2nd United States Congress: Wikis

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2nd United States Congress
Congress Hall exterior.jpg
Congress Hall (2007)

Duration: March 4, 1791 – March 3, 1793

President of the Senate: John Adams
President pro tempore: Richard Henry Lee
John Langdon
Speaker of the House: Jonathan Trumbull, Jr.
Members: 30–34 (four additions)(with one vacancy) Senators
69–73 (four additions)(with 1-3 vacancies) Representatives
Senate Majority: Pro-Administration,
then Anti-Administration
House Majority: Pro-Administration

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1791 – March 4, 1791
1st: October 24, 1791 – May 8, 1792
2nd: November 5, 1792 – March 2, 1793 (lame duck)
<1st 3rd>
Modern tour group visiting the House of Representatives chamber at Congress Hall
Senate chamber at Congress Hall

The 2nd United States Congress, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives, met at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from March 4, 1791 to March 3, 1793, during the third and fourth years of George Washington's Presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the provisions of Article I, Section 2, Clause 3 of the United States Constitution. Both chambers had a Pro-Administration majority, except that during the third/last session, the Senate had an Anti-Administration majority.

Major events

Major legislation

States admitted

Constitutional amendments

Party summary

There were no political parties in this Congress. Members are informally grouped into factions of similar interest, based on an analysis of their voting record.[1]

Details on changes are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

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Senate

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
     
Pro-Administration Anti-Administration Vacant
End of last Congress 18 8 26 0
Begin (March 4, 1791) 15 13 28 2
June 13, 1791 16 29 1
November 4, 1791 15 31
June 18, 1792 17 33
October 8, 1792 16 32 2
October 18, 1792 17 33 1
November 30, 1792 15 32 2
January 10, 1793 16 33 1
Latest voting share 49.5% 51.5%
Beginning of next Congress 16 13 29 1

House of Representatives

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
     
Pro-Administration Anti-Administration Vacant
End of last Congress 36 28 64 1
Begin (March 4, 1791) 39 29 68 1
October 24, 1791 30 69 0
October 31, 1791 32 71
November 1791 31 70 1
February 6, 1792 32 71 0
March 21, 1792 31 70 1
May 1, 1792 30 69 2
June 1, 1792 29 68 3
November 8, 1792 30 69
November 9, 1792 31 70
November 22, 1792 32 71 2
January 30, 1793 40 72 1
Latest voting share 55.6% 44.4%
Beginning of next Congress 50 55 105 0

Leadership

President of the Senate
Vice President
John Adams
President pro tempore Richard Henry Lee

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1796; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1792; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1794.

Connecticut

Delaware

Georgia

Kentucky

Maryland

Massachusetts

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Vermont

Virginia

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their districtss.

Connecticut

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware

Georgia

All representatives were elected statewide from individual districts.

Kentucky

Maryland

All representatives were elected statewide from individual districts.

Massachusetts

New Hampshire

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New York

North Carolina

There was a special redistricting for this Congress.

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Vermont

Virginia

Membership changes

There were no political parties in this Congress. Members are informally grouped into factions of similar interest, based on an analysis of their voting record.[2]

Vermont and Kentucky were newly admitted as states and are first represented in this Congress.

Senate

There were 3 resignations, 1 contested election, and 4 new seats of admitted states, resulting in a 4 seat net gain of the Anti-Administration Senators.

State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Connecticut
(class 3)
William S. Johnson (P) Resigned March 4, 1791 Roger Sherman (P) Elected June 13, 1791
Vermont
(class 1)
New seat Vermont was admitted to the Union on March 4, 1791 Stephen R. Bradley (A) Elected November 4, 1791
Vermont
(class 3)
Moses Robinson (A) Elected November 4, 1791
Kentucky
(class 2)
New seat Kentucky was admitted to the Union on June 1, 1792. John Edwards (A) Elected June 18, 1792
Kentucky
(class 2)
John Brown (A) Elected June 18, 1792
Virginia
(class 2)
Richard Henry Lee (A) Resigned October 8, 1792 John Taylor (A) Elected October 18, 1792
Maryland
(class 1)
Charles Carroll (P) Resigned November 30, 1792 Richard Potts (P) Elected January 10, 1793
Pennsylvania
(class 1)
Vacant. Pennsylvania failed to elect a new Senator until 1793 Credentials of Albert Gallatin were presented February 28, 1793, but not approved until the next Congress

House of Representatives

There were 3 resignations, 1 vacancy of a member-elect, 1 contested election, and 4 new seats of admitted states, resulting in a 3 seat net gain of the Anti-Administration members and a 1 seat net gain of the Pro-Administration members.

District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of successor's taking office
New York 1st Vacant Death. Representative-elect James Townsend died May 24, 1791, before Congress assembled. Thomas Tredwell (A) May, 1791
Vermont 1st New seat Vermont was admitted to the Union on March 4, 1791. Israel Smith (A) October 17, 1791
Vermont 2nd Nathaniel Niles (A) October 17, 1791
Maryland 3rd William Pinkney (A) Resigned November, 1791 John Francis Mercer (A) February 6, 1792
Virginia 2nd John Brown (A) Resigned June 1, 1792, to become U.S. Senator from Kentucky. Vacant Seat went with Kentucky
Kentucky 2nd New seat Kentucky was admitted to the Union on June 1, 1792. Alexander D. Orr (A) November 8, 1792
Kentucky 1st Christopher Greenup (A) November 9, 1792
Georgia 1st Anthony Wayne (A) Anthony Wayne served until March 21, 1792, when seat declared vacant because the election was contested John Milledge (A) November 22, 1792
Maryland 2nd Joshua Seney (A) Resigned December 6, 1792. William Hindman (P) January 30, 1793

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  1. ^ Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress.  
  2. ^ Martis, Kenneth C.. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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