002 Pacific hurricane season: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on 2002 Pacific hurricane season

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2002 Pacific hurricane season

Season summary map
First storm formed: May 24, 2002
Last storm dissipated: November 16, 2002
Strongest storm: Kenna – 913 mbar (hPa) (26.97 inHg), 165 mph (270 km/h) (1-minute sustained)
Total depressions: 19
Total storms: 15
Hurricanes: 8
Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+): 6
Total fatalities: 4
Total damage: $101 million (2002 USD)
$122.2 million (2009 USD)
Pacific hurricane seasons
2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004
Related article:

The 2002 Pacific hurricane season was an event in tropical cyclone meteorology. The most notable storm that year was Hurricane Kenna, which reached Category 5 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. It made landfall near Puerto Vallarta, in the Mexican state of Jalisco, on October 25. It killed four people and was one of the most powerful hurricanes to ever strike the western coast of Mexico, hitting with winds of 140 mph (the strongest since Hurricane Madeline in 1976). Elsewhere, Tropical Storm Julio made landfall in Mexico, and Tropical Storm Boris dumped torrential rain along the Mexican coast, although it remained offshore.

The season officially began on May 15 in the eastern Pacific, and June 1 in the central Pacific. It ended on November 30. These dates delimit the time when most tropical cyclones form in this part of the Pacific Ocean. The first system formed on May 24 and the final depression dissipated on November 16. The season was 176 days long.

Other storms were individually unusual. Hurricanes Elida and Hernan also reached Category 5 intensity, but neither did any damage. Hurricane Fausto, while it had no effect on land, regenerated into a tiny tropical storm at a very high latitude.

Contents

Season summary

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
TD TS 1 2 3 4 5

The 2002 Pacific hurricane season officially started May 15, 2002 in the eastern Pacific, and June 1, 2002 in the central Pacific, and lasted until November 30, 2002. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northeastern Pacific Ocean.[1] In practice, however, the season lasted from May 24, the formation date of its first system, to November 16, the dissipation date of the last.[2]

There were twelve tropical storms in the eastern Pacific Ocean in the 2002 season. Of those, six became hurricanes, of which five became major hurricanes by reaching Category 3 or higher on the Saffir Simpson Scale. Three reached Category 5 intensity,[2] a record shared with the 1994 season.[3] Four tropical depressions formed and dissipated before reaching the intensity of a named storm.[4] In the Central Pacific Hurricane Center's area of responsibility, one tropical storm and two hurricanes formed, of which one was a major hurricane.[2] In the eastern Pacific proper, the season saw below average activity in terms of the number of systems, but about average activity in terms of the strength of storms.[5][6] A moderately-strong El Niño, ongoing during the season, may have contributed to the disproportionate number of major hurricanes,[7] as well as reduced activity in the Atlantic.[8] Also of note this season is an unusual gap in storm formation during the first three weeks of August.[2] That time usually sees several nameable storms, but for some reason there were none.[9]

Only three systems, Tropical Storms Boris and Julio and Hurricane Kenna, had significant impact on land. Julio and Kenna were the only landfalls. Most of the season's impact, including all casualties and most of the damage, was due to Kenna.[5]

Storms

Hurricane Alma

Category 3 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration May 24 – June 1
Intensity 115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min), 960 mbar (hPa)

A complex formation involving a tropical wave and a gale over the Gulf of Tehuantepec formed Tropical Depression One-E on May 24. It slowly strengthened into the first tropical storm of the season two days later. Alma then turned north, moving near the edge of a subtropical ridge over Mexico. Its rate of intensification picked up, and Alma became a hurricane on May 28. Alma reached Category 3 intensity on May 30. The hurricane began to weaken almost immediately thereafter under the influence of wind shear and cool water. Alma rapidly fell apart, and degenerated into a weak low pressure area by June 1.[10]

The hurricane was of no threat to land.[10] Alma the one of the earliest major hurricanes in the east Pacific, and the second-strongest May hurricane. The only other May major hurricane was Adolph in 2001.[2]

Tropical Storm Boris

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration June 8 – June 11
Intensity 60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min), 997 mbar (hPa)

