2009 in Iraq: Wikis

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Contents

Events

January

1 January

  • The United States officially hands over responsibility for security in the Green Zone to Iraqi forces[1]
  • The U.S. opens its embassy in Baghdad[1].

22 January

26 January

  • Four U.S. soldiers died when two helicopters crashed, after they came under enemy fire, in northern Iraq.[4]

31 January

February

1 February

  • A total of 191 Iraqis were killed in violence during January, the lowest monthly toll since the US-led invasion of March 2003.[5].
  • Sixteen U.S. troops died in Iraq in January 2009.[6]

9 February

  • Three U.S. soldiers were killed by a suicide car bomber in Mosul. A fourth U.S. soldier died later of wounds suffered in the attack.[7]

10 February

11 February

  • Twin car bombings at a Baghdad bus station kill 16 people.[5]

12 February

13 February

  • A female suicide bomber kills 40 Shiite pilgrims south of Baghdad.[10]

23 February

  • A U.S. soldier and an interpreter were shot dead by Iraqi policemen who opened fire on them as they toured Iraqi police positions on a bridge in Mosul during fighting north of Baghdad.[11] Three others were wounded.
  • Three U.S. soldiers and an interpreter were killed and a fourth U.S. soldier wounded in a firefight with insurgents in the Diyala Province.[12]

27 February

  • The Iraqi death toll for February leapt substantially from January's count to 258, a 35% increase.[15]
  • Seventeen U.S. troops died in February 2009 in Iraq. One U.K. serviceman was also killed.[16]

March

  • Nine US soldiers die in Iraq this month, the lowest since the start of the war.

12 March

  • The trial of Muntadhir al-Zaidi, on charges of assault for throwing his shoes at George W. Bush, resumes at the Central Criminal Court of Iraq [17] following an adjournment in late December, 2008 so the court could determine whether Bush was in Iraq on an official visit, since he had entered the country uninvited by Iraqi officials and had been greeted by the U.S. military.[18][19]. Al-Zaidi was sentenced to three years in prison,[20] although in April 7, 2009 the sentence was reduced to one year from three years.[21] The maximum sentence facing al-Zaidi was 15 years.

April

7 April

10 April

  • Suicide bomber in truck kills five US troops in Iraq[23]

23 April

May

11 May

  • Sgt. John Russell opens fire at a clinic at Camp Liberty in Baghdad, killing five fellow soldiers, before being subdued.[25]

15 May

27 May

  • The last of the U.K.'s combat troops are withdrawn.[27]

June

4 June

22 June

  • Sherif Kamal Shahine is appointed Egypt's ambassador to Iraq, replacing Ihab al-Sharif, who was killed in July 2005 by Al Qaeda in Iraq. He was the second Egyptian ambassador to Iraq since the Fall of Saddam Hussein's regime in April 2003.[29]

24 June

30 June

  • US troops formally handed over security duties to Iraqi forces and withdrew from towns and cities in Iraq. US troops continue to be embedded with Iraqi forces.
  • A car bombing kills at least 27 people in Kirkuk.[31]

July

28 July

  • Australia ends its Iraq troop presence, leaving the United States with the only foreign combat troops in the country.[32]

August

19 August

  • Waves of explosions kill over 100 in Baghdad and injure 298 people.

September

16 September

  • U.S. Vice President Joe Biden made his second visit to Baghdad in as many months and met with Prime Minister al-Maliki even as insurgents fired mortars and rockets at the Green Zone to protest his presence. Although said to be in "listening mode", Biden addressed issues of security, political reconciliation, and foreign investment in Iraq's oil-rich but weakened economy with various leaders in the capital and Iraq's Kurdish region.[33] Biden said, "We will also move ahead on other aspects of our security agreement by removing all US combat brigades from Iraq by the end of August 2010 and all remaining US troops by the end of 2011."[34]

18 September

  • At least 7 people have been killed and another 21 injured when a car bomb detonated at a busy market place in the Iraqi town of Mahmudiya, 30 km (20 miles) south of the capital Baghdad.

[35]

October

11 October

  • A series of apparently coordinated bombings aimed at a meeting for national reconciliation killed 23 people and wounded 65 others in western Iraq, but they did not injure the officials who were at the gathering. The first bomb exploded about 11 a.m. outside the headquarters of Ramadi’s main government building, where the provincial governor and council have offices. About seven minutes after the first bomb, a second car in the parking lot exploded, wounding security force members and others who had responded to the original explosion; this bomb caused most of the casualties. About one hour after the first two bombings, a man driving a car filled with explosives attempted to speed through a security checkpoint near the Ramadi General Hospital; he was shot by a police officer at the checkpoint but managed to explode the car, killing himself and wounding two others.[36]

25 October

  • At least 155 people have been killed and around 721 injured, after two large car bomb explosions detonated in central Baghdad. The explosions are believed to have been detonated in the green zone of central Baghdad, close to several ministry buildings. These are the largest attacks since 19 August when truck bombs exploded near two ministry buildings killing at least 100 people. Iraq has blamed foreign fighters for this attack and has accused Syria of involvement in these bombings. Iraq is demanding a UN investigation over the incident.[37][38]

