2016 Summer Olympics: Wikis

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Games of the XXXI Olympiad
Rio de Janeiro temporary logo for the 2016 Summer Olympics.svg
This Rio 2016 Olympic bid logo is being used by the International Olympic Committee until an official logo of the 2016 Summer Olympics is unveiled.
Host city Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Nations participating 205 (estimated)
Athletes participating 12,500 (estimated)
Opening ceremony August 5
Closing ceremony August 21
Stadium Maracanã Stadium

The 2016 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad, are a major international multi-sport event to be celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games, as governed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The host city of the Games will be Rio de Janeiro, Brazil as announced at the 121st IOC Session (which is also the 13th Olympic Congress) held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on October 2, 2009. They are scheduled to be held from August 5 to 21, 2016. The 2016 Summer Paralympics will be held in the same city and organized by the same committee, and are scheduled to be held from September 7 to 18. The Rio 2016 Summer Olympic Games will be the second edition held in Latin America after Mexico City 1968, the first edition held in South America, the third edition held in the Southern hemisphere (the first of those three outside of Australia), and the first games in a lusophone country.

Contents

Bidding

The bidding process for the 2016 Summer Olympic Games was officially launched on May 16, 2007.[1] The first step for each city was to submit an initial application to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) by September 13, 2007, confirming their intention to bid. Completed official bid files, containing answers to a 25-question IOC form, were to be submitted by each applicant city by January 14, 2008. Four candidate cities were chosen for the shortlist on June 4, 2008: Chicago, Madrid, Rio de Janeiro, and Tokyo (which hosted the 1964 Summer Olympics). The IOC did not promote Doha to the Candidature phase, despite scoring higher than selected candidate city Rio de Janeiro due to their intent of hosting the Olympics in October, outside of the IOC's sporting calendar. Prague and Baku also failed to make the cut.[2]

Nawal El Moutawakel of Morocco headed the 10 member Evaluation Commission, having also chaired the evaluation commission for the 2012 Summer Olympics bids. The commission made on-site inspections in the second quarter of 2009. They issued a comprehensive technical appraisal for IOC members on September 2, one month before elections.[3]

There are many restrictions barring the bidding cities from communicating with or influencing directly the 115 voting members. Cities can't invite any IOC members to visit them and they can't send them anything that can be construed as a gift. However, bidding cities invest large sums in their PR and media programs in an attempt to indirectly influence the IOC members by garnering domestic support, support from sports media and general international media. Jon Tibbs, a consultant on the Tokyo bid, was recently quoted as saying “Ultimately, you are communicating with just 115 people and each one has influencers and pressure groups but you are still speaking to no more than about 1,500 people, perhaps 5,000 in the broadest sense. It is not just about getting ads out there but it is about a targeted and very carefully planned campaign.”[4]

The final voting was held on October 2, 2009, in Copenhagen with Chicago and Rio de Janeiro perceived as favorites to land the games. Chicago and Tokyo were eliminated after the first and second rounds of voting, respectively, while Rio de Janeiro took a significant lead over Madrid heading into the final round. The lead held and Rio de Janeiro was announced as host, becoming the first city in South America to host an Olympic games.

2016 Summer Olympics bidding results
City NOC Round 1 Round 2 Round 3
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 26 46 66
Madrid  Spain 28 29 32
Tokyo  Japan 22 20
Chicago  United States 18

Venues and infrastructure

The Maracanã Stadium (seen here during the opening ceremony of the 2007 Pan American Games) will host the opening and closing ceremonies.

All venues of the Olympic and Paralympic Games in 2016 will be located in four zones: Copacabana Beach, Maracanã, Deodoro and Barra da Tijuca; the latter will also house the Olympic Village.

Besides the Maracanã Stadium, the football matches will also take place in Salvador (Fonte Nova Stadium), São Paulo (Morumbi Stadium), Belo Horizonte (Mineirão Stadium) and Brasília (National Brasília Stadium). All these stadiums will also be used in the FIFA World Cup 2014.

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Existing venues

Sports

The 2016 Summer Olympic program is scheduled to feature 28 sports and a total of 38 disciplines. There were two open spots for sports and initially seven sports began the bidding for inclusion in the 2016 program. Baseball and softball, which were dropped from the program in 2005, karate, squash, golf, roller sports (inline speed skating) and rugby sevens all applied to be included. Leaders of the seven sports held presentations in front of the IOC executive board in June 2009.[5]

In August, the executive board initially gave its approval to rugby sevens—a seven-man version of rugby union—by a majority vote, thus removing baseball, roller sports, and squash from contention. Among the remaining three—golf, karate, and softball—the board approved golf as a result of consultation. A decision regarding the remaining two sports was made on 9 October 2009, the final day of the 121st IOC Session at which Rio de Janeiro was named as host. A new system was in place at this Session; a sport now needs only a simple majority from the full IOC for approval rather than the two-thirds majority previously required.[6]

On October 9, 2009 the IOC voted to include rugby sevens and golf on the program for the Games in Rio. The other 26 sports were also confirmed with a large majority of the votes.[7]

Broadcasting

Security concerns

Since the award of the 2016 Olympics to Rio de Janeiro, the city's crime problems have gotten more attention. A police helicopter was shot down over a favela during one of the city's many drug wars, and 14 people were killed in the incident.[10] Rio's mayor has admitted that there are "big issues" facing the city in securing the games from violence, however, he also states that such concerns and issues were presented to the IOC throughout the bidding process.[11] The governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro also highlighted the fact that London faced security problems with a terrorist attack in the following day of the IOC session that chose the city to host the 2012 Olympic Games.

