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A date inscription for the Mayan Long Count
.The 2012 phenomenon comprises a range of eschatological beliefs that cataclysmic or transformative events will occur on December 21 or December 23, 2012,[1][2] which is said to be the end-date of a 5,125-year-long cycle in the Mayan Long Count calendar.^ 'We arrived at this particular end date without knowledge of the Mayan Calendar [...
  • The wonderous Maya predictions for the year 2012 - Part 2 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.daanspeak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end date, December 21, 2012 , The email exchange.
  • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I don’t wanna be a doomsayer, but the Mayan calendar ends in 2012.
  • December 21 2012 Celebrity Believers 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.december212012.com [Source type: General]

.Various astronomical alignments and numerological formulae related to this date have been proposed, but none have been accepted by mainstream scholarship.^ Incredibly, they knew, over a thousand years ago, that on this date there will be an astronomical alignment of our sun and the center of the Milky Way.
  • Eternal Path - December 21 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.eternalpath.com [Source type: General]

^ With the most advanced astronomical software used by institutions around the globe today, the galactic alignment shown for the end date of the Mayan Long Count is accurate.
  • Frequently Asked Questions About 2012 Predictions Answered. 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.2012officialcountdown.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the course of time , the beginning of the Long Count has been proposed to correspond to dates in our calendars that varied by as much as 1000 years.
  • Astronomy Answers: 21 December 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.astro.uu.nl [Source type: Original source]

.A New Age interpretation of this transition posits that during this time, Earth and its inhabitants may undergo a positive physical or spiritual transformation, and that 2012 may mark the beginning of a new era.^ The year 2012 marks the ushering in of a new dawn, a new era, and a new consciousness for many on Earth."
  • MAYAN CRYSTAL SKULLS 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC crystalskulls.com [Source type: General]

^ So, the real age of peace WILL NOT begin in 2012.
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With that we are at the end of time, but also right at the beginning of another new era.
  • The wonderous Maya predictions for the year 2012 - Part 2 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.daanspeak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .Others suggest that the 2012 date marks the end of the world or a similar catastrophe.^ Do you think the world will end in 2012..?
  • 7 reasons the world will end in 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.msghelp.net [Source type: General]

^ Will the world end in 2012 (15 replies) .

^ FAMSI - 2012: The end of the World?
  • FAMSI - 2012: The end of the World? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.famsi.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Scenarios posited for the end of the world include the Earth's collision with a passing planet (often referred to as "Nibiru") or black hole, or the arrival of the next solar maximum.^ The next solar maximum is predicted for 2012.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What this means is that the precession of the earth, Go here for info on the Construction of the Holy Cross , will be pointing to the hidden, 13th,sign of the Zodiac, Black Hole, sign of Ophiuchus.

^ Yet people who are mesmerized by that defunct society/culture see in the “prophecies” the end of the world, or at the very least, a cataclysm of some sort that will change life on Planet Earth in major ways.

.Scholars from various disciplines have dismissed the idea that a catastrophe will happen in 2012, stating that predictions of impending doom are found neither in classic Maya accounts nor in contemporary science.^ He is predicting based on his study of the Mayan's that something incredible may happen on December 21 2012.
  • December 21 2012 Celebrity Believers 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.december212012.com [Source type: General]

^ A recent translation of a text from Tortuguero, a Classic Maya site north of Palenque, explicitly points to the date December 21, 2012.

^ "There is no serious scholar who puts any stock in the idea that the Maya said anything meaningful about 2012."
  • Apocalypse in 2012? Date spawns theories, film - CNN.com 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]

.Mainstream Mayanist scholars state that the idea that the Long Count calendar "ends" in 2012 misrepresents Maya history.^ Do modern Maya use the Long Count calendar ?
  • Understanding 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.mayastudies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Long Count calendar of 5000 years.
  • The Mayan Calendar ends in 2012!! 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.reformation.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Mayan Calendar ends in 2012!!
  • The Mayan Calendar ends in 2012!! 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.reformation.org [Source type: Original source]

[2][4] .The modern Maya, on the whole, have not attached much significance to the date, and the classical sources on the subject are scarce and contradictory, suggesting that there was little if any universal agreement among them about what, if anything, the date might mean.^ Guest Jul 30 2009, 06:04 PM "Academic research does not indicate that the Maya attached any apocalyptic significance to the year 2012: the date for the end of their world lay unimaginable aeons of time in the future."
  • The End Of The World By December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.trap17.com [Source type: General]
  • The End Of The World By December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.trap17.com [Source type: General]

^ Maya Cosmogenesis 2012: The True Meaning of the Maya Calendar End-Date by John Major Jenkins Jenkins says the end-date marks the beginning of a new and better world.
  • The Mayan Prophecy of December 21 2012 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.december212012.com [Source type: General]

^ A recent translation of a text from Tortuguero, a Classic Maya site north of Palenque, explicitly points to the date December 21, 2012.

[5]
.Astronomers and other scientists have rejected the apocalyptic forecasts, on the grounds that the anticipated events are precluded by astronomical observations, or are unsubstantiated by the predictions that have been generated from these findings.^ However, according to Martin, a computer programme accurately predicted the 9/11 attacks and now it is forecasting this change of events on earth, mostly due to global warming.    .
  • The Truth: What You Must KNow Before December 21, 2012 .: Knowledge Base 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.bookpleasures.com [Source type: General]

^ Among these abilities were mathematics, astronomy, and prophecy based upon past world and astronomical events.
  • 2012 Prophecies! Learn all about the year 2012 and the Mayan Calendar here. 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.whatismetaphysics.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Based on thousands of years of astronomical observation, a cataclysm is indeed predicted by indigenous elders, as opposed to "prophesized."
  • Maya Elders and 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] .NASA has compared fears about 2012 to those about the Y2K bug in the late 1990s, suggesting that an adequate analysis should preclude fears of disaster.^ Someone who did not hear about the prediction in advance would not have noticed anything special on those dates, and I predict that December 2012 will be like that as well.
  • Astronomy Answers: 21 December 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.astro.uu.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ Just about any other site that has information about 2012 should be accessible to you by exploring the links we have posted below.
  • Understanding 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.mayastudies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Perhaps you want to suggest other links to sites with information about 2012 that we could post here for others.
  • Understanding 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.mayastudies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]

Contents

Mesoamerican Long Count calendar

.December 2012 marks the ending of the current b'ak'tun cycle of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, which was used in Central America prior to the arrival of Europeans.^ Do modern Maya use the Long Count calendar ?
  • Understanding 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.mayastudies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the current "Long Count" of the Mayan calendar, a great cycle ends on December 21st 2012.
  • EndLinks: The Year 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC merlin.allegheny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ December 21, 2012 is the end of the Mayan great calendar.

.Though the Long Count was most likely invented by the Olmec,[7] it has become closely associated with the Maya civilization, whose classic period lasted from 250 to 900 AD.[8] The writing system of the classic Maya has been substantially deciphered, meaning that a corpus of their written and inscribed material has survived from before the European conquest.^ The year 2012 is referring to the last year of the Long Count Maya calendar.
  • 2012 Explained - Why it shouldn’t be feared 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.dailycommonsense.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By 1950 it was realized that this day-count was an unbroken survival from the Classic Period.
  • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During this period the Maya built temples and monuments, created numerous works of art and writings, continued their astronomical observations , and built a network of cities.
  • Mayan prophecy - 12/21/2012 - The Skeptic's Dictionary - Skepdic.com 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.skepdic.com [Source type: General]

.The Long Count set its "zero date" at a point in the past marking the end of the previous world and the beginning of the current one, which corresponds to either 11 or 13 August 3114 BC in the Proleptic Gregorian calendar, depending on the formula used.^ It is like a large check mark on the calendar, a pointer aimed at 13.0.0.0.0, the "End Date" of the Mayan Long Count Calendar.
  • Why December 21, 2012? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.artideas.com [Source type: General]

^ The Calendar predicted the end of the world in 2012 ...

^ Everything says that the world will end on that date..
  • The End Of The World By December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.trap17.com [Source type: General]
  • The End Of The World By December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.trap17.com [Source type: General]

[9] .Unlike the 52-year calendar round still used today among the Maya, the Long Count was linear, rather than cyclical, and kept time roughly in units of 20, so 20 days made a uinal, 18 uinals (360 days) made a tun, 20 tuns made a k'atun, and 20 k'atuns (144,000 days) made up a b'ak'tun.^ One of the time periods of the Long Count of the Maya is the baktun, which lasts 144,000 days.
  • Astronomy Answers: 21 December 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.astro.uu.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ The Mayan long-count calendar is divided into these units: .

^ Another calendar used to track longer periods of time is referred to as the Long Count.
  • Mayan Calendar, 2012, Mayan Prophecy, 2012 Apocalypse, End of Days, Bible Prophecy, Conspiracy Theory, Illuminati, New World Order, End World, Doomsday, End Times, 2012 End World, End of the World 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.2012endofdays.org [Source type: News]

.So, for example, the Mayan date of 8.3.2.10.15 represents 8 b'ak'tuns, 3 k'atuns, 2 tuns, 10 uinals and 15 days since creation.^ For example: 6.19.19.0.0 equals 6 baktuns, 19 katuns, 19 tuns, 0 uinals and 0 days.
  • Mayan Latest News Continually updated 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.liveindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 2012 Prophecies! Learn all about the year 2012 and the Mayan Calendar here. 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.whatismetaphysics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Calendar Cycles: 2012 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.valdostamuseum.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Why 2012? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC edj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Twenty k'atuns make a b'ak'tun .
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The story of Creation according to Mayan culture plays an integral part in daily Mayan living, so it is no surprise that the day the calendar ends plays an equally important role.
  • MAYAN CRYSTAL SKULLS 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC crystalskulls.com [Source type: General]

.Many Mayan inscriptions have the count shifting to a higher order after 13 b'ak'tuns, or roughly 5,125 years.^ Apparently this end-date was discovered before Terence became aware that the Mayan Long Count of 5,125 years ended on the same date - winter solstice of 2012.

^ The Mayan calendar is based on five cycles of time with each period lasting 5,125 years.
  • Official 2012 Mayan Calendar Countdown 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.maya12-21-2012.com [Source type: General]

^ The end date culminates one of the Maya’s 5,200 tun (5,125 year) 13-Baktun Great Cycle calendar “ages” and is the “seating” of the next Great Cycle.
  • Understanding 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.mayastudies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10][11] Today, the most widely accepted correlations of the end of the thirteenth b'ak'tun, or Mayan date 13.0.0.0.0, with the Western calendar are either December 21 or December 23, 2012.[12]
.In 1957, the early Mayanist and astronomer Maud Worcester Makemson wrote that "the completion of a Great Period of 13 b'ak'tuns would have been of the utmost significance to the Maya".[13] The anthropologist Munro S. Edmonson added that "there appears to be a strong likelihood that the eral calendar, like the year calendar, was motivated by a long-range astronomical prediction, one that made a correct solsticial forecast 2,367 years into the future in 355 B.C." (sic)[14] In 1966, Michael D. Coe more ambitiously asserted in The Maya that "there is a suggestion ...^ In 1994 there were 161 strong, 13 major and 2 great earthquakes.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So, the calendars of the Maya do not keep in step with any astronomically determined period.
  • Astronomy Answers: 21 December 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.astro.uu.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no one correct path.
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

that .Armageddon would overtake the degenerate peoples of the world and all creation on the final day of the thirteenth [b'ak'tun].^ In a world of hope the Green Party would seize this opportunity to enshrine and claim as its own all of the issues which the Democrats left unaddressed and laying in the dust of this election.
  • F L Y B Y N E W S 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.flybynews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The ancient Maya believed the Earth's final day would be December 21, 2012.
  • December 21 2012 Network Blog: "December 21 2012 THE END" video response 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC december212012.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Why is it that all of a sudden people cry out loud "oh nooooos, they are building an atom smasher and are creating black holes, we will all blow up"?
  • 7 reasons the world will end in 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.msghelp.net [Source type: General]

Thus ... our present universe [would] be annihilated [in December 2012][a] when the Great Cycle of the Long Count reaches completion."[15]
Coe's apocalyptic connotations were accepted by other scholars through the early 1990s.[16] .In contrast, later researchers said that, while the end of the 13th b'ak'tun would perhaps be a cause for celebration,[2] it did not mark the end of the calendar.^ The end date culminates one of the Maya’s 5,200 tun (5,125 year) 13-Baktun Great Cycle calendar “ages” and is the “seating” of the next Great Cycle.
  • Understanding 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.mayastudies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jose Arguelles discovered a system of cycles based on the ancient Mayan calendar and determined that the year 2012 would be the end of the 396 year ...
  • MAYAN DATABASE 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Why did the ancient Mayan or pre-Maya choose December 21st, 2012 A.D., as the end of their Long Count calendar ?
  • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

[17] ."There is nothing in the Maya or Aztec or ancient Mesoamerican prophecy to suggest that they prophesied a sudden or major change of any sort in 2012," says Mayanist scholar Mark Van Stone, "The notion of a "Great Cycle" coming to an end is completely a modern invention."^ The end of the Mayan Great Cycle after the completion of the 12th Bak'tum.
  • THE END OF THE WORLD 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And I don't believe that the world will come to an end in 2012, but it's a great scenario."
  • Yahoo! Movie Talk - The End Is Coming in '2012'? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC ca.movies.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And with that will come great change.
  • THE TRUTH ABOUT NIBIRU - by Alex 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18] .In their seminal work of 1990, the Maya scholars Linda Schele and David Freidel, who reference Edmonson, argue that the Maya "did not conceive this to be the end of creation, as many have suggested,"[19] citing Mayan predictions of events to occur after the end of the 13th b'ak'tun.^ Reviews Mayan predictions for the end of the world.

^ Many predictions have been deciphered from the Mayan calendar.
  • Mayan Prophecy: Will December 21, 2012 Be Doomsday? - Associated Content 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ During this period the Maya built temples and monuments, created numerous works of art and writings, continued their astronomical observations , and built a network of cities.
  • Mayan prophecy - 12/21/2012 - The Skeptic's Dictionary - Skepdic.com 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.skepdic.com [Source type: General]

.Stela 1 at Coba, for example, gives a date with twenty units above the b'ak'tun, placing it either 4.134105 × 1028 years in the future,[19] or an equal distance in the past.^ For example: 6.19.19.0.0 equals 6 baktuns, 19 katuns, 19 tuns, 0 uinals and 0 days.
  • Mayan Latest News Continually updated 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.liveindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 2012 Prophecies! Learn all about the year 2012 and the Mayan Calendar here. 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.whatismetaphysics.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Calendar Cycles: 2012 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.valdostamuseum.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Why 2012? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC edj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Twenty k'atuns make a b'ak'tun .
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The ideas started 10,000 years ago through a series of calculations; Mayans have set forth a date of the next cataclysm.
  • EndLinks: The Year 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC merlin.allegheny.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20] .Either way, this date is 3 quintillion times the age of the universe, demonstrating that not all Mayans considered the 5,125-year cycle as the most important.^ The Mayan calendar is based on five cycles of time with each period lasting 5,125 years.
  • Official 2012 Mayan Calendar Countdown 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.maya12-21-2012.com [Source type: General]

^ The long count of 5,125 years is 1/5 of that cycle.
  • Mayan Calendar, 2012, Mayan Prophecy, 2012 Apocalypse, End of Days, Bible Prophecy, Conspiracy Theory, Illuminati, New World Order, End World, Doomsday, End Times, 2012 End World, End of the World 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.2012endofdays.org [Source type: News]

^ The 2012 Mayan end year is timed at 11:11 Universal time.
  • MAYAN DATABASE 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • 11:11 - What Does it Mean? 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In fact, many different Maya city-states employed the Long Count in different ways.^ Why did the ancient Mayan or pre-Maya choose December 21st, 2012 A.D., as the end of their Long Count calendar ?
  • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "The Maya knew the precession of the equinoxes and knew that five of their periods of 13 baktuns of the Long Count were equal to the period of the precession " .
  • Astronomy Answers: 21 December 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.astro.uu.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ What I find way more interesting than doomsday is the fact that so many of you believe this crap.
  • 2012 Blog: History Channel: Doomsday 2012: The End of Days 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC survive2012.com [Source type: General]

At Palenque, evidence suggests that the priest timekeepers believed the cycle would end after 20 b'ak'tuns, rather than 13. A monument commemorating the ascension of the king Pakal the Great connects his coronation with events as much as 4000 years after, indicating that those scribes did not believe the world would end on 13.0.0.0.0.[21]

Maya references to B'ak'tun 13

.The present-day Maya, as a whole, do not attach much significance to b'ak'tun 13. Although the calendar round is still used by some Maya tribes in the Guatemalan highlands, the Long Count was employed exclusively by the classic Maya, and was only recently rediscovered by archaeologists.^ The number 13 is used by the Maya.
  • 2007 is 2012 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the astrological use of the Long Count, a 13-tun cycle, a 13-katun cycle and a 13-baktun cycle are also counted.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Maya discontinued their use of the Long Count calendar long before the Spanish arrived.
  • Understanding 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.mayastudies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22] .Mayan elder Apolinario Chile Pixtun and Mexican archaeologist Guillermo Bernal both note that "apocalypse" is a Western concept that has little or nothing to do with Mayan beliefs.^ In both cases, however, the Hopi and Mayan elders do not prophesy that everything will come to an end.
  • Mayan End Times Prophecy 12-21-2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.adishakti.org [Source type: Original source]

.Bernal believes that such ideas have been foisted on the Maya by Westerners because their own myths are "exhausted".[23][24] Mayanist Anthony Aveni says that while the idea of "balancing the cosmos" was prominent in ancient Maya literature, and some modern Maya affirm this idea of an age of coexistence, the 2012 phenomenon does not present this message in its original form.^ So what does the past say about the present?
  • Mayan End Times Prophecy 12-21-2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.adishakti.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Q - What does Nostradamus say about 2012?
  • Frequently Asked Questions About 2012 Predictions Answered. 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.2012officialcountdown.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What does Nostradamus say about 2012?
  • Frequently Asked Questions About 2012 Predictions Answered. 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.2012officialcountdown.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Instead, it is bound up with American traditions such as the New Age movement, millenarianism, and the belief in secret knowledge from distant times and places.^ In this unification it seems that it is the West, the Maya and some other Native American peoples, that is providing the calendrical knowledge about the cosmic plan, while it is the East, the Vedic and Buddhist traditions that is carrying the time-less wisdom of the Self.
  • Mayan Calendar 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.thewildrose.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is where a true new hope for a genuine new age may lie: quantum physics does tell us that above space and time, stands consciousness.
  • Crop Circles: Messages From the TimeWave? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.philipcoppens.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Basically most who are part of the New Age Movement look forward to what some refer to as the "Aquarian Age".
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

[25] .Mayan archaeologist Jose Huchm has stated that "If I went to some Mayan-speaking communities and asked people what is going to happen in 2012, they wouldn't have any idea.^ People ask me if I believe in the 2012 prediction.
  • fUSION Anomaly. Timewave Zero 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC fusionanomaly.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Torrent - Terence McKenna - December 21st, 2012 - Timewave Zero:: BitTorrentMonster 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.btmon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is going to happen in 2012?

