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334th Bombardment Squadron
File:334th Bombardment Squadron - SAC -
Emblem of the 334th Bombardment Squadron
Active 1942-1945; 1947-1949; 1952-1966
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Type Bombardment
File:334th Bombardment Squadron -
World War II unit emblem

The 334th Bombardment Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the 95th Bombardment Wing. It was inactivated at Biggs Air Force Base, Texas on 25 June 1966



Established as a B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bomb group in early 1942. Trained under Second Air Force before becoming an Operational Training Unit (OTU). Readied for combat operations in early and deployed to European Theater of Operations (ETO), being assigned to VIII Bomber Command in England in May 1943. Engaged in strategic bombardment operations over Occupied Europe and Nazi Germany, becoming one of the most highly decorated squadron of the Air Offensive. Engaged in strategic bombardment operations until the German Capitulation in May 1945.

Personnel and equipment returned to the United States in June 1945. Most personnel demobilized and squadron assigned to Second Air Force for training as a B-29 Superfortress very heavy bomb squadron. Japanese Capitulation in August 1945 led to squadron being inactivated in August 1945 as an administrative unit.

Activated in the reserves in 1947, however unit never equipped or manned. Inactivated in 1949 due to budget restraints. Reactivated in 1952 as a Strategic Air Command B-36 Peacemaker intercontinental strategic bombardment squadron. Trained with obsolete B-29s until equipped with B-36s in November 1952. Engaged in worldwide strategic bombardment training and stood nuclear alert until being re-equipped with B-52 Stratofortresses in 1958. Continued training and nuclear alert status until being inactivated in 1966 with the inactivation of parent 95th Bombardment Wing and closure of Biggs AFB.



  • Constituted 334th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942
Activated on 15 Jun 1942
Inactivated on 28 Aug 1945
  • Redesignated 334th Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy) on 13 May 1947
Activated in the reserve on 29 May 1947
Inactivated on 27 Jun 1949
  • Redesignated 334th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 4 Jun 1952
Activated on 16 Jun 1952.
Redesignated 334th Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 8 Nov 1952
Inactivated on 25 Jun 1966.





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 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Mauer, Mauer (1969), Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II, Air Force Historical Studies Office, Maxwell AFB, Alabama. ISBN 0892010975


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