The Full Wiki

2006 Madrid Barajas International Airport bombing: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2006 Madrid Barajas International Airport bombing

Smoke billows from the parking building in the Barajas Airport
Location Madrid, Spain
Coordinates 40°29′30″N 3°35′41″W / 40.49167°N 3.59472°W / 40.49167; -3.59472Coordinates: 40°29′30″N 3°35′41″W / 40.49167°N 3.59472°W / 40.49167; -3.59472
Date 30 December 2006
09:00 (UTC+1)
Target Madrid Barajas International Airport
Attack type van bomb
Death(s) 2
Injured 26

On the morning of 30 December 2006, the Basque separatist organization ETA ended an eight-month ceasefire[1] and killed two people by planting a bomb in the parking of the new Terminal 4 of Madrid Barajas International Airport in Spain. On 9 January 2007, Gara published a letter on behalf of Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA), a group classified as a terrorist organisation by the European Union and numerous other countries; the ETA letter claimed responsibility for the 30 December 2006 bomb at Barajas airport in Madrid. ETA also claimed that the ceasefire was still in place despite the bombing.

Contents

Details

The explosion took place in the terminal's carpark, and the interior minister has stated the almost brand-new carpark was damaged (three of four stories were demolished by the explosion,[2] 60% of the building destroyed).[3] The terminal also received some damage.[2][4] Two were killed and 26 other people sustained injuries, mainly with damage to the ears because of the shock wave.[5][6]

The explosion was from a van bomb, a Renault Trafic containing 500 to 800 kilograms of an ammonium nitrate fertilizer based explosive[7] mixed with aluminum powder[8] stolen from a Spanish national in France, who was abducted and released shortly after the bombing.[9] A similarly charged ETA Renault Trafic van bomb was intercepted by the police going towards Madrid 11 days before the 2004 Madrid train bombings.[10][11] [12]

The Ecuadorian Government stated that two Ecuadorian citizens died as a result of the bombing. The Spanish Government did not confirm this statement when it was issued.[13][14] The body of one of the victims, Carlos Alonso Palate, was finally found on 3 January 2007, dead inside his vehicle.[15] The body of the second victim (Diego Armando Estacio) was located on the morning of 5 January 2007.[16]

Entry was restricted to all airport terminals by the Spanish national police but air traffic resumed at Terminal 4 soon afterward.

Prelude

The three ETA members appearing in the Day of the Basque Soldier (25 September 2006) are suspected by the Spanish police to be the authors of the attack[17].

On 4 November 2006, Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) warned the Spanish government that the "peace process" was "in crisis".[18] ETA and its political supporters asked for concessions that were not acceded to, including moving ETA inmates to jails in the Basque region and the halting of arrests and trials of ETA suspects.[19]

It has been reported by ABC on 12 January 2007 that, before the attack, ETA reminded Rodríguez Zapatero about the 2004 Madrid train bombings as a way to pressure the Government with the possibility of an attack before upcoming elections, even though the source also states that ETA 'had nothing to do' with the attack itself.[20]

Aftermath

Damaged parking building.

Because of the attacks, Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero ordered the government to put "on hold" all peace talks with ETA.[21] On 3 January 2007 the Spanish Minister of the Interior Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba announced all peace talks with ETA had definitely been broken off.[22]

Despite this claim, Spanish newspaper El Mundo claimed that, less a week after Zapatero's order, PSE (Partido Socialista de Euskadi, basque branch of the PSOE) leaders met in secret with leaders of Batasuna. This report has been denounced as a falsehood by PSE leaders.[23]

Several silent demonstrations took place across Spain on 31 December 2006. Some protesters against the bombings were just demonstrators against ETA. However, other demonstrators chanted cries against the government, and others asked about who committed the 2004 Madrid train bombings.[24]