^ "There's going to be a whole generation of people who, when they think of the Maya, think of 2012, and to me that's just criminal," said David Stuart, director of the Mesoamerica Center at the University of Texas at Austin.
  • Apocalypse in 2012? Date spawns theories, film - CNN.com 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]

.That the world is going to end?^ Is the world really going to end?
  • Frequently Asked Questions About 2012 Predictions Answered. 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.2012officialcountdown.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ December 21, 2012 Some say it is the end of the world and that we are going to plunge into another ice age.

^ By: John Kehne Is the world really going to end on December 21 2012?
  • Is the world really going to end on December 21 2012? 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.december212012.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They wouldn't believe you.^ To be honest with you, it's a very scary thought to me that they could have been right, but that doesn't mean that I believe that the earth will end.
  • Do you really think the world is gonna end December 21, 2012? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC answerology.cosmogirl.com [Source type: General]

^ They will argue vehemently for what they believe to be true, however, if you can show them facts to the contrary, they have little trouble altering their opinion.
  • THE COMING OF THE NEW AGE - AQUARIUS 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anyway I wouldn't worry if you believe its true cause even then you've still got three more years :) .
  • Do you really think the world is gonna end December 21, 2012? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC answerology.cosmogirl.com [Source type: General]

We have real concerns these days, like rain".[23]
.What significance the classic Maya gave b'ak'tun 13 is uncertain.^ The end date culminates one of the Maya’s 5,200 tun (5,125 year) 13-Baktun Great Cycle calendar “ages” and is the “seating” of the next Great Cycle.
  • Understanding 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.mayastudies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most classic Maya inscriptions are strictly historical and do not make any prophetic declarations.^ But the post-Classical deity most closely associated with Venus is Kukulkan, the Maya counterpart of the Aztec/Toltec culture hero Quetzelcoatl.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "'Anthropologists visit the temple sites,' Mr. Barrios says, 'and read the steles and inscriptions and make up stories about the Maya, but they do not read the signs correctly.
  • Maya Elders and 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26] .Two items in the Maya historical corpus, however, mention the end of the 13th b'ak'tun: Tortuguero Monument 6 and, possibly, the Chilam Balam.^ The end date culminates one of the Maya’s 5,200 tun (5,125 year) 13-Baktun Great Cycle calendar “ages” and is the “seating” of the next Great Cycle.
  • Understanding 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.mayastudies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are prophecies preserved in the Chilam Balams, which mention "descent" and the Nine gods, and which are associated with katun endings, if not (as argued by Makemson), baktun endings.
  • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the Chilam Balam of Tizimin, (the version translated and with commentary by Makemson), it is pointed out that the prophecies are cyclic, and so would be pertinent to repeat endings of named katuns.
  • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

Tortuguero

.The Tortuguero site, which lies in southernmost Tabasco, Mexico, dates from the 7th century AD and consists of a series of inscriptions in honor of the contemporary ruler.^ A recent translation of a text from Tortuguero, a Classic Maya site north of Palenque, explicitly points to the date December 21, 2012.

One inscription, known as Tortuguero Monument 6, is generally agreed among Mayanists to refer to b'ak'tun 13. It has been partially defaced; Mark Van Stone has given the most complete translation:
Tzuhtz-(a)j-oom u(y)-uxlajuun pik
The Thirteenth [b'ak'tun] will end
(ta) Chan Ajaw ux(-te') Uniiw.
(on) 4 Ajaw, the 3rd of Uniiw [3 K'ank'in].
Uht-oom Ek'-...
Black ... will occur.
Y-em(al) ... Bolon Yookte' K'uh ta-chak-ma...
(It will be) the descent(?) of Bolon Yookte' K'uh to the great (or red?)...[21]
.Very little is known about the god (or gods) Bolon Yookte' K'uh.^ Relatively little is known about the ninth planet Pluto.

^ Quetzalcoatl (*73) is a very ancient god known to the Mayas and ancient Teotihuacan ruins.
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I knew very little about the whole topic when I began doing the research.
  • Doomsday in 2012?: Viewzone 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.viewzone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Possible translations of his or their name include "nine support [gods]", "Many‐Strides God", "Nine‐Dog Tree", or "Many‐Root Tree".[21] He appears in other inscriptions as a god of war, conflict, and the underworld, though Markus Eberl and Christian Prager believe that the Tortuguero inscription parallels the typical Maya ruler's pronouncement of a future dedicatory celebration.^ Many people believe the Mayan calendar represents the end of the world by December 21, 2012 through a doomsday or apocalypse scenario.
  • Official 2012 Mayan Calendar Countdown 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.maya12-21-2012.com [Source type: General]

^ A long exchange between Calleman and members of Tribe.net, with thoughtful contributions from Aaron081, Tree Frog, Geoff Stray, Robert Sitler , and many others .
  • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When the Portuguese discovered Malabar, they found Nestorian Christians there; believing them to be heretics they passed many decrees to persecute them.
  • *Ø*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | December 21| St Thomas mumping 2012 McKenna José Argüelles Maya Timewave zero Mayan calendarAustralia Christmas beetle 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

[27] .No illustrations of Bolon Yookte' exist, though dozens of other gods' images are known.^ Brian Scott, born in 1943, was chosen for "Transformation"  by The Host,  an Old Man with white hair known as the religious leader  of God's Other Children.
  • THE END OF THE WORLD 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thanks for shedding light though, cause I had no idea other sources (I- Ching, etc.
  • December 21st, 2012 (Revelation, prophecies, bible, God) - Religion and Philosophy - City-Data Forum 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: General]

[21]

Chilam Balam

.The Chilam Balam are a group of post-conquest Mayan prophetic histories transcribed in a modified form of the Spanish alphabet.^ Chliam Balam (Mayan priest): Heaven and earth shall burn...It is the holy judgment, the holy judgment (José Hoíl J, Roys R. The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel.
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There are also nine writings called Chilam Balam (meaning "oracular priest" "jaguar") that seem to combine Mayan and Spanish beliefs that came from the late 15th/early 16th century.
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was originally written in Mayan hieroglyphs but was transcribed into the Roman alphabet in the sixteenth century.
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Their authorship is ascribed to a chilam balam, or jaguar prophet.^ I Chilam Balam, the prophet of the Jaguar!
  • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

[28] .The Chilam Balam of Tizimin has been translated four times in the 20th century, with many disputes over the meaning of its passages.^ There are also nine writings called Chilam Balam (meaning "oracular priest" "jaguar") that seem to combine Mayan and Spanish beliefs that came from the late 15th/early 16th century.
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ H. Kramer (20th century): Verses 20 and 21 presage a time of peace between the first reign of terror in the second woe and the reign of Antichrist ( Kramer, H.B. L. The Book of Destiny.
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the Chilam Balam of Tizimin, (the version translated and with commentary by Makemson), it is pointed out that the prophecies are cyclic, and so would be pertinent to repeat endings of named katuns.
  • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

One passage in particular is relevant to the interpretation of the 13th b'ak'tun:
lic u tal oxlahun bak chem, ti u cenic u (tzan a cen/ba nacom)i (ciac/cha') a ba yum(il/t)exe
Maud Worcester Makemson, an archaeoastronomer, believed that this line referred to the "tremendously important event of the arrival of 13.0.0.0.0 4 Ahau 3 Kankin in the not too distant future",[29] Her translation of the line, runs:
Presently B'ak'tun 13 shall come sailing, figuratively speaking, bringing the ornaments of which I have spoken from your ancestors.
.Her version of the text continues, "Then the god will come to visit his little ones.^ Then the god will come to visit his little cones.
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then the god will come to visit his little ones.
  • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But then again, as a deist(one who believes in a god who does not interfere with the world directly, but rather automates the world through science) I reject biblical texts, and so I believe it's a bit of rubbish.
  • The End Of The World By December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.trap17.com [Source type: General]
  • The End Of The World By December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.trap17.com [Source type: General]

.Perhaps 'After Death' will be the subject of his discourse."^ Perhaps "After Death" will be the subject of his discourse."
  • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps After Death will be the subject of his discourse.
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Makemson was still relying on her own dating of 13.0.0.0.0 to 1752 and therefore the "not too distant future" in her annotations meant a few years after the scribe in Tizimin recorded his Chilam Balam.^ The end date culminates one of the Maya’s 5,200 tun (5,125 year) 13-Baktun Great Cycle calendar “ages” and is the “seating” of the next Great Cycle.
  • Understanding 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.mayastudies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ McKenna also noted that it was remarkable that the Maya were fascinated less by their own time, and more by the time we live in, a time that lay more than two millennia in the future at the time the first Long Count dates were recorded.
  • Crop Circles: Messages From the TimeWave? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.philipcoppens.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are prophecies preserved in the Chilam Balams, which mention "descent" and the Nine gods, and which are associated with katun endings, if not (as argued by Makemson), baktun endings.
  • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

[30] .The more recent translation of Munro S. Edmonson does not support this reading; he considers the Long Count almost entirely absent from the book, since the 360-day tun been supplanted in the 1750s by a 365-day Christian year, and a 24-round may system was being implemented.^ Years of 260-, 360-, and 365-days duration run concurrently.
  • *Ø*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | 2012 Calendar Convergence| apocalypse Aztec dreamspell calendar 2012 gods Indian 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More on wassailing , and more , in the Book of Days.
  • *Ø*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | December 21| St Thomas mumping 2012 McKenna José Argüelles Maya Timewave zero Mayan calendarAustralia Christmas beetle 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ A Long Count calendar of 5000 years.
  • The Mayan Calendar ends in 2012!! 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.reformation.org [Source type: Original source]

[31] He translates the line as follows:
...like the coming of 13 sail-ships. When the captains dress themselves, your fathers will be taken.[32]
.Other Chilam Balam books contain references to the 13th b'ak'tun, but it is unclear if these are in the past or future; for example, oxhun bakam u katunil (thirteen bakam of k'atuns) in the Chilam Balam of Chumayel.^ Twenty k'atuns make a b'ak'tun .
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We see it used in the Books of Chilam Balam.
  • Why 2012? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC edj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first one is from the Chilam Balam of Chumayel: .
  • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

[33]

New Age beliefs

.Many New Age thinkers believe that the ending of this cycle will correspond to a global "consciousness shift". Established themes found in 2012 literature include "suspicion towards mainstream Western culture", the idea of spiritual evolution, and the possibility of leading the world into the New Age, by individual example or by a group's joined consciousness.^ Nostradamus and 2012 Why do people need to believe that the world is ending in 2012?
  • 2012: Hottest Topics On The Predicted Global Cataclysm Coming In December of 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.abovetopsecret.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These possibilities include 2012 A.D. as a time for: .

^ Thus, a new cycle of spiritual evolution is now beginning as marked by their 2012 calendar end point.
  • F L Y B Y N E W S 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.flybynews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The general intent of this literature is not to warn of impending doom but "to foster counter-cultural sympathies and eventually socio-political and 'spiritual' activism".[34] Aveni, who has studied New Age and SETI communities, describes 2012 narratives as the product of a "disconnected" society: "Unable to find spiritual answers to life's big questions within ourselves, we turn outward to imagined entities that lie far off in space or time—entities that just might be in possession of superior knowledge."[35]
.In 1975, b'ak'tun 13 became the subject of speculation by several New Age authors.^ The theory of The Divine Plot, by this author, is an astrological model of the historical process expressing multiple cyclic world ages, and it projects a transition to a new world age in the year 2000.
  • THE COMING OF THE NEW AGE - AQUARIUS 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rudhyar designated 1975 as the time when the Avatar of the New Age would appear.
  • THE COMING OF THE NEW AGE - AQUARIUS 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NOSTRADAMUS AND THE NEW PROPHECY ALMANACS (1999 to 2012) --Website of Michael McClellan, Author of Nostradamus And The Final Age.

.In his book Mexico Mystique: The Coming Sixth Age of Consciousness, Frank Waters tied Coe's December 24, 2011 date to astrology and the prophecies of the Hopi,[36] while both José Argüelles and Terence McKenna (in their books The Transformative Vision[37] and The Invisible Landscape[38][39] respectively) discussed the significance of the year 2012, but not a specific day.^ What was the reason to choose so specifically for December 2012?
  • The wonderous Maya predictions for the year 2012 - Part 2 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.daanspeak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most significant of which has much to do with the 2012 prophecies.
  • Mayan End Times Prophecy 12-21-2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.adishakti.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This date translates to December 21st, 2012...
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1987, the year in which he held the Harmonic Convergence event, Arguelles settled on the date of December 21 in his book The Mayan Factor: Path Beyond Technology,[40][41] in which he claimed on that date the Earth would pass through a great "beam" from the centre of the Galaxy, and that the Maya aligned their calendar in anticipation of that event.^ Will the earth die on 21 December 2012?
  • December 21 2012 Doomsday // BlogCatalog Topic // BlogCatalog 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.blogcatalog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The mayans calendar ends December 21 2012.
  • December 21 2012 Doomsday // BlogCatalog Topic // BlogCatalog 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.blogcatalog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On December 21, 2012, the Mayan calendar will complete its 13th cycle.
  • The Complete Idiots Guide to 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC colinandrews.net [Source type: General]

[42]

Galactic alignment

.In the mid-1990s, John Major Jenkins asserted that the ancient Maya intended to tie the end of their calendar to the winter solstice in 2012, which falls on December 21. This date was in line with an idea he terms the galactic alignment.^ December 21 2012 has 1156 friends.
  • MySpace - December 21 2012 - 48 - Male - Near Louisville, Kentucky - myspace.com/december212012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On December 21, 2012, there will be an "alignment between the galactic and solar planes."
  • Mayan prophecy - 12/21/2012 - The Skeptic's Dictionary - Skepdic.com 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.skepdic.com [Source type: General]

^ So what can we expect from December 21, 2012?
  • Crop Circles: Messages From the TimeWave? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.philipcoppens.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43]
.In the Solar System, the planets and the Sun share roughly the same plane of orbit, known as the plane of the ecliptic.^ The planets orbit the Sun in a narrow plane called the ecliptic .
  • Doomsday in 2012?: Viewzone 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.viewzone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At sunrise on December 21, 2012 for the first time in 26,000 years the Sun rises to conjunct the intersection of the Milky Way and the plane of the ecliptic.
  • Mayan prophecy - 12/21/2012 - The Skeptic's Dictionary - Skepdic.com 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.skepdic.com [Source type: General]
  • Maya Elders and 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As our sun moves through this orbit, it takes the solar system (and earth) closer to and then further from a point in space known as the "grand centre" also called 'Vishnunabhi', which is the seat of the creative power, 'Brahma', [which]...regulates...the mental virtue of the internal world."
  • December 21 2012 the END? - Year 2012 - tribe.net 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC 2012.tribe.net [Source type: General]

.From our perspective on Earth, the ecliptic is the path taken by the Sun across the sky over the course of the year.^ This is when Venus passes directly in front of the Sun from our perspective on the Earth.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At sunrise on December 21, 2012 for the first time in 26,000 years the Sun rises to conjunct the intersection of the Milky Way and the plane of the ecliptic.
  • Maya Elders and 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In these particular circumstances, Venus's path forms a planetary loop, lasting for just 6 months in any one year, which takes it across the top of the constellation of Orion.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The 12 constellations which line the ecliptic are known as the zodiac and, through the year, the Sun passes through each constellation in turn.^ So, the Sun passes through the Milky Way in the sky twice a year.
  • WHAT ABOUT THE REAL DOOMSDAY DECEMBER 21 2012 ? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cephas-library.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So, the Sun passes through the Milky Way in the sky twice a year .
  • Astronomy Answers: 21 December 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.astro.uu.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ At sunrise on December 21, 2012 for the first time in 26,000 years the Sun rises to conjunct the intersection of the Milky Way and the plane of the ecliptic.
  • Mayan prophecy - 12/21/2012 - The Skeptic's Dictionary - Skepdic.com 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.skepdic.com [Source type: General]
  • Maya Elders and 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Additionally, over time, the Sun's annual passage appears to recede counterclockwise by one degree every 72 years.^ This basically follows the "1 degree every 72 years" rule of precession.
  • Why 2012? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC edj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Sun (and hence also the ecliptic ) does not approach the center of the Milky Way to closer than about 5 degrees (which is ten times the apparent size of the Sun and the Moon in the sky), and that happens not on 21 December but around 18 December, and not just in 2012 but in every year .
  • Astronomy Answers: 21 December 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.astro.uu.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ At sunrise on December 21, 2012 for the first time in 26,000 years the Sun rises to conjunct the intersection of the Milky Way and the plane of the ecliptic.
  • Mayan prophecy - 12/21/2012 - The Skeptic's Dictionary - Skepdic.com 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.skepdic.com [Source type: General]
  • Maya Elders and 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This movement is attributed to a slight wobble in the Earth's axis as it spins.^ This unequal distribution of mass causes the Earth to "wobble" around its rotational axis like a gyroscope.
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Precession The precession of the equinoxes, also known as the Platonic Year, is caused by the slow wobbling of the earth's polar axis.
  • Why 2012? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC edj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Earth doesn't so much "shift" on its axis as it "wobbles" The Earth's axis is tilted at an angle of approximately 23.5° to the plane of the ecliptic.
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[44] .As a result, approximately every 2160 years, the constellation visible on the early morning of the spring equinox changes.^ Janis Early in 1967 I became aware of the prophecies of the pole shift and earth changes which were said to occur between that time and the year 2012.
  • THE END OF THE WORLD 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since precession will change this position at the rate of 1 degree every 72 years, within the relatively short time of 100 years or so, a noticeable change will have occurred.
  • Why 2012? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC edj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Through the "precession of the Equinoxes" the sun gradually shifts its position a little each year, till in about every 2,000 years it begins the year in a different sign.
  • 17 FISH - THE BIBLE AND THE STARS 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: General]

.In Western astrological traditions, this signals the end of one astrological age (currently the Age of Pisces) and the beginning of another (Age of Aquarius).^ What they predict is the end of an age-and the beginning of a new one.

