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324th Fighter Group
324fg.gif
324th Fighter Group Insignia
Active 1942 - 1945
Country United States
Branch United States Army Air Forces
Role Fighter
Part of Twelfth Air Force
Garrison/HQ Mediterranean theatre of World War II

The 324th Fighter Group is an inactive United States Army Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with XII Air Support Command, stationed at Fliegerhorst Stuttgart-Echterdingen (R-50), Germany. It was inactivated on 7 November 1945.

During World War II, the group served in combat with Twelfth and Ninth Air Force, primarily in the Mediterranean, African, and The Middle East Theatres. It was a highly decorated organization, and the French Croix de Guerre with Palm for supporting French forces during the campaigns for Italy and France, 1944-1945.

Contents

History

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Lineage

  • Constituted as: 324th Fighter Group on 24 Jun 1942
Activated on 6 Jul 1942
Inactivated on 7 Nov 1945

Assignments

Attached to: Philadelphia Fighter Wing, 6 Jul-8 Oct 1942
Attached to: Royal Air Force Middle East Command, Dec 1942-25 Oct 1943
Attached to:XII Air Support Command, 8 May-20 Oct 1945

Operational Units

  • 314th Fighter Squadron 6 Jul 1942-7 Nov 1945
  • 315th Fighter Squadron 6 Jul 1942-7 Nov 1945
  • 316th Fighter Squadron 6 Jul 1942-7 Nov 1945

Aircraft Flown

Stations

Operational history

Constituted as 324th Fighter Group on 24 Jun 1942. Activated on 6 Jul 1942. Moved to the Middle East, Oct-Dec 1942, for operations with Ninth Air Force. Trained for several weeks with P-40 aircraft. While headquarters remained in Egypt, squadrons of the group began operating with other organizations against the enemy in Tunisia. Reunited in Jun 1943, the 324th group engaged primarily in escort and patrol missions between Tunisia and Sicily until Jul 1943. Received a DUC for action against the enemy from Mar 1943 to the invasion of Sicily.

Trained during Jul-Oct 1943 for operations with Twelfth Air Force. Resumed combat on 30 Oct 1943 and directed most of its attacks against roads, bridges, motor transports, supply areas, rolling stock, gun positions, troop concentrations, and rail facilities in Italy until Aug 1944. Patrolled the beach and protected convoys during the assault on Anzio in Jan 1944. Aided the Allied offensive in Italy during May 1944, receiving another DUC for action from 12 to 14 May when the group bombed an enemy position on Monastery Hill (Cassino), attacked troops massing on the hill for counterattack, and hit a nearby stronghold to force the surrender of an enemy garrison.

Continued to give close support to ground forces until the fall of Rome in Jun 1944. Converted to P-47's in Jul and supported the assault on southern France in Aug by dive-bombing gun position, bridges, and radar facilities, and by patrolling the combat zone. Attacked such targets as motor transports, rolling stock, rail lines, troops, bridges, gun emplacements, and supply depots after the invasion, giving tactical support to Allied forces advancing through France. Aided the reduction of the Colmar bridgehead Jan-Feb 1945, and supported Seventh Army's drive through the Siegfried defenses in Mar. Received the French Croix de Guerre with Palm for supporting French forces during the campaigns for Italy and France, 1944-1945.

Moved to the US, Oct-Nov 1945. Inactivated on Nov 1945.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.

External links


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