2006 Pacific hurricane season: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on 2006 Pacific hurricane season

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2006 Pacific hurricane season

Season summary map
First storm formed: May 27, 2006
Last storm dissipated: November 20, 2006
Strongest storm: Ioke – 915 mbar (hPa) (27.03 inHg), 160 mph (260 km/h) (1-minute sustained)
Total storms: 18  –  East
1  –  Central
Major hurricanes (Cat. 3+): 5  –  East
1  –  Central
Total fatalities: 14
Total damage: $355 million (2006 USD)
$380 million (2010 USD)
Pacific hurricane seasons
2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008
Related articles:

The 2006 Pacific hurricane season was the most active since 2000, which also produced 19 tropical storms or hurricanes.[1] Eighteen developed within the National Hurricane Center (NHC) area of warning responsibility, which is east of 140°W, and one storm formed between 140°W and the International Date Line, which is under the jurisdiction of the Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC). Of the 19 total storms, eleven became hurricanes, of which six attained major hurricane status. Within the NHC portion of the basin, the season officially began on May 15, and in the CPHC portion, it started on June 1; the season officially ended on November 30. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the eastern Pacific basin.

The strongest storm of the season was Hurricane Ioke, which reached Category 5 status on the Saffir-Simpson scale in the central Pacific Ocean; Ioke passed near Johnston Atoll and later Wake Island, where it caused heavy damage but no deaths. The deadliest storm of the season was Hurricane John, which killed six people after striking the Baja California Peninsula, and the costliest storm was Hurricane Lane, which caused $203 million in damage in southwestern Mexico.

Seasonal activity began on May 27 when Tropical Storm Aletta formed off the southwest coast of Mexico. No storms formed in June, though the season became active in July when five named storms developed, including Hurricane Daniel which was the second strongest storm of the season. During August, Hurricanes Ioke and John formed, as well as four other storms. September was a relatively quiet month with two storms, of which one was Hurricane Lane. Three storms developed in October and two formed in November; this marked the first time on record when more than one tropical storm developed in the basin during the month of November.

Contents

Seasonal forecasts

Predictions of tropical activity in the 2006 season
for the Eastern North Pacific
Source Date Named
storms
Hurricanes Major
hurricanes
NOAA Average[2] 15.3 8.8 4.2
NOAA May 22, 2006 12–16 6–8 1–3
Actual activity 18 10 5

On May 22, 2006, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) released their forecasts for the 2006 Atlantic, East Pacific, and Central Pacific hurricane seasons. The Pacific season was expected to be hindered by the decades-long cycle that began in 1995, which generally increased wind shear across the basin. NOAA predicted a below-normal level of activity in the Eastern Pacific, with 12–16 named storms, of which 6–8 were expected to become hurricanes, and 1–3 expected to become major hurricanes.[3] The Central Pacific basin was also expected to be below average, with only two to three tropical cyclones expected to form or cross into the area.[4] They expected that neither El Niño nor La Niña would affect conditions significantly.[3]

Storms

Advertisements

May and June

Satellite image of Tropical Storm Aletta, the first storm of the season

On May 15, the hurricane season began in the Eastern Pacific basin, which is the area of the northern Pacific Ocean east of 140ºW.[5] Twelve days later, an area of disturbed weather developed into the first tropical depression of the season, about 190 mi (310 km) south of Acapulco, Mexico. It quickly intensified into a tropical storm, and upon doing so was named Aletta. The storm drifted northeastward toward the coast, bringing light rainfall before turning southward. Wind shear weakened the storm, and on May 31 Aletta dissipated about 200 mi (320 km) west-northwest of where it formed.[6]

On June 1, the season began in the Central Pacific basin, which is the region between 140ºW and the International Dateline; however, no storms occurred in the basin until July.[7] In the Eastern Pacific, Tropical Depression Two-E formed on June 3 about 145 mi (245 km) southwest of Zihuatanejo, Mexico. It tracked eastward and brought heavy rainfall to the coastline, with a report of about 11 inches (280 mm) in Acapulco. Land interaction weakened the depression, and it dissipated on June 5.[8] No tropical storms developed in June in the basin, which was unusual compared to the average of two storms forming during the month. Since 1966, there have been only three other seasons in which a tropical storm did not form in June, these being 1969, 2004, and 2007.[9]

July

After about a month of no storms, the basin became active in July. The first storm of the month was Hurricane Bud, which developed early on July 11 about 805 mi (1300 km) south of Cabo San Lucas. Moving west-northwestward, it encountered conditions for quick strengthening, and within 24 hours of forming it attained hurricane status. Bud continued strengthening, reaching major hurricane status, or Category 3 status on the Saffir-Simpson scale, and peak winds of 125 mph (205 km/h) on July 13. Thereafter, cooler waters and stable air caused the hurricane to quickly weaken. On July 14, Bud weakened to tropical storm status, and two days later it degenerated into a remnant low pressure area. The remnants of Bud dissipated on July 17 about 750 mi (1210 km) east-southeast of Hawaii.[10]

