325th Operations Group: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

325th Operations Group
325thog-emblem.jpg
Emblem of the 325th Operations Group
Active 1942-1960; 1991-Present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Part of Air Education and Training Command
Garrison/HQ Tyndall Air Force Base
Engagements
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon.svg
  • World War II
European Campaign (1943–1945)
Decorations Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg DUC
Outstanding Unit ribbon.svg AFOUA
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Richard Myers
McDonnell Douglas F-15D-29-MC Eagle 80-060, 325th Operations Group
43d FS Lockheed Martin F/A-22A LRIP Lot 2 Block 10 Raptor 02-2029 with a 325th OG F-15

The 325th Operations Group (325 OG) is the flying component of the 325th Fighter Wing, assigned to the United States Air Force Air Education and Training Command. The group is stationed at Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida.

Contents

Overview

The 325th Operations Group is responsible for directing the flying and support operations for two F-15 Eagle fighter squadrons, one F-22 Raptor fighter squadron, an operations support squadron and an air control squadron.

Assigned Units

The 325 OG (Tail Code: TY) commands three flying squadrons, one air control and one operations support squadron.

Established 15 Jan 1941. Provides initial F-15 air-to-air fighter qualification training for pilots
Established 9 Feb 1942. Provides initial F-15 air-to-air fighter qualification training for pilots
Established 13 June 1917. First F-22A Raptor Flying Training Squadron. Received first aircraft (01-4018) on 26 Sep 2003. Currently provides air dominance upgrade pilot training.
  • 325th Air Control Squadron
Trains every air battle manager in the Air Force, as well as international officers assigned to U.S. allied forces
  • 325th Operations Support Squadron
Trains air traffic control personnel and intelligence officers for worldwide assignment, provides academic and simulator training in support of each squadron's syllabi, and supports daily operations of the Group. The group staff provides guidance and assistance in successfully executing the training mission and ensures quality performance and standardized procedures for pilots, weapons directors, and air battle managers.

History

Advertisements

Lineage

  • Established as 325 Fighter Group on 24 Jun 1942
Activated on 3 Aug 1942
Inactivated on 28 Oct 1945
  • Redesignated 325 Fighter Group (All Weather) on 2 May 1947
Activated on 21 May 1947
Redesignated: 325 Fighter Group, All Weather, on 10 May 1948
Redesignated: 325 Fighter-All Weather Group on 20 Jan 1950
Redesignated: 325 Fighter-Interceptor Group on 1 May 1951
Inactivated on 6 Feb 1952
  • Redesignated 325 Fighter Group (Air Defense) on 20 Jun 1955
Activated on 18 Aug 1955 by redesignation of 567th Air Defense Group
Discontinued on 25 Mar 1960
  • Redesignated 325 Tactical Training Group on 31 Jul 1985 (remained inactive)
  • Redesignated 325 Operations Group on 1 Sep 1991
Activated on 1 Sep 1991.

Note: The Air Defense Command 567th Air Base Group was activated on 6 February 1952, at McChord AFB, Washington with the personnel and equipment of the inactivated 325th FIG assigned (less fighter squadrons). Redesignated the 567th Air Defense Group on 16 Feb 1953 when operational flying squadrons assigned, the unit was redesignated as the 325th Fighter Group (Air Defense) on 18 Aug 1955 as part of the ADC "Project Arrow", which redesignated notable World War II combat units.

Assignments

Components

Stations

Aircraft assigned

Operational History

Republic P-47 Thunderbolt of the 325th Fighter Group, World War II, shown visiting an RAF base in England
P-51D of the 325th Fighter Group
Two F-94 Starfires and a F-82 Twin Mustang, 325th Fighter Group, 1950
F-15C and F-22A over Tyndall AFB, 2008

World War II

The 325th trained in the U.S. with P-40 aircraft before moving to North Africa by ship and transport planes, January–February 1943. It entered combat in April 1943 and began escorting medium bombers, flying strafing missions, and conducting sea sweeps from bases in Algeria and Tunisia. The group participated in the defeat of Axis forces in Tunisia, the reduction of Pantelleria, and the conquest of Sicily. The 325th received a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for action over Sardinia on July 30, 1943 when the group, using diversionary tactics, forced a superior number of enemy planes into the air and destroyed more than half of them. The group did not fly combat missions from the end of September to mid-December 1943 as the group converted to P-47 aircraft and moved to Italy.

The 325th began operations with Fifteenth Air Force in December 1943, and primarily engaged in escort operations. It received a second DUC for a mission on January 30, 1944 when the group flew more than 300 miles at very low altitude to surprise the enemy fighters that were defending German airdromes near Villaorba, Italy; by severely damaging the enemy's force, the 325th enabled heavy bombers to strike vital targets in the area without encountering serious opposition. The group converted to P-51 aircraft in May 1944 and provided the fighter escort on the first shuttle bombing mission from Italy to Russia in early June 1944. It escorted heavy bombers during long-range missions to attack the Messerschmitt factory at Regensburg, the Daimler-Benz tank factory at Berlin, oil refineries at Vienna, and other targets, such as airfields, marshalling yards, and communications targets in Italy, France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Romania, and Yugoslavia. It also covered operations of reconnaissance aircraft and strafed such targets as trains, vehicles, and airfields. The group continued combat operations until May 1945. The group moved back to the U.S. and was deactivated after V-E Day.

Cold War

Inactive from 1945 until 1947, Beginning in Spring 1949, conducted the All Weather Combat Crew Training School, while participating in air defense operations exercises and training.

From Aug 1955, served as the "host" group at McChord AFB until Oct 1956, while at the same time conducting air defense operations. Became subordinate to the 325th Fighter Wing in Oct 1956 and was non-operational as all group headquarters personnel were used to man the wing headquarters until about Jun 1957.

Regained control over its tactical squadrons in Jun 1957 and continued air defense operations of the wing, with annual squadron deployments to Tyndall AFB, FL, for firing practice. Discontinued in Mar 1960, losing its tactical squadrons to direct wing control.

Modern Era

On 1 September 1991, the 325th Operations Group was activated as a result of the 325th Fighter Wing implementing the USAF objective wing organization. Upon activation, the 325th OG was bestowed the lineage and history of the 325th Fighter Group. The 325 OG was assigned control of the wing's tactical units.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Green, Herschel H. Herky! The Memoirs of a Checkertail Ace. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing, 2000. ISBN 0-76430-073-3.
  • Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  • McDowell, Ernest R. Checkertails: The 325th Fighter Group in the Second World War. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1994. ISBN 0-89747-316-7.
  • McDowell, Ernest R. and William N. Hess. Checkertail Clan: The 325th Fighter Group in North Africa and Italy. Fallbrook, California: Aero Publishers, Inc., 1969.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories, 1947–1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1984. ISBN 0-91279-912-9.
  • Rogers, Brian. United States Air Force Unit Designations since 1978. Hinkley, England: Midland Publications, 2005. ISBN 1-85780-197-0.
  • 325th Operations Group Factsheet

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message