^ It's the end of one thing and the beginning of another.
  • Grid shifts---Crystalline Grid / Kryon 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The end of an age, and the beginning of another.
  • 2007 is 2012 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Over the course of 26,000 years, the precession of the equinoxes makes one full circuit around the ecliptic.^ The actual precession period is 26,000 years.
  • Pole shift / Planetary alignment 2012? - Bad Astronomy and Universe Today Forum 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.bautforum.com [Source type: General]

^ It took 26,000 years for it to happen...

^ A full cycle is completed in roughly 26,000 years.
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[44]
.Just as the spring equinox in the northern hemisphere is currently in the constellation of Pisces, so the winter solstice is currently in the constellation of Sagittarius, which is the zodiacal constellation intersected by the galactic equator.^ For example, right now, the winter solstice position is in the constellation of Sagittarius.
  • Why 2012? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC edj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But by some amazing coincidence, not only will we be intersecting with the Galactic Equator [the Milky Way], but we will be doing this precisely aligned with the center of the Galaxy where there is maximum mass!
  • WHAT ABOUT THE REAL DOOMSDAY DECEMBER 21 2012 ? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cephas-library.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He fixed the 2012 end date to coincide with a “galactic alignment” of the winter-solstice sun and the axis that modern astonomers draw to bisect the Milky Way, called the galactic equator.
  • F L Y B Y N E W S 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.flybynews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[45] .Every year for the last 1000 years or so, on the winter solstice, the Earth, Sun and the galactic equator come into alignment, and every year, precession pushes the Sun's position a little way further through the Milky Way's band.^ The winter solstice sun will "conjunct the Milky Way."
  • Mayan prophecy - 12/21/2012 - The Skeptic's Dictionary - Skepdic.com 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.skepdic.com [Source type: General]

^ Xolotl pushed the sun into darkness.
  • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So, the Sun passes through the Milky Way in the sky twice a year.
  • WHAT ABOUT THE REAL DOOMSDAY DECEMBER 21 2012 ? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cephas-library.com [Source type: Original source]

The Milky Way near Cygnus showing the lane of the Dark Rift, which the Maya called the Xibalba be or "Black Road"
Jenkins suggests that the Maya based their calendar on observations of the Great Rift, a band of dark dust clouds in the Milky Way, which the Maya called the Xibalba be or "Black Road."[46] Jenkins claims that the Maya were aware of where the ecliptic intersected the Black Road and gave this position in the sky a special significance in their cosmology.[47] .According to the hypothesis, the Sun precisely aligns with this intersection point at the winter solstice of 2012.[47] Jenkins claimed that the classical Mayans anticipated this conjunction and celebrated it as the harbinger of a profound spiritual transition for mankind.^ And at that point occurs on this solstice date in 2012.
  • Terrence McKenna Interview on DMT and Novelty 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.miqel.com [Source type: Original source]

^ End of Times Mayans Predicted December 21, 2012 Will Be the Apocalypse You have a little more than five years to accomplish your life's to-do list, if you believe that life will end when the winter solstice sun crosses the equator of the Milky Way and the ecliptic path of the sun.

^ But by some amazing coincidence, not only will we be intersecting with the Galactic Equator [the Milky Way], but we will be doing this precisely aligned with the center of the Galaxy where there is maximum mass!
  • WHAT ABOUT THE REAL DOOMSDAY DECEMBER 21 2012 ? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cephas-library.com [Source type: Original source]

[48] .New Age proponents of the galactic alignment hypothesis argue that, just as astrology uses the positions of stars and planets to make claims of future events, the Mayans plotted their calendars with the objective of preparing for significant world events.^ And this is not just "New Age" puff & blather.
  • Future Hi: Fractal Time (aka Timewave Zero) Available Once Again 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.futurehi.net [Source type: Original source]

^ MAYAN , 5119, The Mayan's use three calendars.
  • MAYAN DATABASE 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is so significant that the calendar just comes to a stop.
  • Why December 21, 2012? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.artideas.com [Source type: General]
  • F L Y B Y N E W S 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.flybynews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49] .Jenkins attributes the insights of ancient Maya shamans about the galactic center to their use of psilocybin mushrooms, psychoactive toads, and other psychedelics.^ The answer is that the Mayas found something other than the middle of that period more important : ' The ancient Maya intended their 2012 end date to target the alignment of the solstice sun and the Milky Way galaxy', Jenkins writes to DaanSpeak .
  • The wonderous Maya predictions for the year 2012 - Part 2 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.daanspeak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We can form opinions about this, based on other knowledge we have of the Maya culture and of other calendars, and depending on how much weight we assign to each fact and each opinion.
  • WHAT ABOUT THE REAL DOOMSDAY DECEMBER 21 2012 ? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cephas-library.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To start with, however, I use the exact center of the Milky Way band that one finds on star charts, known as the "Galactic Equator" (not to be confused with Galactic Center).
  • Why 2012? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC edj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[50] .Jenkins also associates the Xibalba be with a "world tree", drawing on studies of contemporary (not ancient) Maya cosmology.^ Jenkins argues that ancient Maya “calendar priests” were able to chart a 26,000-year astronomical cycle called “the precession of the equinoxes” with the naked eye.
  • F L Y B Y N E W S 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.flybynews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This suggests that the ancient Maya were aware of the impending alignment and considered it to be of such importance to be a major transition point, the Creation of a new World Age.
  • Mayan End Times Prophecy 12-21-2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.adishakti.org [Source type: Original source]
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For the ancient Maya, on the far-future Creation Day which for us arrives soon, First Mother and First Father join forces to engender a new World Age.
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[51]
.Astronomers argue that the galactic equator is an entirely arbitrary line, and can never be precisely determined because it is impossible to say exactly where the Milky Way begins or ends.^ But by some amazing coincidence, not only will we be intersecting with the Galactic Equator [the Milky Way], but we will be doing this precisely aligned with the center of the Galaxy where there is maximum mass!
  • WHAT ABOUT THE REAL DOOMSDAY DECEMBER 21 2012 ? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cephas-library.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He fixed the 2012 end date to coincide with a “galactic alignment” of the winter-solstice sun and the axis that modern astonomers draw to bisect the Milky Way, called the galactic equator.
  • F L Y B Y N E W S 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.flybynews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both are near the center of the Milky Way, near where the ecliptic and the galactic equator cross.
  • Why December 21, 2012? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.artideas.com [Source type: General]

.Jenkins claims he drew his conclusions about the location of the galactic equator from observations taken at above 11,000 feet, which is higher than any of the Maya lived.^ Date 1: 13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.0.0.0.0 4 Ahau 8 Cumku Date 2: 13.13.13.13.13.13.13.13.9.15.13.6.9 3 Muluc 17 Mac Since dates rarely requred numbers higher than the baktun, the Maya normally excluded them.
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At sunrise Dec 21st 2012, Earth will be crossing the galactic equator, aligning itself with the center of the galaxy for the first time in 26,000 years.
  • Mayan End Times Prophecy 12-21-2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.adishakti.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The period of the precession was then about 25,951 years, which is 1.3 percent less than 65 baktuns, so the Maya would then have measured the period of the precession with an error of 1.3 percent.
  • Astronomy Answers: 21 December 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.astro.uu.nl [Source type: Original source]

[42] .Furthermore, the precessional alignment of the Sun with any single point is not exclusive to a specific year, but takes place over a 36-year period, corresponding to its diameter.^ The barycenter is not a single point in the Sun.
  • Doomsday in 2012?: Viewzone 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.viewzone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All of these who have been working for 12 years to produce a lessening of the veil have done so for the next step to take place.
  • Grid shifts---Crystalline Grid / Kryon 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The conjunction is not clearly limited to a single day, but covers a period of many years.
  • WHAT ABOUT THE REAL DOOMSDAY DECEMBER 21 2012 ? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cephas-library.com [Source type: Original source]

Jenkins himself notes that, even given his determined location for the line of the galactic equator, its most precise convergence with the centre of the Sun already occurred in 1998.[52][53]
.Some Maya scholars, such as Barbara MacLeod, Michael Grofe, Eva Hunt, Gordon Brotherston, and Anthony Aveni,[54] have suggested that some Mayan holy dates were timed to precessional cycles, but scholarly opinion on the subject remains divided.^ We also have some researchers such as Terence Mc Kenna who claim that Earth comes into alignment with the center of the Milky Way Galaxy at this date, and that linear time breaks down at that point.
  • THE END OF THE WORLD 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to some researchers, the Mayans accurately predicted the time frame we now found ourselves in, which is known as the "apocalyptic age" or the "time of revealing."
  • 2012 ... Miracles & Inspiration ... Change Your Consciousness, Change Your Life 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC miraclesandinspiration.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you are unfamiliar with the ending of the long cycle Mayan Calendar in December 2012, here is a link to some pages on this site: MAYAN DATA .
  • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21] .There is also little evidence, archaeological or historical, that the Maya placed any importance on solstices or equinoxes.^ There is evidence that the Maya also expressed the day as having 13 hours of daylight (the Thirteen Birds of the Day) and 9 hours of darkness (The Nine Lords of the Night).
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is much evidence that multiples of 364 days, particularly 20 x 364, were used by the Maya.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21][55] .It is possible that early Mesoamericans had an emphasis on solstices which was later forgotten,[56] but this is also a disputed issue among Mayanists.^ This amazing fact - that ancient Mesoamerican skywatchers were able to pinpoint a winter solstice far off into the future - has not been dealt with by Mayanists.
  • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This amazing fact -- that ancient Mesoamerican skywatchers were able to pinpoint a winter solstice far off into the future -- has not been dealt with by Mayanists.

[21][57] .The start date of the Long Count is not astronomically significant.^ Apparently this end-date was discovered before Terence became aware that the Mayan Long Count of 5,125 years ended on the same date - winter solstice of 2012.

^ The Long Count system which is somewhat is related to certain astronomical cycles.
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Long Count system is somewhat more abstract, yet is also related to certain astronomical cycles.
  • Why 2012? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC edj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

[58]

Timewave zero and the I Ching

A screenshot of the Timewave Zero software
."Timewave zero" is a numerological formula that purports to calculate the ebb and flow of "novelty", defined as increase in the universe's interconnectedness, or organised complexity,[59] over time.^ Novelty theory attempts to calculate the ebb and flow of novelty in the universe as an inherent quality of time.
  • Viewing: Timewave Zero - Novelty Theory - Terence McKenna (1/3) 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.experiencefestival.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Terence McKenna ( 1946 - 2000 ) , theoretician of consciousness, was the originator of the Timewave Zero theory ( Novelty Theory ), which claims time to be a fractal wave of increasing novelty , which ends in 2012 .
  • *Ø*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | December 21| St Thomas mumping 2012 McKenna José Argüelles Maya Timewave zero Mayan calendarAustralia Christmas beetle 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ According to McKenna, when "novelty" is graphed over time, a fractal waveform known as timewave zero or simply the timewave results.
  • Viewing: Timewave Zero - Novelty Theory - Terence McKenna (1/3) 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.experiencefestival.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to Terence McKenna, who conceived the idea over several years in the early-mid 1970s while using psilocybin mushrooms and DMT, the universe has a teleological attractor at the end of time that increases interconnectedness, eventually reaching a singularity of infinite complexity in 2012, at which point anything and everything imaginable will occur simultaneously.^ Terence McKenna and 2012 .
  • *Ø*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | 2012 Calendar Convergence| apocalypse Aztec dreamspell calendar 2012 gods Indian 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ Is 2012 the mid point of this (approximate) 72 year period when this occurs on the winter solstice?
  • Pole shift / Planetary alignment 2012? - Bad Astronomy and Universe Today Forum 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.bautforum.com [Source type: General]

^ And at that point occurs on this solstice date in 2012.
  • Terrence McKenna Interview on DMT and Novelty 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.miqel.com [Source type: Original source]

[59]
.McKenna expressed "novelty" in a computer program, which purportedly produces a waveform known as timewave zero or the timewave.^ So I've written computer programs which produce what I call novelty waves ...
  • *Ø*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | December 21| St Thomas mumping 2012 McKenna José Argüelles Maya Timewave zero Mayan calendarAustralia Christmas beetle 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ So I've written computer programs which produce what I call novelty waves ...
  • Terrence McKenna Interview on DMT and Novelty 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.miqel.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Influenced by the work of the pioneering psychedelic writer Terence McKenna ­ whose Timewave Zero system, based on computer analysis of the I Ching, also shows history to be culminating on Dec.
  • F L Y B Y N E W S 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.flybynews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Based on McKenna's interpretation of the King Wen sequence of the I Ching,[38] the graph appears to show great periods of novelty corresponding with major shifts in humanity's biological and cultural evolution.^ A period of great happiness or human perfection”.
  • Mayan End Times Prophecy 12-21-2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.adishakti.org [Source type: Original source]

^ King Wen sequence of I Ching hexagrams.

^ Influenced by the work of the pioneering psychedelic writer Terence McKenna ­ whose Timewave Zero system, based on computer analysis of the I Ching, also shows history to be culminating on Dec.
  • F L Y B Y N E W S 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.flybynews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He believed the events of any given time are recursively related to the events of other times, and chose the atomic bombing of Hiroshima as the basis for calculating his end date in November 2012. When he later discovered this date's proximity to the end of the 13th b'ak'tun on the Maya calendar, he revised his hypothesis so that the two dates matched.^ The Mayan Calendar ends in 2012!!
  • The Mayan Calendar ends in 2012!! 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.reformation.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I didn't know when I calculated this date that it was the same end date as the Mayan calendar ...
  • *Ø*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | December 21| St Thomas mumping 2012 McKenna José Argüelles Maya Timewave zero Mayan calendarAustralia Christmas beetle 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ "Ah the Mayan Calendars end in 2012 means the end of time.
  • Mayan End Times Prophecy 12-21-2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.adishakti.org [Source type: Original source]

[60]
.The first edition of The Invisible Landscape refers to 2012 (as the year, not a specific day) only twice.^ They probably understood that the zenith center was located in 'time' as well as in space, because solar zenith passages occur only twice every year.
  • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All references to the galactic equator and center in the first edition of this document are meaningless.
  • Why December 21, 2012? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.artideas.com [Source type: General]

^ The year the following was written is an example how Israelis determine the day when they should celebrate a specific feast.
  • WHAT ABOUT THE REAL DOOMSDAY DECEMBER 21 2012 ? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cephas-library.com [Source type: Original source]

.McKenna originally considered it an incidental observation that his and José Argüelles dates matched, a sign of the end date "being programmed into our unconscious".[citation needed] It was only in 1983, with the publication of Sharer's revised table of date correlations in the 4th edition of Morley's The Ancient Maya, that each became convinced that December 21, 2012 had significant meaning.^ No the world is not going to end december 21, 2012.
  • Do you really think the world is gonna end December 21, 2012? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC answerology.cosmogirl.com [Source type: General]

^ He also very strongly argues against December 21, 2012 as being the end date of the Mayan calendar.
  • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And the near - unanimous conclusion is that the end date is December 12, 2012 ...
  • THE END OF THE WORLD 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

McKenna subsequently peppered this specific date throughout the second, 1993 edition of The Invisible Landscape.[34]

Popularization

.In 2006, author Daniel Pinchbeck popularised New Age concepts about this date in his book 2012: The Return of Quetzalcoatl, linking it to beliefs about crop circles, alien abduction, and personal revelations based on the use of entheogens and mediumship.^ "BTW, the Angel crop circle with the 75 thin lines appeared about a month before the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, not in 1994.
  • 2007 is 2012 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Someone who did not hear about the prediction in advance would not have noticed anything special on those dates, and I predict that December 2012 will be like that as well.
  • Astronomy Answers: 21 December 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.astro.uu.nl [Source type: Original source]

^ This date translates to December 21st, 2012...A new age may occur...
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

[61] .Pinchbeck claims to discern a "growing realization that materialism and the rational, empirical worldview that comes with it has reached its expiration date...[w]e're on the verge of transitioning to a dispensation of consciousness that's more intuitive, mystical and shamanic."^ According to the Hopi, we are currently completing the cycle of the Fourth World--Tuwaqachi, "World Complete" --on the verge of the transitioning, or emerging, into the Fifth World, with several more worlds to follow.
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Age of Science will come to an end - not to the end that it is invalidated, but to the end that it becomes a useful tool in a realm of consciousness where the soul is openly acknowledged, and intelligence is much more clearly experienced.

^ Also Tantric material, poetry, Quantum Physics, virtual reality, alchemy, magic, astronomy, cosmology, sacred geometry, fractals, archaeology, art and more.
  • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[62] Beginning in 2003, he has promoted these ideas annually in presentations at Burning Man.[61]
.In India, the guru Kalki Bhagavan has promoted 2012 as a "deadline" for human enlightenment since at least 1998.[63][64] In the United States, the association of December 21, 2012 with a "transformation of consciousness" has also received popular attention in The Lost Symbol (2009), a bestseller work of thriller fiction by Dan Brown, in which the date is associated with references to esoteric beliefs of Freemasonry and noetic theory.^ Since then , I have also noticed a lot of reference to this date.
  • 2012 Blog: History Channel: Doomsday 2012: The End of Days 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC survive2012.com [Source type: General]

^ December 21 , December 21 2012 , .
  • The MAYAN calendar ends on December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.experiencefestival.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ December 21, 2012 the End?

[65]

Doomsday theories

.A far more apocalyptic view of the year 2012 has also spread in various media.^ The time required for this progression varies considerably, ranging from less than 1 year to more than 10 years, the mean interval being 4-5 years.

^ Introduction and Mission Statement Over the last few years increasingly more people have heard about "2012" in some context.

