2004 – 2008 legislature of the Romanian Parliament: Wikis

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Parliament of Romania
5th legislature

 
December 2004 – December 2008

<2000 - 2004 legislature 2008 - present legislature>

Parliamentarians
Senators
135
Deputies
325

Sessions
1st Session
December 2004 - December 2004
2nd Session
March 2005 - July 2005
3rd Session
September 2005 - December 2005
4th Session
March 2006 - July 2006
5th Session
September 2006 - December 2006
6th Session
March 2007 - December 2008

Party standings
Government Opposition
National Liberal Party Social Democratic Party
Democratic Party (2004 - 2007) Greater Romania Party
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania Conservative Party (2007 - 2008)
Romanian Humanist Party (2004 - 2005) Democratic Party (2007)
Conservative Party (2005 - 2007) Democratic Liberal Party (2007 - 2008)
Senate
File:Seats in the Romanian Senate - 5th Legislature.png
Political structure of the Senate
President of the Senate Nicolae Văcăroiu 20 December 2004 - 14 October 2008
(Social Democratic Party)
Ilie Sârbu 14 October 2008 - December 2008
(Social Democratic Party)
Senate Political Groups Leaders
Social Democratic Party Ion Iliescu
National Liberal Party Puiu Haşotti
Democratic Liberal Party Petru Nicolae Ioţcu
Constantin Gheorghe
Greater Romania Party Gheorghe Funar
Mihai Ungheanu
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania Attila Verestóy

Chamber of Deputies
File:Seats in the Romanian Chamber of Deputies - 5th Legislature.png
Political structure of the Chamber of Deputies
President of the Chamber of Deputies Adrian Năstase 20 December 2008 - 20 March 2006
(Social Democratic Party)
Bogdan Olteanu 20 March 2006 - 15 November 2008
(National Liberal Party)
Chamber of Deputies Political Groups Leaders
Social Democratic Party Miron Mitrea
Viorel Hrebenciuc
Democratic Liberal Party Cozmin Guşă
Cristian Rădulescu
National Liberal Party Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
Eugen Nicolăescu
Crin Antonescu
Greater Romania Party Lucian Bolcaş
Ion Mînzînă
Petre Popeangă
Ioan Aurel Rus
Octavian-Mircea Purceld
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania Atilla Kelemen
Árpád Márton


Government
Tăriceanu II Cabinet
minority Government
Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
5 Apr. 2007-22 Dec. 2008
Tăriceanu I Cabinet
coalition Government
Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
29 Dec. 2004-5 Apr. 2007


In Romania's 2004 legislative election, held on November 28, no party won an outright majority. The Social Democratic Party (PSD) won the largest number of seats but was in opposition because the Justice and Truth Alliance, the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, the Romanian Humanist Party (which later became the Conservative Party), and the National Minorities formed a governing coalition. The Conservative Party withdrew in December 2006, meaning that the government lost the majority.[1]. In April 2007 the liberal Prime-Minister, Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, dismissed the Democratic Party ministers from the government and formed a minority government with the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, marking the end of the Justice and Truth Alliance.[2]

Contents

Senate

The President of the Senate for this legislature was Nicolae Văcăroiu, who was elected on December 20, 2004. Following his ad interim presidency of Romania, he delegated his attributions to the vicepresident Doru Ioan Tărăcilă. After Văcăroiu was sworn in as president of the Court of Accounts, Ilie Sârbu was elected as the new President of the Senate.

The table below gives the state of play before the 2008 election; parties in bold were part of the governing coalition at the end of this legislature.

Party  % of seats Seats
  Social Democratic Party 31.4 43
  National Liberal Party 16 22
  Democratic Party 15.4 21
  Greater Romania Party 13.1 18
  Conservative Party 8.0 11
  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 7.3 10
  Independents 8.8 12
Total 100 137

Chamber of Deputies

During the 2004-2008 legislature, the president of the Chamber of Deputies was Bogdan Olteanu from the National Liberal Party, who was elected on March 20, 2006, after the Chamber's former president, Adrian Năstase, was forced by his own party (the Social Democratic Party, PSD) to step down amidst allegations of corruption.

After the 2004 elections, several deputies from the Social Democratic Party switched to other parties (including the governing Justice and Truth Alliance) or became independents, with the total number of Social Democratic Party seats being reduced from 113 to 105. The number of Justice and Truth Alliance deputies also increased from 112 to 118, making it the largest formation in parliament as of October 2006. This changed again in December 2006, leaving the Social Democratic Party with 107 seats and the Justice and Truth Alliance with 101. Since April 2007 the Justice and Truth Alliance has split leaving the two former members with 51 respectively 50 members. Deputies elected to the European Parliament in the 2007 election resigned, thus reducing the number of deputies to 314 as of 4 December 2007.

A new election was held in 2008. The table below gives the state of play before the 2008 election; parties in bold were part of the governing coalition at the end of this legislature.[3] That coalition was tacitly supported by the PSD.[4]

Party  % of seats Seats
  Social Democratic Party 32.31 105
  Democratic Liberal Party 20.62 67
  National Liberal Party 18.15 59
  Greater Romania Party 6.77 22
  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 6.77 22
  Conservative Party 5.85 19
  National Minorities 5.54 18
  Independents 4.00 13
Total 100 325

See also

References

  1. ^ Guvern minoritar (Minority government), Evenimentul Zilei, December 4, 2006
  2. ^ "Romania's prime minister names new Cabinet of minority government", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), April 2, 2007.
  3. ^ "source". Archived from the original on 2009-08-05. http://www.webcitation.org/5ioXYxYFn. Retrieved 2009-07-31.  
  4. ^ [1]
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