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34th Battalion (Australian Imperial Force)
Active January 1916–May 1919
Country Australia
Branch Army
Type Infantry
Part of 9th Brigade, 3rd Division
Decorations 1 VC, 2 DSOs, 1 OBE, 1 MBE, 20 MCs and 1 bar, 10 DCMs, 74 MMs with 3 Bars, 5 MSMs, 31 MIDs, and 7 foreign awards
Battle honours Messines 1917, Ypres 1917, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Somme 1918, Ancre 1918, Amiens, Albert 1918, Mont St Quentin, Hindenburg Line, St Quentin Canal, France and Flanders 1916-1918

The 34th Battalion was a unit of 1st Australian Imperial Force, which was established in World War I. The battalion was formed in January 1916 as part of the 9th Brigade of the Australian 3rd Division.[1] The bulk of the battalion’s recruits were drawn from the Maitland area and thus it was dubbed “Maitland's Own”.[1] The first recruits for the 34th, however, hailed from the far north-west of the state and arrived at Maitland after joining a recruiting march that began at Walgett. These men were known as the “Wallabies”.

The Battalion arrived in France in 1916 and served on the Western Front until the end of the war, before being disbanded in May 1919.[1]

Contents

Battle Honours

  • World War I: Messines 1917, Ypres 1917, Polygon Wood, Broodseinde, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, Somme 1918, Ancre 1918, Amiens, Albert 1918, Mont St Quentin, Hindenburg Line, St Quentin Canal, France and Flanders 1916–1918.[1]

Commanding Officers

  • Lamb, Malcolm St John
  • Martin, Ernest Edward
  • Grant, Francis George
  • Woolcock, Arthur Raff

(Source:AWM Unit Information).

Decorations

Award Times awarded
Victoria Cross 1
Distinguished Service Order 3
Order of the British Empire 1
MBE 2
Distinguished Conduct Medal 10
Military Cross[2] 21
Military Medal[3] 77
Meritorious Service Medal 5
Mention in Dispatches 31

(Source: AWM Unit Information).[4]

Casualties

  • 481 killed, 1727 wounded (including gassed).[1]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e AWM Unit Information.
  2. ^ Figure for MC includes 1 Bar.
  3. ^ Figure for MM includes 3 Bars.
  4. ^ AWM Unit Information includes 7 foreign awards, but does not specify what they were.

References

See also

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