One day after Bud formed, a tropical disturbance organized into a tropical depression about 290 mi (465 km) off the coast of Mexico, which would later become Hurricane Carlotta. A large cyclone, its outer rainbands brushed the coastline of Mexico, as it steadily intensified to reach tropical storm and later hurricane status within 30 hours of forming. Outflow from Hurricane Bud prevented Carlotta from strengthening much further, though for a period of about 60 hours it fluctuated between strong tropical storm status and minimal hurricane status. Cooler waters weakened the storm, and on July 16 Carlotta degenerated into a remnant low. Its low-level circulation persisted for three days before dissipating.[11]

Hurricane Daniel near peak intensity

As the previous two storms were dissipating, a new tropical depression formed off the southwest coast of Mexico on July 16, which would later become Hurricane Daniel. It moved westward, gradually intensifying under favorable conditions. On July 22, it attained peak winds of 150 mph (240 km/h), a Category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale and making Daniel the strongest hurricane during the season in the NHC area of responsibility. Maintaining Category 4 status for about three days, the hurricane subsequently weakened quickly due to cooler waters.[12] Daniel was briefly forecast to move through the Hawaiian Islands as a tropical storm;[13] however, the storm continued to weaken, degenerating into a remnant low on July 27 about 800 mi (1290 km) east-southeast of Hilo, Hawaii. Its remnants brought moderate rainfall to the region, though no damage or deaths were reported.[14]

Another tropical depression formed off the coast of Mexico on July 21. It tracked northward toward the coast, strengthening into Tropical Storm Emilia and attaining peak winds of 65 mph (105 km/h). It briefly developed an eye, though weakened due to increased wind shear as it turned away from the coast. Emilia later turned to the north, restrengthening to its peak intensity before weakening and paralleling the coastline of the Baja California peninsula. After dropping moderate rainfall along the peninsula, it weakened further as it turned out to sea, and on July 27 degenerated into a remnant low.[15]

The final storm of the month formed on July 31 from a tropical wave, well to the southwest of Mexico. It maintained a steady westward track throughout its duration, and quickly intensified into Tropical Storm Fabio. On August 1 it attained peak winds of 50 mph (85 km/h), but subsequently began gradually weakening due to wind shear. Fabio degenerated into a remnant low on August 4, and a few days later brought locally heavy rainfall to Hawaii.[16]

August

Typhoon Ioke after brushing Wake Island

Within the basin, more tropical cyclones developed in August than in any other month.[1] The first storm of the month was Tropical Storm Gilma, which in terms of winds was tied with Rosa for the weakest named storm of the season. Gilma developed on August 1 off the southwest coast of Mexico, attaining peak winds of 40 mph (65 km/h). The storm was disorganized due to persistent wind shear, which prevented further strengthening. On August 5 the cyclone dissipated without ever having affected land.[17]

After a period of inactivity lasting a week and a half, a tropical depression formed southwest of Mexico on August 15. It tracked generally west-northwestward for its entire duration, eventually becoming Hurricane Hector. On August 18, it attained peak winds of 110 mph (175 km/h), before gradually weakening due to cooler waters. Weakening to a tropical storm on August 20, it later turned sharply to the west, degenerating into a remnant low on August 23 and dissipating the next day without affecting land.[18]

The strongest hurricane of the season was Hurricane Ioke,[1] which formed on August 20 far to the south of Hawaii.[14] It was the first central Pacific named storm since Hurricane Huko in 2002.[1] Encountering warm waters and little wind shear, and maintaining well-defined outflow, Ioke intensified from a tropical depression to Category 4 status on the Saffir-Simpson scale within 48 hours. Late on August 22 it rapidly weakened to Category 2 status before crossing over Johnston Atoll, where 12 people rode out the storm in a hurricane-proof bunker. Two days later, favorable conditions again allowed for rapid strengthening, and Ioke attained Category 5 status on August 25 before crossing the International Date Line.[14] As it continued westward its intensity fluctuated, and on August 31 it passed near Wake Island with winds of 155 mph (249 km/h). Ioke gradually weakened as it turned northwestward and northward, and by September 6 transitioned into an extratropical cyclone. The remnants of Ioke accelerated northeastward and ultimately crossed into Alaska.[14]

On August 21 shortly after the previous storm formed, Hurricane Ileana developed off the southwest coast of Mexico. It generally paralleled the coastline throughout its duration, ultimately reaching peak winds of 120 mph (195 km/h) before weakening. Around the time of peak intensity, the hurricane passed near Socorro Island, where it produced hurricane-force wind gusts. On August 27, Ileana degenerated into a remnant low, and two days later dissipated well offshore.[19]

