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272 BCE: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 4th century BC3rd century BC2nd century BC
Decades: 300s BC  290s BC  280s BC  – 270s BC –  260s BC  250s BC  240s BC
Years: 275 BC 274 BC 273 BC272 BC271 BC 270 BC 269 BC
272 BC by topic
State leaders – Sovereign states
Birth and death categories
Births – Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
Establishments – Disestablishments
272 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 272 BC
Ab urbe condita 482
Armenian calendar N/A
Bahá'í calendar -2115 – -2114
Bengali calendar -864
Berber calendar 679
Buddhist calendar 273
Burmese calendar -909
Byzantine calendar 5237 – 5238
Chinese calendar
— to —
[[Sexagenary cycle|]]年
Coptic calendar -555 – -554
Ethiopian calendar -279 – -278
Hebrew calendar 3489 – 3490
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat -216 – -215
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2830 – 2831
Holocene calendar 9729
Iranian calendar 893 BP – 892 BP
Islamic calendar 920 BH – 919 BH
Japanese calendar
Korean calendar 2062
Thai solar calendar 272



By place

Seleucid Empire


Roman Republic

  • Pyrrhus' departure from southern Italy three years earlier leads to the Samnites finally being conquered by the Romans. With the surrender of Tarentum, the cities of Magna Graecia in southern Italy come under Roman influence and become Roman allies. Rome now effectively dominates all of the Italian peninsula.


  • Cleonymus, a Spartan of royal blood who has been outcast by his fellow Spartans, asks the King of Macedonia and Epirus, Pyrrhus, to attack Sparta and place him in power. Pyrrhus agrees to the plan, but intends to win control of the Peloponnese for himself. As a large part of the Spartan army led by king Areus I is in Crete at the time, Pyrrhus has great hopes of taking the city easily, but the citizens organise stout resistance, allowing one of Antigonus II's commanders, Aminias the Phocian, to reach the city with a force of mercenaries from Corinth. Soon after this, the Spartan king, Areus, returns from Crete with 2,000 men. These reinforcements stiffen Spartan resistance and Pyrrhus, finding that he is losing men to desertion every day, breaks off the attack and starts to plunder the country.
  • As they plunder the countryside, Pyrrhus and his troops move onto Argos. Entering the city with his army by stealth, Pyrrhus finds himself caught in a confused battle with the Argives (who are supported by Antigonus' forces) in the narrow city streets. During the confusion an old woman watching from a rooftop throws a roof tile at Pyrrhus which stuns him, allowing an Argive soldier to kill him.
  • Following his death in Argos, Pyrrhus is succeeded as king of Epirus by his son Alexander II while Antigonus II Gonatas regains his Macedonian throne which he has lost to Pyrrhus two years earlier.


  • The Mauryan emperor, Bindusara, sends the Mauryan army to conquer the southern kingdoms. Kadamba is conquered.




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