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28th United States Congress: Wikis

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28th United States Congress
USCapitol1846.jpg
United States Capitol (1846)

Duration: March 4, 1843 – March 3, 1845

President of the Senate: Vacant
President pro tempore: Willie P. Mangum
Speaker of the House: John W. Jones
Members: 54 Senators
224 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Whig
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
1st: December 4, 1843 – June 17, 1844
2nd: December 2, 1844 – March 3, 1845
<27th 29th>

The Twenty-eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1843 to March 3, 1845, during the last two years of the administration of John Tyler's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Sixth Census of the United States in 1840. The Senate had a Whig majority, and the House had a Democratic majority.

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

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Senate

TOTAL members: 54

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 224

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives

Major events

Major legislation

State admitted

  • March 3, 1845 – Florida admitted

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1844; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1846; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1848.

Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
  • 1: vacant
  • 2: vacant
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Mississippi
Missouri
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia
President pro tempore
Willie P. Mangum

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Mississippi

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Missouri

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Hampshire

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 14
  • deaths: 7
  • resignations: 7
  • contested election: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 16

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

Notes

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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