Hurricane John on August 31

The next tropical depression, which would eventually become Hurricane John, formed on August 28 about 250 mi (400 km) off the coast of Mexico.[20] With favorable environmental conditions,[21] the system quickly organized, becoming a hurricane within 36 hours of forming. Hurricane John continued rapid intensification and reached peak winds of 135 mph (215 km/h) on August 30 while just off the Mexican coast. Land interaction weakened the hurricane, and still tracking northwestward it struck the eastern portion of the Baja California peninsula on September 2 as a Category 2 hurricane. John dissipated on September 4, though its remnants brought rainfall to the southwest United States.[20]

The last storm to develop in August was Hurricane Kristy, which formed on August 30 about 935 mi (1505 km) west-northwest of Hurricane John. It initially tracked northwestward, reaching peak winds of 80 mph (130 km/h) within 36 hours of forming. Outflow from Hurricane John caused Kristy to weaken, and at the same time, the storm's motion became nearly stationary as steering currents collapsed. On September 2 it turned to a southeast drift, and degenerated into a tropical depression around the same time. Kristy later turned to the west, oscillating between tropical depression and tropical storm status until dissipating on September 9.[22]

September

Tropical Storm Miriam, one of two storms to form in September

Hurricane Lane developed from a tropical wave on September 13 to the south of Mexico. It moved northwestward parallel to the coast of Mexico, and steadily intensified in a favorable environment. After turning to the northeast Lane attained peak winds of 125 mph (205 km/h), and made landfall in the Mexican state of Sinaloa at peak strength. It rapidly weakened and dissipated on September 17, and later brought precipitation to southern Texas.[22]

An area of disturbed weather associated with the Intertropical Convergence Zone spawned a tropical depression on September 16 off the coast of Mexico. Despite being disorganized, it quickly strengthened into Tropical Storm Miriam. The storm was sheared throughout its duration, and after encountering cooler waters Miriam dissipated on September 18 near the Baja California peninsula.[23]

On September 18, an area of disturbed weather in the central Pacific became sufficiently organized and was designated Tropical Depression Two-C. Vertical wind shear caused the depression to weaken into a remnant low on September 20, it never having attained tropical storm status. The depression was initially thought to be a regeneration of earlier Hurricane Kristy.[14]

On September 26, another area of disturbed weather in the Central Pacific near the International Date Line became organized and was designated Tropical Depression Three-C. However, wind shear and the presence of dry air to the west inhibited further development, and the system dissipated 12 hours later; at around the same time, the system crossed into the Western Pacific.[14]

October

TRMM satellite image of the rainfall from Hurricane Paul

The first cyclone to develop in the month of October was Tropical Storm Norman, which formed well off the coast of Mexico on October 9. It quickly reached peak winds of 50 mph (85 km/h), though almost as quickly the cyclone degenerated into a remnant low due to wind shear. Its remnants turned to the east, and on October 15 regenerated into a tropical cyclone just off the coast of Mexico after merging with another disturbance. Norman quickly dissipated as unfavorable conditions returned, although it brought heavy rainfall to the Mexican coastline.[24]

Tropical Storm Olivia formed on October 9 about 700 mi (1120 km) west of Norman. Tracking northeastward and attaining tropical storm status, it failed to strengthen significantly due to wind shear. Olivia weakened to tropical depression status on October 11, and turning to the east-southeast degenerated into a remnant low two days later. Its remnants were later absorbed by a larger disturbance that included the remnants of Norman.[25]

The final cyclone to develop within the CPHC area of responsibility was Tropical Depression Four-C, which formed on October 13 to the southwest of Hawaii. Within 24 hours of forming, it degenerated into a remnant disturbance due to unfavorable wind shear. Moisture from the depression contributed to heavy rainfall in Hawaii.[14]

The strongest hurricane during the month was Hurricane Paul. Forming on October 21, it did not strengthen much initially due to the presence of wind shear. However, a decrease in shear allowed Paul to strengthen rapidly, and in a 24-hour period it developed from a moderate tropical storm to a 105 mph (170 km/h) hurricane, its peak intensity. By that time, it had turned northeastward and entered an unfavorable environment, which caused Paul to steadily weaken to tropical storm status. After passing south of the Baja California peninsula it deteriorated to tropical depression status and moved ashore in northwestern Sinaloa.[26]

On October 26 shortly after Paul dissipated, another tropical depression formed off the southwest coast of Mexico. Moving southwestward, it encountered unfavorable wind shear, which prevented strengthening. On October 28 it degenerated into a remnant low, and the next day dissipated without affecting land.[25]

