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332d Fighter Group: Wikis

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332d Fighter Group
Shield of the 332nd Fighter Group.svg
Emblem of the 332d Fighter Group
Active 1942-1945; 1947-1948; 1948-1949
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Engagements
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon.svg
  • World War II
European Campaign (1944–1945)
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Colonel Benjamin O Davis Jr., 8 Oct 1943-3 Nov 1944; 24 Dec 1944-9 Jun 1945

The 332nd Fighter Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 332nd Fighter Wing, being assigned to Lockbourne AFB, Ohio. It was inactivated on 1 Jul 1949.

The group was also known as the Tuskegee Airmen. It was the first combat group of black pilots who flew with distinction during World War II.

Contents

History

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Lineage

  • Constituted as 332d Fighter Group on 4 Jul 1942
Activated on 13 Oct 1942
Inactivated on 19 Oct 1945
  • Activated on 1 Jul 1947
Inactivated on 26 Aug 1948
  • Activated on 28 Aug 1948
Inactivated on 1 Jul 1949

Assignments

Components

  • 99th Fighter Squadron: 1 May 1944-22 Jun 1945; 1 Jun 1947-1 Jul 1949
Attached to 86th Fighter Group, 11-30 Jun 1944
  • 100th Fighter Squadron: 13 Oct 1942-19 Oct 1945; 1 Jun 1947-1 Jul 1949
  • 301st Fighter Squadron: 13 Oct 1942-19 Oct 1945; 1 Jun 1947-1 Jul 1949
  • 302d Fighter Squadron: 13 Oct 1942-6 Mar 1945

Stations

Aircraft assigned

Operational History

Pilots of the 332nd Fighter Group, "Tuskegee Airmen," the elite, all-African American 332nd Fighter Group at Ramitelli Airfield, Italy. From left to right, Lt. Dempsey W. Morgran, Lt. Carroll S. Woods, Lt. Robert H. Nelron, Jr., Capt. Andrew D. Turner, and Lt. Clarence P. Lester.

Formed with great controversy in October 1942 as first African American USAAF fighter group. Equipped and trained with P-39 and P-40 aircraft for extended period beginning in late 1942. Moved to Italy, arriving early in Feb 1944. Began operations with Twelfth Air Force on 5 Feb. Used P-39's to escort convoys, protect harbors, and fly armed reconnaissance missions. Converted to P-47's during Apr-May and changed to P-51's in Jun.

Operated with Fifteenth Fifteenth Air Force from May 1944 to Apr 1945, being engaged primarily in protecting bombers that struck such objectives as oil refineries, factories, airfields, and marshalling yards in Italy, France, Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Rumania, Bulgaria, and Greece. Also made strafing attacks on airdromes, railroads, highways, bridges, river traffic, troop concentrations, radar facilities, power stations, and other targets with success

Received a Distinguished Unit Citation for a mission on 24 Mar 1945 when the group escorted B-17's during a raid on a tank factory at Berlin, fought the interceptors that attacked the formation, and strafed transportation facilities while flying back to the base in Italy. It never lost a single bomber as fighter escorts and was the first fighter group to shoot down 3 German Me 262 fighter jets of its kind, out of the fifteen shot in the entire war

Returned to the US in Oct 1945. Inactivated on 19 Oct 1945.

Activated 1947 as operational component of 332d Fighter Wing. Inactivated in 1949 when operational squadrons assigned directly to wing as part of Air Force Tri-Deputate unit reorganization.

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0912799129.

External links


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