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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The 31 March Incident[notes 1] (Turkish: 31 Mart Vakas─▒) was a 1909 rebellion of reactionaries in ─░stanbul toward the Countercoup (1909), who attempted to put an end to the nascent Second Constitutional Era in the Ottoman Empire and to the newly established influence of the Committee of Union and Progress, in order to re-affirm the position of the Sultan Abdulhamid II as absolute monarch.

The incident was a milestone in the Turkish military's encroaching on the political sphere.[1]



Event 1 Revolution Young Turk Revolution
Event 2 Counter-coup Countercoup (1909)
Event 3 Counter Revolution 31 March Incident

The counter-coup, led by a certain Dervish Vahdeti, reigned supreme in ─░stanbul for a few days. It was put down by Hareket Ordusu (The Army of Action) constituted in urgence with troops stationed in the Balkans and which rapidly departed from Selanik. Among the officers who entered the capital was a young captain named Mustafa Kemal.[1]

A few weeks after the re-establishment of order, sultan Abdulhamid II himself was deposed and sent to exile in Selanik, and replaced by his brother Mehmed V Re┼čad.


It has been suggested that the counter-coup against Countercoup (1909) constituted a breakdown between Britain's relations with Ottoman Empire marking the end of the one year old co-operation. Countercoup (1909) was also believed that it had unlimited British support behind it.

The incident led to a change of grand vizier, and Ahmed Tevfik Pasha assumed the position. He was the last grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire.


In memorial of the 74 soldiers killed in action during this event, the Monument of Liberty (Ottoman Turkish: Abide-i H├╝rriyet) was erected 1911 in ┼×i┼čli district of Istanbul.


  1. ^ The incidents actually started not on 31 March 1909 despite its name, but on 13 April 1909, that day corresponding to 31 March 1325 in the Rumi calendar in use at the time in Turkey for official timekeeping.


  1. ^ a b Bardakci, Murat (2007-04-16). "Askerin siyasete yerle┼čmesi 31 Mart isyan─▒yla ba┼člad─▒" (in Turkish). Sabah.,277FF98A4D72490280439AB4F2A5A2F1.html. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  • ┼×eriat├ž─▒ bir ayaklanma (A fundamentalist uprising) by Sina Ak┼čin with particular emphasis on British involvement.


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