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308th Armament Systems Group
308thbombgroup-patch.jpg
Emblem of the 308th Bombardment Group
Active 1942-1952; 2005-Present
Country United States
Branch United States Army Air Force

The 308th Armament Systems Group is a unit of the United States Air Force 308th Armament Systems Wing, stationed at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.

The unit's mission is to equipp warfighters with long range, precision attack capabilities.

Contents

History

For additional lineage and history, see 308th Armament Systems Wing
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Lineage

  • Established as 308 Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942
Activated 15 Apr 1942
Inactivated 6 Jan 1946
  • Redesignated 308 Reconnaissance Group, Weather, on 27 Sep 1946
Activated 17 Oct 1946
Inactivated 5 Jan 1951
  • Redesignated 308 Bombardment Group, Medium, on 4 Oct 1951
Activated 10 Oct 1951
Inactivated 16 Jun 1952
  • Consolidated (3 May 2006) with Long Range Missile Systems Group, which was established on 23 Nov 2004.
Activated 27 Jan 2005
Redesignated 308 Armament Systems Group on 15 May 2006.

Assignments

Components

  • 36 Reconnaissance (later, 425 Bombardment) Squadron: 15 Apr 1942-6 Jan 1946
  • 53 Reconnaissance Squadron: attached 17 Oct 1946-15 Oct 1947
  • 54 Reconnaissance Squadron: 17 Oct 1946-15 Oct 1947
  • 55 Reconnaissance Squadron: 17 Oct 1946-15 Oct 1947
  • 59 Reconnaissance Squadron: attached 17 Oct 1946-15 Oct 1947
  • 373 Bombardment Squadron: 15 Apr 1942-21 Jul 1945; 10 Oct 1951-16 Jun 1952 (detached 10 Oct 1951-17 Apr 1952).
  • 374 Bombardment (later, 374 Reconnaissance) Squadron: 15 Apr 1942-6 Jan 1946; 15 Oct 1947-19 Dec 1950; 10 Oct 1951-16 Jun 1952 (detached 10 Oct 1951-17 Apr 1952)
  • 375 Bombardment Squadron: 15 Apr 1942-6 Jan 1946; 10 Oct 1951-16 Jun 1952 (detached 10 Oct 1951-17 Apr 1952).
  • 512 Reconnaissance Squadron: 15 Oct 1947-20 Sep 1948; 13 Feb-14 Nov 1949
  • 513 Reconnaissance Squadron: 15 Oct 1947-20 Sep 1948; 10 Aug 1949-19 Dec 1950
  • 2078 Weather Reconnaissance Squadron: 1 Jun 1948-20 Mar 1950.

Stations

Aircraft

Operations

See also: Horace S. Carswell, Jr., Medal of Honor recipient
308bg.JPG

Constituted as 308th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on January 28, 1942. Activated on April 15, 1942. Trained with B-24's. Moved to China early in 1943, with the air echelon flying its planes by way of Africa, and the ground echelon traveling by ship across the Pacific. Assigned to Fourteenth Air Force.

Made many trips over The Hump to India to obtain gasoline, oil, bombs, spare parts, and other items the group needed to prepare for and then to sustain its combat operations. The 308th Group supported Chinese ground forces; attacked airfields, coalyards, docks, oil refineries, and fuel dumps in French Indochina; mined rivers and ports; bombed shops and docks at Rangoon; attacked Japanese shipping in the East China Sea, Formosa Strait, South China Sea, and Gulf of Tonkin.

Received a Distinguished Service Cross for an unescorted bombing attack, conducted through antiaircraft fire and fighter defenses, against docks and warehouses at Hankowon August 21, 1943. Received second DUC for interdiction of Japanese shipping during 1944–1945.

Major Horace S Carswell Jr. was awarded the Medal of Honor for action on October 26, 1944 when, in spite of intense antiaircraft fire, he attacked a Japanese convoy in the South China Sea; his plane was so badly damaged that when he reached land he ordered the crew to bail out; Carswell, however, remained with the plane to try to save one man who could not jump because his parachute had been ripped by flak; before Carswell could attempt a crash landing, the plane struck a mountainside and burned.

The group moved to India in June 1945. Ferried gasoline and supplies over the Hump. Sailed for the US in December 1945. Inactivated on January 6, 1946.

From Oct 1946 through Jan 1951, served with Air Weather Service; supervised training and operation of weather reconnaissance units. Not operational 10 Oct 1951-16 Jun 1952.

Beginning in Jan 2005 equipped warfighters with long range, precision attack capabilities.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links


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