^ MORE 2012 TOPICS 2012 Warning from an 350 year old Cross.
  • 2012: Hottest Topics On The Predicted Global Cataclysm Coming In December of 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.abovetopsecret.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This view has been promulgated by History Channel which, beginning in 2006, aired "Decoding the Past: Mayan Doomsday Prophecy", based loosely on John Major Jenkins' theories but with a tone he characterized as "45 minutes of unabashed doomsday hype and the worst kind of inane sensationalism". It was co-written by a science fiction author.^ John Major Jenkins’ response: .
  • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The best source for this is John Major Jenkins, author of Mayan Cosmogenesis.

^ John Major Jenkins wrote: .
  • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

[66] .This show proved popular and was followed by many sequels: 2012, End of Days (2006), The Last Days on Earth (2008), Seven Signs of the Apocalypse, and Nostradamus 2012 (2008).^ So it follows that 2011 is the end of the Seventh Day.
  • The wonderous Maya predictions for the year 2012 - Part 2 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.daanspeak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many Dutch prepare for 2012 apocalypse .
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Thousands of people in the Netherlands say they expect the world to end in 2012, and many say they are taking precautions to prepare for the apocalypse.
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

[67] Discovery Channel also aired 2012 Apocalypse in 2009, suggesting that massive solar storms, flipping of the magnetic poles, earthquakes, super volcanoes, and more may occur in 2012.[68]

Geomagnetic reversal

.One idea proposed in these films involves a geomagnetic reversal (often incorrectly referred to as a polar shift by proponents of this hypothesis), which could be triggered by a massive solar flare, one with energy equal to 100 billion atomic bombs.^ Hablatuns equals one unit of the next order but no name has been found for this period of about 25 billion years.
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then they talked about Solar Cycles..how the Sun shifts it's polarity approximately every 11 years and how it could potentially cause havoc on electronic technology…they anticipate the next to occur December 2012.
  • 2012 Blog: History Channel: Doomsday 2012: The End of Days 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC survive2012.com [Source type: General]

^ But laying out in the hallway was not a good idea either, so I invited them in and told them they could take all the beer into one of the bedrooms and drink it in there.
  • DREAMS OF RED AND BLACK 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

[69] .This belief is supposedly supported by observations that the Earth's magnetic field is weakening,[70] which indicates an impending reversal of the north and south magnetic poles.^ Now the Sun's north magnetic pole is at its south pole.
  • Why December 21, 2012? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.artideas.com [Source type: General]
  • Doomsday in 2012?: Viewzone 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.viewzone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Computer Models predict Magnetic pole reversal in Earth .

^ Like all magnets in the Universe, sunspots have north (N) and south (S) magnetic poles.
  • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Scientists believe the Earth is overdue for a geomagnetic reversal, and has been for a long time, even since the time of the Mayans, because the last reversal was 780,000 years ago.^ The History show said that some sort of alignment of the earth with the sun and moon (and a bunch of other stuff I can't remember) would happen on that date for the 1st time in 27,000 years (or something like that).
  • December 21st, 2012 (Revelation, prophecies, bible, God) - Religion and Philosophy - City-Data Forum 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: General]

^ MCKENNA: From 75,000 to about 15,000 years ago , there was a kind of human paradise on Earth.

^ The earth shifts so that in 26,000 years the north pole points to four different stars.
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[71] .Critics, however, claim geomagnetic reversals take up to 5,000 years to complete, and do not start on any particular date.^ In these particular circumstances, Venus's path forms a planetary loop, lasting for just 6 months in any one year, which takes it across the top of the constellation of Orion.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They say its orbit takes some 3600 + years to complete.
  • 2012 Blog: History Channel: Doomsday 2012: The End of Days 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC survive2012.com [Source type: General]

^ By observing trends in geomagnetic activity and seismic activity, he claims to have predicted the forthcoming polar flip, which may take a year until 2012, to take full effect, judging by previous correlations of earthquakes to solar changes.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also, NOAA now predicts that the solar maximum will peak in 2013, not 2012, and that it will be fairly weak, with a below-average number of sunspots.^ Sunspot activity to peak in 2012 .

^ Strong 2012 sunspot cycle is forecast Sunspot activity to peak in 2012 Solar Storm in 2012 Could Create Blackouts, Affect...

^ And he points to science: NASA predicts a sharp increase in the number of sunspots and sun flares for 2012, he said, sure to cause electrical failures and satellite disruptions.
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

[72] .In any case, there is no scientific evidence linking a solar maximum to a geomagnetic reversal.^ Solar conditions during the little ice age were quite different, as there were essentially no sunspots.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are no sunspots, very few solar flares - and our nearest star is the quietest it has been for a very long time.

^ Excursions refer to those cases in the sedimentary and volcanic records where the geodynamo apparently failed to complete a geomagnetic field reversal and ended up backtracking.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[73] .A solar maximum would be mostly notable for its effects on satellite and cellular phone communications.^ Variations in the solar field would also, undoubtedly, effect the Earth.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In order for the satellites to be primordial the population of planet family comets in the outer solar system would have to be smaller than current estimates by at least a factor of 5.
  • THE TRUTH ABOUT NIBIRU - by Alex 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It's also important to stress that December 21, 2012 is only the "solar maximum" but that the gravitational effects of the Galaxy have already started to assert their influence on the Sun.
  • Doomsday in 2012?: Viewzone 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.viewzone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[74]

Planet X/Nibiru

.Proponents of a Planet X collision claim that a planet, called Planet X or Nibiru, will collide with or pass by Earth in that year.^ Ancient Sumerian mythology implies that there is a large planet –Nibiru- on an elliptical orbit, which enters the solar system every 3,600 years.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Venus Transits are much like lunar eclipses only the planet passes between the Earth and Sun.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I found out that all the planets perform a retrograde loop, when they pass the earth (Mercury & Venus), or when the earth overtakes them (the other planets).
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This idea, which has been circulating since 1995 in New Age circles and initially slated the event for 2003, is based on claims of channeling from alien beings and has been widely ridiculed.^ The Mill at some point is disturbed, its pillar being pulled out of its peg, and a new one - a new "age" - must be constructed.
  • Why 2012? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC edj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ THE COMING OF THE NEW AGE - AQUARIUS The Ecliptic The Ecliptic is the Great Circle that describes the apparent path of the Sun around the Earth (but which is really the orbit of the Earth around the Sun.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[75][76] .Astronomers calculate that such an object so close to Earth would be visible to anyone looking up at the night sky.^ So the accuracy of the calculated positions is dependent on how well Red Shift and Starry Night give a true representation of the sky.
  • Why December 21, 2012? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.artideas.com [Source type: General]

^ The channel would then be open through the winter solstice doorway, up the Sacred Tree, the Xibalba be , to the center of the churning heavens, the Heart of Sky.
  • Why 2012? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC edj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]
  • F L Y B Y N E W S 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.flybynews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A heavenly body possibly as large as the giant planet Jupiter and possibly so close to Earth that it would be part of this solar system has been found in the direction of the constellation Orion by an orbiting telescope aboard the U.S. infrared astronomical satellite.
  • THE TRUTH ABOUT NIBIRU - by Alex 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[77][78]

Black hole alignment

.An apocalyptic reading of Jenkins's hypothesis has that, when the galactic alignment occurs, it will somehow create a combined gravitational effect between the Sun and the supermassive black hole at the center of our galaxy (known as Sagittarius A*), creating havoc on Earth.^ What occurs is an alignment between the galactic and solar planes.
  • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So the center of mass between the Earth and the sun is almost--but not quite--the very center of the sun.
  • Doomsday in 2012?: Viewzone 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.viewzone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is said that there is a black hole at the center of the galaxy.
  • Why December 21, 2012? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.artideas.com [Source type: General]

[79] .Apart from the fact noted above that the "galactic alignment" predicted by Jenkins already happened in 1998, the Sun's apparent path through the zodiac as seen from Earth does not take it near the true galactic center, but rather several degrees above it.^ Both are near the center of the Milky Way, near where the ecliptic and the galactic equator cross.
  • Why December 21, 2012? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.artideas.com [Source type: General]

^ A near perfect alignment of the Sun, Earth and Jupiter, when the Earth would quite literally cast an electromagnetic “shadow” on Jupiter's magnetosphere, occurs extremely rarely.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When the solstice meridian [aligns with] the Galactic [Center - on December 21, 2012], a rare era in the earth’s journey is engaged.

[80] .Even if this were not the case, Sgr A* is 30,000 light years from Earth, and would have to be more than 6 million times closer to cause any gravitational disruption to Earth's Solar System.^ The History show said that some sort of alignment of the earth with the sun and moon (and a bunch of other stuff I can't remember) would happen on that date for the 1st time in 27,000 years (or something like that).
  • December 21st, 2012 (Revelation, prophecies, bible, God) - Religion and Philosophy - City-Data Forum 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.city-data.com [Source type: General]

^ Ancient Sumerian mythology implies that there is a large planet –Nibiru- on an elliptical orbit, which enters the solar system every 3,600 years.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mistakes have been made, like the supposition that Homo sapiens is already two million years old (should be 200.000 years).
  • The wonderous Maya predictions for the year 2012 - Part 2 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.daanspeak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[81][82]
.Some versions of this idea associate the theory of a 2012 "galactic alignment" with that of a very different "galactic alignment" proposed by some scientists to explain a supposed periodicity in mass extinctions in the fossil record.^ An essay by JMJ covering some of the subjects discussed in the book, has been posted at Graham Hancock's website, along with another essay, Alignment 2012 , covering his book, Maya Cosmogenesis 2012.
  • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tags: 2012 , december 21 2012 , galatic center , global warming , mass extintion , mayan calender , mayan long count , Planet Alignment , solstice meridian .

^ The galactic alignment coincides with the end of each cycle of the Mayan long count calendar, and is therefore the fundamental basis for the 2012 “end date” phenomena.

[83] .The hypothesis supposes that vertical oscillations made by the Sun as it orbits the galactic center cause it to regularly pass through the galactic plane.^ The years 1992 through 2005 were found on an astrology page .  Editorial Note: It turns out that Red Shift 4 has a wandering galactic equator and center.
  • Why December 21, 2012? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.artideas.com [Source type: General]

^ Although the exact center of the Sun is not on the exact point of crossing of the galactic equator and the ecliptic, this intersection is behind the disk if the Sun.
  • Why December 21, 2012? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.artideas.com [Source type: General]

^ The par of the Milky Way that the December solstice sun will conjunct is also where the center of our Galaxy (the Galactic Center) is located.
  • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When the Sun's orbit takes it outside the galactic disc, the influence of the galactic tide is weaker; as it re-enters the galactic disc, as it does every 20–25 million years, it comes under the influence of the far stronger "disc tides", which, according to mathematical models, increase the flux of Oort cloud comets into the Solar System by a factor of 4, leading to a massive increase in the likelihood of a devastating comet impact.^ Niburu has its own orbit outside our solar system, which is shown.
  • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Planet Earth and the Solar System will come into galactic synchronization with the rest of the Universe.
  • Mayan End Times Prophecy 12-21-2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.adishakti.org [Source type: Original source]

^ As our sun moves through this orbit, it takes the solar system (and earth) closer to and then further from a point in space known as the "grand centre" also called 'Vishnunabhi', which is the seat of the creative power, 'Brahma', [which]...regulates...the mental virtue of the internal world."
  • December 21 2012 the END? - Year 2012 - tribe.net 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC 2012.tribe.net [Source type: General]

[84] .However, this "alignment" takes place over tens of millions of years, and could never be timed to an exact date.^ Now add that the Pacific Northwest could theoretically be an average of 15 degrees cooler in ten years, by the year 2012, as compared to the worst case .
  • THE END OF THE WORLD 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All of these who have been working for 12 years to produce a lessening of the veil have done so for the next step to take place.
  • Grid shifts---Crystalline Grid / Kryon 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For some time the line lay against the zero line (for the period of the last 1500 years), but on that date it really touched the base line.
  • The wonderous Maya predictions for the year 2012 - Part 2 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.daanspeak.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[85] .Evidence shows that the Sun passed through the galactic disc only three million years ago, and is now moving farther above it.^ It's only three years away.
  • Doomsday in 2012?: Viewzone 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.viewzone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Venus Transits are much like lunar eclipses only the planet passes between the Earth and Sun.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "For only a few percent of its 240 million-year orbit around the Milky Way galaxy does our Solar System pass through the path of Sagittarius debris," Majewski said.
  • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[86]

Web Bot project

.The Web Bot project is a series of automated bots that search the internet for specific keywords, looking for patterns.^ To support this project Search by keywords for books, music, computers, software, home & family products and much more: .
  • *Ø*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | 2012 Calendar Convergence| apocalypse Aztec dreamspell calendar 2012 gods Indian 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ Lord of the Rings To support this project Search by keywords for books, music, computers, software, home and family products and much more.
  • *Ø*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | December 21| St Thomas mumping 2012 McKenna José Argüelles Maya Timewave zero Mayan calendarAustralia Christmas beetle 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

^ A new technology called "The Web-Bot Project" makes massive scans of the internet as a means of forecasting the future...
  • 2012 Blog: History Channel: Doomsday 2012: The End of Days 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC survive2012.com [Source type: General]

.Its co-creator, George Ure, states that its study of "web chatter" predicted the September 11 attacks in New York, though he also suggests that the project can predict natural disasters, such as earthquakes.^ "BTW, the Angel crop circle with the 75 thin lines appeared about a month before the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, not in 1994.
  • 2007 is 2012 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I then turned to the 11-year sunspot cycle and found connections between rising solar maximums and increasing natural disasters, wars, economic cycles and so on.
  • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They predicted that along with the eclipse, the forces of nature would act like a catalyst of changes so accelerated and with such magnitude that mankind would be powerless against them.
  • Mayan End Times Prophecy 12-21-2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.adishakti.org [Source type: Original source]

.He now asserts that the project has predicted that the world will end on December 21, 2012.[87] Critics of these proposals argue that while the collective knowledge of humanity could possibly predict terrorist attacks, stock market crashes or other human-caused events, there is no way it could predict something like an earthquake or the end of the world.^ Do you think the world will end in 2012..?
  • 7 reasons the world will end in 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.msghelp.net [Source type: General]

^ So, what does the sky look like on December 21 2012?
  • Why December 21, 2012? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.artideas.com [Source type: General]

^ No the world is not going to end december 21, 2012.
  • Do you really think the world is gonna end December 21, 2012? 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC answerology.cosmogirl.com [Source type: General]

[87]

See also

Notes

.^ Coe revised the date to "11 January AD 2013" in the 1980 2nd edition of his book,[88] not settling on December 23, 2012 until the 1984 3rd edition.^ December 23, 2012.
  • THE END OF THE WORLD 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This date translates to December 21st, 2012...
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So, some believe that December 22, 2012 was long known as the date for the world as we know it to end.
  • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

[89] .The correlation of 13.0.0.0.0 as 21 December 2012 first appeared in Table B.2 of Robert J. Sharer's 1983 revision of the 4th edition of Sylvanus Morley's book The Ancient Maya.^ December 21 2012 the END? .
  • December 21 2012 the END? - Year 2012 - tribe.net 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC 2012.tribe.net [Source type: General]

^ Re: December 21 2012 the END? .
  • December 21 2012 the END? - Year 2012 - tribe.net 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC 2012.tribe.net [Source type: General]

^ What about 21 December 2012 ???

[90]

