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305th Air Division: Wikis

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305th Air Division
305bw-insignia.jpg
Emblem of the 305th Bombardment Wing
Active 1943-1949
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Role Fighter/Bombardment
Part of Fifteenth Air Force
Fourth Air Force
Engagements
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon.svg
  • World War II
European Campaign (1943-1945)

The 305th Air Division (305th AD) is an inactive United States Air Force organization. Its last assignment was with Continental Air Command, assigned to Fourth Air Force, being stationed at McChord Air Force Base, California. It was inactivated on 27 June 1949.

Contents

History

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Lineage

  • Established as 305th Bombardment Wing (Heavy) on 7 Dec 1943
Activated on 29 Dec 1943
Redesignated 305th Bombardment Wing, Heavy 1944
Inactivated on 9 Sep 1945
  • Redesignated 305th Bombardment Wing, Very Heavy on 13 May 1947
Activated in the Reserve on 12 Jul 1947
Redesignated 305th Air Division, Bombardment on 16 Apr 1948
Inactivated on 27 Jun 1949

Assignments

Fourth Air Force
25 Air Defense (later, 25 Air) Division: 12 Jul 1947 - 27 Jun 1949
ADC made a subordinate organization of Continental Air Command, 1 Dec 1948

Stations

Components

Fighter Groups

All fighter groups transferred from 305th Fighter Wing after 305 BW inactivated 13 Jun 1945.

Bombardment Groups

Aircraft

Operational History

The 305th activated as a Bombardment wing in Italy in December 1943, but had no combat components assigned until after the European war ended in May 1945. In June, several fighter groups were assigned, and the wing instituted an extensive training program.

Anticipating transfer to participate in the war against Japan, the 305th emphasized instrument flying and navigation, and formation, high altitude, and transition flying. One of the wing's P 51 groups also conducted experimental work in dive bombing. In ground training, pilots practiced in the Link trainer and attended classes in engineering, air discipline, intelligence, personal equipment, air sea rescue, chemical warfare, navigation, and communications procedure, only to see the wing inactivated with the defeat of Japan,

The 305th was assigned to the Reserve after the war, first to Air Defense Command, then to Continental Air Command (ConAC) when ADC was made a subordinate command of ConAC. While active in the Reserve, Jun 1947-Jun 1949, the 305th was redesignated as a division and commanded several B-29 Superfortress-designated groups. It is not clear if these groups were actually manned or equipped. The Division was inactivated on 29 June 1949

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.

External links


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