Syphax, king of the
western Numidian tribe, the
Masaesyli, concludes an
alliance with the Romans and they send military advisers to help
Syphax train his soldiers. He then attacks the eastern Numidians
(the Massylii) ruled by Gala, who is an ally of the
Carthaginians. The Carthaginian general Hasdrubal travels to northern Africa from
Spain to stamp out the uprising
by the Numidians.
soldiers billeted in Tarentum so alienate the citizens of the city
that conspirators admit the Carthaginian general Hannibal to the city. The
conspirators then defeat the Roman contingent in the it. Hannibal
keeps control of his troops so that looting is limited to Roman
houses. The citadel in Tarentum remains under Roman control, which
denies Hannibal the use of the harbour.
The Capuans then send an appeal for help to Hannibal. In
response, Hannibal sends 2,000 Numidian cavalry as reinforcements to Capua.
The combined Carthaginian forces defeat the Roman force led by
Flaccus and Pulcher, the latter of whom will soon die of wounds he
The Battle of the Silarus is fought
between Hannibal's army and a Roman force led by praetor Marcus Centenius Penula. The
Carthaginians are victorious, effectively destroying Centenius
The Battle of Herdonia is
fought between Hannibal's Carthaginian army and Roman forces who
are laying siege to Herdonia led by praetor Gnaeus Fulvius Flaccus,
brother of the consul, Quintus Fulvius Flaccus. The Roman army is
destroyed, leaving Apulia free
of Romans for the year.
Although Marcellus wishes to spare the lives of the Syracusans,
he is unable to prevent the sack of the city by his soldiers, which
includes the killing of Archimedes. Marcellus carries off the art
treasures of Syracuse to Rome, the first recorded instance of a
practice which is to become common.
Syracuse, Greek mathematician and scientist, who
has calculated formulae for the areas and volumes of spheres,
cylinders, parabolas and other plane and solid figures. He has also
founded the science of hydrostatics, including the principle of
the upthrust on a floating body which has led to his cry, "Eureka".
Thirdly, he has invented siege-engines for use against the Romans and the Archimedean screw to raise water (b. c. 287 BC)
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