Citations

  1. ^ Sitler 2006, Defesche 2007
  2. ^ a b c G. Jeffrey MacDonald (March 27, 2007). "Does Maya calendar predict 2012 apocalypse?". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/tech/science/2007-03-27-maya-2012_n.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  3. ^ For a sample of views see discussion and interviews in New York Times Magazine article (Anastas 2007).
  4. ^ David Webster (September 25, 2007). "The Uses and Abuses of the Ancient Maya" (pdf). The Emergence of the Modern World Conference, Otzenhausen, Germany: Penn State University. http://www.anthro.psu.edu/faculty_staff/docs/Webster_GermanyMaya.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  5. ^ Aveni 2009, 32-33, 48-51
  6. ^ a b "2012: Beginning of the End or Why the World Won't End?". NASA.
  7. ^ Jorge Pérez de Lara and John Justeson (2006). "Photographic Documentation of Monuments with Epi-Olmec Script/Imagery". Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies. http://www.famsi.org/reports/05084/05084PerezdeLara01.pdf. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  8. ^ Andrew K. Scherer (2007). "Population structure of the classic period Maya". American Journal of Physical Anthropology 132 (3): 367–380. doi:10.1002/ajpa.20535. PMID 17205548. 
  9. ^ Michael Finley (2003). "The Correlation Question". The Real Maya Prophecies: Astronomy in the Inscriptions and Codices. Maya Astronomy. http://members.shaw.ca/mjfinley/corr.html. Retrieved 2007-05-11. 
  10. ^ Schele & Freidel 1990, p. 246
  11. ^ Vincent H. Malmström (March 19, 2003). "The Astronomical Insignificance of Maya Date 13.0.0.0.0" (pdf). Dartmouth College. http://www.dartmouth.edu/~izapa/M-32.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-26. 
  12. ^ Sitler 2006,
  13. ^ Maud Worcester Makemson (June 1957). "The miscellaneous dates of the Dresden codex". Publications of the Vassar College Observatory 6: 4. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1957PVasO...6....1M. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  14. ^ Edmonson 1988, p. 119.
  15. ^ Coe 1966, p. 149
  16. ^ Carrasco 1990, p. 39; Gossen & Leventhal 1993, p. 191.
  17. ^ Milbrath 1999, p. 4
  18. ^ Mark Van Stone. "2012 FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)". FAMSI. http://www.famsi.org/research/vanstone/2012/faq.html. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  19. ^ a b Schele & Freidel 1990, pp. 81–82, 430–431
  20. ^ Aveni 2009, 49
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Van Stone 2008
  22. ^ David Stuart (October 11, 2009). "Q & A about 2012". Maya Decipherment. http://decipherment.wordpress.com/2009/10/11/q-a-about-2012/. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  23. ^ a b Mark Stevenson (2009). "Next apocalypse? Mayan year 2012 stirs doomsayers". Associated Press. http://www.sltrib.com/Nation%20and%20World/ci_13534048. Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  24. ^ The end of time: Maya calendar runs out soon, but don't panic, Rory Carroll, The Guardian, 13 October 2009, retrieved 22 October 2009
  25. ^ Aveni 2009, 32-33, 156-157
  26. ^ Houston & Stuart 1996
  27. ^ Eberl & Prager 2005
  28. ^ Wright 2005, pp. 165–166
  29. ^ Makemson 1951, p. 219
  30. ^ Makemson 1951 pp. 30, 217
  31. ^ Quote: "The b'ak'tun or Long Count dating system does not appear directly in the Tizimin." See Edmonson 1982, xix, also 170, 195.
  32. ^ Edmonson 1982, 191-192
  33. ^ Roys, 1967 p. 111; Luxton, 1996 p. 274
  34. ^ a b Defesche 2007
  35. ^ Aveni 2009, 161
  36. ^ See in particular, chapter 6 ("The Great Cycle – Its Projected Beginning"), chapter 7 ("The Great Cycle – Its Projected End") and the Appendix, in Waters 1975, pp. 256–264, 265–271, 285 et seq.
  37. ^ Argüelles 1975
  38. ^ a b McKenna&McKenna 1975
  39. ^ (the more specific date of December 21 appeared in the 1993 revision of The Invisible LandscapeMcKenna&McKenna 1993)
  40. ^ Philip J. Hilts; Mary Battiata (1987). "Planets Won't Attend Astronomical Celebration". New York Post. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/73839663.html?dids=73839663:73839663&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Aug+16,+1987&author=Philip+J.+Hilts;+Mary+Battiata&pub=The+Washington+Post+(pre-1997+Fulltext)&desc=Planets+Won't+Attend+Astronomical+Celebration&pqatl=google. Retrieved 2009-11-04. 
  41. ^ Argüelles 1987
  42. ^ a b "The Great 2012 Doomsday Scare". NASA. 2009. http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/2012-guest.html. Retrieved 2010-27-01. 
  43. ^ John Major Jenkins. "Introduction to Maya Cosmogenesis". http://alignment2012.com/mc-intro.html. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  44. ^ a b "Precession". NASA. http://www-istp.gsfc.nasa.gov/stargaze/Sprecess.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  45. ^ "Teapot of Sagittarius points to galactic center". EarthSky. http://www.earthsky.org/tonightpost/favorite-star-patterns/teapot-of-sagittarius-points-to-galactic-center. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  46. ^ Stross, Brian. "XIBALBA OR XIBALBE". University of Texas. http://www.utexas.edu/courses/stross/papers/xibalba.rtf. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  47. ^ a b Jenkins, John Major. "What is the Galactic Alignment?". http://alignment2012.com/whatisga.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  48. ^ John Major Jenkins (2005). "The Mayan Calendar and the Transformation of Consciousness". alignement2012.com. http://alignment2012.com/mayancalendarbasics.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  49. ^ For an in-depth look at this subject, see Coe 1992, Miller 1993, Pinchbeck 2006
  50. ^ Jenkins 1998, pp. 191–206
  51. ^ Aveni 2009, 62
  52. ^ John Major Jenkins (June 1999). "The True Alignment Zone". http://alignment2012.com/truezone.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  53. ^ Meeus 1997, pp. 301–303
  54. ^ Jenkins 2009, 215
  55. ^ Aimers, J. J., and Rice, P. M. (2006). "Astronomy, ritual and the interpretation of Maya E-Group architectural assemblages". Ancient Mesoamerica 17: 79–96. doi:10.1017/S0956536106060056. 
  56. ^ Aveni 2009, 54-55, citing Aveni and Hartung 2000
  57. ^ Aimers, J. J., and Rice, P. M. (2006). "Astronomy, ritual and the interpretation of Maya E-Group architectural assemblages". Ancient Mesoamerica 17: 79–96. doi:10.1017/S0956536106060056. 
  58. ^ >Aveni 2009, 83
  59. ^ a b McKenna, Terence. Interview with Art Bell. May 22, 1997. (Interview). Retrieved on 2009-09-22.
  60. ^ Ralph Abraham and Terence McKenna (June 1983). "Dynamics of Hyperspace". Santa Cruz, California: Ralph Abraham. http://www.ralph-abraham.org/talks/transcripts/hyperspace.html. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  61. ^ a b Pinchbeck 2006
  62. ^ Anastas 2007
  63. ^ Jagmeeta Thind Joy. "The Power of One". Express India, April 25, 2006.
  64. ^ Vasudha Narayanan. A "White Paper" on Kalki Bhagavan. American Academy of Religion, 1998.
  65. ^ Brown 2009
  66. ^ John Major Jenkins (July 28, 2006). "How Not to Make a 2012 Documentary". http://alignment2012.com/historychannel.html. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  67. ^ "Armageddon series". The History Channel. 2008. http://www.history.com/minisites/armageddon. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 
  68. ^ "2012 Apocalypse". The Discovery Channel. 2009. http://dsc.discovery.com/tv-schedules/special.html?paid=1.403.26090.0.0. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  69. ^ Ian O'Neill (June 21, 2008). 2012: No Killer Solar Flare "2012: No Killer Solar Flare". Universe Today. http://www.universetoday.com/2008/06/21/2012-no-killer-solar-flare/ 2012: No Killer Solar Flare. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  70. ^ "Sloshing Inside Earth Changes Protective Magnetic Field". space.com. August 18, 2008. http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/080818-mm-earth-core.html. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  71. ^ Leonhardt R, Fabian K, Winklhofer M, Ferk A, Laj C, Kissel C (2009). "Geomagnetic field evolution during the Laschamp excursion". Earth and Planetary Science Letters 278 (1–2): 87–95. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.11.028. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009E&PSL.278...87L. 
  72. ^ "New Solar Cycle Prediction". NASA. http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2009/29may_noaaprediction.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-02. 
  73. ^ Ian O'Neill (October 3, 2008). "2012: No Geomagnetic Reversal". Universe Today. http://www.universetoday.com/2008/10/03/2012-no-geomagnetic-reversal/. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  74. ^ Tony Phillips (March 10, 2006). "Solar Storm Warning". NASA. http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2006/10mar_stormwarning.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  75. ^ Schilling 2008, p. 111
  76. ^ David Morrison (October 13, 2008). "Armageddon from Planet Nibiru in 2012? Not so fast". discovery.com. http://dsc.discovery.com/space/my-take/nibiru-armageddon-david-morrison.html. Retrieved 2009-04-02. 
  77. ^ Phil Plait (2003). "The Planet X Saga: Science". badastronomy.com. http://www.badastronomy.com/bad/misc/planetx/science.html#orbits. Retrieved 2009-04-02. 
  78. ^ Mike Brown (February 2, 2008). "I do not ♥ pseudo-science". Mike Brown's Planets. http://www.mikebrownsplanets.com/2008/02/i-do-not-pseudo-science.html. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  79. ^ E. C. Krupp. "The Great 2012 Scare". Sky and Telescope. http://media.skyandtelescope.com/documents/Doomsday2012-lores.pdf. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
  80. ^ Geoff Gaherty (2008). "Starry Night looks at doomsday". http://www.starrynighteducation.com/sntimes/2008/06/#art1. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  81. ^ Sherry Seethaler (2007). "Questions answered". San Diego Union Tribune. http://www.signonsandiego.com/uniontrib/20071206/news_1c06sciqa.html. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  82. ^ Christopher Springob (March 28, 2003). "What would happen if a supermassive black hole came close to the Earth?". Cornell University. http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=511. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  83. ^ "Questions Show: Alignment with the Galactic Plane, Destruction from Venus, and the Death of the Solar System". Astronomy Cast. Universe Today. October 10, 2008. http://www.astronomycast.com/listeners/questions-shows/questions-show-alignment-with-the-galactic-plane-destruction-from-venus-and-the-death-of-the-solar-system/. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  84. ^ Michael Szpir. "Perturbing the Oort Cloud". American Scientist. The Scientific Research Society. http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/pub/perturbing-the-oort-cloud. Retrieved 2008-03-25. 
  85. ^ Cain, Fraser (May 11,2009). "Galactic Plane". Universe Today. http://www.universetoday.com/guide-to-space/galaxies/galactic-plane/. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  86. ^ John N. Bahcall and Safi Bahcall (22 August 1985). "The Sun's motion perpendicular to the galactic plane". Nature 316: 706–708. doi:10.1038/316706a0. 
  87. ^ a b Chivers, Tom (24 September 2009). "'Web-bot project' makes prophecy of 2012 apocalypse". The Daily Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/news/6227357/Web-bot-project-makes-prophecy-of-2012-apocalypse.html. Retrieved 2009-10-04. 
  88. ^ Coe 1980, p. 151
  89. ^ Coe 1984. This correlation, which differs two days from Sharer's, is repeated in subsequent editions of Coe's book
  90. ^ Morley 1983, Table B2, p. 603

References

  • Anastas, Benjamin (1 July 2007). "The Final Days" (reproduced online, at KSU). .The New York Times Magazine (New York: The New York Times Company): Section 6, p.48.^ For the original New York Times article, see: www.nytimes.com/2007/07/01/magazine/01world-t.html?_r=1&oref=slogin .
    • F L Y B Y N E W S 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.flybynews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Robert Conquest, The Great Terror: Stalin’s Purge of the Thirties , The Macmillan Company, New York, 1968, pp.
    • *Ø*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | December 21| St Thomas mumping 2012 McKenna José Argüelles Maya Timewave zero Mayan calendarAustralia Christmas beetle 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

    .http://ksuweb.kennesaw.edu/~tkeene/apwhAnastasThe%20(Mayan)%20Final%20Days.htm.^ This related to another dream I had of the Mayan Calendar: http://www.greatdreams.com/26.htm .
    • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ See: Mayan Prophecy of the End of the Great Cycle http://www.greatdreams.com/mynproph.htm .
    • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This also fits into the time cycle of the Mayans: http://www.greatdreams.com/nine/nine.htm In ancient Greece, 9 was the number of the Muses, patron goddesses of the arts.
    • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Retrieved 2009-05-18
    .
     
  • Argüelles, José (1975). Transformative Vision (1st ed.). Shambhala. ISBN 0394730674. 
  • Argüelles, José (1987). .The Mayan Factor: Path Beyond Technology.^ The Mayan Factor: Path Beyond Technology.
    • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Mayans also say that by 2012 we will have gone beyond technology as we know it.
    • Mayan End Times Prophecy 12-21-2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.adishakti.org [Source type: Original source]

    Inner Traditions/Bear & Company.. ISBN 0939680386.
     
  • Aveni, Anthony; H. Hartung (2000). "Water, Mountain, Sky: The Evolution of Site Orientations in Southeastern Mesoamerica". in E. Quiñones Keber. Precious Greenstone Precious Feather. Lancaster, CA: Labyrinthos. 
  • Aveni, Anthony (2009). .The End of Time: The Maya Mystery of 2012.^ A Millennium Prayer For The End of Days Aligning With the Spirit of the Maya Calendar End-Date 2012 .
    • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Building on the discoveries of his book Maya Cosmogenesis 2012, Jenkins demonstrates that the end-date of 2012 does not signal the end of time but rather the beginning of a new stage in the development of human consciousness.

    ^ December 21, 2012 is a cycle-ending target, but there will still be Maya day-keepers counting the days in 2013, and beyond.
    • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

    Colorado: University Press of Colorado. ISBN 0870819615.
     
  • Barkun, Michael (2006). A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America. Comparative studies in religion and society series, no. 15 (1st pbk print ed.). .Berkeley: University of California Press.^ "So this really changes our understanding of solar wind-magnetosphere coupling," said physicist Marit Oieroset of the University of California, Berkeley, also at the press conference.
    • Doomsday in 2012?: Viewzone 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.viewzone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 978-0-520-24812-0. OCLC 255948700.
     
  • Boone, Elizabeth H. and Zelia Nuttall, eds. (1982). .The Book of the Life of the Ancient Mexicans, Containing an Account of Their Rites and Superstitions: An Anonymous Hispano-Mexican Manuscript Preserved at the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Florence, Italy (Reprint of 1903 edition with additional commentary).^ The Popol Vuh: The Definitive Edition of the Mayan Book of the Dawn of Life and the Glories of Gods and Kings.
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    • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Berkeley.: University of California Press. 
  • Brown, Dan (2009).^ "So this really changes our understanding of solar wind-magnetosphere coupling," said physicist Marit Oieroset of the University of California, Berkeley, also at the press conference.
    • Doomsday in 2012?: Viewzone 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.viewzone.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The Lost Symbol. New York: Doubleday Books. ISBN 978-0385504225. 
  • Carrasco, David (1990). Religions of Mesoamerica: Cosmovision and Ceremonial Centers. Religious traditions of the world [series]. San Francisco, California: Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-061325-4. OCLC 20996347. 
  • Coe, Michael D. (1966). The Maya. .Ancient peoples and places series, no.^ "The person with no previous exposure to the Mayan Calendar will usually initially be surprised by the fact that some people today take such an interest in an ancient calendar.
    • Mayan End Times Prophecy 12-21-2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.adishakti.org [Source type: Original source]

    52
    (1st ed.). London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0500050619. OCLC 318157568.
     
  • Coe, Michael D. (1980). The Maya. .Ancient peoples and places series, no.^ "The person with no previous exposure to the Mayan Calendar will usually initially be surprised by the fact that some people today take such an interest in an ancient calendar.
    • Mayan End Times Prophecy 12-21-2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.adishakti.org [Source type: Original source]

    10
    (2st ed.). London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0500050619.
     
  • Coe, Michael D. (1984). The Maya. Ancient peoples and places series (3st ed.). London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0500050619. 
  • Coe, Michael D. (1992). Breaking the Maya Code. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05061-9. OCLC 26605966. 
  • Coe, Michael D. (1999). The Maya. Ancient peoples and places series (6th, fully revised and expanded ed.). London and New York: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-28066-5. OCLC 59432778. 
  • Defesche, Sacha (2007). W.J. Hanegraaff. ed. 'The 2012 Phenomenon': A historical and typological approach to a modern apocalyptic mythology.. University of Amsterdam. http://skepsis.no/?p=599. 
  • Eberl, Markus; and Christian Prager (2005). "B’olon Yokte’ K’uh: Maya conceptions of war, conflict, and the underworld". in Peter Eeckhout and Geneviève Le Fort (eds.). Wars and Conflicts in Prehispanic Mesoamerica and the Andes: Selected Proceedings of the Conference Organized by the Société des Américanistes de Belgique with the Collaboration of Wayeb (European Association of Mayanists), Brussels, 16–17 November 2002. British Archaeological Reports International Series, no. 1385. Oxford, UK: John and Erika Hedges Ltd. pp. 28–36. ISBN 1-84171-706-1. OCLC 254728446. 
  • Edmonson, Munro S.; ed. and trans. (1982). .The Ancient Future of the Itza: The Book of Chilam Balam of Tizimin.^ Chliam Balam (Mayan priest): Heaven and earth shall burn...It is the holy judgment, the holy judgment (José Hoíl J, Roys R. The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel.
    • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In the Chilam Balam of Tizimin, (the version translated and with commentary by Makemson), it is pointed out that the prophecies are cyclic, and so would be pertinent to repeat endings of named katuns.
    • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We see it used in the Books of Chilam Balam.
    • Why 2012? 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC edj.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The Texas Pan American series (Text of Chilam Balam de Tizimín MS. translated and annotated by Munro S. Edmonson; 1st English trans.^ In the Chilam Balam of Tizimin, (the version translated and with commentary by Makemson), it is pointed out that the prophecies are cyclic, and so would be pertinent to repeat endings of named katuns.
    • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You may be interested in reading the text of the Chilam Balam prophecies.
    • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

    ed.). Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-70353-8. OCLC 11318551.
      (Yukatek Maya) (English)
  • Edmonson, Munro S. (1988). .The Book of the Year: Middle American Calendrical Systems.^ If the 9.2 quake that hammered Alaska last year had struck Los Angeles, the American economy would have gone in the tank and taken the global system with it.
    • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.^ University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, Utah.
    • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

    ISBN 0-87480-288-1. OCLC 17650412.
     
  • Gossen, Gary; and Richard M. Leventhal (1993). "The topography of ancient Maya religious pluralism: a dialogue with the present". in Jeremy A. Sabloff and John S. Henderson (eds.). Lowland Maya Civilization in the Eighth Century A.D.: A Symposium at Dumbarton Oaks, 7th and 8 October 1989. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection. pp. 185–217. ISBN 0-88402-206-4. OCLC 25547151. 
  • Hanegraaff, Wouter (1996). New Age Religion and Western Culture: Esotericism in the Mirror of Secular Thought. Studies in the histories of religions series (ISSN 0169-8834), no. 72. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. ISBN 90-04-10695-2. OCLC 35229227. 
  • Houston, Stephen; and David Stuart (1996). "Of gods, glyphs and kings: divinity and rulership among the Classic Maya". Antiquity (Cambridge, UK: Antiquity Publications) 70 (268): 289–312. ISSN 0003-598X. .OCLC 206025348. 
  • Jenkins, John Major (1998).^ John Major Jenkins wrote: .
    • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ John Major Jenkins’ response: .
    • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ My comments (John Major Jenkins).
    • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Maya Cosmogenesis 2012: The True Meaning of the Maya Calendar End-Date.^ For example, Carl seems to believe that if the solstice-galaxy alignment does not occur exactly on December 21, 2012, then that end-date is invalid and "wrong."
    • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A Millennium Prayer For The End of Days Aligning With the Spirit of the Maya Calendar End-Date 2012 .
    • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end date, December 21, 2012 , The email exchange.
    • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

    Bear & Company. .ISBN 978-1879181489. 
  • Jenkins, John Major (2009).^ John Major Jenkins c.
    • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ John Major Jenkins .
    • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ John Major Jenkins.
    • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The 2012 Story: The Myths, Fallacies, and Truth Behind the Most Intriguing Date in History.^ There is also impressive momentum behind the 2012 date, which also speaks to the auspiciousness of this date.
    • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ History repeats itself, its a saying that may have much more truth to it than most people would think.
    • Timewave Zero, history repeats itself. - THE WRITERS FORUM - THE GRAFFITI DESTINATION 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.12ozprophet.com [Source type: General]
    • Timewave Zero, history repeats itself. - THE WRITERS FORUM - THE GRAFFITI DESTINATION 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.12ozprophet.com [Source type: General]

    ^ By far the most commonly accepted translation by Mayan scholars is that Mayan date 13.0.0.0.0 correlates to Gregorian date December 21, 2012.
    • Pole shift / Planetary alignment 2012? - Bad Astronomy and Universe Today Forum 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.bautforum.com [Source type: General]

    Tarcher. 
  • Luxton, Richard N. (1996). The Book of Chumayel: The Counsel Book of the Yucatec Maya, 1539–1638. Aegean Park Press. ISBN 0-89412-244-4. 
  • Makemson, Maude Worcester; ed. and trans. (1951). .The Book of the Jaguar Priest: a translation of the Book of Chilam Balam of Tizimin, with commentary.^ Chliam Balam (Mayan priest): Heaven and earth shall burn...It is the holy judgment, the holy judgment (José Hoíl J, Roys R. The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel.
    • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are also nine writings called Chilam Balam (meaning "oracular priest" "jaguar") that seem to combine Mayan and Spanish beliefs that came from the late 15th/early 16th century.
    • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I Chilam Balam, the prophet of the Jaguar!
    • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

    New York: H. Schuman. .OCLC 537810. 
  • McKenna, Terence & Dennis (1975).^ TERENCE McKENNA: Ethnobotany A complete course GIVEN AT THE CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE FOR INTEGRAL STUDIES with a guest talk by Dennis McKENNA. .
    • TERENCE McKENNA, videotapes audiotapes publications videos CDs cassettes books 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC sound.photosynthesis.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Invisible Landscape (Terence and Dennis McKenna) in the early seventies ...

