209 series: Wikis


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209 series
Keihin-tohoku 209 series.jpg
A 209 series train on the Keihin-Tōhoku Line between Saitama-Shintoshin and Ōmiya stations, October 2006
In service 1993–Present
Manufacturer JR East, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Tokyu Car Corporation
Replaced 103 series, 113 series, 211 series
Refurbishment 2009
Number built 1,046 cars
Number preserved 1 car (Kuha 209-901)
Number scrapped 461 cars (By 2010)
Formation 4/6/10 cars per trainset
Operator JR East
Depot(s) Kawagoe, Makuhari, Matsudo, Mitaka, Nakahara
Line(s) served Chūō-Sōbu Line, Hachikō Line, Jōban Line, Kashima Line, Kawagoe Line, Keiyō Line, Nambu Line, Narita Line, Sōbu Main Line, Sotobō Line, Togane Line, Uchibō Line
Car body construction Stainless steel
Car length 20,000 mm
Width 2,870 mm (2,966 mm for 209-500 series)
Doors 4 pairs per side
Maximum speed 110 km/h
Weight 255.5 t per set (209-500 series)
Acceleration 2.5 km/h/s or 3.3 km/h/s
Deceleration 4.0 km/h/s (4.5 km/h/s for emergency brake)
Power output 1,520 kW (6 motors)
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC
Current collection method overhead
Braking system(s) Regenerative brake, Electric commanding brake
Safety system(s) ATS-P, ATS-SN, ATC, Digital ATC
Gauge 1,067 mm

The 209 series (209系?) is a commuter EMU type used by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) on railway lines in the Tokyo area.

The series was introduced in 1993 to replace the aging 103 series stock on the Keihin-Tōhoku and Negishi lines. The concept of the 209 series was to create a low-cost, minimal lifespan train (approximately 15 years) that would be replaced rather than rebuilt when they became life-expired.[1]

The 209 series was the first of the "New series trains" (新系列電車 Shin-keiretsu densha?), and served as the basis for the E501, E217, 701 and E127 series rolling stock, as well as the E231 series stock, which in turn became the blueprint for successive trains developed by JR East and other railway companies in Japan.


Lines on which 209 series trains operate

  • Nambu Line: 6-car 209-0 series set (x1) (from 1993) and 209-2200 series set (x1) (from 2009)
  • Hachikō Line/Kawagoe Line: 4-car 209-3000 series (x4) and 209-3100 series (x2) sets (from 1996)
  • Chūō-Sōbu Line: 10-car 209-500 series sets (from 1998)
  • Jōban Line: 10-car 209-1000 series sets (x2) (from 1999)
  • Keiyō Line: 10-car 209-500 series sets (from October 2008)
  • Sōbu Main Line: 4/6-car 209-2000/2100 series sets (from October 2009)
  • Sotobō Line: 4/6-car 209-2000/2100 series sets (from October 2009)
  • Uchibō Line: 4/6-car 209-2000/2100 series sets (from October 2009)
  • Narita Line: 4/6-car 209-2000/2100 series sets (from October 2009)

Lines formerly used on


Nambu Line 209-0 series train at Yako station

209-0 series

The original full-production version introduced on both the Keihin-Tōhoku (10-car sets) and Nambu (6-car sets) lines in 1993. 6-door SaHa208 cars were inserted into the Keihin-Tōhoku Line sets in 1995.

In 2006, JR East announced that the 209 series trains on the Keihin-Tōhoku/Negishi lines would be replaced by new E233 series trains from autumn 2007. The last 209 series trains Keihin-Tōhoku/Negishi lines are scheduled to be withdrawn by 24 January 2010.[2]

Chūō-Sōbu Line 209-500 series train at Mitaka station, June 2005

209-500 series

This sub-series represented a stop-gap for use from 1998 on the Chūō-Sōbu Line until the full-production E231 series trains were delivered. The 17 10-car sets differ noticeably from the other 209 series variants in having 2,966 mm wide cars (compared to 2,870 mm for earlier flat-sided stock), as well as LED destination indicators, replacing the earlier roller blind type. While externally similar in appearance to the later E231 series sets, the 209-500 series are distinguishable by their white cab fronts and lack of 6-door cars. Five sets were transferred to the Keihin-Tōhoku Line, and, from October 2008, these were modified (with ATS-P/SN instead of ATC), repainted, and transferred to the Keiyō Line following the introduction of new E233 series trains.