On 9 January 2007, in a letter to the newspaper Gara, ETA claimed responsibility for the 30 December blast and insisted that the March ceasefire was still in place despite the bombing.[25] ETA extends their solidarity to the "collateral damage" (the two Ecuadorian immigrants killed by the explosion), stating that the "objective of this armed action was not to cause victims" and blames the government for the dead, due to an alleged lack of diligence evacuating the building. They also accuse the Government and the PSOE of creating obstacles for a democratic process.[26][27]

In January 2008, Spain said it arrested two of the men who carried out the bombing. Another suspect was on the run. [28]

On 16 November 2008, French police arrested the suspected head of ETA, Miguel de Garikoitz Aspiazu Rubina, aka "Txeroki." According to an indictment by a Spanish judge, Garikoitz Aspiazu ordered the attack on the airport in the summer of 2006 and gave final instructions to the bombers.[29]

References

  1. ^ Curtis, Ben (30 December 2006). "ETA announce return with airport bomb". http://www.notesfromspain.com/2006/12/30/eta-announce-return-with-airport-bomb/.  
  2. ^ a b Llerena, María José (30 December 2006). "The ETA resurfaces and bombs the T4 in Barajas; two people go missing" (in Spanish). El Mundo. http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2006/12/30/espana/1167467691.html. Retrieved 31 December 2006.  
  3. ^ "The ETA detonated 200 kg of explosives in the T4; the search for the missing people continues" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 31 December 2006. http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2006/12/30/espana/1167508417.html. Retrieved 31 December 2006.  
  4. ^ "The ETA armed the bomb in Barajas with less than 200 kg of explosives" (in Spanish). El País. 30 December 2006. http://www.elpais.com/articulo/espana/ETA/cargo/bomba/Barajas/200/kilos/explosivo/elpepuesp/20061230elpepunac_1/Tes. Retrieved 31 December 2006.  
  5. ^ Webb, Jason; Sanz, Inmaculada (30 December 2006). "Four hurt in Madrid airport bomb, ETA claims attack". Reuters. http://today.reuters.com/news/articlenews.aspx?type=newsOne&storyID=2006-12-30T104600Z_01_L30851238_RTRUKOC_0_US-SPAIN-EXPLOSION.xml&WTmodLoc=Home-C2-TopNews-newsOne-3_latest. Retrieved 31 December 2006.  
  6. ^ Woolls, Daniel (31 December 2006). "2 Men Missing in Madrid Car Bombing". AP. http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/S/SPAIN_EXPLOSION?SITE=ORBAK&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT. Retrieved 31 December 2006. "The explosion also injured 26 people, most of them with damage to their ears from the shock wave."  
  7. ^ "Madrid technicians raise estimated weight of explosive charge from 500 to 800 kilograms" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 31 December 2006. http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2006/12/31/espana/1167563742.html. Retrieved 31 December 2006.  
  8. ^ http://www.typicallyspanish.com/news/publish/article_8082.shtml
  9. ^ "The van's owner was kidnapped in France on the 27th and set free after the attack" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 31 December 2006. http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2006/12/31/espana/1167566823.html. Retrieved 31 December 2006.  
  10. ^ "Spain Campaigned to Pin Blame on ETA". The Washington Post. 17 March 2004. http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A64633-2004Mar16?language=printer. Retrieved 1 February 2007. "On Feb. 29 [2004], police arrested two ETA members near Madrid as they drove a van bomb packed with a half-ton of explosives."  
  11. ^ "Spain Campaigned to Pin Blame on ETA". BBC. 12 March 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3504950.stm. Retrieved 1 February 2007. "two Eta suspects were arrested last month driving a truck loaded with more than 500kg of explosives headed for Madrid"  