    ^ TERENCE McKENNA, JOAN HALIFAX, ANDY WEIL, & DENNIS McKENNA: Conference on Botanical Intelligence Joan Halifax teaches in Europe, Mexico and the U.S., and is director of the Ojai Foundation.
    • TERENCE McKENNA, videotapes audiotapes publications videos CDs cassettes books 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC sound.photosynthesis.com [Source type: General]

    .The Invisible Landscape: Mind, Hallucinogens, and the I Ching (1st ed.^ Ethnobotanists and fractal time experts Terrence and Dennis McKenna believe so, and they present their ideas in Invisible Landscape: Mind Hallucinogens and the I Ching (1993).
    • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ). Seabury. .ISBN 0816492492. 
  • McKenna, Terence & Dennis (1993).^ Ethnobotanists and fractal time experts Terrence and Dennis McKenna believe so, and they present their ideas in Invisible Landscape: Mind Hallucinogens and the I Ching (1993).
    • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Invisible Landscape (Terence and Dennis McKenna) in the early seventies ...

    .The Invisible Landscape: Mind, Hallucinogens, and the I Ching.^ Ethnobotanists and fractal time experts Terrence and Dennis McKenna believe so, and they present their ideas in Invisible Landscape: Mind Hallucinogens and the I Ching (1993).
    • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

    HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0062506351. 
  • Meeus, Jean (1997). .Ecliptic and galactic equator.^ Yes, it's also one of two spots where the ecliptic crosses the galactic equator, the other being the summer solstice on June 21.
    • Pole shift / Planetary alignment 2012? - Bad Astronomy and Universe Today Forum 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.bautforum.com [Source type: General]

    ^ According to the star chart I used, this nebula is very close to the crossing point of Galactic Equator and ecliptic.
    • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The position of the winter solstice (the farthest point south the sun reaches in the sky) also happens to be the place where the ecliptic (which represents the sun's path across the sky) crosses the galactic equator.
    • Pole shift / Planetary alignment 2012? - Bad Astronomy and Universe Today Forum 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.bautforum.com [Source type: General]

    Mathematical Astronomy Morsels. Richmod, Va: Willmann-Bell. ISBN 9780943396514. OCLC 36126686.
     
  • Milbrath, Susan (1999). .Star Gods of the Maya: Astronomy in Art, Folklore, and Calendars.^ The Maya Astronomy Page The Popol Vuh Earth/Matrix The Mayan Prophecies The Mayan Calendar The Mayan Connection CalendarLand .
    • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The Linda Schele series in Maya and pre-Columbian studies.^ I will be building upon a clue to this mystery reported by epigrapher Linda Schele in Maya Cosmos (1994).
    • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

    Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-75225-3. OCLC 40848420.
     
  • Miller, Mary; and Karl Taube (1993). .The Gods and Symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya: An Illustrated Dictionary of Mesoamerican Religion.^ Quetzalcoatl (*73) is a very ancient god known to the Mayas and ancient Teotihuacan ruins.
    • MAYAN PROPHECY 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The ancient Mayas call the Venus-Sun Passover the return of Quetzacoatal but is also symbol of death and a rebirth of a higher consciousness.

    London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05068-6. OCLC 27667317.
     
  • Morley, Sylvanus (1983). .The Ancient Maya (4th ed.^ According to the ancient Maya solar priests, the end of this age – the 5 th Sun – would be precipitated by an era of increasing earthquakes.
    • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ). Stanford University Press. ISBN 0804712883.
     
  • Nuttall, Zelia, ed. (1903). The Book of the Life of the Ancient Mexicans, Containing an Account of Their Rites and Superstitions: An Anonymous Hispano-Mexican Manuscript Preserved at the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Florence, Italy.. Berkeley: University of California. 
  • Pinchbeck, Daniel (2006). .2012: The Return of Quetzalcoatl.^ Now regarding the Hopi prophecies, notice the following from the popular book 2012 The Return of Quetzalcoatl : .
    • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

    New York: Tarcher. ISBN 978-1-58542-483-2. OCLC 62421298.
     
  • Roys, Ralph (1967). .The Book of Chilam Balam of Chuyamel.^ Chliam Balam (Mayan priest): Heaven and earth shall burn...It is the holy judgment, the holy judgment (José Hoíl J, Roys R. The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel.
    • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We see it used in the Books of Chilam Balam.
    • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ (José Hoíl J, Roys R. The Book of Chilam Balam of Chumayel.
    • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

    University of Oklahoma Press. .ISBN 1605068586. 
  • Schele, Linda; and David Freidel (1990).^ Schele, Linda and Freidel, David.
    • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Notes: 1Linda Schele and David Freidel, unlike most Mayanists, continue to support the work of Floyd Lounsbury in promoting the 584285 correlation.
    • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Schele, Linda; Freidel, David; Parker, Joy.
    • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

    .A Forest of Kings: The Untold Story of the Ancient Maya (pbk reprint ed.^ A Forest of Kings: The Untold Story of the Ancient Maya.
    • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

    ). New York: Harper Perennial. ISBN 0-688-11204-8. OCLC 145324300. 
  • Schilling, Govert (2008). .The Hunt For Planet X: New Worlds and the Fate of Pluto.^ US News World Report Planet X - Is It Really Out There?
    • THE TRUTH ABOUT NIBIRU - by Alex 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Springer. ISBN 9780387778044.
     
  • Sitler, Robert K. (February 2006). ."The 2012 Phenomenon: New Age Appropriation of an Ancient Mayan Calendar". Novo Religio: the Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions (Berkeley: University of California Press) 9 (3): 24–38. doi:10.1525/nr.2006.9.3.024.^ Resources for 2012 and Mayan and Aztec calendars .
    • *Ø*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | December 21| St Thomas mumping 2012 McKenna José Argüelles Maya Timewave zero Mayan calendarAustralia Christmas beetle 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

    ^ I have dreamed of 2012 and the Mayan calendar before.
    • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The end of the Mayan calendar, 1992 - 2012.
    • MAYAN DATABASE 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISSN 1092-6690. OCLC 357082680.
     
  • South, Stephanie (2009). .2012: Biography of a Time Traveler, The Journey of José Argüelles.^ St Thomas mumping 2012 McKenna José Argüelles Maya Timewave zero Mayan calendar Australia Christmas beetle .
    • *Ø*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | December 21| St Thomas mumping 2012 McKenna José Argüelles Maya Timewave zero Mayan calendarAustralia Christmas beetle 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

    Franklin Lakes, New Jersey: New Page Books. ISBN 978-1-60163-065-0.
     
  • Van Stone, Mark (2008). ."It's Not the End of the World: What the Ancient Maya Tell Us About 2012".^ A Millennium Prayer For The End of Days Aligning With the Spirit of the Maya Calendar End-Date 2012 .
    • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Those who have analysed this pattern have realised it is telling us something about December 2012, the time of the ending of the Mayan Calendar, including the arrival of a comet that, according to the crop circle site, our astronomers are as yet unaware of.
    • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ December 21 The Facts About the End of the World: 2012 This is a research article on the Mayan prophecies of 2012.

    FAMSI. .http://www.famsi.org/research/vanstone/2012/index.html. 
  • Voss, Alexander (2006).^ FROM: http://www.astropro.com/features/tables/geo/ur-pl/ur-000-pl/ur000pl.html .
    • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Link to original exchange btwn Jenkins and Calleman: > http://www.alignment2012.com/eldersand2012-exchange.html > .
    • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ See The 2002 'Alien Face' Formation, by Paul Vigay: www.cropcircleresearch.com : The 2002 'Alien Face' Formation http://www.cropcircleresearch.com/articles/alienface.html ---- .
    • 11:11 - What Does it Mean? 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    "Astronomy and Mathematics". in Nikolai Grube (ed.). .Maya: Divine Kings of the Rain Forest.^ A Forest of Kings: The Untold Story of the Ancient Maya.
    • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

    Eva Eggebrecht and Matthias Seidel (assistant eds.). Cologne: Könemann. pp. 130–143. ISBN 3-8331-1957-8. OCLC 71165439. 
  • Wagner, Elizabeth (2006). "Maya Creation Myths and Cosmography". in Nikolai Grube (ed.). .Maya: Divine Kings of the Rain Forest.^ A Forest of Kings: The Untold Story of the Ancient Maya.
    • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

    Eva Eggebrecht and Matthias Seidel (assistant eds.). Cologne: Könemann. pp. 280–293. ISBN 3-8331-1957-8. OCLC 71165439.
     
  • Waters, Frank (1975). Mexico Mystique: The Coming Sixth World of Consciousness. Chicago, Illinois: Sage Books/Swallow Press. ISBN 0-8040-0663-6. OCLC 1364766. 
  • Wright, Ronald (2005). Stolen Continents: 500 Years of Conquest and Resistance in the Americas. Mariner. pp. 165–166. ISBN 9780618492404. 
  • York, Michael (1995). .The Emerging Network: A Sociology of the New Age and Neo-Pagan Movements.^ Basically most who are part of the New Age Movement look forward to what some refer to as the "Aquarian Age".
    • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There will be splits of consciousness even within the movement you call the New Age.
    • Grid shifts---Crystalline Grid / Kryon 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Here is some of what Religious Tolerance has reported about the New Age Movement: .
    • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

    Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0-8476-8000-2. OCLC 31604796.
     

Further reading

This is a sampling of the dozens of New Age books on the subject of 2012:
  • Andrews, Synthia (2008). The Complete Idiot's Guide to 2012. New York, N.Y.: Alpha Books. ISBN 1592578039. 
  • Banks, Gregory Bernard (2009). 2012: Seeking Closure. Stockbridge, GA. ISBN 978-0982436103. 
  • Braden, Gregg et al. (2007). .The Mystery of 2012: Predictions, Prophecies and Possibilities.^ (In Braden G. The Mystery of 2012: Predictions, Prophecies and Possibilities.
    • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ World Cultures Specific Information About Mayan 2012 Prophecy & Calendar Predictions Article about the Mayan calendar and details of the popularized 2012 "doomsday" prediction.

    ^ Be it enlightenment 2012, mayan prophecy prediction year 2012, nostradamus 2012 predicciones armageddon doomsday happen, horrible polar shift...
    • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

    Boulder, Colo.: Sounds True. ISBN 978-1591796114.
     
  • Caruson, David (2008). 2013 Oracle: Ancient Keys to the 2012 Awakening. San Francisco: Council Oak Books. ISBN 9781571781949. 
  • Geryl, Patrick; Ratinck, Gino (2001). The Orion Prophecy. Kempton, Ill.: Adventures Unlimited Press. ISBN 9780932813916. 
  • Geryl, Patrick (2008). .How to Survive 2012: Tactics and Survival Places for the Coming Pole Shift.^ Pole Shift - When, Where, and How .
    • MAYAN DATABASE 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Time Shift marked the time in history when the planet entered a new sequencing of energy that after a magnetic pole shift in 2000, will be complete in December, 2012.
    • Mayan End Times Prophecy 12-21-2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.adishakti.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Martian Child 2012 and the Coming Apocalypse An analysis of the supposed events that are to take place on December 21st, 2012 and how this prophesied day might be mankind's final hour.

    Kempton, Ill.: Adventures Unlimited Press. .ISBN 978-1931882682. 
  • Pyramid of Fire (2004), Galactic Alignment (2002), Tzolkin (1994), all by John Major Jenkins
  • Jenkins, Philip (2004).^ It’s the cosmic event that is associated with John Major Jenkins Galactic Alignment .
    • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "Gaia" seems to be the one most directly connected to 2012/2013 discussions Galactic Alignment - The lost Knowledge of the Ancients : John Major Jenkins' forthcoming book, can be sampled here, where you can read the introduction, chapter 5 and chapter 17.
    • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ John Major Jenkins ' recent book, Galactic Alignment goes into the Vedic Yuga system in some detail, and he studies the work of Hindu saint, Sri Swami Yukteswar , (born 1855) ...

    Dream Catchers: How Mainstream America Discovered Native Spirituality. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-516115-7. OCLC 54074085. 
  • Joseph, Lawrence E. (2007). .Apocalypse 2012: A Scientific Investigation Into Civilization's End.^ December 21, 2012 Some say it is the end of the world and that we are going to plunge into another ice age.

    ^ Meteor Showers 2012 Movies and the Mayan Predictions of Apocalypse Several movie projects based on the Mayan calender and its prediction of End Times.

    ^ Aerospace 2012 Apocalypse Theory Inspires Disaster Movie The Mayans allegedly predicted that 2012 would bring about the end of the world.

    New York: Morgan Road Books. ISBN 978-0767924474.
     
  • Melchizedek, Drunvalo (2007). Serpent of Light: Beyond 2012. San Francisco, CA: Weiser Books. ISBN 978-1578634019. 
  • Mercier, Patricia (2008). .The Maya End Times: A spiritual adventure to the heart of the Maya prophecies for 2012.^ Photo of the day Mother Earth Spirituality Bushwhacked Shamanism Maya Cosmogenesis 2012 The Orion Prophecy 2012 The Shaman's Prophecy 2012 Airborne Prophecy Time and the Technosphere José Argüelles The Mayan Factor José Argüelles The Mayan Calendar and the Transformation of Consciousness Elvis and Nixon Click to promote your blog or website another excellent way we do .
    • *Ø*  Wilson's Almanac free daily ezine | Book of Days | December 21| St Thomas mumping 2012 McKenna José Argüelles Maya Timewave zero Mayan calendarAustralia Christmas beetle 19 September 2009 21:36 UTC www.wilsonsalmanac.com [Source type: General]

    ^ December 21 The Facts About the End of the World: 2012 This is a research article on the Mayan prophecies of 2012.

    ^ The length of each age is unknown, but the prophecy is that during the time of each age, man would gradually become a "two-heart".
    • Indian Maidens - Conjunction of Planets - Uranus and Pluto> 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: Original source]

    London: Watkins. ISBN 978-1905857579.
     
  • Osmanagich, Sam (2005) (Online text reproduction). The World of the Maya. Piscataway, New Jersey: Gorgias Press (Euphrates imprint). ISBN 1-59333-274-2. OCLC 64204367. .http://www.alternativnahistorija.com/WM.htm. 
  • Peterson, John (2008).^ FROM: http://www.diagnosis2012.co.uk/6.htm .
    • 2012 -Magnetics - Venus Connection 12 September 2009 13:35 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ CONCLUSION: See: http://www.astrologycourse.org/2012.htm .
    • ALL ABOUT 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ My 1995 write-up on this is here: http://alignment2012.com/manifesto.htm .
    • Carl Calleman’s latest attack on the traditional Mayan Calendar end-date, December 21, 2012 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC alignment2012.com [Source type: Original source]

    A Vision for 2012: Planning for Extraordinary Change. Golden, Colo.: Fulcrum Pub.. ISBN 978-1555916619. 
  • Pinchbeck, Daniel (2006). .2012: The Return of Quetzalcoatl.^ Now regarding the Hopi prophecies, notice the following from the popular book 2012 The Return of Quetzalcoatl : .
    • Predictions: Mayan 2012 Calendar Date In Prophecy 17 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cogwriter.com [Source type: Original source]

    New York: Jeremy Tarcher/Penguin. ISBN 978-1585424832.
     

External links


The 2012 phenomenon comprises a range of eschatological beliefs that cataclysmic or transformative events will occur on December 21, 2012,[1][2][3] which is said to be the end-date of a 5,125-year-long cycle in the Mayan Long Count calendar. Various astronomical alignments and numerological formulae related to this date have been proposed.

A New Age interpretation of this transition posits that during this time Earth and its inhabitants may undergo a positive physical or spiritual transformation, and that 2012 may mark the beginning of a new era.[4] Others suggest that the 2012 date marks the end of the world or a similar catastrophe. Scenarios posited for the end of the world include the Earth's collision with a passing planet (often referred to as "Nibiru") or black hole, or the arrival of the next solar maximum.

Scholars from various disciplines have dismissed the idea of catastrophe in 2012. Mainstream Mayanist scholars state that predictions of impending doom are not found in any of the existing classic Maya accounts, and that the idea that the Long Count calendar "ends" in 2012 misrepresents Maya history.[3][5] The modern Maya do not consider the date significant, and the classical sources on the subject are scarce and contradictory, suggesting that there was little if any universal agreement among them about what, if anything, the date might mean.[6]

Additionally, astronomers and other scientists have rejected the apocalyptic forecasts as pseudoscience, stating that the anticipated events are contradicted by simple astronomical observations.[7] NASA has compared fears about 2012 to those about the Y2K bug in the late 1990s, suggesting that an adequate analysis should preclude fears of disaster.[7] None of the proposed alignments or formulae has been accepted by mainstream scholarship.

