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23rd United States Congress: Wikis

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23rd United States Congress
USCapitol1827A.gif
United States Capitol (1827)

Duration: March 4, 1833 – March 4, 1835

President of the Senate: Martin Van Buren
President pro tempore: Hugh L. White
George Poindexter
John Tyler
Speaker of the House: Andrew Stevenson
John Bell
Members: 48 Senators
240 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Anti-Jacksonian
House Majority: Jacksonian

Sessions
1st: December 2, 1833 – June 30, 1834
2nd: December 1, 1834 – March 4, 1835
<22nd 24th>

The Twenty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1833 to March 4, 1835, during the fifth and sixth years of Andrew Jackson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fifth Census of the United States in 1830. The Senate had an Anti-Jacksonian or National Republican majority, and the House had a Jacksonian or Democratic majority.

Major events

Major legislation

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

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Senate

Total members: 48

House of Representatives

Total members: 240

Leadership

President of the Senate
Martin Van Buren

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1838; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1834; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1836.

Alabama

Connecticut

Delaware

Georgia

Illinois

Indiana

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Mississippi

Missouri

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Tennessee

Vermont

Virginia

President pro tempore
Hugh Lawson White
President pro tempore
George Poindexter

House of Representatives

Alabama

Connecticut

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware

Georgia

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Illinois

Indiana

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Mississippi

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Missouri

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Hampshire

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New York

There were four plural districts, the 8th, 17th, 22nd & 23rd had two representatives each, the 3rd had four representatives.

Speaker of the House
John Bell


North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

There were two plural districts, the 2nd had two representatives, the 4th had three representatives.

Rhode Island

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

South Carolina

Tennessee

Vermont

Virginia

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 8
  • deaths: 2
  • resignations: 6
  • interim appointments: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 11
State
(class)
Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's taking seat
Mississippi
(class 1)
Vacant from preceding Congress. John Black (AJ) Elected November 22, 1833
South Carolina
(class 3)
Vacant from preceding Congress. William C. Preston (N) Elected November 26, 1833
Pennsylvania
(class 1)
Samuel McKean (J) Elected December 7, 1833
Louisiana
(class 3)
Josiah S. Johnston (AJ) Died May 19, 1833 Alexander Porter (AJ) Elected December 19, 1833
Missouri
(class 3)
Alexander Buckner (J) Died June 6, 1833 Lewis F. Linn (J) Appointed October 25, 1833, subsequently elected.
Georgia
(class 2)
George Troup (J) Resigned November 8, 1833 John P. King (D) Elected November 21, 1833
Maryland
(class 3)
Ezekiel F. Chambers (AJ) Resigned in 1834. Robert H. Goldsborough (AJ) Elected January 13, 1835
Virginia
(class 2)
William C. Rives (J) Resigned February 22, 1834 Benjamin W. Leigh (AJ) Elected February 26, 1834
Pennsylvania
(class 3)
William Wilkins (J) Resigned June 30, 1834 James Buchanan (J) Elected December 6, 1834
Georgia
(class 3)
John Forsyth (J) Resigned July 27, 1834 Alfred Cuthbert (J) Elected January 12, 1835
Maine
(class 2)
Peleg Sprague (AJ) Resigned January 1, 1835 John Ruggles (J) Elected January 20, 1835

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 18
  • deaths: 8
  • resignations: 15
  • contested election: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 22
District Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's taking office
Virginia 5th John Randolph (J) Died May 24, 1833 Thomas T. Bouldin (J) Seated December 2, 1833
South Carolina 3rd Thomas D. Singleton (N) Died November 25, 1833 Robert B. Campbell (N) Seated February 27, 1834
Louisiana 3rd Henry A. Bullard (AJ) Resigned January 4, 1834 Rice Garland (AJ) Seated April 28, 1834
Massachusetts 5th John Davis (AJ) Resigned January 14, 1834 Levi Lincoln (AJ) Seated March 5, 1834
Virginia 5th Thomas T. Bouldin (J) Died February 11, 1834 James W. Bouldin (J) Seated March 28, 1834
Ohio 1st Robert T. Lytle (J) Resigned March 10, 1834 Robert T. Lytle (J) Re-seated December 27, 1834
South Carolina 8th James Blair (J) Died April 1, 1834 Richard I. Manning (J) Seated December 8, 1834
Maryland 1st Littleton P. Dennis (J) Died April 14, 1834 John N. Steele (J) Seated June 9, 1834
Connecticut At-large Samuel A. Foot (AJ) Resigned May 9, 1834 Ebenezer Jackson, Jr. (AJ) Seated December 1, 1834
New York 3rd Cornelius V. Lawrence (J) Resigned May 14, 1834. This was a plural district with 4 representatives. John J. Morgan (J) Seated December 1, 1834
Virginia 11th Andrew Stevenson (J) Resigned June 2, 1834 John Robertson (AJ) Seated December 8, 1834
Massachusetts 2nd Rufus Choate (AJ) Resigned June 30, 1834 Stephen C. Phillips (AJ) Seated December 1, 1834
New York 3rd Dudley Selden (J) Resigned July 1, 1834. This was a plural district with 4 representatives. Charles G. Ferris (J) Seated December 1, 1834
Connecticut At-large William W. Ellsworth (AJ) Resigned July 8, 1834 Joseph Trumbull (AJ) Seated December 1, 1834
South Carolina 5th George McDuffie (N) Resigned in 1834. Francis W. Pickens (N) Seated December 8, 1834
Ohio 19th Humphrey H. Leavitt (J) Resigned July 10, 1834 Daniel Kilgore (J) Seated December 1, 1834
Vermont 5th Benjamin F. Deming (AM) Died July 11, 1834 Henry F. Janes (AM) Seated December 2, 1834
Illinois 1st Charles Slade (J) Died July 26, 1834 John Reynolds (J) Seated December 1, 1834
Connecticut At-large Jabez W. Huntington (AJ) Resigned August 16, 1834 Phineas Miner (AJ) Seated December 1, 1834
Illinois 3rd Joseph Duncan (J) Resigned September 21, 1834 William L. May (J) Seated December 1, 1834
Louisiana 1st Edward D. White (AJ) Resigned November 15, 1834 to become Governor of Louisiana Henry Johnson (AJ) Seated December 1, 1834
Georgia At-large James M. Wayne (J) Resigned January 13, 1835 Not filled in this Congress
South Carolina 6th Warren R. Davis (N) Died January 29, 1835

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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