On June 8, an area of disturbed weather that had absorbed a tropical wave spawned Tropical Depression Two-E. It became a tropical storm the next day. After peaking on June 9, with a pressure of 997 mb, steering currents collapsed and Boris stalled out in the ocean between two ridges of high pressure. Shear increased, and the cyclone weakened to a depression on June 10. The next day, Boris degenerated into a remnant low. The remnant drifted east and then southeast before dissipating on June 12.[11]

Boris dumped heavy rains on sections of the Mexican coast. The maximum amount was 10.60 inches (269 mm) at San Felipe Usila.[12] These rains damaged several homes at an unspecified location. In addition, rainfall damaged several homes in Tequila, Jalisco, but the National Hurricane Center does not think that it is likely that Boris caused this rain. There were no deaths.[11]

Tropical Depression Three-E

Tropical depression (SSHS)
Duration June 27 – June 29
Intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min), 1006 mbar (hPa)

A tropical wave that crossed Central America organized and developed into a depression on June 27.[13] Contrary to forecasts,[14] the depression did not strengthen further because of strong wind shear. By June 29, the depression had become a remnant low, which hung on as a swirl of clouds for a few more days.[13]

Tropical Storm Cristina

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration July 9 – July 16
Intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min), 994 mbar (hPa)

An area of disturbed weather near Panama drifted to a location south of Puerto Ángel, Oaxaca, and organized into Tropical Depression Four-E on July 9. It moved westward through a hostile environment of strong shear. The wind shear disrupted the cyclone's convection and weakened its circulation. Despite the shear, the depression strengthened into a tropical storm early on July 12 and was named Cristina. This broke down the steering ridge, and Cristina turned to the north and peaked on July 14. Then, the wind shear won out and Cristina quickly weakened. Cristina dissipated into a swirl of clouds on July 16, without ever threatening land. No impact was reported.[15]

Hurricane Douglas

Category 2 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration July 20 – July 26
Intensity 105 mph (165 km/h) (1-min), 970 mbar (hPa)

A relaxation of wind shear allowed a tropical wave to organize and become Tropical Depression Five-E on July 20. The depression rapidly strengthened into a tropical storm that moved northward, turned westward, and then northwestward. Douglas strengthened into a hurricane on July 22 and peaked as a Category 2 the next day. It began to weaken due to cooler waters and an eyewall replacement cycle. Douglas's forward speed increased due to a strong ridge of high pressure. The hurricane continued to decay, and fell to a tropical storm on July 24 and a tropical depression two days later. Convection ceased on July 26, and a swirl of clouds was all that remained. The remnant lost its closed circulation and degenerated later that day as it continued to accelerate. Douglas had no impact on land.[16]

Hurricane Elida

Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration July 23 – July 30
Intensity 160 mph (260 km/h) (1-min), 921 mbar (hPa)

A tropical wave generated into Tropical Depression Six-E on July 23. It moved westward and reached storm strength 12 hours after it formed. Elida rapidly deepened, developing a "pinhole" eye, becoming a hurricane on July 24 and a major hurricane six hours later. Elida's rapid intensification continued, becoming a Category 5 hurricane for six hours on July 25.[17]

Despite moving over warm waters, Elida began to weaken because it began an eyewall replacement cycle. When the cycle ended, the cyclone was over cooler water and unsteadily weakened. Elida fell to a tropical storm on July 27, then degenerated into a remnant low and turned to the northeast. The remnant dissipated over the open ocean about 465 nm west of Los Angeles, California.[17]

Elida is one of the fastest intensifying eastern Pacific hurricanes. Its rate of intensification is rivaled only by 1997's Linda. Elida had no direct impact on land. However, it did send heavy waves along the shores of Mexico. No one was killed and there was no damage.[17]

Tropical Depression Seven-E

Tropical depression (SSHS)
Duration August 6 – August 8
Intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min), 1008 mbar (hPa)

A tropical wave that had reached the Eastern Pacific from Africa was first spotted on July 23. The wave continued westward with little development occurring until August 3, when convection increased. After additional slow organization, the wave was classified as Tropical Depression Seven-E on August 6 near the tip of Baja California. The system did not strengthen much, and development was halted when wind shear destroyed the system on August 8. The depression never came near land and hence no one was killed or injured.[18] Like Tropical Depression Three-E, this cyclone was forecast to reach tropical storm intensity, but never did.[19]