Contents

Mesoamerican Long Count calendar

December 2012 marks the ending of the current b'ak'tun cycle of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, which was used in Central America prior to the arrival of Europeans. Though the Long Count was most likely invented by the Olmec,[8] it has become closely associated with the Maya civilization, whose classic period lasted from 250 to 900 AD.[9] The writing system of the classic Maya has been substantially deciphered, meaning that a corpus of their written and inscribed material has survived from before the European conquest.

Unlike the 52-year Calendar Round still used among the Maya, the Long Count was linear, rather than cyclical, and kept time roughly in units of 20: 20 days made a uinal, 18 uinals (360 days) made a tun, 20 tuns made a k'atun, and 20 k'atuns (144,000 days) made up a b'ak'tun. Thus, the Mayan date of 8.3.2.10.15 represents 8 b'ak'tuns, 3 k'atuns, 2 tuns, 10 uinals and 15 days. Many Mayan inscriptions have the count shifting to a higher order after 13 b'ak'tuns, or roughly 5,125 years.[10][11]

Apocalypse

There is a strong tradition of "world ages" in Maya literature, but unfortunately the record has been distorted, leaving several possibilities open.[12] According to the Popol Vuh, a book compiling details of creation accounts known to the K'iche' Maya of the Colonial-era highlands, we are living in the fourth world.[13] The Popol Vuh describes the first three creations that the gods failed in making and the creation of the successful fourth world, where men were placed. In the Maya Long Count, the previous world ended after 13 b'ak'tuns. The Long Count's "zero date" was set at a point in the past marking the end of the third world and the beginning of the current one, which corresponds to either 11 or 13 August 3114 BC in the Proleptic Gregorian calendar, depending on the formula used.[14][a] This means that the fourth world will also have reached the end of its thirteenth b'ak'tun, or Mayan date 13.0.0.0.0, on either December 21 or December 23, 2012.[1][a]

In 1957, Mayanist and astronomer Maud Worcester Makemson wrote that "the completion of a Great Period of 13 b'ak'tuns would have been of the utmost significance to the Maya".[15] In 1966, Michael D. Coe more ambitiously asserted in The Maya that "there is a suggestion ... that Armageddon would overtake the degenerate peoples of the world and all creation on the final day of the thirteenth [b'ak'tun]. Thus ... our present universe [would] be annihilated [in December 2012][b] when the Great Cycle of the Long Count reaches completion."[16]

Objections

Coe's apocalyptic interpretation was repeated by other scholars through the early 1990s.[17] In contrast, later researchers said that, while the end of the 13th b'ak'tun would perhaps be a cause for celebration,[3] it did not mark the end of the calendar.[18] "There is nothing in the Maya or Aztec or ancient Mesoamerican prophecy to suggest that they prophesied a sudden or major change of any sort in 2012," says Mayanist scholar Mark Van Stone. "The notion of a "Great Cycle" coming to an end is completely a modern invention."[19] In 1990, Mayanist scholars Linda Schele and David Freidel argue that the Maya "did not conceive this to be the end of creation, as many have suggested."[20] Susan Milbrath, curator of Latin American Art and Archaeology at the Florida Museum of Natural History, stated that "We have no record or knowledge that [the Maya] would think the world would come to an end" in 2012.[21] "For the ancient Maya, it was a huge celebration to make it to the end of a whole cycle," says Sandra Noble, executive director of the Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies in Crystal River, Florida. To render December 21, 2012, as a doomsday event or moment of cosmic shifting, she says, is "a complete fabrication and a chance for a lot of people to cash in."[21] "There will be another cycle," says E. Wyllys Andrews V, director of the Tulane University Middle American Research Institute (MARI). "We know the Maya thought there was one before this, and that implies they were comfortable with the idea of another one after this."[22]

Maya inscriptions occasionally reference future predicted events or commemorations that would occur on dates that lie beyond the completion of the 13th b'ak'tun. Most of these are in the form of "distance dates" where some Long Count date is given, together with a Distance Number that is to be added to the Long Count date to arrive at this future date. On the west panel at the Temple of Inscriptions in Palenque, a section of the text projects into the future to the 80th Calendar Round anniversary of the Palenque ruler K'inich Janaab' Pakal's accession to the throne (Pakal's accession occurred on 9.9.2.4.8; equivalent to 27 July 615 CE in the proleptic Gregorian calendar). It does this by commencing with Pakal's birthdate of 9.8.9.13.0 (24 March 603 CE Gregorian) and adding to it the Distance Number 10.11.10.5.8.[23] This calculation arrives at the 80th Calendar Round since his accession, which lies over 4,000 years in the future from Pakal's time—the 21st of October in the year AD 4772.[24][25][19]

Another example is Stela 1 at Coba, which gives a date with twenty units above the b'ak'tun, placing it either 4.134105 × 1028 (41 octillion) years in the future,[20] or an equal distance in the past.[26] Either way, this date is 3 quintillion times the age of the universe, demonstrating that not all Mayans considered the 5,125-year cycle as the most important.

Maya references to B'ak'tun 13

The present-day Maya, as a whole, do not attach much significance to b'ak'tun 13. Although the Calendar Round is still used by some Maya tribes in the Guatemalan highlands, the Long Count was employed exclusively by the classic Maya, and was only recently rediscovered by archaeologists.[27] Mayan elder Apolinario Chile Pixtun and Mexican archaeologist Guillermo Bernal both note that "apocalypse" is a Western concept that has little or nothing to do with Mayan beliefs. Bernal believes that such ideas have been foisted on the Maya by Westerners because their own myths are "exhausted".[28][29] Archaeoastronomer Anthony Aveni says that while the idea of "balancing the cosmos" was prominent in ancient Maya literature, and some modern Maya affirm this idea of an age of coexistence, the 2012 phenomenon does not present this message in its original form. Instead, it is bound up with American traditions such as the New Age movement, millenarianism, and the belief in secret knowledge from distant times and places.[30] Mayan archaeologist Jose Huchm has stated that "If I went to some Mayan-speaking communities and asked people what is going to happen in 2012, they wouldn't have any idea. That the world is going to end? They wouldn't believe you. We have real concerns these days, like rain".[28]

What significance the classic Maya gave the 13th b'ak'tun is uncertain. Most classic Maya inscriptions are strictly historical and do not make any prophetic declarations.[31] Two items in the Maya historical corpus, however, may mention the end of the 13th b'ak'tun: Tortuguero Monument 6 and, possibly, the Chilam Balam.

Tortuguero

The Tortuguero site, which lies in southernmost Tabasco, Mexico, dates from the 7th century AD and consists of a series of inscriptions mostly in honor of the contemporary ruler Bahlam Ajaw. One inscription, known as Tortuguero Monument 6, is the only inscription to refer to b'ak'tun 13. It has been partially defaced; Mark Van Stone has given the most complete translation:

Tzuhtz-(a)j-oom u(y)-uxlajuun pik
The Thirteenth [b'ak'tun] will end
(ta) Chan Ajaw ux(-te') Uniiw.
(on) 4 Ajaw, the 3rd of Uniiw [3 K'ank'in].
Uht-oom Ek'-...
Black ...[illegible]...will occur.
Y-em(al)...Bolon Yookte' K'uh ta-chak-ma...
(It will be) the descent(?) of Bolon Yokte' K'uh to the great (or "red"?)...[illegible]...[19]

Very little is known about the god (or gods) Bolon Yokte' K'uh. According to an article by Mayanists Markus Eberl and Christian Prager in British Anthropological Reports, his name is composed of the elements "nine", 'OK-te' (the meaning of which is unknown), and "god". Confusion in classical period inscriptions suggests that the name was already ancient and unfamiliar to contemporary scribes.[32] He also appears in inscriptions from Palenque, Usumacinta, and La Mar as a god of war, conflict, and the underworld. In one stela he is portrayed with a rope tied around his neck, and in another with an incense bag, together signifying a sacrifice to end a period of time.[33] Despite all this, Eberl and Prager believe that the reference to Bolon Yokte' K'uh at Tortuguero is a positive one, because the fragmentary word translated above as "descent" seems to be the same one used during building dedications.[34]

Chilam Balam

The Chilam Balam are a group of post-conquest Mayan prophetic histories transcribed in a modified form of the Spanish alphabet. Their authorship is ascribed to a chilam balam, or jaguar prophet.[35] The Chilam Balam of Tizimin has been translated four times in the 20th century, with many disputes over the meaning of its passages. One passage in particular is relevant to the interpretation of the 13th b'ak'tun:

lic u tal oxlahun bak chem, ti u cenic u (tzan a cen/ba nacom)i (ciac/cha') a ba yum(il/t)exe

Maud Worcester Makemson, an archaeoastronomer, believed that this line referred to the "tremendously important event of the arrival of 13.0.0.0.0 4 Ahau 3 Kankin in the not too distant future",[36] Her translation of the line, runs:

Presently B'ak'tun 13 shall come sailing, figuratively speaking, bringing the ornaments of which I have spoken from your ancestors.

Her version of the text continues, "Then the god will come to visit his little ones. Perhaps 'After Death' will be the subject of his discourse." Makemson was still relying on her own dating of 13.0.0.0.0 to 1752 and therefore the "not too distant future" in her annotations meant a few years after the scribe in Tizimin recorded his Chilam Balam.[37] The more recent translation of Munro S. Edmonson does not support this reading; he considers the Long Count almost entirely absent from the book, since the 360-day tun was supplanted in the 1750s by a 365-day Christian year, and a 24-round may system was being implemented.[38] He translates the line as follows:

...like the coming of 13 sail-ships. When the captains dress themselves, your fathers will be taken.[39]

Other Chilam Balam books contain references to the 13th b'ak'tun, but it is unclear if these are in the past or future; for example, oxhun bakam u katunil (thirteen bakam of k'atuns) in the Chilam Balam of Chumayel.[40] Bolon Yokte' K'uh appears in in the Chilam Balam of Chumayel to signify an apparent battle and victory over Spanish invaders.[41]

New Age beliefs

Many assertions about 2012 are a form of Mayanism,[c] a non-codified collection of New Age beliefs about ancient Maya wisdom and spirituality. In 1975, the ending of the b'ak'tun cycle became the subject of speculation by several New Age authors, who believe it will correspond to a global "consciousness shift". In his book Mexico Mystique: The Coming Sixth Age of Consciousness, Frank Waters tied Coe's December 24, 2011[b] date to astrology and the prophecies of the Hopi,[42] while both José Argüelles and Terence McKenna (in their books The Transformative Vision[43] and The Invisible Landscape[44][45] respectively) discussed the significance of the year 2012, but not a specific day. In 1987, the year in which he held the Harmonic Convergence event, Arguelles settled on the date of December 21 in his book The Mayan Factor: Path Beyond Technology,[46][47] in which he claimed on that date the Earth would pass through a great "beam" from the centre of the Galaxy, and that the Maya aligned their calendar in anticipation of that event.[48]

Established themes found in 2012 literature include "suspicion towards mainstream Western culture", the idea of spiritual evolution, and the possibility of leading the world into the New Age by individual example or by a group's joined consciousness. The general intent of this literature is not to warn of impending doom but "to foster counter-cultural sympathies and eventually socio-political and 'spiritual' activism".[2] Aveni, who has studied New Age and SETI communities, describes 2012 narratives as the product of a "disconnected" society: "Unable to find spiritual answers to life's big questions within ourselves, we turn outward to imagined entities that lie far off in space or time—entities that just might be in possession of superior knowledge."[49]

Galactic alignment

In the mid-1990s, esoteric author John Major Jenkins asserted that the ancient Maya intended to tie the end of their calendar to the winter solstice in 2012, which falls on December 21. This date was in line with an idea he terms the galactic alignment.[50]

In the Solar System, the planets and the Sun share roughly the same plane of orbit, known as the plane of the ecliptic. From our perspective on Earth, the ecliptic is the path taken by the Sun across the sky over the course of the year. The 12 constellations which line the ecliptic are known as the zodiac and, through the year, the Sun passes through each constellation in turn. Additionally, over time, the Sun's annual passage appears to recede counterclockwise by one degree every 72 years. This movement, called "precession", is attributed to a slight wobble in the Earth's axis as it spins.[51] As a result, approximately every 2,160 years, the constellation visible on the early morning of the spring equinox changes. In Western astrological traditions, this signals the end of one astrological age (currently the Age of Pisces) and the beginning of another (Age of Aquarius). Over the course of 26,000 years, precession makes one full circuit around the ecliptic.[51]

Just as the spring equinox in the northern hemisphere is currently in the constellation of Pisces, so the winter solstice is currently in the constellation of Sagittarius, which is the zodiacal constellation intersected by the galactic equator.[52] Every year for the last 1,000 years or so, on the winter solstice, the Earth, Sun and the galactic equator come into alignment, and every year, precession pushes the Sun's position a little way further through the Milky Way's band.

File:Milkyway Swan
The Milky Way near Cygnus showing the lane of the Dark Rift, which the Maya called the Xibalba be or "Black Road"

Jenkins suggests that the Maya based their calendar on observations of the Great Rift, a band of dark dust clouds in the Milky Way, which the Maya called the Xibalba be or "Black Road."[53] Jenkins claims that the Maya were aware of where the ecliptic intersected the Black Road and gave this position in the sky a special significance in their cosmology.[54] According to the hypothesis, the Sun precisely aligns with this intersection point at the winter solstice of 2012.[54] Jenkins claimed that the classical Mayans anticipated this conjunction and celebrated it as the harbinger of a profound spiritual transition for mankind.[55] New Age proponents of the galactic alignment hypothesis argue that, just as astrology uses the positions of stars and planets to make claims of future events, the Mayans plotted their calendars with the objective of preparing for significant world events.[56] Jenkins attributes the insights of ancient Maya shamans about the galactic center to their use of psilocybin mushrooms, psychoactive toads, and other psychedelics.[57] Jenkins also associates the Xibalba be with a "world tree", drawing on studies of contemporary (not ancient) Maya cosmology.[58]

Astronomers argue that the galactic equator is an entirely arbitrary line, and can never be precisely determined because it is impossible to say exactly where the Milky Way begins or ends. Jenkins claims he drew his conclusions about the location of the galactic equator from observations taken at above 11,000 feet (3,400 m), which is higher than any of the Maya lived.[48] Furthermore, the precessional alignment of the Sun with any single point is not exclusive to a specific year, but takes place over a 36-year period, corresponding to its diameter. Jenkins himself notes that, even given his determined location for the line of the galactic equator, its most precise convergence with the centre of the Sun already occurred in 1998.[59][60]

There is no clear evidence that the classic Maya were aware of precession. Some Maya scholars, such as Barbara MacLeod, Michael Grofe, Eva Hunt, Gordon Brotherston, and Anthony Aveni,[61] have suggested that some Mayan holy dates were timed to precessional cycles, but scholarly opinion on the subject remains divided.[19] There is also little evidence, archaeological or historical, that the Maya placed any importance on solstices or equinoxes.[19][62] It is possible that early Mesoamericans had an emphasis on solstices which was later forgotten,[63] but this is also a disputed issue among Mayanists.[19][62] The start date of the Long Count is not astronomically significant.[64]

Timewave zero and the I Ching

"Timewave zero" is a numerological formula that purports to calculate the ebb and flow of "novelty", defined as increase in the universe's interconnectedness, or organised complexity,[65] over time. According to Terence McKenna, who conceived the idea over several years in the early-mid 1970s while using psilocybin mushrooms and DMT, the universe has a teleological attractor at the end of time that increases interconnectedness, eventually reaching a singularity of infinite complexity in 2012, at which point anything and everything imaginable will occur simultaneously.[65]

McKenna expressed "novelty" in a computer program, which purportedly produces a waveform known as timewave zero or the timewave. Based on McKenna's interpretation of the King Wen sequence of the I Ching,[44] the graph appears to show great periods of novelty corresponding with major shifts in humanity's biological and cultural evolution. He believed the events of any given time are recursively related to the events of other times, and chose the atomic bombing of Hiroshima as the basis for calculating his end date in November 2012. When he later discovered this date's proximity to the end of the 13th b'ak'tun of the Maya calendar, he revised his hypothesis so that the two dates matched.[66]

The first edition of The Invisible Landscape refers to 2012 (as the year, not a specific day) only twice. It was only in 1983, with the publication of Sharer's revised table of date correlations in the 4th edition of Morley's The Ancient Maya, that each became convinced that December 21, 2012, had significant meaning. McKenna subsequently included this specific date throughout the second edition of The Invisible Landscape, published in 1993.[2]

Doomsday theories

A far more apocalyptic view of the year 2012 has also spread in various media, describing the end of the world or of human civilization on that date. This view has been promulgated by many fringe or hoax sites on the internet, particularly on YouTube,[67] and by the History Channel, with such series as Decoding the Past (2005–2007), 2012, End of Days (2006), Last Days on Earth (2006), Seven Signs of the Apocalypse (2007), and Nostradamus 2012 (2008).[68] The Discovery Channel also aired 2012 Apocalypse in 2009, suggesting that massive solar storms, magnetic pole reversal, earthquakes, supervolcanoes, and other drastic natural events may occur in 2012.[69] Author Graham Hancock, in his book Fingerprints of the Gods, interpreted Coe's remarks in Breaking the Maya Code[70] as evidence for the prophecy of a global cataclysm.[71] Evangelical Christian minister John Hagee has also suggested in his book Can America Survive? 10 Prophetic Signs That We Are The Terminal Generation that Earth may suffer a doomsday scenario on 12/12/12 (December 12, 2012). This book was publicly endorsed by conservative media personality Glenn Beck.[72]

Other alignments

An apocalyptic reading of Jenkins's hypothesis has that, when the galactic alignment occurs, it will somehow create a combined gravitational effect between the Sun and the supermassive black hole at the center of our galaxy (known as Sagittarius A*), creating havoc on Earth.[73] Apart from the fact noted above that the "galactic alignment" predicted by Jenkins already happened in 1998, the Sun's apparent path through the zodiac as seen from Earth does not take it near the true galactic center, but rather several degrees above it.[74] Even if this were not the case, Sagittarius A* is 30,000 light years from Earth, and would have to be more than 6 million times closer to cause any gravitational disruption to Earth's Solar System.[75][76] This reading of Jenkins's theories was included on the History Channel documentary, Decoding the Past. However, Jenkins has complained of the fact that a science fiction writer co-authored the documentary, and went on to characterize it as "45 minutes of unabashed doomsday hype and the worst kind of inane sensationalism".[77]

