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36th United States Congress: Wikis

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36th United States Congress
Capitol under const 1860.jpg
United States Capitol (1860)

Duration: March 4, 1859 – March 4, 1861

President of the Senate: John C. Breckinridge
President pro tempore: Benjamin Fitzpatrick
Jesse D. Bright
Benjamin Fitzpatrick
Solomon Foot
Speaker of the House: William Pennington
Members: 66 Senators
238 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: none: Republican plurality

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1859 – March 10, 1859
1st: December 5, 1859 – June 26, 1860
Special: June 26, 1860 – June 28, 1860
2nd: December 3, 1860 – March 4, 1861
<35th 37th>

The Thirty-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1859 to March 4, 1861, during the third and fourth years of James Buchanan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Seventh Census of the United States in 1850. The Senate had a Democratic majority, and the House had a Republican plurality.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

Treaties

States admitted and territories organized

Party summary

Kansas was newly admitted to the Union and first represented as a state in this Congress. South Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Georgia, and Texas declared their secession from the Union during this Congress and withdrew their representatives.

In this session, the Republican party had its first plurality in the House, but was four members short of a majority, until Southern Democrats began withdrawing near the end of the term. The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

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Senate

TOTAL members: 66

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 238

Leadership

President of the Senate
John C. Breckinridge

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1862; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1864; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1860.

Alabama

Arkansas

California

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kentucky

Louisiana

  • 2: Judah P. Benjamin (D), withdrew February 4, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • 3: John Slidell (D), withdrew February 4, 1861, vacant for remainder of term

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

  • 2: Albert G. Brown (D), withdrew January 12, 1861, vacant for remainder of term
  • 1: Jefferson Davis (D), withdrew January 21, 1861, vacant for remainder of term

Missouri

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Tennessee

Texas

Vermont

Virginia

Wisconsin

President pro tempore
Benjamin Fitzpatrick
President pro tempore
Solomon Foot

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "A/L," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Alabama

Arkansas

California

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Mississippi

Missouri

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Tennessee

Texas

Vermont

Virginia

Wisconsin

Non-voting members

Speaker of the House
William Pennington

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • Replacements: 3
  • Deaths: 1
  • Resignations: 1
  • Interim appointments: 1
  • Withdrawals: 13
  • Total seats with changes: 17

House of Representatives

  • Deaths: 4
  • Resignations: 3
  • Contested election: 1
  • Withdrawals: 28
  • Total seats with changes: 41

Officers

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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