Hurricane Fausto

Category 4 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration August 21 – September 3
Intensity 145 mph (230 km/h) (1-min), 936 mbar (hPa)

After a rather lengthy lull punctuated by only Tropical Depression Seven-E, a tropical wave formed Tropical Depression Eight-E on August 21. Initially taking a westward track, the depression strengthened into Tropical Storm Fausto on August 22. It turned to the west-northwest and stayed on that path for the next six days. Fausto steadily strengthened and intensified into a hurricane on August 22. It continued to intensify, peaking as a Category 4 on August 24, and also substantially increased in size. The hurricane began to weaken thereafter, and was a minimal tropical storm by the time it entered the Central Pacific Hurricane Center's area of responsibility on August 27.[20] The tropical cyclone dropped to a depression and spun down into a non-convective swirl of clouds on August 28.[21]

Fausto's remnants passed north of the Hawaiian Islands uneventfully until they interacted with a tropical upper-tropospheric trough (TUTT) on August 30. In combination with warm waters, a tropical depression with some subtropical features developed. At this time it was located around latitude 30°N. By September 1, Fausto had redeveloped into a tiny but tropical ministorm. Its rebirth was brief, however, as a mid-latitude cyclone absorbed the system early on September 3.[20]

Fausto's regeneration north of Hawaii was unusual but not unprecedented. The other time this happened since 1966 was in the 1975 season. That time, another TUTT absorbed the remnant of Hurricane Ilsa, which led to the formation of an unnamed hurricane at high latitude. Other tropical cyclones have strengthened north of Hawaii, but the actual formation of one is rare.[21]

Tropical Storm Alika

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration August 22 – August 28
Intensity 65 mph (100 km/h) (1-min), 995 mbar (hPa)

An area of convection acquired a closed circulation and became Tropical Depression One-C on August 22. It stayed disorganized for the next several days. It organized more fully and intensified into a tropical storm on August 25 and was named Alika. After peaking as a moderately-strong tropical storm on August 25, wind shear caused by the pre-Ele tropical depression and an upper-level low near Hawaii weakened the storm to a depression on August 27. Alika dissipated the next day, having never threatened land.[21]

Tropical Storm Genevieve

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration August 26 – September 1
Intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min), 989 mbar (hPa)

A tropical wave formed Tropical Depression Nine-E on August 26. It was upgraded and named Genevieve the next day. It moved westward and strengthened almost to hurricane strength, peaking on August 28. At that point, the cyclone encountered cooler waters, which caused it to weaken slowly, dropping to a depression on August 30. The depression hung on until it lost convection on the second day of September. A swirl of remnant clouds persisted for a few more days. Genevieve had no impact on land, with no reports of casualties or damage being received by the National Hurricane Center.[22]

Hurricane Ele

Category 3 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration August 26 – August 30
Intensity 125 mph (205 km/h) (1-min), 945 mbar (hPa)

An eastern extension of the monsoon trough south of Hawaii organized into Tropical Depression Two-C on August 27 and strengthened into Tropical Storm Ele six hours later. Despite the nearby presence of Alika, Ele developed rapidly and strengthened into a hurricane on August 28. After contributing to the demise of Alika, Ele continued strengthening. It reached Category 2 intensity late on August 28 and became a major hurricane six hours later. Ele then crossed the International Date Line and became a typhoon in the 2002 Pacific typhoon season. Typhoon Ele turned to the northwest after crossing the dateline and continued to strengthen. It reached Category 4 before turning north and weakening again. After briefly restrengthening back into a Category 4, the typhoon declined and turned to the northwest. Ele fell to a tropical storm on September 7, a depression on September 9, and dissipated shortly after that. Ele was of no threat to land.[21]

Hurricane Hernan

Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration August 30 – September 6
Intensity 160 mph (260 km/h) (1-min), 921 mbar (hPa)

A weak wave in the ITCZ organized into Tropical Depression Ten-E on August 30. It headed west-northwest and quickly intensified into a tropical storm and later a hurricane. Hernan then began a rapid deepening, and reached Category 5 intensity on September 1. It was at that intensity for 12 hours. Hernan then tracked over cooler waters. The storm weakened steadily, and wind shear continued its deterioration. Hernan degenerated into a remnant low on September 6. The low turned to the southwest and dissipated three days later.[23]