Unclassified storm

An extratropical storm persisted in the extreme northern central Pacific Ocean in late October. It drifted over unusually warm waters up to 3.6°F (2°C) above normal, and gradually developed convection near the center. By November 2, QuikSCAT satellite suggested the system attained winds of up to 60 mph (95 km/h) about 900 mi (1450 km) west of Oregon. The system also developed an eye and an eyewall. The cyclone tracked northeastward as it gradually weakened, and dissipated on November 4. NASA considered the cyclone to be a subtropical storm. However, as it formed outside of the territory of any monitoring organization, it was not named. Operationally, the United States Navy treated the system as a tropical disturbance, numbered 91C.[27]

November

QuikSCAT image of Sergio on November 16

Tropical activity within the basin in November 2006 was the most active on record, based on the Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) Index. Three tropical cyclones formed, of which two became tropical storms; only one other season on record, 1966, produced two tropical storms in the month of November. The first storm of the month was Tropical Storm Rosa, which formed on November 8 as a tropical depression off the southwest coast of Mexico. Immediate development was hampered by wind shear, although an increase in thunderstorms on November 9 brought the depression to tropical storm status. Continued shear prevented intensification, and Rosa dissipated on November 10.[25] Rosa was the first Eastern Pacific tropical storm in November since another storm named Rosa in the 2000 season.[1]

On November 11, another tropical depression formed off the coast of Mexico, about 450 mi (720 km) west-southwest of where Rosa dissipated the previous day.[1][28] Similar to Rosa, it developed within an environment with unfavorable wind shear, but failed to intensify beyond tropical depression status. About 18 hours after it formed the depression degenerated into a trough.[28]

The final storm of the season was Hurricane Sergio, which was both the strongest and longest-lived November Pacific hurricane on record. It formed on November 13 about 460 mi (740 km) south of Manzanillo, Colima, and steadily intensified while tracking southeastward. It reached peak winds of 110 mph (175 km/h) on November 15, and subsequently began to weaken due to increased wind shear as it turned to the north. Sergio later turned to the west, remaining well off the coast of Mexico, and dissipated on November 20 about 320 mi (515 km) west-northwest of it originally formed.[29] The storm brought light rainfall to the Mexican coastline, though no major effects were reported.[30]

Impact

Satellite image of Hurricane Lane near landfall; Lane was the costliest hurricane of the season.

During the season, tropical cyclones collectively caused 14 fatalities and $355 million in damage (2006 USD).[nb 1]

With its long coastline, the country of Mexico was affected by ten of the cyclones during the season, including four that made landfall. Of the six storms that affected Mexico but did not strike the country, the first was Tropical Storm Aletta, the first storm of the season,[1] which brought light rainfall and caused minor damage.[31][32] The next tropical depression of the season produced heavy rainfall in the Acapulco area while remaining offshore; mudslides and flooding were reported, and 72 people were forced to leave their homes.[33] In July, Hurricane Carlotta brushed the coastline with light rainfall.[11] When Tropical Storm Emilia passed just off the coast of Baja California, it brought moderate precipitation which caused minor flooding and damage around Cabo San Lucas.[15] Heavy surf from Hurricane Ileana killed a man near Cabo San Lucas.[34] The last storm of the season, Hurricane Sergio, produced light rainfall along the coast while remaining well offshore.[30]

Mexico was struck by four tropical cyclones in 2006, all along the Pacific coast.[35] The first was Hurricane John, which made landfall near the southern tip of the Baja California peninsula on September 1. Earlier, it produced flooding and high surf near Acapulco while paralleling the coastline, and later the hurricane damaged or destroyed at least 450 homes in the Baja California peninsula.[20] Hurricane John was the wettest tropical cyclone of the year in Mexico, dropping 17.7 in (449 mm) of rainfall.[35] Five people were killed, and damage in Mexico amounted to $663 million (2006 MXN, $60.8 million 2006 USD).[20][36] Hurricane Lane moved ashore in the state of Sinaloa as a Category 3 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson scale, which was the strongest landfall during the season. Paralleling the coastline a short distance offshore, the hurricane dropped heavy rainfall, causing flooding and mudslides which resulted in four fatalities.[22] Hurricane Lane affected 4,320 houses, and a total of 19,200 mi (30,000 km) of roads and highways were damaged to some degree. Monetary damage amounted to about $2.2 billion (2006 MXN, $203 million 2006 USD) in damage in the country.[37] In early October, former Tropical Storm Norman passed near or over southwestern Mexico,[25] destroying 20 houses and leaving 20 villages without power.[38] Later, former Hurricane Paul caused four deaths, two of which from rough seas and two from drowning in a flooded river.[39][40] The storm damaged 5,000 houses,[41] and monetary damage totaled more than $35 million (2006 MXN, $3.2 million 2006 USD).[42]