The IOC, however, has expressed optimism with allowing the city and the nation of Brazil to address these concerns.[12] Seven years is enough time for Rio de Janeiro to clean up its crime problem the IOC says. IOC spokesman Mark Adams told The Associated Press "we have confidence in their capacity to deliver a safe Games in seven years." "Security is of course a very important aspect of any Olympic Games no matter where it is in the world. This is of course entirely under the national, regional and city authorities."[13][14][15] Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, president of Brazil, has noted that the city has hosted other high-profile events without major incident, for example the 2007 Pan American Games.[16]

Notes

  1. ^ "2016 Bid Process Launched". International Olympic Committee. 2007-05-16. http://www.olympic.org/uk/news/olympic_news/full_story_uk.asp?id=2157. 
  2. ^ "Four on 2016 Olympics short-list". BBC News. 2008-06-04. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/olympics/7435215.stm. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  3. ^ http://www.olympic.org/uk/news/olympic_news/full_story_uk.asp?id=3110
  4. ^ Rings Around the World Communicate magazine, April 2009
  5. ^ "Golf among seven sports seeking inclusion in 2016 Games". ESPN. 2008-04-25. http://sports.espn.go.com/oly/news/story?id=3366295. Retrieved 2008-08-20. 
  6. ^ "Olympic Leaders Approve Golf and Rugby for 2016 Summer Games". Fox News. 2009-08-13. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,539269,00.html. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  7. ^ "Olympics 2016: IOC Approves Golf And Rugby Sevens To Be Included In Rio De Janeiro Games | World News | Sky News". News.sky.com. http://news.sky.com/skynews/Home/World-News/Olympics-2016-IOC-Approves-Golf-And-Rugby-Sevens-To-Be-Included-In-Rio-De-Janeiro-Games/Article/200910215402514?lpos=World_News_First_Home_Article_Teaser_Region_9&lid=ARTICLE_15402514_Olympics_2016%3A_IOC_Approves_Golf_And_Rugby_Sevens_To_Be_Included_In_Rio_De_Janeiro_Games. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  8. ^ IOC reaches agreement for 2014 & 2016 broadcast rights in Brazil, 27 August 2009
  9. ^ a b c IOC agrees European broadcast rights contract for 2014 and 2016 Olympic Games, 18 February 2009
  10. ^ "Rio gang violence amid Olympics safety concerns". Presstv.ir. http://www.presstv.ir/detail.aspx?id=109012&sectionid=351020706. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  11. ^ "Rio's mayor expresses safety concerns for 2016 Olympics | ksdk.com | St. Louis, MO". ksdk.com. http://www.ksdk.com/news/national/story.aspx?storyid=187690&catid=28. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ "Olympic Newsdesk — IOC Confident in Rio; Obama Addresses Critics". Aroundtherings.com. 2009-10-21. http://www.aroundtherings.com/articles/view.aspx?id=33539. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  14. ^ [2]
  15. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2009/10/20/sports/AP-OLY-IOC-Rio-Violence.html
  16. ^ "The Daily Advance". The Daily Advance. http://www.dailyadvance.com/news/world/brazil-pledges-olympic-security-after-rio-violence-904063.html. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 

External links

Preceded by
London
Summer Olympic Games
Rio de Janeiro

XXXI Olympiad (2016)
Succeeded by
TBD

Simple English

This article or section has information about scheduled or expected future events.
The content may change as more information becomes available.

The 2016 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad is a major international sports and cultural event. A host city was announced in Copenhagen, Denmark, on October 2, 2009. It will be in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.[1] The 2016 Summer Paralympics will also be held in the same city and organized by the same organizing committee.

Contents

Possible host cities

File:Bids for the 2016 Summer
Map showing location of cities bidding for the Games (click on the map to see more detail)

The bidding process for the 2016 Summer Olympic Games began on May 16, 2007.[2] Each city had to submit an initial application to the IOC before September 13, 2007, saying they plan to make a bid. Completed official bids were submitted by each applicant city by January 14, 2008. The final candidate cities were shortlisted in June 2008, and the final selection was made by the full IOC membership, on October 2, 2009, in Copenhagen, Denmark.[3]

Americas

Asia

Europe

Applicant Cities

In June 2008, these cities were not chosen to continue:

Asia

Europe

References

Olympic Games
Summer Games: 1896, 1900, 1904, 1906, 1908, 1912, (1916), 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940), (1944), 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024, 2028
Winter Games: 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940), (1944), 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, 2022
Athens 2004Turin 2006Beijing 2008Vancouver 2010London 2012Sochi 2014Rio 2016

Games in italics will be held in the future, and those in (brackets) were cancelled because of war. See also: Ancient Olympic Games

Youth Olympic Games
Summer Games:2010, 2014, 2018
Winter Games:2012, 2016
Singapore 2010Innsbruck 2012Nanjing 2014


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