35th Infantry Division (United States): Wikis

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35th Infantry Division
35th Infantry Division SSI.svg
35th Infantry Division shoulder sleeve insignia
Active 1917–1919
1935–1945
1946–1963
1963–1968 (Kansas)
1984–present
Country United States
Branch Army National Guard
Type Infantry
Size Division
Headquarters Fort Leavenworth
Nickname Santa Fe
Engagements Mexican Revolution
*Battle of Ambos Nogales
World War I
*Meuse-Argonne
World War II
*Normandy
*Northern France
*Rhineland
*Ardennes-Alsace
*Central Europe
Kosovo War
Katrina Relief
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Maj. Gen. William H. Simpson

The 35th Infantry Division has been a formation of the National Guard since World War I.

It is headquartered at Fort Leavenworth and its personnel come from Illinois, Kansas and Missouri.

Contents

Lineage

  • July 18, 1917 – Constituted
  • August 25, 1917 – organized at Camp Doniphan, Oklahoma (National Guards of Missouri and Kansas)[1]
  • May 30, 1919 – demobilized at Camp Funston, Kansas.
  • September 13, 1935 – reorganized at Kansas City, Missouri with training at Camp Robinson, Arkansas (units from Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska)
  • December 7, 1945 – inactivated at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky
  • October 5, 1946 – portion organized in Topeka, Kansas; April 3, 1947 at Sedalia, Missouri; April 4, 1947 at Kansas City
  • April 1, 1963 – Kansas portion becomes Headquarters 69th Infantry Brigade
  • May 13, 1968 – ordered to federal service Topeka
  • December 13, 1969 – released from service and reverted to state control
  • August 25, 1984 – Organized as Headquarters, 35th Infantry Division, and headquartered at Fort Leavenworth[2]

World War I

  • Casualties: Total - 7,296 (KIA - 1,018 ; WIA - 6,278).
  • Commanders: Maj. Gen. William M. Wright (August 25, 1917), Brig. Gen. L. G. Berry (September 18, 1917), Maj. Gen. William M. Wright (December 10, 1917), Brig. Gen. Nathaniel F. McClure (June 15, 1918), Maj. Gen. Peter E. Traub (November 2, 1918), Brig. Gen. T. B. Dugan (November 25, 1918), Maj. Gen. Peter E. Traub (December 7, 1918), Brig. Gen. Thomas Dugan (December 27, 1918).
  • Returned to U.S. and inactivated: April 1919.
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Combat Chronicle

The division was organized in August 1917 as a National Guard formation with troops from Kansas and Missouri, after a few months as the 14th Division. It consisted of the 69th Infantry Brigade (137th and 138th Infantry Regiments) and the 70th Infantry Brigade (139th and 140th Infantry Regiments).

It went overseas in May 1918. Upon arrival in France, the 35th Division was garrisoned near the front in Alsace. It received limited training from the French Army.

The Division saw combat in the Meuse-Argonne offensive where it collapsed after five days of fighting.[3]

During World War I, the 129th Field Artillery Regiment had, as a battery commander, Capt. Harry S Truman, later President of the United States.

U.S. Infantry Divisions (1939–present)
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34th Infantry Division 36th Infantry Division

World War II

Combat Chronicle

The Division was activated on December 23, 1940, as a National Guard Division from Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska. It departed for Europe on May 12, 1944.

The 35th Infantry Division arrived in England, May 25, 1944, and received further training. It landed on Omaha Beach, Normandy, July 5–7, 1944, and entered combat July 11, fighting in the Normandy hedgerows, north of Saint-Lô. The Division beat off 12 German counterattacks at Emelie before entering Saint-Lô, July 18. After mopping up in the Saint-Lô area, it took part in the offensive action southwest of Saint-Lô, pushing the Germans across the Vire River, August 2, and breaking out of the Cotentin Peninsula. While en route to an assembly area, the Division was "flagged off the road", to secure the Mortain-Avranches corridor and to rescue the 30th Division's "Lost Battalion", August 7–13, 1944.

Then racing across France through Orléans and Sens, the Division attacked across the Moselle, September 13, captured Nancy, September 15, secured Chambrey, October 1, and drove on to the German border, taking Sarreguemines and crossing the Saar, December 8. After crossing the Blies River, December 12, the Division moved to Metz for rest and rehabilitation, December 19. The 35th moved to Arlon, Belgium, December 25–26, and took part in the fighting to relieve Bastogne, throwing off the attacks of four German divisions, taking Villers-laBonne-Eau, January 10, after a 13-day fight and Lutrebois in a 5-day engagement. On January 18, 1945, the Division returned to Metz to resume its interrupted rest. In late January, the Division was defending the Foret de Domaniale area.

Moving to the Netherlands to hold a defensive line along the Roer, February 22, the Division attacked across the Roer, February 23, pierced the Siegfried Line, reached the Rhine at Wesel, March 10, and crossed, March 25–26. It smashed across the Herne Canal and reached the Ruhr River early in April, when it was ordered to move to the Elbe, April 12. Making the 295-mile dash in 2 days, the 35th mopped up in the vicinity of Colbitz and Angern, until April 26, 1945, when it moved to Hanover for occupational and mopping-up duty, continuing occupation beyond VE-day. The Division left Southampton, England, September 5, and arrived in New York City, September 10, 1945.