  12. ^ "La Audiencia citará a Henri Parot y otros dos etarras como testigos en el juicio del 11-M" (in Spanish). El Mundo (Spain). 23 January 2007. http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2007/01/23/espana/1169556008.html. Retrieved 23 January 2007. "Includes picture of the Renault Trafic intercepted in 2004 La furgoneta interceptada en Cuenca el 29 de febrero de 2004"  
  13. ^ "Ecuador affirms that two of its citizens died in the ETA attack" (in Spanish). Milenio. 30 December 2006. http://www.milenio.com/index.php/2006/12/30/27638/. Retrieved 31 December 2006.  
  14. ^ "Ecuador ensures that Moratinos confirmed to them the death of the two missing people" (in Spanish). Libertad Digital. 31 December 2006. http://www.libertaddigital.com/noticias/noticia_1276295762.html. Retrieved 31 December 2006.  
  15. ^ "Los equipos de rescate hallan el cadaver de uno de los desaparecidos" (in Spanish). El País. 3 January 2007. http://www.elpais.com/articulo/espana/equipos/rescate/hallan/cadaver/desaparecidos/elpepuesp/20070103elpepunac_8/Tes. Retrieved 3 January 2007.  
  16. ^ "LLocalizan el cadáver de Diego Armando Estacio en el interior de su vehículo en la T4" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 5 January 2007. http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2007/01/05/espana/1167959463.html?a=de20021483e336a508d1c6be362654f9&t=1167986070. Retrieved 5 January 2007.  
  17. ^ Los etarras detenidos en Mondragón son los autores del atentado de la T-4, [[El Mundo (Spain)|]], 9 January 2008.
  18. ^ foxnews.com
  19. ^ foxnews.com
  20. ^ "La banda recordó al Ejecutivo el precedente del 11-M" (in Spanish). ABC. 12 January 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070112224601/http://www.abc.es/20061231/nacional-terrorismo/banda-recordo-ejecutivo-precedente_200612310243.html.  
  21. ^ "Madrid bomb shatters ETA cease-fire". Reuters. 31 December 2006. http://www.cnn.com/2006/WORLD/europe/12/30/madrid.blast/index.html?section=cnn_latest. Retrieved 31 December 2006.  
  22. ^ EDICIONES EL PAIS, S.L. (3 January 2007). "'ETA ha roto el proceso, lo ha liquidado y acabado con él'" (in Spanish). El País. Archived from the original on 2009-07-22. http://www.webcitation.org/5iTKyzz8c. Retrieved 3 January 2007.  
  23. ^ "El PSE se reunió en secreto con Batasuna tras el atentado de ETA en Barajas" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 9 January 2007. Archived from the original on 2009-07-22. http://www.webcitation.org/5iTL7m1lw. Retrieved 9 January 2007.  
  24. ^ Mucientes, Esther (31 December 2006). "Thousands of citizens show their contempt for ETA and Government politics" (in Spanish). El Mundo. http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2006/12/30/espana/1167494632.html. Retrieved 31 December 2006.  
  25. ^ Associated Press (9 January 2007). "ETA claims car bombing but says cease-fire stands". International Herald Tribune. http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/01/09/europe/EU-GEN-Spain-Basques.php. Retrieved 9 January 2007.  
  26. ^ "ETA dice que el alto el fuego sigue 'vigente' y que no quiso 'causar víctimas' en la T4" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 9 January 2007. http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2007/01/09/espana/1168348140.html?a=8820e184a520a8c89dc2a95e237ac798&t=1168352723. Retrieved 9 January 2007.  
  27. ^ "ETA asume la autoría del atentado de Barajas pero asegura que el alto el fuego continúa vigente" (in Spanish). El País. 9 January 2007. http://www.elpais.com/articulo/espana/ETA/asume/autoria/atentado/Barajas/asegura/alto/fuego/continua/vigente/elpepuesp/20070109elpepunac_8/Tes. Retrieved 9 January 2007.  
  28. ^ "Spain says 2 arrested ETA suspects are Madrid airport bombers". Associated Press (International Herald Tribune). 9 January 2008. http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/01/09/news/Spain-Bombing-Suspects.php. Retrieved 9 January 2008.  
  29. ^ BBC (24 November 2008). "'Eta head' linked to airport bomb". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7746243.stm. Retrieved 24 November 2008.  

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message