Hernan passed close enough to Socorro Island to bring strong winds to the island. [23] In addition, the hurricane's large and powerful wind field caused waves between 12 foot (3.7 m) and 20 foot (6.1 m) in height and strong rip currents on the southwest coast of California.[24] Other than these areas, Hernan had no significant impact on land.[23]

Tropical Depression Eleven-E

Tropical depression (SSHS)
Duration September 5 – September 8
Intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min), 1006 mbar (hPa)

Of the four tropical depressions this season that did not become named storms, only Eleven-E threatened land. An area of disturbed weather associated with a tropical wave formed into a tropical cyclone on September 5. It tracked northwestward, before turning southwest. It weakened into a remnant low on September 8. The remnant turned north and dissipated on September 10 offshore of the Baja California peninsula. The cyclone was nearly a tropical storm when it peaked on September 6. It was forecast to become a tropical storm and pass close to the peninsula. This prompted a tropical storm warning and a hurricane watch. With the weakening of the cyclone the watch and warning were discontinued. No damage or casualties were reported in association with this tropical cyclone.[25]

Tropical Storm Iselle

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration September 15 – September 20
Intensity 70 mph (110 km/h) (1-min), 990 mbar (hPa)

Part of the same tropical wave that formed Tropical Depression Seven in the Atlantic organized into Tropical Depression Twelve-E on September 15. It strengthened into Tropical Storm Iselle the next day. The storm headed northwest and paralleled the coast of Mexico. Iselle strengthened into nearly a hurricane late on September 17. While near its peak intensity, a trough abruptly recurved the system to the northeast. Shear also increased, and Iselle fell apart. It weakened to a depression on September 19. It degenerated the next day and rapidly disintegrated, dissipating on September 20. Iselle never nade landfall.[26]

Iselle threatened parts of southwestern Mexico and warnings and watches were issued for that area. Heavy rains were reported over parts of the Baja California Peninsula.[26] The highest amount of rainfall was 6.16 inches (156 mm) at Guadeloupe and Mulege, Baja California Sur.[27] There were no reports of damage or casualties.[26]

Tropical Storm Julio

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration September 25 – September 26
Intensity 45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min), 1000 mbar (hPa)

An area of convection and disturbed weather possibly related to outflow from Hurricane Isidore in the Atlantic developed a circulation on September 23 and organized into Tropical Depression Thirteen-E on September 25. The depression headed northward and strengthened into a tropical storm the same day. Julio turned to the northwest and peaked just before landfall near Lázaro Cárdenas, Michoacán, on September 26. The storm quickly dissipated over Mexico.[28]

No one was killed by Julio. In Guerrero, around 100 houses in Acapulco and Zihuatanejo were damaged or washed away by flash flooding.[28] The highest rainfall reported was 16.10 inches (409 mm) at Zihuatanajo and La Unión, Guerrero.[29]

Hurricane Kenna

Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration October 22 – October 26
Intensity 165 mph (270 km/h) (1-min), 913 mbar (hPa)

A disturbance possibly associated with a tropical wave organized into Tropical Depression Fourteen-E on October 22. It strengthened into a tropical storm that same day and a hurricane the next. The next day, Kenna became the third Category 5 hurricane of the season. A trough over Mexico recurved the hurricane, and it started accelerating towards Mexico. Despite moving over waters that were still warm, wind shear weakened the system to a minimal Category 4 by the time of its landfall late on October 25. Mountainous terrain quickly weakened Kenna, and the system dissipated early on October 26.[30]

Hurricane Kenna was the third-strongest Pacific hurricane to make landfall ever recorded.[30] It was also the second-strongest October hurricane in any season, and the third strongest Pacific hurricane overall.[2] In San Blas, Nayarit, 8800 people were affected; 1540 houses were damaged or destroyed,[31], which was 80% to 90% of houses in the town.[30] In Santiago Ixcluintla, 3770 houses were damaged. Agriculture in the affected area was disrupted. Farmers required aid, and many fruit crops were destroyed. Tourism in Puerto Vallarta was disrupted,[31] with much of the damage to hotels. Insurance companies reported that Kenna's total damage was $96 million (2002 USD).[32]