Assignments in the European Theater of Operations

  • May 5, 1944: XV Corps, Third Army.
  • July 8, 1944: Third Army, but attached to the XIX Corps of First Army.
  • July 27, 1944: V Corps.
  • August 1, 1944: Third Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to the V Corps of First Army.
  • August 5, 1944: Third Army, 12th Army Group.
  • August 6, 1944: XX Corps
  • August 9, 1944: Third Army, 12th Army Group, but attached to the VII Corps of First Army.
  • August 13, 1944: XII Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group.
  • December 23, 1944: Third Army, 12th Army Group.
  • December 24, 1944: XX Corps.
  • December 26, 1944: III Corps.
  • January 18, 1945: XX Corps.
  • January 23, 1945: XV Corps, Seventh Army, 6th Army Group.
  • January 30, 1945: XVI Corps, Ninth Army, attached to the British 21st Army Group, 12th Army Group.
  • April 4, 1945: XVI Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
  • April 13, 1945: XIX Corps, for operations, and the XIII Corps for administration.
  • April 16, 1945: XIII Corps.

During World War II, the 320th Infantry Regiment had, as an operations officer (S-3), Maj. Orval Faubus, later Governor of Arkansas.

Cold War to present

After several activations and reactivations in the immediate postwar years, the 35th Infantry Division (Mechanized) was reactivated on August 25, 1984 from the 67th Infantry Brigade (Mechanized) of Nebraska, the 69th Infantry Brigade (Mechanized) of Kansas, and the 149th Armored Brigade from Kentucky. It continues in service today.

Bosnia

The 35th Infantry Division Headquarters Commanded Task Force Eagle of Multi-National Division North in Bosnia as part of SFOR-13 (Stabilization Force) with the NATO peacekeeping mandate under the Dayton Peace Accords. The Headquarters were located at Eagle Base in the town of Tuzla. Brigadier General James R. Mason was the commander. He later went on to command the 35th Infantry Division. The Division received the Army Superior Unit Award for its service in Bosnia. The 35th Division was notable for its smooth coordination of Inter-Brigade Operations. Division Liaison Officers served in the towns of Mostar, Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Zenica and Doboj.

Hurricane Katrina

The 35th provided headquarters control for the National Guard units deployed to Louisiana in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.[4] while the 38th Division did the same for Mississippi.

Kosovo

A detachment of the 35th Infantry Division was the headquarters element for Task Force Falcon of Multi-National Task Force East (MNTF-E) for the Kosovo Force Kosovo Force 9 (KFOR 9) mission. KFOR is a NATO-led international force responsible for establishing a safe and secure environment in Kosovo, the self-proclaimed, independent and partially recognized landlocked country in the Balkans, which has been under UN administration since 1999. The 35th provided the command elements from November 7, 2007 until July 7, 2008, when succeeded by 110th MEB of the Missouri National Guard.

Current Structure

Structure 35th Infantry Division

35th Infantry Division SSI.svg 35th Infantry Division consists of the following elements:[citation needed]

  • Division Special Troops Battalion
  • 33rd (Infantry) Brigade Combat Team, (IL NG)
    • 33rd Brigade Special Troops Battalion
    • 2nd Squadron, 106th Cavalry Regiment (RSTA)
    • 2nd Battalion, 130th Infantry Regiment
    • 1st Battalion, 178th Infantry Regiment
    • 2nd Battalion, 122nd Field Artillery Regiment
    • 634th Brigade Support Battalion
  • 45th (Infantry) Brigade Combat Team (OK NG)
    • 45th Brigade Special Troops Battalion
    • 1st Squadron, 279th Cavalry Regiment (RSTA)
    • 1st Battalion, 179th Infantry Regiment
    • 1st Battalion, 180th Infantry Regiment
    • 1st Battalion, 160th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 700th Brigade Support Battalion
  • 48th (Infantry) Brigade Combat Team, (GA NG)
    • 48th Brigade Special Troops Battalion
    • 1st Squadron, 108th Cavalry Regiment (RSTA)
    • 1st Battalion, 121st Infantry Regiment
    • 2nd Battalion, 121st Infantry Regiment
    • 1st Battalion, 118th Field Artillery Regiment
    • 148th Brigade Support Battalion
  • Combat Aviation Brigade, 35th Infantry Division (MO NG)
    • Headquarters and Headquarters Company
    • 1st Battalion, 376th Aviation Regiment (S&S) (NE NG)
    • 1st Battalion, 135th Aviation Regiment (ARB) (MO NG)
    • 2nd Battalion, 211th Aviation Regiment (General Support), (UT NG)
    • 1st Battalion, 108th Aviation Regiment (Assault) (KS NG)
    • 935th Aviation Support Battalion

Attached units

In Popular Culture

In the 1970 World War II-era film Kelly's Heroes (starring Clint Eastwood), the American soldiers portrayed in the film are primarily from the 35th Infantry Division.

References

  1. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/35id.htm
  2. ^ http://www.il.ngb.army.mil/ARMY/UNITWEB/B1_178INF/History35ID.htm
  3. ^ Ferrel R. H., Collapse at Meuse-Argonne: The Failure of the Missouri-Kansas Division, University of Missouri Press, 2004
  4. ^ https://www.armywell-being.org/skins/wblo/display.aspx?ModuleID=f6c229ca-03ae-4c81-8d0a-81a5a0c208f9&Action=display_user_object&CategoryID=2e7d5d67-11d7-466f-9fce-22414c37fd5b&ObjectID=ad286cbe-c787-4b87-a2e5-2aeb3df87d5c&AllowSSL=true

External links


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