December

8 December

  • At least 127 people are killed and more than 200 injured in a series of car bombings, the deadliest attacks in Iraq since the 25 October bombings. The attacks were coordinated and aimed at important government buildings.[39]

18 December

  • Iranian forces invade and seize East Maysan oilfield 4.[40]

31 December

  • The US suffers only four troop deaths, and no combat deaths, the lowest figure since the war began.[41]

Notes

  1. ^ a b "New US embassy opens in Baghdad". BBC News. 2009-01-05. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7811088.stm. Retrieved 2009-01-12. 
  2. ^ No more Estonian troop units in Iraq
  3. ^ Salvadorian Troops in Iraq Return Home
  4. ^ January 2009 Troop Deaths in Iraq. USAToday, Retrieved 12 February 2009
  5. ^ a b At least 26 dead as bombs, shootings shatter Iraq lull. Retrieved on 11 February 2009
  6. ^ U.S. Casualties in Operation Iraqi Freedom January 2009. GlobalSecurity.Org, Retrieved on 12 February 2009
  7. ^ February 2009 Iraq Deaths. USAToday, Retrieved on 12 February 2009
  8. ^ Sarkozy makes surprise Iraq visit. Retrieved on 11 February 2009
  9. ^ UK fatalities in Afghanistan and Iraq. BBC News, Retrieved on 1 March 2009
  10. ^ Female suicide bomber kills 40
  11. ^ Yahoo news- U.S. soldier killed in police attack
  12. ^ 3 U.S. soldiers, interpreter killed in Iraq
  13. ^ Hill appointed US Iraq ambassador
  14. ^ Obama outlines Iraq pullout plan
  15. ^ Iraq Death Toll Rises to 258 in February: Ministries
  16. ^ Iraq Coalition Casualty Count. ICasualities.org, Retrieved on 1 March 2009
  17. ^ "Shoe-Throwing Iraqi Journalist's Trial Postponed". Associated Press (Fox News). 2008-12-30. Archived from the original on 2009-09-11. http://www.webcitation.org/5jirTpIZO. Retrieved 2008-12-30. 
  18. ^ Star Tribune: Iraqi who threw shoes at ex-President George W. Bush says he acted to restore Iraq's pride
  19. ^ USA Today: Iraqi says he threw shoes at Bush to protest war
  20. ^ Hendawi, Hamza (2009-03-12), "Iraqi who threw shoes at Bush jailed for 3 years", Newsweek (Associated Press), http://www.newsweek.com/id/159149, retrieved 2009-03-12 
  21. ^ Court reduces sentence for Iraqi shoe thrower, Associated Press via Washingtonpost.com, April 7, 2009, archived from the original on 2009-09-11, http://www.webcitation.org/5jirUM1Fk, retrieved 2009-07-31 
  22. ^ Obama makes surprise visit to Iraq
  23. ^ .Suicide bomber in truck kills five US troops in Iraq
  24. ^ .Bombings kill nearly 90 in Iraq
  25. ^ Counseling Was Ordered for Soldier in Iraq Shooting
  26. ^ "RAF ends Iraq campaign after 19 years". Archived from the original on 2009-09-11. http://www.webcitation.org/5jirSKSh1. Retrieved 2009-07-31. 
  27. ^ U.K. Finishes Withdrawal of Its Last Combat Troops in Iraq
  28. ^ "MNF-I Press release, June 10, 2009". Archived from the original on 2009-09-11. http://www.webcitation.org/5jirVAMvd. Retrieved 2009-07-31. 
  29. ^ Egypt names new ambassador to Iraq after 4 year gap Reuters, 22 June 2009
  30. ^ "'Dozens dead' in Baghdad bombing". BBC News Online. 2009-06-24. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/8117686.stm. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  31. ^ John Ibbitson (June 30, 2009). "Iraq present U.S. with a paradox". Globe and Mail. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world/iraq-present-us-with-a-paradox/article1202812/. Retrieved July 1, 2009. 
  32. ^ [1]
  33. ^ Scott Wilson (2009-09-17). "Biden Pushes Iraqi Leaders On Vote Law, Oil-Bid Perks". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/09/16/AR2009091602998.html?hpid=moreheadlines. Retrieved 2009-09-17. 
  34. ^ Karen Travers (2009-09-16). "In Baghdad, Biden Affirms U.S. Commitment to Troop Withdrawal Deadlines". ABC News. http://blogs.abcnews.com/politicalpunch/2009/09/in-baghdad-biden-affirms-us-commitment-to-troop-withdrawal-deadlines.html. Retrieved 2009-09-17. 
  35. ^ "Deadly bomb hits Iraqi shoppers". http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/8263792.stm. 
  36. ^ Timothy Williams (October 11, 2009). "Bombings Outside Iraq Reconciliation Meeting Kill 23". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/12/world/middleeast/12iraq.html?_r=1&ref=middleeast. Retrieved October 12, 2009. 
  37. ^ "Baghdad blast toll 'passes 130'" BBC News, 25 October, 2009
  38. ^ Bombings target government in Baghdad
  39. ^ Scores dead as car bombs rock Baghdad
  40. ^ Iran invades 'Iraqi' territory to seize oil field
  41. ^ Iraq coalition casualty count

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