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307th Bombardment Group
307bw.jpg
Emblem of the 307th Bombardment Group
Active 1942-1952
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force

The 307th Bombardment Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 307th Bombardment Wing, stationed at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida. It was inactivated on 16 June 1952.

Two Presidential Unit Citations were awarded to the Group during World War II, one for action in the bombing of the Island of Truk, the most heavily defended and strongly fortified Japanese base in the Pacific. During withdrawal. gunners of the Group destroyed 31 of the 75 attacking aircraft, probably destroyed 12 more and damaged 10 in an air battle that lasted 43 minutes. This daring raid, made on 29 March 1944, neutralized the Japanese airfields, making possible long range flights without fighter protection, The other Presidential Unit Citation was awarded for the successful strike at the Baltkapapan Oil Refineries in Borneo on 30 September 1944. The 307th had to fly their B-24 Liberator bombers 17 1/2 hours for a round trip of 2,610 miles, the longest mass daylight mission ever flown by this type aircraft.

The 307th deployed to Okinawa during the Korean War and was awarded the Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for its air strikes against enemy forces in Korea. It was also awarded the Distinguished Unit Citation and several campaign streamers.

Contents

History

For additional history and lineage, see 307th Strategic Wing
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Lineage

  • Constituted as 307th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942
Activated on 15 Apr 1942
Inactivated on 18 Jan 1946
  • Redesignated 307th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy)
Activated on 4 Aug 1946
Inactivated on 16 Jun 1952

Assignments

Components

  • 370th Bombardment Squadron: 15 Apr 1942-8 Jan 1946; 4 Aug 1946-16 Jun 1952
  • 371st Bombardment Squadron: 15 Apr 1942-8 Jan 1946; 4 Aug 1946-16 Jun 1952
  • 372d Bombardment Squadron: 15 Apr 1942-Dec 1945; 4 Aug 1946-16 Jun 1952
  • 424th Bombardment Squadron: 15 Apr 1942-Dec 1945

Stations

Operated from Kadena Air Base, Okinawa, 8 Aug 1950-9 Feb 1951

Aircraft

Operations

Activated on 15 Apr 1942. Trained and flew patrols off the West Coast, first in B-17's and later in B-24's. Moved to Hawaii, Oct-Nov 1942, and assigned to Seventh AF. Trained and flew patrol and search missions. Attacked Wake Island, Dec 1942-Jan 1943, by staging through Midway.

Moved to Guadalcanal in Feb 1943 and assigned to Thirteenth AF. Served in combat, primarily in the South and Southwest Pacific, until the war ended. Attacked Japanese airfields, installations, and shipping in the Solomons and Bismarcks. Helped to neutralize enemy bases on Yap and in the Truk and Palau Islands. Received a DUC for an unescorted, daylight attack on heavily defended airfields in the Truk Islands on 29 Mar 1944. Supported operations in the Philippines by striking Japanese shipping in the southern Philippines and by bombing airfields on Leyte, Luzon, Negros, Ceram, and Halmahera. Also took part in Allied air operations against the Netherlands Indies by hitting airfields, shipping, and installations.

Received a DUC for an unescorted mission against vital oil refineries at Balikpapan, Borneo, on 3 Oct 1944. Supported Australian forces on Borneo and bombed targets in French Indochina during the last three months of the war.

Flew patrol missions along the Asiatic mainland and ferried liberated prisoners from Okinawa to Manila after V-J Day. Returned to the US, Dec 1945-Jan 1946. Inactivated on 18 Jan 1946.

Redesignated 307th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy). Activated on 4 Aug 1946. Assigned to Strategic Air Command. Equipped with B-29's. Trained and developed antisubmarine tactics. Redesignated 307th Bombardment Group (Medium) in May 1948. Based temporarily on Okinawa and attached to Far East Air Forces for operations during the Korean War. Attacked strategic objectives in North Korea, Aug-Sep 1950. After that, struck interdictory targets, including communications and supply centers, and supported UN ground forces by hitting gun emplacements and troop concentrations.

Became non-operational when parent wing adopted Tri-Deputate organization, 10 Feb 1951 and all assigned squadrons were attached directly to the wing. Inactivated 16 Jun 1952

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.

External links

  • 307th Bomb Group Association [1]

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