314th Air Division: Wikis

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314th Air Division
314ad-emblem.jpg
Emblem of the 314th Air Division
Active 1944–1986
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Engagements
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg Asiatic-Pacific Campaign ribbon.svg Army of Occupation ribbon.svg
  • World War II
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign (1945)
  • Army of Occpation (Japan)
    (1945-1948,1950-1952)
Decorations Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation

The 314th Air Division (314th AD) is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with Pacific Air Forces, based at Osan AB, South Korea. It was inactivated in September 1986.

Contents

History

The unit's origins begin with its predecessor, the World War II 314th Bombardment Wing (314th BW) was part of Twentieth Air Force. The 314th BW engaged in very heavy bombardment B-29 Superfortress operations against Japan.

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Lineage

  • Established as 314th Bombardment Wing, Very Heavy on April 15, 1944.
Activated on April 23, 1944.
Redesignated 314th Composite Wing on April 15, 1946.
Inactivated on August 20, 1948.
  • Redesignated 314th Air Division on November 21, 1950.
Activated on December 1, 1950.
Inactivated on March 1, 1952.
  • Activated on March 15, 1955.
Consolidated (July 1, 1978) with organization established as 314th Air Division on August 13, 1948.
Organized on August 18, 1948, and discontinued on March 1, 1950.
Inactivated on September 8, 1986

Assignments

May 15–30, 1946
May 31, 1946 – August 20, 1948
December 1, 1950 – May 18, 1951
March 15, 1955 – September 8, 1986

Stations

Units Assigned

Wings

May 31, 1946 – August 18, 1948 (Group)
August 18, 1948 – March 1, 1950
March 15, 1971 – September 16, 1974
May 31, 1946 – August 18, 1948 (Group)
August 18, 1948 – March 1, 1950
May 25, 1951 – March 1, 1952
November 1, 1971 – September 8, 1986
Attached March 15, 1955 – December 31, 1956
Assigned January 1, 1957 – July 1, 1958
58th Tactical Missile Group: April 24, 1959 – March 25, 1962
Activated Georgia Air National Guard July 24, 1951 – March 1, 1952.

Groups

Not Operational: February 12 – May 15, 1946
April 15, 1947 – August 18, 1948
Not Operational: April 15 – October 31, 1947
Detached October 31, 1947 – August 18, 1948

Squadrons

May 31, 1946 – February 28, 1947
Attached February 28 – c. October 31, 1947
Attached April 18, 1949 – March 1, 1950
  • 9th Reconnaissance: June 20, 1946 – October 20, 1947
  • 19th Tactical Air Support: January 15, 1972 – September 30, 1974
  • 20th Reconnaissance: May 31 – June 20, 1946.
  • 41st Fighter-Interceptor: attached December 1, 1950 – May 25, 1951.
  • 65th Bombardment: January 1–29, 1947
  • 82d Tactical Reconnaissance (later, 82 Reconnaissance):
May 31, 1946 – February 28, 1947
Attached February 28 – November 1947

Operational History

Th 314th Bombardment Wing (Very Heavy) was constituted on April 15, 1944 and activated on April 23 at Peterson Field, Colorado under Second Air Force After a period of organization, it was deployed to the Pacific Theater and assigned to Guam in December 1944/January 1945. It was assigned to Twentieth Air Force, XXI Bombardment Command, with its operational groups being the 19th, 29th 39th and 330th Bombardment Groups, all equipped with the B-29 Superfortress bomber.

From then until the end of the war in August 1945, its subordinate units conducted raids against strategic objectives, bombing aircraft factories, chemical plants, oil refineries, and other targets in Japan. These units also participated in several incendiary raids on Tokyo and other Japanese cities. Later in 1945, they mixed their missions between precision attacks against specific targets and fire raids against urban areas. Immediately after the end of the war, wing aircraft carried supplies to American prisoners of war.

With the postwar consolidation of units, the organization was redesignated 314th Composite Wing in 1946, having both groups and squadrons of varying missions assigned to the wing. For approximately two years (1946–1948) the 314th served as one of Fifth Air Force's major components. It maintained intensive training schedules, participated in training exercises and took part in the post-hostilities program of mapping Japan.

Activated at Nagoya AB, Japan, on December 1, 1950 as the 314th Air Division, the organization immediately assumed the missions of the air defense of Japan, logistical support for Fifth Air Force during the Korean conflict, and airfield construction in Japan. The division maintained assigned and attached forces at a high degree of combat readiness during the Cold War, March 1955 – September 1986. In fulfilling its mission, the division supported numerous military exercises in the region, such as Commando Bearcat, Commando Jade, and Commando Night.

Aircraft and Missiles

B-29, 1944-1946, 1947; B-17, 1946-1947; F-2, 1946-1947; F-6, 1946-1947; F-7, 1946-1947; F-9, 1946-1947; P-47, 1946-1948; P-51, 1946-1948; P-61, 1946-1947; F-13, 1947; F-15, 1947, 1949; RB-17, 1947-1948; RB-29, 1947-1948, 1951-1952; RF-51, 1947-1948; RF-61, 1947-1948; RF-80, 1947-1950; B-26, 1948-1950; F-51, 1950-1951, 1951-1952; C-46, 1950-1951; C-47, 1951; F-86, 1951; WB-29, 1951-1952. F-86, 1955-1958; Matador, 1959-1962; F-4, 1971-1974, 1974-1986; OV-10, 1974-1982; F-16, 1981-1986; A-10, 1982-1986.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0912799129.
  • Rogers, Brian (2005). United States Air Force Unit Designations Since 1978. Hinkley, England: Midland Publications. ISBN 1-85780-197-0.

External links


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