310th Space Wing: Wikis

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310th Space Wing
310th Space Wing.png
310th Space Wing emblem
Active 1942–Present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Type Space Operations
Role Combat Support
Part of Tenth Air Force
Garrison/HQ Schriever Air Force Base
Engagements
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon.svg
  • World War II
European Campaign (1942–1945)

The 310th Space Wing (310 SW) is a Reserve space wing of the United States Air Force. Its headquarters is at Schriever Air Force Base, Colorado and reports to the Tenth Air Force.

Contents

Mission

Provide specialized expertise, continuity and combat ready personnel, projecting space power for U.S. interests worldwide[1]

Subordinate units

History

The 310th has a long and rich heritage dating back to World War II when it began as the 310th Bombardment Group on March 15, 1942 flying B-25 Mitchells. The 310th Bombardment Wing was reactivated in 1952 and trained on the B-29 Superfortress before converting to the B-47 Stratojet. It was deactivated in June 1965.

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Lineage

  • Established as 310th Bombardment Group (Medium) on January 28, 1942
Activated on March 15, 1942
Redesignated 310th Bombardment Group, Medium on August 20, 1943
Inactivated on September 12, 1945
  • Redesignated 310th Bombardment Group, Light, and activated in the Reserve, on December 27, 1946.
Inactivated on June 27, 1949
Consolidated (January 31, 1984) with the 310th Bombardment Wing, Medium,
which was established on March 15, 1952. Activated on March 28, 1952
  • Redesignated 310th Strategic Aerospace Wing on March 1, 1962
Discontinued, and inactivated, on June 25, 1965
  • Redesignated 310th Training and Test Wing on August 29, 1991
Activated on September 1, 1991
Inactivated on July 1, 1993
  • Redesignated 310th Space Group on August 22, 1997
Activated in the Reserve on September 1, 1997
Redesignated 310th Space Wing March 7, 2008

Assignments

III Bomber Command, March 15, 1942
XII Bomber Command, May 2, 1942
Attached to 7th Fighter Wing, February 1–17, 1943
7 Fighter (later, 47th Bombardment) Wing, February 18 – November 3, 1943
XII Fighter Command, November 3, 1943
57th Bombardment Wing, March 20, 1944
First Air Force, December 27, 1946
3d Bombardment Wing (later, 3d Air Division), October 17, 1947 – June 27, 1949
Fifteenth Air Force, March 28, 1952
Attached to 21st Air Division, March 28, 1952 –
802d Air Division, May 28, 1952
Remained attached to 21st Air Division to September 4, 1952
Attached to 7th Air Division, March 10 – June 8, 1955 and October 3, 1956 – January 9, 1957
819th Air (later, 819th Strategic Aerospace) Division, June 20, 1960
22d Strategic Aerospace Division, July 1, 1962 – June 25, 1965
Twentieth Air Force, September 1, 1991 – July 1, 1993
Air Combat Command after June 1, 1992
Tenth Air Force, September 1, 1997 – .

Stations

RAF Hardwick, England, September–November 1942 (air echelon)

Components

Wings

Groups

  • 310th Operations: September 1, 1991 – July 1, 1993

Squadrons

March 15, 1942 – September 12, 1945
February 1, 1959 – January 1, 1962
attached September 9, 1952 – April 30, 1953
assigned June 1, 1960 – March 15, 1963
  • 310th Air Refueling Squadron: October 8, 1952 – June 25, 1965
  • 379th Bombardment Squadron
March 15, 1942 – September 12, 1945
June 11, 1947 – June 27, 1949
March 28, 1952 – March 25, 1965
  • 380th Bombardment Squadron
March 15, 1942 – September 12, 1945
August 9, 1947 – June 27, 1949
March 28, 1952 – March 25, 1965
  • 381st Bombardment Squadron
March 15, 1942 – September 12, 1945
August 9, 1947 – June 27, 1949
March 28, 1952 – March 25, 1965
  • 550th Strategic Missile Squadron (ICBM-Atlas): April 1, 1961 – June 25, 1965.