Kenna killed four people in Mexico and injured over a hundred. The low death toll is likely due to massive evacuations in San Blas, Nayarit, and elsewhere ahead of the hurricane.[30]

Tropical Storm Lowell

Tropical storm (SSHS)
Duration October 22 – October 31
Intensity 50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min), 1002 mbar (hPa)

A weak tropical wave located over the open ocean organized into Tropical Depression Fifteen-E on October 22. It strengthened into a tropical storm the next day. Just after that, shear increased. Lowell's convection was disrupted, and its center of circulation became exposed. The cyclone crossed into the Central Pacific Hurricane Center's area of responsibility on October 26. The shear relaxed, and the depression restrengthened into a tropical storm. Lowell drifted in slow steering currents until it approached the next storm of the season, Huko. The proximity of the other system caused a gradual weakening, and Lowell dissipated on October 31.[33]

Hurricane Huko

Category 1 hurricane (SSHS)
Duration October 24 – November 3
Intensity 85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min), 980 mbar (hPa)

An area of convection formed in the Central Pacific and was designated as Tropical Depression Three-C on October 24 by the Central Pacific Hurricane Center. The depression then intensified slowly and on October 26 had intensified enough to be designated as a tropical storm, and was named Huko.[21] Huko intensified into a hurricane later that day, reaching wind speeds of 75 miles per hour (121 km/h). The storm stayed at this intensity during the next day, and then weakened in to a tropical storm, due to some interaction with Tropical Storm Lowell which was located at the other end of the central Pacific Ocean.[21]

After Lowell's demise on October 31, Huko started to move towards the west and became a hurricane again later that day. Huko then reached its peak 1-minute wind speeds of85 miles per hour (137 km/h) early on November 1. On November 2 Huko passed to the south of a high pressure cell, causing it to accelerate towards the International dateline. It then reached the dateline early the next day and crossed over in to the Western Pacific, becoming a typhoon in the 2002 Pacific typhoon season.[21][34]

Tropical Depression Sixteen-E

Tropical depression (SSHS)
Duration November 14 – November 16
Intensity 35 mph (55 km/h) (1-min), 1006 mbar (hPa)

Tropical Depression Sixteen-E formed from a disturbance in the intertropical convergence zone. Despite being located in a hostile environment, it managed to organize into a tropical depression on November 14.[35] It was briefly forecast to strengthen into a tropical storm.[36] However, wind shear prevented that. It degenerated into a remnant low on November 16 and dissipated soon after that.[35]

Season statistics

Timeline

The season began with the formation of Tropical Depression One-E on May 24[2] and ended with the dissipation of Tropical Depression Sixteen-E on November 16.[35] One named storm formed in May, one in June, three in July, five in August, two in September, three in October, and none in November.[2] The total length of the season, from the formation of the first depression to the dissipation of the last, was 176 days.

Accumulated Cyclone Energy

Accumulated Cyclone Energy
Rank Name ACE Rank Name ACE
1 Hernan 20.0 9 Genevieve 3.60
2 Elida 18.1 10 Iselle 3.15
3 Fausto 16.6 (0.735) 11 Cristina 2.46
4 Kenna 14.2 12 Lowell 0.885 (1.09)
5 Huko (12.9) 13 Alika (1.74)
6 Alma 10.3 14 Boris 1.40
7 Douglas 9.33 15 Julio 0.565
8 Ele (7.24)
Total ACE: 101 (23.7) 104 kt2

Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) is a measure of the activity of a hurricane season. It is calculated by squaring the windspeed of a cyclone with at least tropical storm-force winds every six hours, summing the results, and dividing that total by 104.[6] As a tropical cyclone does not have gale-force winds until it becomes a tropical storm, tropical depressions are not included in these tables. For all storms, ACE is given to three significant figures. The ACE in the east Pacific proper (140°W to North America) is given; the ACE in the central Pacific (the International Date Line to 140°W) is given in brackets.

The table includes the ACE for Ele and Huko accumulated only when those storms were located east of the dateline; their ACE west of the dateline is part of the totals of the 2002 typhoon season.

