301st Operations Group: Wikis

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301st Operations Group
301stoperationsgroup-emblem.jpg
Emblem of the 301st Operations Group
Active 1942-1945; 1946-1952; 1991-1992; 1992-Present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force Reserve
Part of 301st Fighter Wing
Garrison/HQ Carswell Field, Texas
457th Fighter Squadron F-16s taking off from Carswell Field

The 301st Operations Group (301 OG) is a flying component of the 301st Fighter Wing, assigned to the United States Air Force Reserve Tenth Air Force. The group is stationed at Carswell Field, Texas.

During World War II, the groups predecessor unit, the 301st Bombardment Group was a highly decorated group flying B-17 Flying Fortresses that served primarily in North Africa and Italy. It operated as part of Eighth, Twelfth and Fifteenth Air Forces.

On 4 Aug 1946, the 301st became one of the original ten bombardment groups of Strategic Air Command.

Contents

Overview

The 301st Operations Group (Tail Code: TX) is equipped with the F-16C+ Fighting Falcon. It commands the operational fighter squadrons of the 301st Fighter Wing.

The group has a rich tradition of leadership in the reserve component of the Air Force dating back to mid-1940’s and continues to make history.

Components

The group consists of the following squadrons:

History

Note: The 301st Operations Group does not share a common history or heritage with its parent unit, the 301st Fighter Wing, being assigned to the 301st FW on 1 Aug 1992. See the 301st Air Refueling Wing for additional history and lineage from 1947-1992
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Lineage

  • Established as 301 Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942
Activated on 3 Feb 1942
Redesignated: 301 Bombardment Group, Heavy c. 20 Aug 1943
Redesignated: 301 Bombardment Group, Very Heavy on 5 Aug 1945
Inactivated on 15 Oct 1945
  • Activated on 4 Aug 1946
Redesignated: 301 Bombardment Group, Medium on 28 May 1948
Inactivated on 16 Jun 1952
  • Redesignated: 301 Operations Group on 29 Aug 1991
Activated on 1 Sept 1991
Inactivated on 1 Jun 1992
  • Activated in the Reserve on 1 Aug 1992.

Assignments

Components

  • 29 Reconnaissance (later, 419 Bombardment) Squadron: 3 Feb 1942-15 Oct 1945
  • 32d Bombardment Squadron: attached 16-30 Mar 1942, assigned 31 Mar 1942-15 Oct 1945; assigned 4 Aug 1946-16 Jun 1952 (detached 10 Feb 1951-16 Jun 1952)
  • 91st Air Refueling Squadron: 1 Sept 1991-1 Jun 1992
  • 301 Air Refueling Squadron: 1 Mar 1949-16 Jun 1952 (detached 10 Feb 1951-16 Jun 1952)
  • 352 Bombardment Squadron: 3 Feb 1942-15 Oct 1945; 4 Aug 1946-16 Jun 1952 (detached c. 30 Jun-Sept 1948 and 10 Feb 1951-16 Jun 1952)
  • 353 Bombardment Squadron: 3 Feb 1942-15 Oct 1945; 4 Aug 1946-16 Jun 1952 (detached 10 Feb 1951-16 Jun 1952)
  • 354 Bombardment Squadron: 3 Feb-16 Mar 1942
  • 457th Fighter Squadron: 1 Aug 1992-Present

Stations

Aircraft assigned

Operational History

World War II

301st Bombardment Group Emblem
B-17F of the 301st BG attacking an railyard at Tervi, Italy, 11 Aug 1943
B-17G of the 301st BG at an airfield in North Africa, 1943

After activation in Feb 1942, trained with B-17s. Air echelon operated 5-15 Jun 1942 from Muroc Dry Lake, CA, and performed anti-submarine patrols off the California coast. Reunited with ground echelon after arrival in England in Aug 1942.

Entered combat with Eighth Air Force in Sept 1942. Began combat in September 1942, attacking submarine pens, airfields, railroads, bridges, and other targets on the Continent, primarily in France.

Reassigned to Twelfth Air Force and moved to North Africa in November 1942. Bombed docks, shipping facilities, airdromes, and railroad yards in Tunisia, Sicily, and Sardinia. Attacked enemy shipping between Tunisia and Sicily. Received a Distinguished Unit Citation for action on April 6, 1943 when the group withstood intense antiaircraft fire from shore defenses and nearby vessels to attack a convoy of merchant ships off Bizerte and thus destroy supplies essential to the Axis defense of Tunisia. Assaulted gun positions on Pantelleria during May–June 1943. Flew numerous missions to Italy, July–October 1943.

Assigned to Fifteenth Air Force in November 1943, moved to Italy in December, and afterward directed most of its attacks against European Theatre of World War II strategic targets such as oil centers, communications, and industrial areas. Received another DUC for a mission to Germany on February 25, 1944 when, in spite of vicious encounters with enemy fighters, the group bombed aircraft production centers at Regensburg. In 1944-1945, supported ground forces in the Anzio and Cassino areas during the invasion of Southern France, knocked out targets to assist the Russian advance in the Balkans, and aided the Allied drive through the Po Valley.

Returned to the US in July 1945. Redesignated 301st Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) in August and prepared for transition to B-29 Superfortresses and a move to the Southwest Pacific. Inactivated on October 15, 1945.

Cold War

Activated on August 4, 1946 but probably not manned until Aug 1947. Assigned to Strategic Air Command. Equipped with B-29 Superfortresses for bombardment operations. Deployed to Furstenfeldbruck AB, Germany, Jul-Aug 1948; to RAF Station Scrampton, England, Oct 1948-Jan 1949; and to RAF Stations Lakenheath and Sculthorpe, May-Nov 1950.

Reassigned to Barksdale AFB, Louisiana in 1949 and added an air refueling mission. The 301st was one of the first units to conduct aerial refueling operations with the KB-29 tanker version of the Superfortress. In Feb 1950, rotated squadrons to Goose Bay, Labrador, for air refueling training in cold climates. Reduced to "paper" strength in Feb 1951 and inactivated in Jun 1952 as a result of the Air Force tri-deputate reorganization.

Modern era

Refueled aircraft in CONUS and provided tankers and crews for various Tanker Task Forces in Saudi Arabia, Sep 1991-May 1992. After activation in the Reserve on 1 Aug 1992, trained for possible worldwide deployment for counter-air, interdiction and close air support missions. Supported Operation Deny Flight in Bosnia-Herzegovina, deploying F-16 aircraft and crews to Aviano AB, Italy, 1 Dec 1993-2 Jan 1994. Elements deployed again to Aviano, 2 Jan-9 Mar 1996 to enforce a no-fly zone over Bosnia. Deployed aircraft and personnel to Karup AS, Denmark, for a combined force exercise, 24 May-Jun 1997.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0912799129.

External links


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