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21st United States Congress
USCapitol1827A.gif
United States Capitol (1827)

Duration: March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1831

President of the Senate: John C. Calhoun
President pro tempore: Samuel Smith
Speaker of the House: Andrew Stevenson
Members: 48 Senators
213 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Jacksonian
House Majority: Jacksonian

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1829 – March 17, 1829
1st: December 7, 1829 – May 31, 1830
2nd: December 6, 1830 – March 3, 1831
<20th 22nd>

Contents

The Twenty-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1829 to March 3, 1831, during the first two years of the first administration of U.S. President Andrew Jackson.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Fourth Census of the United States in 1820. Both chambers had a Jacksonian majority.

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 48

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 213

Leadership

President of the Senate
Vice President
John C. Calhoun
Senate
House of Representatives

Major events

Main article: Events of 1829; Events of 1830; Events of 1831

Major legislation

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

See also: 21st United States Congress - political parties
See also: 21st United States Congress - State Delegations
See also: United States House elections, 1828
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Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1832; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1834; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1830.

See also: Category:United States Senators
See also: Category:United States congressional delegations by state
Alabama
Connecticut
Delaware
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Mississippi
Missouri
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia
President pro tempore
Samuel Smith

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

See also: Category:Members of the United States House of Representatives
See also: Category:United States congressional delegations by state
Alabama
Connecticut [1]
Delaware
Georgia [1]
Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland [2]
Massachusetts
Mississippi
Missouri
New Hampshire [1]
New Jersey [1]
New York [3]
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania [4]
Rhode Island [5]
South Carolina
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia
Speaker of the House
Andrew Stevenson

Delegates

Arkansas Territory
Florida Territory
Michigan Territory

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

See also: 21st United States Congress - Membership Changes
Senate
House of Representatives

Officers

Senate
Other
House of Representatives

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.
  2. ^ The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.
  3. ^ There were three plural districts, the 20th & 26th had two representatives each, the 3rd had three representatives.
  4. ^ There were six plural districts, the 7th, 8th, 11th & 16th had two representatives each, the 4th & 9th had three representatives each.
  5. ^ Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links


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