The National Hurricane Center uses ACE to rank hurricane seasons as above-normal, near-normal, and below-normal. It defines below-normal as having an ACE less than 95*104 kt2 kt2; It defines above normal as having an ACE above 150*104 kt2 along with the numbers of any two of the following above average: tropical storms (15), hurricanes (9), or major hurricanes (4); It defines near-normal as having an ACE between 100*104 kt2 and 150*104 kt2, or an ACE above 150*104 kt2 with fewer than two of the numbers of the following above average: tropical storms (15), hurricanes (9), or major hurricanes (4).[6]

The 2002 season had a total of fifteen tropical storms, eight hurricanes, and 7 major hurricanes.[2] The total ACE of the season was 101*104 kt2 in the east Pacific proper. This qualifies the 2002 season as near-normal.[37]

Storm names

The following names were used for named storms that formed in the northeast Pacific in 2002. The names not retired from this list were used again in the 2008 Pacific hurricane season. This is the same list used for the 1996 season.[2] Names that were not assigned are marked in gray.

  • Iselle
  • Julio
  • Kenna
  • Lowell
  • Marie (unused)
  • Norbert (unused)
  • Odile (unused)
  • Polo (unused)
  • Rachel (unused)
  • Simon (unused)
  • Trudy (unused)
  • Vance (unused)
  • Winnie (unused)
  • Xavier (unused)
  • Yolanda (unused)
  • Zeke (unused)

In addition to these, three central Pacific names, taken from a list used for storms forming in the jurisdiction of the Central Pacific Hurricane Center — Alika, Ele, and Huko — were used. This was the first usage for all of them.[2]

Retirement

The World Meteorological Organization retired one name in the spring of 2003: Kenna.[38] It was replaced in the 2008 Pacific hurricane season by Karina.[39]