Three of the cyclones that affected Mexico also impacted the southwestern United States. Moisture from Tropical Storm Emilia produced thunderstorms in Arizona which caused flooding,[43] and in southern California its rainfall assisted firefighters in combating a wildfire.[44] The remnants of Hurricane John produced moisture across much of the southwestern United States, causing mudslides in California,[45] light rainfall in Arizona,[46] overflowed rivers in New Mexico,[47] and up to 8 in (200 mm) of rainfall in Texas.[48] In western Texas, the precipitation was beneficial in some areas[46] but damaging in others,[49] causing flooded roads and washouts.[48] The remnants of Hurricane Lane also produced rainfall in Texas.[50]

Damage on Wake Island caused by Typhoon Ioke

Four tropical cyclones affected the U.S. state of Hawaii, all of which were the remnants of former tropical cyclones. Moisture from Hurricane Bud produced light rainfall in east-facing slopes of the island chain.[51] Former Hurricane Daniel produced up to 5 in (125 mm) of rainfall in the state, though no significant impact was reported.[14] The remnants of Tropical Storm Fabio contributed to heavy rainfall, peaking at 15.08 in (383 mm) on Mount Waiʻaleʻale on the island of Kauai;[52] the rainfall caused river and roadway flooding, but little damage.[16] Moisture from Tropical Depression Four-C in October contributed to heavy rainfall on the island of Hawaii.[14]

The strongest hurricane of the season was Hurricane Ioke, which reached Category 5 status in the central Pacific Ocean. It first affected the uninhabited Johnston Atoll, although when Ioke struck there was a crew of 12 people taking shelter on the island. Hurricane force winds affected the landmass, powerful enough to knock down trees.[14] In the western Pacific Ocean after being re-classified as a typhoon, Ioke passed near Wake Island, forcing the first full-scale evacuation of the island since a typhoon in 1967.[53] The combination of strong winds and a powerful storm surge damaged 70% of the buildings on the island, many with moderate roof damage.[54] Destruction on the island was estimated at $88 million (2006 USD).[55] Later, the storm passed near the Japanese island of Minami Torishima, which was also fully evacuated;[56] facilities on the island were damaged, although it was repaired and fully operational within three weeks after the storm.[57] The remnants of Ioke later brought hurricane force wind gusts to southwestern Alaska.[58]

Season effects

This is a table of the storms in 2006 and their landfall(s), if any; the table does not include storms that did not make landfall, which is defined as the center of the storm moving over a landmass. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but are still storm-related. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical or a wave or low.

Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale
TD TS 1 2 3 4 5
2006 Pacific hurricane statistics
Storm
Name
Dates active Storm category

at peak intensity

Max
Wind

(mph)

Min.
Press.
(mbar)
ACE Landfall(s) Damage
(millions
USD)
Deaths
Where When Wind

(mph)

Aletta May 27 – May 30 Tropical Storm 45 1002  1.13 None Minimal
Two-E June 3 – June 5 Tropical Depression 35 1005  0.00 None Unknown
Bud July 11 – July 16 Category 3 Hurricane 125 953  8.98 None none
Carlotta July 12 – July 16 Category 1 Hurricane 85 981  6.03 None none
Daniel July 16 – July 26 Category 4 Hurricane 150 933  29.55 None none
Emilia July 21 – July 28 Tropical Storm 65 990  4.58 None Unknown
Fabio July 31 – August 3 Tropical Storm 50 1000  1.34 None none
Gilma August 1 – August 3 Tropical Storm 40 1004  0.368 None none
Hector August 15 – August 23 Category 2 Hurricane 110 966  12.00 None none
Ioke August 20 – August 27[nb 2] Category 5 Hurricane 160 915  34.20
(37.8)
Wake Island (Direct hit, no landfall)[nb 3] August 30 155 88
Ileana August 21 – August 27 Category 3 Hurricane 120 955  12.10 None Minimal
John August 28 – September 4 Category 4 Hurricane 135 948  18.30 Cabo del Este, Mexico September 1 110 60.9
Kristy August 30 – September 8 Category 1 Hurricane 80 985  4.75 None none
Lane September 13 – September 17 Category 3 Hurricane 125 952  6.80 Islas Marías September 15 105 203
El Dorado, Mexico September 16 125
Miriam September 16 – September 18 Tropical Storm 45 999  0.97 None none
Two-C September 18 – September 20 Tropical Depression 35 1007  0.00 None none
Three-C September 26 – September 27 Tropical Depression 35 1007  0.00 None none
Norman October 9 – October 15 Tropical Storm 50 1000  0.768 Manzanillo, Mexico[nb 4] October 15 35 none
Olivia October 9 – October 12 Tropical Storm 45 1000  0.725 None none
Four-C October 13 – October 14 Tropical Depression 35 1007  0.00 None none
Paul October 21 – October 26 Category 2 Hurricane 105 970  6.06 Isla Altamura, Mexico October 26 30 3.2
Eighteen-E October 26 – October 27 Tropical Depression 35 1007  0.00 None none
Unnamed October 30 – November 4 Subtropical Storm 60 989  N/A None none
Rosa November 8 – November 10 Tropical Storm 40 1002  0.368 None none
Twenty-E November 11 – November 11 Tropical Depression 35 1007  0.00 None none
Sergio November 13 – November 20 Category 2 Hurricane 110 965  8.00 None none
Season Aggregates
22 cyclones May 27 – November 20   160 915 156.5 5 landfalls 355 14