901 series Set C (later 209-920 series) at Kawasaki Station, March 1993

209-900/910/920 series

Three 10-car prototypes were built in 1992 for testing and passenger evaluation on the Keihin-Tōhoku Line, initially classified as 901 series. Set A was built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries, set B by Tokyu Car Corporation, and set C was built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries and JR East's Ōfuna factory (cars 4 and 5). The three sets incorporated a number of different design features for evaluation, but were converted in 1994 to bring them in line with the full-production specifications. Set A became 209-900 series, set B became 209-910 series, and set C became 209-920 series. They differed from the full-production 209-0 series sets in not having 6-door SaHa208 cars.[3]

209-910 series set 91 was withdrawn in December 2006, and the last of the three prototype sets, set 90, was withdrawn in August 2007.[4] Car KuHa 209-901 from the original 901 series set A remains stored at Nagano Works.[5]

209-950 series

This was the original classification given to the prototype E231 series 10-car set delivered in October 1998. It was reclassified as E231-900 series in June 2000 following conversion to the full-production E231 standard.[6]

Jōban Line 209-1000 series train

209-1000 series

Two 10-car sets were delivered in August and September 1999, entering service in December 1999 on Jōban Line and Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line inter-running services. Based on the 209-0 series, these trains have end doors for use in emergencies inside tunnels. These sets are based at JR East's Matsudo depot.

Chiba-area 209-2100 series 4-car set train at Sakura Station, August 2009

209-2000/2100 series

These are 4- and 6-car sets based at Makuhari Depot modified in 2009 from former Keihin-Tōhoku Line 209-0 series 10-car sets for use on Chiba area and Bōsō Peninsula local services from 1 October 2009. The first 4-car set was outshopped from Nagano Works in June 2009. Modifications include new electrical equipment, the addition of transverse seating, LED destination indicator panels, and a toilet.[7] The cars are numbered in the -2100 series, although some 4-car sets have end cars numbered in the -2000 series. The -2000 series cars are converted from early batch 209-0 series units with air-operated doors rather than the electrically-operated doors of later batch units.[8]

4-car formation

  1. KuHa 208-2000/2100 (transverse seating)
  2. MoHa 208-2100 (with toilet)
  3. MoHa 209-2100 (with pantograph)
  4. KuHa 209-2000/2100 (transverse seating)

The first 6-car set was outshopped from Ōmiya Works on 30 July 2009.[9]

6-car formation

  1. KuHa 208-2100 (transverse seating)
  2. MoHa 208-2100 (with toilet)
  3. MoHa 209-2100 (with pantograph)
  4. MoHa 208-2100
  5. MoHa 209-2100 (with pantograph)
  6. KuHa 209-2100 (transverse seating)

Nambu Line 209-2200 series at Shitte Station, September 2009

209-2200 series

These are 6-car sets reformed in 2009 from former Keihin-Tōhoku Line 209-0 series 10-car sets for use on Nambu Line services, replacing the early-batch 209-0 series set and a 205-1200 series set.[10] The first set, number 52, was outshopped in May 2009, and entered service on 12 June 2009.[11] Modifications include new electrical equipment and the addition of LED destination indicator panels.[12]


  1. KuHa 208-2200
  2. MoHa 208-2200
  3. MoHa 209-2200
  4. MoHa 208-2200
  5. MoHa 209-2200
  6. KuHa 209-2200

Kawagoe Line 209-3000 series train at Komagawa station
KuHa 209-3003 of set 63 showing transverse seating bay added experimentally in 2004

209-3000 series

Four 4-car 6th-batch sets were introduced on 16 March 1996 for use on the Kawagoe Line and newly-electrified southern section of the Hachikō Line. These sets (numbers 61 to 64) are based at JR East's Kawagoe depot.[13] While visually similar to the original 209-0 sub-series, these sets differ in having passenger-operated door controls.[6]

For a short period in 2004, KuHa 209-3003 of set 63 was fitted with transverse seating bays to increase seating capacity. It was later reverted to standard longitudinal bench seating.[6]

Between February and March 2007, some of the previously sealed windows in each car were modified to allow them to be opened.[6]


  1. KuHa 208-3000 (Tc')
  2. MoHa 208-3000 (M')
  3. MoHa 209-3000 (M) with one PS28 pantograph
  4. KuHa 209-3000 (Tc)

Build details

Set Manufacturer Date delivered
61 Kawasaki Heavy Industries January 1996
62 Tokyu Car Corporation January 1996
63 Tokyu Car Corporation February 1996
64 Tokyu Car Corporation February 1996
Kawagoe Line 209-3100 series train at Komagawa station

209-3100 series

This sub-series of two 4-car sets was introduced in 2005 as part of the scheme to eliminate 103 series sets from the Kawagoe Line and Hachikō Line. Set number 71 consists of two former TWR 70-000 series control cars with two newly-manufactured intermediate cars, while set number 72 consists entirely of former 70-000 series cars. The 70-000 series cars had become surplus when 6-car sets were reformed into 10-car sets in 2004. Like the 209-3000 series, these sets have passenger-operated door controls.[6]


  1. KuHa 208-3100 (Tc')
  2. MoHa 208-3100 (M')
  3. MoHa 209-3100 (M) with one PS28 pantograph
  4. KuHa 209-3100 (Tc)

Training sets


A purpose-built 4-car set based directly on the 209-0 series design and classified E991 series was delivered to JR East's training centre in Shirakawa, Fukushima in 2000 for internal training use. Externally, it is finished in shōnan green/orange stripes on unpainted stainless steel.