See also

References

  1. ^ Neal Dorst. "Subject: G1) When is hurricane season?". FAQ: Hurricanes, Typhoons, and Tropical Cyclones. Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory Hurricane Research Division. http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/tcfaq/G1.html. Retrieved 2008-09-14.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Eastern North Pacific Tracks File 1949-2007" (Plaintext). National Hurricane Center. 2008-03-21. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/tracks1949to2007_epa.txt. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  3. ^ "The 1994 Central Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season". Central Pacific Hurricane Center. http://www.prh.noaa.gov/cphc/summaries/1994.php. Retrieved 2008-09-14.  
  4. ^ "2002 Eastern Pacific Hurricane Season". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002epac.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-14.  
  5. ^ a b Franklin, Avila, Beven, Lawrence, Pasch, & Stewart (2002-11-30). "Monthly Tropical Weather Summary". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2002/tws/MIATWSEP_nov.html. Retrieved 2008-09-16.  
  6. ^ a b c "Background Information: Eastern Pacific Hurricane Season". Climate Prediction Center. http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/Epac_hurr/background_information.html. Retrieved 2008-09-16.  
  7. ^ "Figure 19. Tropical Storms, El Niño, and the Southwest". University of Arizona. August 2002. http://www.climas.arizona.edu/forecasts/archive/aug2002/aug2002figs/19_tropicalstorms.html. Retrieved 2008-09-16.  
  8. ^ Gerald Bell, Eric Blake, Muthuvel Chelliah, Stanley Goldenberg, Chris Landsea, & Richard Pasch. "The 2002 North Atlantic Hurricane Season" (PDF). Climate Prediction Center. http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/outreach/proceedings/cdw27_proceedings/gbell_2002.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-16.  
  9. ^ "Tropical Cyclone Climatology". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pastprofile.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-14.  
  10. ^ a b Stacy Stewart (2002-07-24). "Tropical Cyclone Report Hurricane Alma". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002alma.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  11. ^ a b James Franklin (2002-06-24). "Tropical Cyclone Report Tropical Storm Boris". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002boris.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  12. ^ David M. Roth. "Tropical Storm Boris - June 5-12, 2002" (GIF). Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/boris2002filledrainblk.gif. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  13. ^ a b Lixion Avila (2002-07-06). "Tropical Depression Report Tropical Depression Three-E". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002three-e.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  14. ^ Lawrence (2002-06-27). "Tropical Depression Three-E Discussion Number 1". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2002/dis/ep032002.discus.001.html. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  15. ^ Miles Lawrence & Eric Blake (2002-11-30). "Tropical Cyclone Report Tropical Storm Cristina". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002cristina.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  16. ^ Richard Pasch (2002-12-13). "Tropical Cyclone Report Hurricane Douglas". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002douglas.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  17. ^ a b c Jack Beven (2002-12-13). "Tropical Cyclone Report Hurricane Elida". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002elida.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  18. ^ Jack Beven (2002-11-20). "Tropical Cyclone Report Tropical Depression Seven-E". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002seven-e.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  19. ^ Franklin (2002-08-06). "Tropical Depression Seven-E Discussion 1". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2002/dis/ep072002.discus.001.html. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  20. ^ a b James Franklin (2002-12-06). "Tropical Cyclone Report Hurricane Fausto". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002fausto.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Andy Nash, Hans Rosendal, Brooke Bingaman, Treena Loos, & Jeff Fournier. "2002 Central North Pacific Tropical Cyclones". Central Pacific Hurricane Center. http://www.prh.noaa.gov/cphc/summaries/2002.php. Retrieved 2008-08-26.  
  22. ^ Lixion Avila (2002-10-12). "Tropical Cyclone Report Tropical Storm Genevieve". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002genevieve.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  23. ^ a b c Miles Lawrence (2002-12-10). "Tropical Cyclone Report Hurricane Hernan". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002hernan.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  24. ^ "Event Record Details". National Climatic Data Center. http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~ShowEvent~450914. Retrieved 2002-09-14.  
  25. ^ Richard Pasch (2002-01-21). "Tropical Cyclone Report Tropical Depression Eleven-E". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002eleven-e.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-14.  
  26. ^ a b c Stacy Stewart (2002-11-10). "Tropical Cyclone Report Tropical Storm Iselle". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002iselle.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  27. ^ David M. Roth. "Tropical Storm Iselle - September 16-20, 2002" (GIF). Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/iselle2002filledrainblk.gif. Retrieved 2008-09-14.  
  28. ^ a b Jack Beven (2002-12-11). "Tropical Cyclone Report Tropical Storm Julio". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002julio.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  29. ^ David M. Roth. "Tropical Storm Julio - September 23-27, 2002" (GIF). Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/julio2002.html. Retrieved 2002-09-14.  
  30. ^ a b c d James Franklin (2002-12-26). "Tropical Cyclone Report Hurricane Kenna". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002kenna.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  31. ^ a b International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies (2002-10-28). "Mexico: Hurricane Kenna Information Bulletin No. 02/02". ReliefWeb. http://wwww.reliefweb.int/rw/RWB.NSF/db900SID/ACOS-64CLEP?OpenDocument&rc=2&emid=ST-2002-0669-MEX. Retrieved 2008-09-14.  
  32. ^ Guy Carpenter (2003-01-30). "2002 Tropical Cyclone Review" (PDF). p. ii. http://gcportal.guycarp.com/portal/extranet/popup/pdf/GCPub/tropcyc_02.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-14.  
  33. ^ Lixion Avila (2002-12-27). "Tropical Cyclone Report Tropical Storm Lowell". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002lowell.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-13.  
  34. ^ "Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary October 2002". Gary Padgett. http://www.australiasevereweather.com/cyclones/2003/summ0210.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-06.  
  35. ^ a b c Miles Lawrence (2002-12-04). "Tropical Cyclone Report Tropical Depression Sixteen-E". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/2002sixteen-e.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-14.  
  36. ^ Stewart (2002-11-14). "Tropical Depression Sixteen-E Discussion Number 2". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2002/dis/ep162002.discus.002.html. Retrieved 2008-09-14.  
  37. ^ "Historical East Pacific Seasonal Activity" (GIF). Climate Prediction Center. http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/Epac_hurr/figure2.gif. Retrieved 2008-09-18.  
  38. ^ Gary Padgett, Jack Beven, & James Lewis Free (2006-12-06). "Subject: B3) What names have been retired in the Atlantic and East Pacific basin?". FAQ: Hurricanes, Typhoons, and Tropical Cyclones. Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory Hurricane Research Division. http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/tcfaq/B3.html. Retrieved 2008-09-14.  
  39. ^ Franklin (2008-09-02). "Tropical Storm Karina Special Discussion Number 1". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2008/ep12/ep122008.discus.001.shtml?. Retrieved 2008-09-14.  