Storm names

The following names were used for named storms that formed in the northeast Pacific in 2006.[59] This is the same list that was used in the 2000 season. There were no names retired from the northeast Pacific list. Therefore, the same list will be reused in the 2012 season.

  • Rosa
  • Sergio
  • Tara (unused)
  • Vicente (unused)
  • Willa (unused)
  • Xavier (unused)
  • Yolanda (unused)
  • Zeke (unused)

Storms that formed in the central Pacific are given names from a sequential list; in 2006, the name Ioke was used from this list, the first time a name from the Central Pacific list had been used since the 2002 season.

Retirement

The name Ioke was retired from the north-central Pacific list by the WMO in the spring of 2007 and replaced with Iopa.[60] During the 61st Interdepartmental Hurricane Conference, the Hawaii State Civil Defense requested the retirement of the name Daniel, citing that the storm had become memorable due to threat or damage.[61] However, the request was denied, as the name remains on the tropical cyclone naming list.[59]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The cumulative damage and fatality figures were obtained by summing the figures from the impact section.
  2. ^ Ioke did not dissipate on August 27, but crossed the International Date Line and became Typhoon Ioke.
  3. ^ Though Hurricane Ioke did not make landfall, its strike on Wake Island is included in the table, due to the severe damage on the island.
  4. ^ In its report on Tropical Storm Norman, the National Hurricane Center did not specify whether the storm moved ashore or not. However, in its report to the World Meteorological Organization, officials from Mexico included Norman in the storms that moved ashore along the country.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Hurricane Research Division (2008-03-21). "Hurricane Data for Pacific Hurricanes 1949-2007" (TXT). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/tracks1949to2007_epa.txt. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  2. ^ Climate Prediction Center, NOAA (2006-05-22). "Background Information: East Pacific Hurricane Season". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/Epac_hurr/background_information.html. Retrieved 2006-05-24. 
  3. ^ a b Climate Prediction Center, NOAA (2006-05-22). "NOAA Expects Below Average 2006 East Pacific Hurricane Season". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://www.publicaffairs.noaa.gov/releases2006/may06/noaa06-054.html. Retrieved 2006-05-22. 
  4. ^ Central Pacific Hurricane Center, NOAA (2006-05-22). "NOAA Announces Central Pacific Hurricane Season Outlook". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://www.publicaffairs.noaa.gov/releases2006/may06/noaa06-r254.html. Retrieved 2006-06-10. 
  5. ^ Jack Beven (2006-05-15). "Tropical Weather Outlook". National Hurricane Center. ftp://ftp.met.fsu.edu/pub/weather/tropical/Outlook-P/2006051511.ABPZ20. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  6. ^ Richard J. Pasch (2006-07-15). "Tropical Storm Aletta Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP012006_Aletta.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-02. 
  7. ^ Central Pacific Hurricane Center (2008-07-02). "Mission Statement". http://www.prh.noaa.gov/cphc/pages/mission.php. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  8. ^ Lixion Avila (2006-07-05). "Tropical Depression Two-E Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP022006_Two-E.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  9. ^ Beven, et al. (2007-07-01). "June Monthly Weather Tropical Summary". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2007/tws/MIATWSEP_jun.shtml?. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  10. ^ Richard Knabb (2006-11-20). "Hurricane Bud Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP032006_Bud.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  11. ^ a b James Franklin (2006-09-04). "Hurricane Carlotta Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP042006_Carlotta.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-07. 
  12. ^ Jack Beven (2006-11-30). "Hurricane Daniel Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP052006_Daniel.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  13. ^ Houston (2006-07-24). "Hurricane Daniel Discussion Thirty-One". Central Pacific Hurricane Center. http://www.prh.noaa.gov/cphc/tcpages/archive/2006/TCDCP1.EP052006.31.0607241510. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Central Pacific Hurricane Center (July 2007). "Overview of the 2006 Central North Pacific Tropical Cyclone Season". http://www.prh.noaa.gov/cphc/summaries/2006.php. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  15. ^ a b Stacy R. Stewart (2006-12-11). "Tropical Storm Emilia Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP062006_Emilia.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-13. 