Hachiōji area 2-car training set, October 2008

A two-car set was converted from former Keihin-Tōhoku Line end cars in 2008 for use as a staff training set at JR East's Ōmiya Training Center. This replaced the former 103 series 2-car set previously used there. The set is formed of KuMoHa209-76 + KuMoHa208-76, and is finished in the shōnan green/orange colour scheme.[14]


Another two-car set was converted from former Keihin-Tōhoku Line end cars at Nagano Works, and moved to the JR East Yokohama area training centre next to Kurihama Station in July 2008, replacing the 105 series 2-car set previously used there. The set is formed of KuMoHa209-092 + KuMoHa208-092, converted from former intermediate cars MoHa209-39 + MoHa208-39, with cabs newly added, and features pale yellow bodyside stripes bearing the lettering "YOKOHAMA Training Center".[15]


A third two-car set was converted from former Keihin-Tōhoku Line end cars at Nagano Works, and moved to the JR East Hachiōji area training centre next to Shin-Akitsu Station in October 2008, replacing the 105 series 2-car set previously used there. The set features orange bodyside stripes bearing the lettering "HACHIOJI Training Center".[16]

MUE-Train undergoing testing, May 2009


In October 2008, JR East unveiled the 7-car "MUE-Train" (MUltipurpose Experimental Train) experimental EMU converted from former Keihin-Tōhoku Line 209 series cars. This set will be used to test and develop new technology for use on future narrow-gauge trains. The train is based at Kawagoe Depot and began testing on the Utsunomiya Line from November 2008.[17]

See also


  • JR全車両ハンドブック2006 (JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006). Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006. 
  1. ^ We must create our own core competences on Railway Gazette website, retrieved 2009-05-18
  2. ^ Hobidas: "京浜東北線・根岸線209系引退で記念イベント" (14 December 2009). Retrieved 14 December 2009. (Japanese)
  3. ^ プロトタイプの世界 - Prototype World. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbunsha. December 2005. ISBN 4910065141258. 
  4. ^ 鉄道友の会 東京支部 JR電車部会 (December 2007). "京浜東北線を駆け抜けた車両たち 後編". Japan Railfan Magazine 48 (562): p.77–84. 
  5. ^ Japan Railfan Magazine: クハ209-901,長野総合車両センター構内に (29 July 2009) Retrieved on 8 August 2009 (Japanese)
  6. ^ a b c d e 鉄道友の会 東京支部 JR電車部会 (April 2009). "特集 209系 第2章へ (209 series - The second chapter)". Japan Railfan Magazine 49 (576): p.9–47. 
  7. ^ Japan Railfan Magazine: "209系2100番台,配給輸送される". (14 June 2009). Retrieved on 15 June 2009. (Japanese)
  8. ^ "209系転用改造車" (in Japanese). Japan Railfan Magazine 49 (583): p58-62. November 2009. 
  9. ^ RM News: "209系2100番代の6連登場". (30 July 2009). Retrieved on 30 July 2009. (Japanese)
  10. ^ "209系転用計画の全貌" (in Japanese). Japan Railfan Magazine 49 (583): p63-73. November 2009. 
  11. ^ Japan Railfan Magazine: "209系2200番台が営業運転を開始". (16 June 2009). Retrieved on 16 June 2009. (Japanese)
  12. ^ Japan Railfan Magazine: "209系2200番台,東京総合車両センターを出場". (15 May 2009). Retrieved on 15 May 2009. (Japanese)
  13. ^ JR電車編成表 '07冬号 (JR EMU Formations - Winter 2007). Japan: JRR. December 2006. ISBN 4-88283-046-9. 
  14. ^ (in Japanese)Japan Railfan Magazine 48 (567): p96. July 2008. 
  15. ^ "横浜総合訓練センターにも新訓練車登場" (New training set for Yokohama Training Center). (13 August 2008). Retrieved on 28 August 2008. (Japanese)
  16. ^ "八王子総合訓練センターにも209系訓練車" (209 series training set for Hachiōji Training Center too), (12 October 2008). Retrieved on 13 October 2008. (Japanese)
  17. ^ "在来線用試験電車MUE-Train (ミュートレイン)について" (7 October 2008). Retrieved on 7 October 2008. (Japanese)

External links


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