External links

Tropical cyclones of the 2002 Pacific hurricane season
Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
TD TS 1 2 3 4 5


* Central Pacific system

Simple English

2002 Pacific hurricane season

Season summary map
First storm formed:May 24, 2002
Last storm dissipated:November 16, 2002
Strongest storm:Kenna - 913 mbar (26.96 inHg), 145 knots (165 mph)
Total storms:15
Major storms (Cat. 3+):6
Total damage:$5-100 million+ (2002 USD)
Total fatalities:4
Pacific hurricane seasons
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

The 2002 Pacific hurricane season was an event in tropical cyclone meteorology. The most notable storm this year was Hurricane Kenna, which reached Category 5 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. It made landfall near Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico on October 25. It killed four people and was one of the most powerful hurricanes to ever strike the western coast of Mexico. Elsewhere, Tropical Storm Julio made landfall in Mexico, and Tropical Storm Boris dumped torrential rain along the Mexican coast, although it remained offshore.

Other storms were individually unusual. Hurricanes Elida and Hernan also reached Category 5 intensity, but neither did any damage. Hurricane Fausto, while it had no effect on land, regenerated into a tiny tropical storm at a very high latitude.

Contents

Season summary

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
TD TS 1 2 3 4 5

It officially started May 15, 2002 in the eastern Pacific, and June 1, 2002 in the central Pacific, and lasted until November 30, 2002. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northeastern Pacific Ocean.

There were twelve tropical storms in the eastern Pacific Ocean this season. Of those, six became hurricanes and five became major hurricanes by reaching Category 3 or high on the Saffir Simpson Scale. A record three Category 5 storms formed. In the central Pacific, one tropical storm, one hurricane, and one major hurricane formed. The season saw below average activity in terms of the number of systems, but above average activity in terms of stronger storms. This was due to a moderately-strong El Niño that also suppressed activity in the Atlantic Ocean.

Also of note this season is an unusual gap in storm formation during the first three weeks of August. That time usually sees several nameable storms, but for some reason there were none.

Storms

Tropical Storm Boris

File:Boris 2002
Storm path

On June 8, an area of disturbed weather that had absorbed a tropical wave spawned Tropical Depression Two-E. It became a tropical storm the next day. After peaking on June 9, steering currents collapsed and Boris stalled out in the ocean between two ridges of high pressure. Shear increased, and the cyclone weakened to a depression on June 10. The next day, Boris degenerated into a remnant low. The remnant drifted east and then southeast before dissipating on June 12.

Boris dumped heavy rains on sections of the Mexican coast. Several homes at an unspecified location were damaged. There were no deaths.[1]

Tropical Storm Julio

File:Julio 2002
Storm path

An area of convection and disturbed weather possibly related to outflow from Hurricane Isidore developed a circulation on September 23 and organized into Tropical Depression Thirteen-E on September 25. The depression headed northward and strengthened into a tropical storm the same day. Julio turned to the northwest and peaked just before landfall near Lazaro Cardenas on September 26. The storm quickly dissipated over Mexico.

No one was killed by Julio. Around 100 houses in Acapulco and Zihuatanejo were damaged or washed away by flash flooding.[2]

Hurricane Kenna

[[Image:|150px|none|Satellite image]]
Kenna satellite image and storm track.

A powerful Category 5 hurricane at its peak, the third of the season, Kenna made landfall on Mexico as a Category 4. As of 2005, it is the most recent Pacific hurricane to have its name retired.

Kenna killed four people in Mexico and left thousands homeless. Its total damage was from 5 to 100 million dollars.

Tropical Depression Eleven-E

Eleven-E threatened land. It resulted in warnings and watches being issued for parts of the Baja California Peninsula, but it weakened to a remnant low before strengthening into a storm. No deaths or damages were reported. Eleven-E was the final storm of the season. It lasted for two days in November and dissipated on the sixteenth day of that month.

Tropical cyclones of the 2002 Pacific hurricane season
D
E
F
E*
H
H*
Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
TD TS 1 2 3 4 5


* Central Pacific system








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message