  16. ^ a b Jamie R. Rhome (2006-09-13). "Tropical Storm Fabio Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP072006_Fabio.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-23. 
  17. ^ Michelle Mainelli (2006-08-23). "Tropical Storm Gilma Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP082006_Gilma.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-23. 
  18. ^ Daniel P. Brown (2006-09-28). "Hurricane Daniel Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP092006_Hector.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  19. ^ Eric S. Blake (October 4, 2006). "Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Ileana" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP102006_Ileana.pdf. Retrieved 2007-12-01. 
  20. ^ a b c d Richard J. Pasch (2006-11-16). "Hurricane John Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP112006_John.pdf. Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  21. ^ Pasch/Landsea (2006-08-28). "Tropical Depression Eleven-E Discussion One". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2006/ep11/ep112006.discus.001.shtml?. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  22. ^ a b c Lixion A. Avila (2006-10-12). "Hurricane Kristy Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP122006_Kristy.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-28. 
  23. ^ James Franklin (2006-10-29). "Tropical Storm Miriam Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP142006_Miriam.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  24. ^ Jack Beven (2006-11-30). "Tropical Storm Norman Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP152006_Norman.pdf. Retrieved 2008-08-29. 
  25. ^ a b c d Pasch, et al. (2006-12-01). "Summary of the 2006 Pacific Hurricane Season". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2006/tws/MIATWSEP_nov.shtml?. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  26. ^ Jamie R. Rhome and Robert J. Berg (2006-11-20). "Hurricane Paul Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP172006_Paul.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  27. ^ David Herring (November 2, 2006). "Subtropical Storm off the Coast of Oregon". NASA. http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/NaturalHazards/natural_hazards_v2.php3?img_id=13951. Retrieved 2007-12-11. 
  28. ^ a b Eric Blake (2006-11-14). "Tropical Depression Twenty-E Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP202006_Twenty-E.pdf. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  29. ^ Richard Pasch and David Roberts (2006-11-29). "Hurricane Sergio Tropical Cyclone Report" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-EP212006_Sergio.pdf. Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  30. ^ a b Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (2006). "Resumen del Huracan "Sergio" del Océano Pacífic" (in Spanish) (PDF). http://smn.cna.gob.mx/ciclones/tempo2006/pacifico/sergio/sergio.pdf. Retrieved 2007-02-13. 
  31. ^ Alberto Hernández Unzón; M. G. Cirilo Bravo Lujano. "Resúmen de la Tormenta Tropical Aletta del Océano Pacífico" (in Spanish) (PDF). Servicio Meteorologico Nacional, Comisión Nacional del Agua. http://smn.cna.gob.mx/ciclones/tempo2006/pacifico/aletta/aletta.pdf. Retrieved 2006-09-09. 
  32. ^ Staff Writer (2006-05-30). "Afecta tormenta Aletta a Guerrero" (in Spanish). El Siglo De Torreon. http://www.elsiglodetorreon.com.mx/noticia/216214.afecta-tormenta-aletta-a-guerrero.html. Retrieved 2008-09-02. 
  33. ^ Staff Writer (2006-06-05). "Amenaza depresión tropical pasar a ciclón" (in Spanish). El Universal. http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/estados/61457.html. Retrieved 2008-11-17. 
  34. ^ Sign on San Diego (2006-08-23). "The week in Mexico". http://www.signonsandiego.com/uniontrib/20060827/news_1n27mexweek.html. Retrieved 2007-12-01. 
  35. ^ a b RAIV Hurricane Committee (2007). "Final Report of the Twenty-Ninth Session" (PDF). World Meteorological Organization. http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/www/tcp/documents/HC29_final_report-english.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-17. 
  36. ^ Fabiola Martinez (2006-09-21). "Seis muertos y 2 desaparecidos por las lluvias en Durango y Tamaulipas" (in Spanish). La Jornada. http://www.jornada.unam.mx/2006/09/21/index.php?section=estados&article=038n1est. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  37. ^ (Spanish) Coordinación General de Asesoria y Políticas Públicas Gobierno del Estato (2006). "Sociedad y gobierno unidos ante los daños del Huracán Lane". http://laip.sinaloa.gob.mx/Revistas/CGA/CausaComun/Octubre2006/SOCIEDADYGOBIERNO_UNIDO_HURACAN_LANE.htm. Retrieved 2007-09-05. 
