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23rd Cavalry: Wikis

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11th Prince Albert Victoria's Own Cavalry (Frontier Force)
Active 1879 - date
Country British India
Pakistan
Allegiance British Crown
Pakistan Army
Branch British Indian Army
Pakistan Army
Type Cavalry
Armour
Size Regiment
Part of Indian Cavalry Corps
Pakistani Armoured Corps
Engagements Second Afghan War
Great War
Third Afghan War
World War II
Battle honours Afghanistan-1879-80
Kandahar

The 11th Prince Albert Victor's Own Cavalry (Frontier Force), often known simply as PAVO Cavalry is an armoured cavalry regiment in the Pakistan Army. It dates from the old British Indian Army, and can trace its origins to 1879 on the formation of the 21st Prince Albert Victor’s Own Cavalry (Frontier Force) who amalgamated with the 23rd Cavalry to form the 11th Prince Albert Victor's Own Cavalry (Frontier Force).[1]

Contents

21st (Prince Albert Victor's Own) Cavalry (Frontier Force),Daly's Horse

The 1st Punjab Cavalry served in the Second Afghan War and was involved in the Battle of Ahmed Khel being awarded the battle honour Afghanistan 1879 -1880. During the Great War they would be part of the Indian Expeditionary Force D attached to the 6th Cavalry Brigade, in the Cavalry Division for service in the Mesopotamia Campaign.

23rd Cavalry

The 23rd Cavalry was raised as the 3rd Punjab Cavalry they would serve in the Second Afghan War where they were involved in the Battle of Kandahar where they were awarded the battle honour Kandahar. During the Great War they were also in the Mesopotamia Campaign being Corps Troops they were involved on the Karun Front and in Arabistan. On their return to Indian they saw service in the Third Afghan War.

Amalgamation

In 1922 and the reduction in theIndian Cavalry corps both regiments were amalgamated to form the 11th Prince Albert Victor's Own Cavalry (Frontier Force)

An Indian Pattern Carrier Mk IIA named 'Dhar IV', North Africa, 10 April 1942 of the type used by the Regiment in WW2.

World War II

During World War II the regiment was part of the 31st Indian Armoured Division , 3rd Indian Motor Brigade the brigade was detached from the division and sent to Egypt where it was twice overrun by Italian forces notably in the Battle of Gazala. The Brigade formation was;

  • 3rd Indian Motor Brigade
    • 2nd Lancers (Gardner's Horse) (Cavalry-Carrier) – 2 x Reconnaissance (RE) Sqn, 1 x Anti Tank (AT) Sqn
    • 11th Prince Albert Victor’s Own Cavalry (Cavalry-Carrier) – 2 x RE Sqn, 1 x AT Sqn
    • 18th King Edward's Own Cavalry (Cavalry-Carrier) – 2 x RE Sqn, 1 x AT Sqn
    • 3rd Indian Motor Brigade AT Co. – 16 x 2pounder AT Gun
    • 2nd Field Regiment, IA – 16 x 25pounder Field Gun
    • 31st Bengal Field Squadron, Indian Engineeres

They were next moved to Burma to fight the Japanese attached to the 254th Indian Tank Brigade under the command of Brigadier B. Scoones. They were involved in the race for Rangoon during March-April 1945.[2]

The Brigade consisted of:

Pakistani service

The Regiment was allocated to Pakistan upon independence in 1947.

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1948 War

Elements of the Regiment were in action at Poonch in 1948-49, and had the honour of spearheading the initial assault into Kashmir [4].

References

Further reading

  • Kempton, C (1996). A Register of Titles of the Units of the H.E.I.C. & Indian Armies 1666-1947. Bristol: British Empire & Commonwealth Museum. ISBN 978-0953017409
  • Gaylor, J (1992). Sons of John Company: The Indian and Pakistan Armies 1903- 1991. Stroud: Spellmount Publishers Ltd. ISBN 978-0946771981

External links


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