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212 BC: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 4th century BC3rd century BC2nd century BC
Decades: 240s BC  230s BC  220s BC  – 210s BC –  200s BC  190s BC  180s BC
Years: 215 BC 214 BC 213 BC212 BC211 BC 210 BC 209 BC
212 BC by topic
Politics
State leaders – Sovereign states
Birth and death categories
Births – Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Establishments – Disestablishments
212 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 212 BC
Ab urbe condita 542
Armenian calendar N/A
Bahá'í calendar -2055 – -2054
Bengali calendar -804
Berber calendar 739
Buddhist calendar 333
Burmese calendar -849
Byzantine calendar 5297 – 5298
Chinese calendar
(2425/2485)
— to —
[[Sexagenary cycle|]]年
(2426/2486)
Coptic calendar -495 – -494
Ethiopian calendar -219 – -218
Hebrew calendar 3549 – 3550
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat -156 – -155
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2890 – 2891
Holocene calendar 9789
Iranian calendar 833 BP – 832 BP
Islamic calendar 859 BH – 858 BH
Japanese calendar
Korean calendar 2122
Thai solar calendar 332

Events

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By place

Greece

Thrace

Carthage

  • Syphax, king of the western Numidian tribe, the Masaesyli, concludes an alliance with the Romans and they send military advisers to help Syphax train his soldiers. He then attacks the eastern Numidians (the Massylii) ruled by Gala, who is an ally of the Carthaginians. The Carthaginian general Hasdrubal travels to northern Africa from Spain to stamp out the uprising by the Numidians.

Spain

Seleucid Empire

Roman Republic

  • Publius Licinius Crassus Dives is elected "pontifex maximus" over more distinguished candidates, despite never having held any major offices. He will hold this position until his death.
  • The Roman soldiers billeted in Tarentum so alienate the citizens of the city that conspirators admit the Carthaginian general Hannibal to the city. The conspirators then defeat the Roman contingent in the it. Hannibal keeps control of his troops so that looting is limited to Roman houses. The citadel in Tarentum remains under Roman control, which denies Hannibal the use of the harbour.
  • The Roman consuls, Appius Claudius Pulcher and Quintus Fulvius Flaccus, besiege Capua with eight legions. Hanno the Elder moves to Beneventum to try and help the inhabitants of Capua, but he is defeated by the Romans.
  • The Capuans then send an appeal for help to Hannibal. In response, Hannibal sends 2,000 Numidian cavalry as reinforcements to Capua. The combined Carthaginian forces defeat the Roman force led by Flaccus and Pulcher, the latter of whom will soon die of wounds he has sustained.
  • The Battle of the Silarus is fought between Hannibal's army and a Roman force led by praetor Marcus Centenius Penula. The Carthaginians are victorious, effectively destroying Centenius Penula's army.
  • The Battle of Herdonia is fought between Hannibal's Carthaginian army and Roman forces who are laying siege to Herdonia led by praetor Gnaeus Fulvius Flaccus, brother of the consul, Quintus Fulvius Flaccus. The Roman army is destroyed, leaving Apulia free of Romans for the year.
  • After a two years' siege, Roman general, Marcus Claudius Marcellus, gradually forces his way into Syracuse and takes it in the face of strong Carthaginian reinforcements and despite the use of engines of war designed by the Greek mathematician and scientist Archimedes (such as the Claw of Archimedes).
  • Although Marcellus wishes to spare the lives of the Syracusans, he is unable to prevent the sack of the city by his soldiers, which includes the killing of Archimedes. Marcellus carries off the art treasures of Syracuse to Rome, the first recorded instance of a practice which is to become common.

Births

Deaths

  • Archimedes of Syracuse, Greek mathematician and scientist, who has calculated formulae for the areas and volumes of spheres, cylinders, parabolas and other plane and solid figures. He has also founded the science of hydrostatics, including the principle of the upthrust on a floating body which has led to his cry, "Eureka". Thirdly, he has invented siege-engines for use against the Romans and the Archimedean screw to raise water (b. c. 287 BC)
  • Xerxes of Armenia (assassinated by his wife Antiochia)
  • Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus, Roman consul from 215 to 213 BC

References

  1. ^ Smith, William (2006). A New Classical Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography, Mythology and Geography. Whitefish, MT, USA: Kessinger Publishing, LLC. pp. 423.  

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

This page is a placeholder for a page about the year 212 BC. The Wikiquote community has not yet come to a consensus on what this page, and calendar-year pages generally, ought to say. Please discuss any suggestions for the contents of year pages at the Village pump. In the meantime, Wikipedia's 212 BC article offers a list of noteworthy events of this year.

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