Some suggested alternate alignments relate to a very different "galactic alignment" proposed by some scientists to explain a supposed periodicity in mass extinctions in the fossil record.[78] The hypothesis supposes that vertical oscillations made by the Sun as it orbits the galactic center cause it to regularly pass through the galactic plane. When the Sun's orbit takes it outside the galactic plane which bisects the galactic disc, the influence of the galactic tide is weaker; as it re-enters the galactic disc, as it does every 20–25 million years, it comes under the influence of the far stronger "disc tides", which, according to mathematical models, increase the flux of Oort cloud comets into the Solar System by a factor of 4, leading to a massive increase in the likelihood of a devastating comet impact.[79] However, this "alignment" takes place over tens of millions of years, and could never be timed to an exact date.[80] Evidence shows that the Sun passed through the plane bisecting the galactic disc only three million years ago, and is now moving farther above it.[81]

A third suggested alignment is a planetary conjunction on December 21, 2012. However, there will be no alignment of planets on that date.[82]

Geomagnetic reversal

Another idea involves a geomagnetic reversal (often incorrectly referred to as a polar shift by proponents of this hypothesis), which could be triggered by a massive solar flare, one with energy equal to 100 billion atomic bombs.[83] This belief is supposedly supported by observations that the Earth's magnetic field is weakening,[84] which indicates an impending reversal of the north and south magnetic poles. Scientists believe the Earth is overdue for a geomagnetic reversal, and has been for a long time, even since the time of the Mayans, because the last reversal was 780,000 years ago.[85] Critics, however, claim geomagnetic reversals take up to 5,000 years to complete, and do not start on any particular date. Also, NOAA now predicts that the solar maximum will peak in 2013, not 2012, and that it will be fairly weak, with a below-average number of sunspots.[86] In any case, there is no scientific evidence linking a solar maximum to a geomagnetic reversal.[87] In particular, the planet's magnetic fields are caused and regulated by the spinning of the solid inner core inside the molten outer core, and so cannot be changed by something external to the planet such as a solar flare. A solar maximum would be mostly notable for its effects on satellite and cellular phone communications.[88] NASA's David Morrison attributes the rise of the solar storm idea to physicist and science populariser Michio Kaku, who claimed in an interview with Fox News that a solar peak in 2012 could be disastrous for orbiting satellites.[67]

Planet X/Nibiru

Some proponents of doomsday in 2012 claim that a planet called Planet X or Nibiru will collide with or pass by Earth in that year. This idea, which has appeared in various forms within New Age circles since 1995, initially slated the event for 2003 but abandoned that date after it passed without incident. It originated from claims of channeling of alien beings and has been widely ridiculed.[89][90] Astronomers calculate that such an object so close to Earth would be visible to anyone looking up at the night sky.[91][92]

Web Bot project

The Web Bot project is a series of automated bots that search the Internet for specific keywords, looking for patterns. Its co-creator, George Ure, states that its study of "web chatter" predicted the September 11 attacks in New York, though he also suggests that the project can predict natural disasters, such as earthquakes. He now asserts that the project has predicted that the world will end on December 21, 2012.[93] Critics of these proposals argue that while the collective knowledge of humanity could possibly predict terrorist attacks, stock market crashes or other human-caused events, there is no way it could predict something like an earthquake or the end of the world.[93]

See also

Notes

  • ^ Many Mayanist scholars, such as Michael D. Coe, Linda Schele and Marc Zender, adhere to the "Lounsbury/GMT+2" correlation with the Long Count, which sets the end date of b'ak'tun 13 at December 23, 2012; however, others, such as Mark Van Stone, adhere to the "GMT correlation", which places the date at December 21. This date is also the overwhelming preference of those who believe in 2012 eschatology, arguably, Van Stone suggests, because it falls on a solstice, and is thus more astrologically significant. Which of these is the precise correlation has yet to be conclusively settled.[94]
  • ^ Coe's initial date was "December 24, 2011." He revised it to "11 January AD 2013" in the 1980 2nd edition of his book,[95] not settling on December 23, 2012 until the 1984 3rd edition.[96] The correlation of 13.0.0.0.0 as 21 December 2012 first appeared in Table B.2 of Robert J. Sharer's 1983 revision of the 4th edition of Sylvanus Morley's book The Ancient Maya.[97]
  • ^ The term "Mayanism" is distinct from "Mayanist"; a Mayanist is an academic scholar of the Maya, whereas Mayanism is a mystical, New Age phenomenon.

Citations

  1. ^ a b Sitler 2006
  2. ^ a b c Defesche 2007
  3. ^ a b c G. Jeffrey MacDonald (March 27, 2007). "Does Maya calendar predict 2012 apocalypse?". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/tech/science/2007-03-27-maya-2012_n.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  4. ^ For a sample of views see discussion and interviews in New York Times Magazine article (Anastas 2007).
  5. ^ David Webster (September 25, 2007). "The Uses and Abuses of the Ancient Maya" (pdf). The Emergence of the Modern World Conference, Otzenhausen, Germany: Penn State University. http://www.anthro.psu.edu/faculty_staff/docs/Webster_GermanyMaya.pdf. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  6. ^ Aveni 2009, 32–33, 48–51
  7. ^ a b "2012: Beginning of the End or Why the World Won't End?". NASA.
  8. ^ Jorge Pérez de Lara and John Justeson (2006). "Photographic Documentation of Monuments with Epi-Olmec Script/Imagery". Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies. http://www.famsi.org/reports/05084/05084PerezdeLara01.pdf. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  9. ^ Andrew K. Scherer (2007). [Expression error: Unexpected < operator "Population structure of the classic period Maya"]. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 132 (3): 367–380. doi:10.1002/ajpa.20535. PMID 17205548. 
  10. ^ Schele and Freidel 1990, p. 246
  11. ^ Vincent H. Malmström (March 19, 2003). "The Astronomical Insignificance of Maya Date 13.0.0.0.0" (pdf). Dartmouth College. http://www.dartmouth.edu/~izapa/M-32.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-26. 
  12. ^ Gregory M. Severin. "The Paris Codex: Decoding an Astronomical Ephemeris". In Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, New Series, Vol. 71, No. 5 (1981). p. 75.
  13. ^ Schele and Freidel 1990, pp.429–430
  14. ^ Michael Finley (2003). "The Correlation Question". The Real Maya Prophecies: Astronomy in the Inscriptions and Codices. Maya Astronomy. Archived from the original on December 7, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20061207090102/http://members.shaw.ca/mjfinley/corr.html. Retrieved 2007-05-11. 
  15. ^ Maud Worcester Makemson (June 1957). "The miscellaneous dates of the Dresden codex". Publications of the Vassar College Observatory 6: 4. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/1957PVasO...6....1M. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  16. ^ Coe 1966, p. 149
  17. ^ Carrasco 1990, p. 39; Gossen and Leventhal 1993, p. 191.
  18. ^ Milbrath 1999, p. 4
  19. ^ a b c d e f Mark Van Stone. "2012 FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)". FAMSI. http://www.famsi.org/research/vanstone/2012/faq.html. Retrieved 2010-03-02. 
  20. ^ a b Schele and Freidel 1990, pp. 81–82, 430–431
  21. ^ a b Susan Milbrath, Curator of Latin American Art and Archaeology, Florida Museum of Natural History, quoted in USA Today, Wednesday, March 28, 2007, p. 11D
  22. ^ "The Sky Is Not Falling" New Wave, Tulane University, June 25, 2008.
  23. ^ Schele (1992, pp.93–95)
  24. ^ Schele (1992, pp.93–95)
  25. ^ Schele and Freidel (1990, p.430)
  26. ^ Aveni 2009, 49
  27. ^ David Stuart (October 11, 2009). "Q & A about 2012". Maya Decipherment. http://decipherment.wordpress.com/2009/10/11/q-a-about-2012/. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  28. ^ a b Mark Stevenson (2009). "Next apocalypse? Mayan year 2012 stirs doomsayers". Associated Press. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2009/10/10/ap/latinamerica/main5376454.shtml. Retrieved 2009-10-12. 
  29. ^ The end of time: Maya calendar runs out soon, but don't panic, Rory Carroll, The Guardian, 13 October 2009, retrieved 22 October 2009
  30. ^ Aveni 2009, 32–33, 156–157
  31. ^ Houston and Stuart 1996
  32. ^ Eberl and Prager 2005, 28
  33. ^ Eberl and Prager 2005, 29–30, citing Hieroglyphic Stairway E7-H12 at Palenque, plate 104 in Karl Herbert Mayer, Maya Monuments: Sculptures of Unknown Provenance, Supplement 4 [in which the Sajal Niil is depicted in his costume], and Stela 1 from La Mar.
  34. ^ Eberl and Prager 2005, 32
  35. ^ Wright 2005, pp. 165–166
  36. ^ Makemson 1951, p. 219
  37. ^ Makemson 1951 pp. 30, 217
  38. ^ Quote: "The b'ak'tun or Long Count dating system does not appear directly in the Tizimin." See Edmonson 1982, xix, also 170, 195.
  39. ^ Edmonson 1982, 191–192
  40. ^ Roys, 1967 p. 111; Luxton, 1996 p. 274
  41. ^ Eberl and Prager 2005, 33–34
  42. ^ See in particular, chapter 6 ("The Great Cycle – Its Projected Beginning"), chapter 7 ("The Great Cycle – Its Projected End") and the Appendix, in Waters 1975, pp. 256–264, 265–271, 285 et seq.
  43. ^ Argüelles 1975
  44. ^ a b McKenna&McKenna 1975
  45. ^ (the more specific date of December 21 appeared in the 1993 revision of The Invisible LandscapeMcKenna&McKenna 1993)
  46. ^ Philip J. Hilts, Mary Battiata (1987-08-16). "Planets Won't Attend Astronomical Celebration". New York Post. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/73839663.html?dids=73839663:73839663&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Aug+16,+1987&author=Philip+J.+Hilts;+Mary+Battiata&pub=The+Washington+Post+(pre-1997+Fulltext)&desc=Planets+Won't+Attend+Astronomical+Celebration&pqatl=google. Retrieved 2009-11-04. 
  47. ^ Argüelles 1987
  48. ^ a b "The Great 2012 Doomsday Scare". NASA. 2009. http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/2012-guest.html. Retrieved 2010-01-27. 
  49. ^ Aveni 2009, 161
  50. ^ John Major Jenkins. "Introduction to Maya Cosmogenesis". http://alignment2012.com/mc-intro.html. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  51. ^ a b "Precession". NASA. http://www-istp.gsfc.nasa.gov/stargaze/Sprecess.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  52. ^ "Teapot of Sagittarius points to galactic center". EarthSky. http://www.earthsky.org/tonightpost/favorite-star-patterns/teapot-of-sagittarius-points-to-galactic-center. Retrieved 2009-11-03. 
  53. ^ Stross, Brian. "XIBALBA OR XIBALBE". University of Texas. http://www.utexas.edu/courses/stross/papers/xibalba.rtf. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  54. ^ a b Jenkins, John Major. "What is the Galactic Alignment?". http://alignment2012.com/whatisga.htm. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  55. ^ John Major Jenkins (2005). "The Mayan Calendar and the Transformation of Consciousness". alignement2012.com. http://alignment2012.com/mayancalendarbasics.htm. Retrieved 2010-01-26. 
  56. ^ For an in-depth look at this subject, see Coe 1992, Miller 1993, Pinchbeck 2006
  57. ^ Jenkins 1998, pp. 191–206
  58. ^ Aveni 2009, 62
  59. ^ John Major Jenkins (June 1999). "The True Alignment Zone". http://alignment2012.com/truezone.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  60. ^ Meeus 1997, pp. 301–303
  61. ^ Jenkins 2009, 215
  62. ^ a b Aimers, J. J., and Rice, P. M. (2006). [Expression error: Unexpected < operator "Astronomy, ritual and the interpretation of Maya E-Group architectural assemblages"]. Ancient Mesoamerica 17: 79–96. doi:10.1017/S0956536106060056. 
  63. ^ Aveni 2009, 54–55, citing Aveni and Hartung 2000
  64. ^ Aveni 2009, 83
  65. ^ a b McKenna, Terence. Interview with Art Bell. May 22, 1997. (Interview). Retrieved on 2009-09-22.
  66. ^ Ralph Abraham and Terence McKenna (June 1983). "Dynamics of Hyperspace". Santa Cruz, California: Ralph Abraham. http://www.ralph-abraham.org/talks/transcripts/hyperspace.html. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  67. ^ a b "David Morrison: Surviving 2012 and Other Cosmic Disasters". FORA.tv. http://fora.tv/2010/04/24/David_Morrison_Surviving_2012_and_Other_Cosmic_Disasters. Retrieved 2010-07-17. 
  68. ^ "Armageddon series". The History Channel. 2008. http://www.history.com/minisites/armageddon. Retrieved 2009-05-01. 
  69. ^ "2012 Apocalypse". The Discovery Channel. 2009. http://dsc.discovery.com/tv-schedules/special.html?paid=1.403.26090.0.0. Retrieved 2009-11-08. 
  70. ^ Coe 1992, pp. 275–276.
  71. ^ Hancock 1995, p. 499, ff. 27.
  72. ^ Ben Demiro (2010). "Glenn Beck Book Club: Impending rapture edition". Media Matters. http://mediamatters.org/blog/201007130029. Retrieved 2010-08-04. 
  73. ^ E. C. Krupp. "The Great 2012 Scare". Sky and Telescope. http://media.skyandtelescope.com/documents/Doomsday2012-lores.pdf. Retrieved 2009-11-11. 
  74. ^ Geoff Gaherty (2008). "Starry Night looks at doomsday". Starry Night Times. http://www.starrynighteducation.com/sntimes/2008/06/#art1. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  75. ^ Sherry Seethaler (2007). "Questions answered". San Diego Union Tribune. http://www.signonsandiego.com/uniontrib/20071206/news_1c06sciqa.html. Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  76. ^ Christopher Springob (March 28, 2003). "What would happen if a supermassive black hole came close to the Earth?". Cornell University. http://curious.astro.cornell.edu/question.php?number=511. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  77. ^ John Major Jenkins (July 28, 2006). "How Not to Make a 2012 Documentary". http://alignment2012.com/historychannel.html. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  78. ^ "Questions Show: Alignment with the Galactic Plane, Destruction from Venus, and the Death of the Solar System". Astronomy Cast. Universe Today. October 10, 2008. http://www.astronomycast.com/listeners/questions-shows/questions-show-alignment-with-the-galactic-plane-destruction-from-venus-and-the-death-of-the-solar-system/. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  79. ^ Michael Szpir. "Perturbing the Oort Cloud". American Scientist. The Scientific Research Society. http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/pub/perturbing-the-oort-cloud. Retrieved 2008-03-25. 
  80. ^ Cain, Fraser (May 11, 2009). "Galactic Plane". Universe Today. http://www.universetoday.com/guide-to-space/galaxies/galactic-plane/. Retrieved 2009-10-29. 
  81. ^ John N. Bahcall and Safi Bahcall (22 August 1985). [Expression error: Unexpected < operator "The Sun's motion perpendicular to the galactic plane"]. Nature 316: 706–708. doi:10.1038/316706a0. 
  82. ^ David Morrison (2010). "Nibiru and Doomsday 2012: Questions and Answers". NASA: Ask an Astrobiologist. http://astrobiology.nasa.gov/ask-an-astrobiologist/intro/nibiru-and-doomsday-2012-questions-and-answers. Retrieved 2010-09-06. 
  83. ^ Ian O'Neill (June 21, 2008). 2012: No Killer Solar Flare "2012: No Killer Solar Flare". Universe Today. http://www.universetoday.com/14645/2012-no-killer-solar-flare/ 2012: No Killer Solar Flare. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  84. ^ Jeremy Hsu (August 18, 2008). "Sloshing Inside Earth Changes Protective Magnetic Field". space.com. http://www.space.com/scienceastronomy/080818-mm-earth-core.html. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  85. ^ Leonhardt R, Fabian K, Winklhofer M, Ferk A, Laj C, Kissel C (2009). "Geomagnetic field evolution during the Laschamp excursion". Earth and Planetary Science Letters 278 (1–2): 87–95. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.11.028. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009E&PSL.278...87L. 
  86. ^ "New Solar Cycle Prediction". NASA. http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2009/29may_noaaprediction.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-02. 
  87. ^ Ian O'Neill (October 3, 2008). "2012: No Geomagnetic Reversal". Universe Today. http://www.universetoday.com/2008/10/03/2012-no-geomagnetic-reversal/. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  88. ^ Tony Phillips (March 10, 2006). "Solar Storm Warning". NASA. http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2006/10mar_stormwarning.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  89. ^ Schilling 2008, p. 111
  90. ^ David Morrison (October 13, 2008). "Nibiru - Armageddon planet or astronomical baloney?". discovery.com. http://dsc.discovery.com/space/my-take/nibiru-armageddon-david-morrison.html. Retrieved 2009-04-02. 
  91. ^ Phil Plait (2003). "The Planet X Saga: Science". badastronomy.com. http://www.badastronomy.com/bad/misc/planetx/science.html#orbits. Retrieved 2009-04-02. 
  92. ^ Mike Brown (February 2, 2008). "I do not ♥ pseudo-science". Mike Brown's Planets. http://www.mikebrownsplanets.com/2008/02/i-do-not-pseudo-science.html. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 
  93. ^ a b Chivers, Tom (24 September 2009). "'Web-bot project' makes prophecy of 2012 apocalypse". The Daily Telegraph (London). http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/news/6227357/Web-bot-project-makes-prophecy-of-2012-apocalypse.html. Retrieved 2009-10-04. 
  94. ^ Mark Van Stone. "Questions and comemnts". FAMSI. http://www.famsi.org/research/vanstone/2012/comments.html. 
  95. ^ Coe 1980, p. 151
  96. ^ Coe 1984. This correlation, which differs two days from Sharer's, is repeated in subsequent editions of Coe's book
  97. ^ Morley 1983, Table B2, p. 603

References

Further reading

This is an incomplete bibliography of books on the subject of 2012, written from New Age and other points of view:

External links


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 17, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on 2012 phenomenon, which are similar to those in the above article.








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