  38. ^ (Spanish) Staff Writer (2006-10-17). "Desbordan lluvias ríos en Guerrero". La Journada. http://www.elporvenir.com.mx/notas.asp?nota_id=91242. Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  39. ^ Mark Stevenson (2006-10-25). "Tropical Storm Paul Weakens". Associated Press. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/25/AR2006102500216.html. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  40. ^ Staff Writer (2006-10-26). "Hurricane Paul kills two in northwestern Mexico". Reuters. http://banderasnews.com/0610/nr-paulkills2.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  41. ^ Dartmouth Flood Observatory (2007-01-25). "2006 Global Register of Major Flood Events". http://www.dartmouth.edu/%7Efloods/Archives/2006sum.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  42. ^ (Spanish) Consejo Directivo del Instituto Sinaloense de Acuacultura (2006). "Acta de la Sesión Ordinaria del Consejo Directivo del Instituto Sinaloense de Actuaculture, Celebrada el Día 10 de Noviembre de 2006, en la Ciudad de Culiacán, Sinaloa" (in Spanish) (DOC). http://laip.sinaloa.gob.mx/NR/rdonlyres/BCDFAFCE-FB88-476F-BEF5-9DE0F7324BEC/0/ActaConsejoDirectivoISA10NOV2006.doc. Retrieved 2008-11-17. 
  43. ^ Tucson, Arizona National Weather Service (2006). "Review of July 25, 2006 Severe thunderstorm and Flash flood event". http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/twc/stormreviews/2006July25.php. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  44. ^ San Diego Union Tribune (2006-07-30). "Horse fire declared fully contained". http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/metro/20060730-1100-horsefire.html. Retrieved 2008-09-19. 
  45. ^ Associated Press (2006-09-05). "Hurricane leftovers cause minor flooding". http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/09/05/ap/national/mainD8JUO00O3.shtml. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  46. ^ a b Steve Quinn (2006-09-04). "Remnants of Hurricane John douse El Paso". Associated Press. http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2006/09/04/america/NA_WEA_US_Hurricane_John.php. Retrieved 2008-11-21. 
  47. ^ Albuquerque National Weather Service (2006). "A wet start to September 2006". http://www.srh.noaa.gov/abq/quickfeatures/Sep2006/Rainofsep1-4.htm. Retrieved 2006-09-12. 
  48. ^ a b National Climatic Data Center (2006). "Event Report for Texas". http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~ShowEvent~643769. Retrieved 2007-01-20. 
  49. ^ National Climatic Data Center (2006). "Event Report for Texas (2)". http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~ShowEvent~643773. Retrieved 2007-01-20. 
  50. ^ National Hurricane Center (2006-12-01). "2006 Tropical Weather Summary". http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2006/tws/MIATWSEP_nov.shtml?. Retrieved 2008-01-12. 
  51. ^ Kevin R. Kodama (2006-08-02). "July 2006 Hawaii Precipitation Summary". Honolulu National Weather Service. http://www.prh.noaa.gov/hnl/hydro/pages/jul06sum.php. Retrieved 2007-12-29. 
  52. ^ Kevin R. Kodama (2006-09-06). "August 2006 Precipitation Summary in the State of Hawaii". Honolulu National Weather Service. http://www.prh.noaa.gov/hnl/hydro/pages/aug06sum.php. Retrieved 2008-09-24. 
  53. ^ Andrew Leonhard (2006-08-29). "Wake evacuated -- Airmen airlift 188 from Pacific Island". Air Force Print News. http://www.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123026137. Retrieved 2007-10-14. 
  54. ^ Rob Tebben (Fall 2006). "Ioke on Wake Island" (PDF). Air Force Weather Observer. http://www.afweather.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-061108-011.pdf. Retrieved 2007-10-15. 
  55. ^ Advisory Council for Historic Preservation (2007). "Spring 2007 Case Digest - Protecting Historic Properties" (PDF). p. 17. http://www.achp.gov/docs/case_spring_07small.pdf. Retrieved 2007-10-15. 
  56. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency (2006). "Evacuation of Minami Torishima during Typhoon Ioke" (in Japanese). http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/press/0609/01a/marcus.html. Retrieved 2007-10-16. 
  57. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency (2006). "About Weather Observation Reopening of the South Torishima Meteorological Observing Station" (in Japanese). http://www.jma.go.jp/jma/press/0609/29a/marcus.html. Retrieved 2008-12-06. 
  58. ^ National Climatic Data Center (2006). "Event Report for Alaska". http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~ShowEvent~604224. Retrieved 2007-10-16. 
  59. ^ a b National Hurricane Center (2008). "Worldwide Tropical Cyclone Names". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/aboutnames.shtml. Retrieved 2008-05-14. 
  60. ^ Dennis H. McCarthy (2007). "National Weather Service Instruction Tropical Cyclone Names and Pronunciation Guide" (PDF). http://www.weather.gov/directives/sym/pd01006006curr.pdf. Retrieved 2007-12-29. 
  61. ^ Interdepartmental Hurricane Conference (2007). "The Nation’s Hurricane Program: An Interagency Success Story" (PDF). http://www.ofcm.gov/ihc07/web-61st-IHC-Booklet.pdf. Retrieved 2007-12-29. 

External links

Tropical cyclones of the 2006 Pacific hurricane season
Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale
TD TS 1 2 3 4 5


* Central Pacific system

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message