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30th United States Congress: Wikis

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30th United States Congress
Capitol1846.jpg
United States Capitol (1846)

Duration: March 4, 1847 – March 3, 1849

President of the Senate: George M. Dallas
President pro tempore: David R. Atchison
Speaker of the House: Robert C. Winthrop
Members: 60 Senators
230 Representatives
2 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Whig

Sessions
1st: December 6, 1847 – August 14, 1848
2nd: December 4, 1848 – March 3, 1849
<29th 31st>

The Thirtieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1847 to March 3, 1849, during the last two years of the administration of President James K. Polk.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Sixth Census of the United States in 1840. The Senate had a Democratic majority, and the House had a Whig majority.

It was the only Congress that Abraham Lincoln served in.

Party summary

Wisconsin was newly admitted to the Union and first represented as a state in this Congress.

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 60

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 230

Leadership

President of the Senate
Vice President
George M. Dallas
Senate
House of Representatives

Major events

Main article: Events of 1847; Events of 1848; Events of 1849

Major legislation

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

See also: 30th United States Congress - political parties
See also: 30th United States Congress - State Delegations
See also: United States House elections, 1846
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Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1850; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1852; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1848.

See also: Category:United States Senators
See also: Category:United States congressional delegations by state


Alabama

William R. D. King (D)
Benjamin Fitzpatrick (D)

Arkansas

Solon Borland (D)
William K. Sebastian (D)

Connecticut

Roger S. Baldwin (W)

Delaware

John Wales (W)

Florida

Georgia

Herschel V. Johnson (D)

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kentucky

Thomas Metcalfe (W)

Louisiana

Maine

Wyman B. S. Moor (D)
Hannibal Hamlin (D)

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Thomas Fitzgerald (D)

Mississippi

Jefferson Davis (D)

Missouri

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Tennessee

Texas

Vermont

Virginia

Wisconsin

President pro tempore
David R. Atchison

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Many of the congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

See also: Category:Members of the United States House of Representatives
See also: Category:United States congressional delegations by state
Alabama
Arkansas
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Mississippi
Missouri
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Texas
Vermont
Virginia
Wisconsin [1]
Speaker of the House
Robert C. Winthrop

Delegates

Wisconsin Territory

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate
  • replacements: 11
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 6
  • interim appointments: 2
  • seats of newly admitted states: 4
  • Total seats with changes:
House of Representatives
  • replacements: 10
  • deaths: 7
  • resignations: 0
  • contested election: 1
  • seats of newly admitted states: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 12

Officers

Senate
House of Representatives

Notes

  1. ^ Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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