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200 series
JR East Shinkansen 200(renewal).jpg
200 Series train set (refurbished type), July 2008
In service 1982–Present
Manufacturer Hitachi Ltd., Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Nippon Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation
Constructed 1980–1986
Refurbishment 1999–2002
Number built 700 vehicles (66 sets)
Number in service 110 vehicles (11 sets) (as of 1 April 2009)[1]
Formation 10 cars per trainset (8, 12, 13, 16 cars in past)
Operator JR East
Depot(s) Niigata
Line(s) served Jōetsu Shinkansen, Tōhoku Shinkansen
Specifications
Car body construction Aluminium
Car length 25,000 mm
Width 3,385 mm
Height 4,410 mm
Doors Two per side
Maximum speed 240 km/h (275 km/h in past)
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC, 50 Hz
Current collection method Overhead catenary
Gauge 1,435 mm

The 200 series (200系 ?) is a Shinkansen high-speed train type introduced by Japan National Railways (JNR) for the Tōhoku Shinkansen and Jōetsu Shinkansen high-speed rail lines in Japan, and currently operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East). They actually predate the 100 series trains, having been built between 1980 and 1986.

They resemble the earlier 0 series trains in styling (some later units had the pointed 'shark nose' of the 100 series), but are lighter and more powerful, since these two lines are mountain routes and have steeper gradients. These lines are also prone to snowfall and the trains have small snowplows fitted, as well as protection of equipment against snow.

They were originally painted in ivory with a green window band and lower bodyside band, but a number of sets were refurbished and painted into a white-upper/dark blue-lower scheme with new wrap-around cab windows from 1999.

The first units were capable of 210 km/h (130 mph) but later ones can do 240 km/h (150 mph), and four were converted to be capable of 275 km/h (171 mph). Some units were also modified with retractable couplers in the nose for coupling with Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa and Akita Shinkansen Komachi Mini-shinkansen sets, but these are no longer in service. In addition, some of the later 200 series shinkansen trains were fitted with double-deck cars, which had semi-open standard-class compartments on the lower deck and green class (first class) seating on the upper deck. These too have been removed from service.

Withdrawal of the earlier units began in 1997, and the last remaining unrefurbished set was withdrawn in May 2007.

Contents

Variants

Since their introduction in 1982, the 200 series sets have been operated in a number of different formations as described below.[2]

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E sets (1982–1993)

12-car sets for Tōhoku Shinkansen Yamabiko and Aoba services, and for Jōetsu Shinkansen Asahi and Toki services. These had a maximum speed of 210 km/h, and remained in service until early 1993.

F sets (1983–2007)

12-car set F19, March 2006

12-car 200-1000 series sets with a maximum speed of 240 km/h.

From March 1990, four selected 12-car F sets (F90–F93, formerly F54, F59, F14, F16) were upgraded allowing them to run at a maximum of 275 km/h (171 mph) on a small number of down Asahi services. 275 km/h services were discontinued on the Jōetsu Shinkansen from 1998, with the introduction of E2 series trains, and the F90 sets were subsequently used interchangeably with other 240 km/h F sets.

Set F80 (formerly F17) was modified for use on additional Nagano Shinkansen Asama services in February 1998 during the 1998 Winter Olympics held in Nagano. The train remained in operation until 2004, used interchangeably with other F sets.

Interior

G sets (1987–1999)

10-car and later 8-car sets with a maximum speed of 210 km/h.

H sets (1990–2005)

16-car set H6, June 2002

Six 13-car and later 16-car sets (H1–H6) with a maximum speed of 240 km/h for use on Yamabiko (nicknamed Super Yamabiko) services, incorporating two bilevel Green cars (cars 9 and 10).[3]

In the summer of 2004, sets H4 and H5 were reinstated as 12-car sets for seasonal use with their Green cars removed. These two sets survived until mid-2005.


K sets (1992– )

10-car set K24 on Asahi service, August 2002

8-car and later 10-car sets with a maximum speed of 240 km/h modified to operate in conjunction with 400 series Yamagata Shinkansen sets and E3 series Akita Shinkansen sets.

The remaining sets in use on the Tōhoku and Jōetsu Shinkansen routes are expected to be withdrawn by spring 2011.[4]

Interior


Preserved examples

Preserved car 221-1 at Sendai General Shinkansen Depot, July 2006


See also

References

  • JR全車両ハンドブック2006 (JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006). Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006.  
  • JR電車編成表 '07冬号 (JR EMU Formations - Winter 2007). Japan: JRR. December 2006. ISBN 4-88283-046-9.  
  • Semmens, Peter (1997). High Speed in Japan: Shinkansen - The World's Busiest High-speed Railway. Sheffield, UK: Platform 5 Publishing. ISBN 1-872524-88-5.  
  • Yamanouchi, Shūichirō (2002). 東北・上越新幹線 (Tōhoku & Jōetsu Shinkansen). Tokyo, Japan: JTB Can Books. ISBN 4-533-04513-8.  
  1. ^ JR電車編成表 2009夏 (JR EMU Formations - Summer 2009). Japan: JRR. June 2009. p. 12. ISBN 978-4-330-06909-8.  
  2. ^ "新幹線200系". Japan Railfan Magazine 36 (427): p.15–31. November 1996.  
  3. ^ JR電車編成表 '00冬号 (JR EMU Formations - Winter 2000). Japan: JRR. January 2000. ISBN 4-88283-032-9.  
  4. ^ "青森延伸で東北新幹線刷新 新型E5系に統一、2階建て「MAX」姿消す" (in Japanese). Sankei News. 12 February 2009. http://sankei.jp.msn.com/life/trend/090212/trd0902120048000-n1.htm. Retrieved 12 February 2009.  
  5. ^ a b c d 鉄道のテクノロジー Vol.1 新幹線 (Railway Technology Vol.1: Shinkansen). Japan: San-ei. 2009. ISBN 978-4-7796-0534-5.  

External links


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