Aircraft, Missiles, and Satellites Operated

Operational History

World War II

The unit was constituted as the 310th Bombardment Group (Medium) on January 28, 1942 and activated on March 15, 1942. Used B-25's in preparing for duty overseas.

Moved to the Mediterranean theater, October–December 1942, and assigned to Twelfth Air Force. Engaged primarily in support and interdictory operations in Tunisia, Sicily, Italy, Corsica, Sardinia, and southern France. The 310th Bomb Group also flew some missions to Austria and Yugoslavia.

The unit attacked harbors and shipping to help defeat Axis forces in North Africa, December 1942 – May 1943. Bombed airdromes, landing grounds, and gun emplacements on Pantelleria, Lampedusa, and Sicily, May–July 1943. The unit supported the Allied landing at Salerno, September 1943. Assisted the drive toward Rome, January–June 1944.

Supported the invasion of Southern France, August 1944. Struck German communications— bridges, rail lines, marshalling yards, viaducts, tunnels, and road junctions in Italy, August 1943 – April 1945. Also dropped propaganda leaflets behind enemy lines.

The 310th Bomb Group received a Distinguished Unit Citation for a mission to Italy on August 27, 1943 when, in spite of persistent attacks by enemy interceptors and antiaircraft artillery, the group effectively bombed marshalling yards at Benevento and also destroyed a number of enemy planes. Received second DUC for another mission in Italy on March 10, 1945 when the group, maintaining a compact formation in the face of severe antiaircraft fire, bombed the railroad bridge at Ora, a vital link in the German supply line.

The 310th Bomb Group was inactivated in Italy on September 12, 1945.

The unit was redesignated the 310th Bombardment Group (Light) and allotted to the reserve. Activated in the US on December 27, 1946. Inactivated on June 27, 1949.

Cold War

The 310th Bombardment Wing was activated in 1952 as a Strategic Air Command unit, receiving B-29 Superfortress bombardment training from 90th Bombardment Wing, April–August 1952. From February through May 1953, the 310th Bomb Wing provided bombardment training to the 40th Bombardment Wing.

Converted to B-47s in 1954 and participated in SAC REFLEX deployments, deploying to RAF Upper Heyford, England, March 10 – June 8, 1955, and at RAF Greenham Common, England, October 3, 1956 – January 9, 1957.

The wing gained a strategic missile squadron in April 1961. First Atlas missiles went on alert in September 1962. Began phasing down for inactivation in early 1965.

Air Force Space Command

Members of the 7th Space Operations Squadron check on the status of a satellite to ensure it is operating within normal parameters.

On September 1, 1991, the third wing to hold the "310" designation, the 310th Training and Test Wing (310 TTW), assumed the ICBM testing and training mission from the Strategic Missile Center at Vandenberg AFB, California under the Twentieth Air Force. After removal of ICBMs from alert status at the end of the Cold War, the 310 TTW continued to train Minuteman crews and to test accuracy and reliability of Minuteman and Peacekeeper missiles. The 310 TTW also assisted in testing the Global Positioning System (GPS) April 1992 – May 1992. It was reassigned to Air Combat Command on May 31, 1992. It was inactivated on July 1, 1993.

The 310th designator was again activated with the stand up of the 310th Space Group September 4, 1997. The group was created around its original squadron, the 7th SOPS, and has grown rapidly with the realization of the critical role the Air Force Reserve can play in the future of space operations. The group has been tremendously successful in its initial missions and has been tasked with reviewing future active/Reserve partnerships in space to identify potential areas where the AF Reserve can add value in the space arena.

Air Force Reserve Command officials are expanding the role reservists play in space operations by establishing AFRC's first space wing at Schriever Air Force Base. Command officials activated the 310th Space Wing on March 7, 2008.[3]

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  1. ^ 310th SG Factsheet
  2. ^ 380th BS re-activated for space duty
  3. ^ 310th Space Wing activates, kicking off with an Air Force first
  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947–1977. Maxwell

External links


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