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374th Airlift Wing
374th Airlift Wing.jpg
374th Airlift WIng Shield
Active 10 August 1948 – present
Country United States
Branch Air Force
Part of Pacific Air Forces
Garrison/HQ Yokota Air Base Japan
Motto CELERITER PUGNARE - "Swiftly to fight"
Engagements
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg Asiatic-Pacific Campaign ribbon.svg KSMRib.svg
  • World War II
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign (1942–1945)
  • Korean Service (1950–1953)
Decorations Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg DUC
Presidential Unit Citation ribbon.svg PUC
Outstanding Unit ribbon.svg AFOUA w/ V Device
Presidential Unit Citation (Philippines).svg Philippine PPUC
Presidential Unit Citation (Korea).svg ROK PUC
Vietnam gallantry cross unit award-3d.svg RVGC w/ Palm
Commanders
Current
commander
Col. J. Marcus Hicks
Airmen from the 374th Airlift Wing load supplies on to a C-130 Hercules for shipment to Niigata Airport on July 18, 2007. The 374 AW provided 10,000 pounds of water and 100 air conditioning units to the Government of Japan after an earthquake hit one of Japans largest cities on the Sea of Japan. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Veronica Pierce).
Samurai.gif

The 374th Airlift Wing (374 AW)' is a unit of the United States Air Force assigned to Fifth Air Force. It is stationed at Yokota Air Base, Japan. It is part of Pacific Air Forces (PACAF).

The 374th Airlift Wing is the only airlift wing in PACAF and provides airlift support to all DoD agencies in the Pacific theater of operation. It also provides transport for people and equipment throughout the Kanto Plain and the Tokyo metropolitan area.

The Wing participates in operations involving air, land and airdrop of troops, equipment, supplies, and support or augment special operations forces, when appropriate. It fields a provisional airlift wing or group headquarters (when required) to command airlift resources as units in support of contingencies or exercises. It also supports assigned, attached, and associate units on Yokota Air Base and satellite installations according to higher headquarters' direction.

The 374th Airlift Wing has never been stationed in the United States.

Contents

Mission

The mission of the 374th Airlift Wing is to provide command and control of subordinate units for the execution of troop, cargo, military equipment, passengers, mail, and aeromedical evacuation/airlift to and from areas requiring such airlift.

Units

  • 374th Operations Group Tail Code: YJ
    The 374th Operations Group maintains a forward presence by providing rapid responsive movement of personnel, equipment and operational support in the Asia-Pacific region. The group consists of:
374th Operations Support Squadron
36th Airlift Squadron (C-130H1) (YJ)
459th Airlift Squadron (UH-1N, C-12)
  • 374th Maintenance Group
    The 374th Maintenance Group maintains C-130H1, C-12 and UH-1N aircraft supporting intra-theater airlift and distinguished visitor transport for Pacific Air Forces.
  • 374th Mission Support Group
    The 374th Mission Support Group is responsible to the 374th Airlift Wing Commander for command, control and direction of support activities to 374 AW and 32 tenant units to include HQ US Forces Japan and Fifth Air Force.
  • 374th Medical Group
    The 374th Medical Group ensures medical readiness of 374 AW, 5 AF, and US Forces Japan personnel. They also maintain 64 War Reserve Materiel projects, including the USAF's largest Patient Movement Item inventory.
  • Associate/Tenant Units
U.S. Forces, Japan (USFJ)
Fifth Air Force (5AF)
730th Air Mobility Squadron
Air Force Band of the Pacific-Asia
Stars & Stripes
American Forces Network

History

For additional lineage and history, see 374th Operations Group
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Lineage

  • Established as 374 Troop Carrier Wing, Heavy, on August 10, 1948
Activated on August 17, 1948
Inactivated on July 1, 1957
  • Redesignated 374 Troop Carrier Wing, and activated, on June 27, 1966
Organized on August 8, 1966
Redesignated: 374 Tactical Airlift Wing on August 1, 1967
Redesignated: 374 Airlift Wing on April 1, 1992
374 Airlift Group assigned to wing as subordinate unit

Assignments

  • Marianas Air Materiel Area (Provisional), 17 Aug 1948
Attached to Twentieth Air Force, 17 Aug 1948-
  • Marianas Air Materiel Area, 1 Feb 1949
Remained attached to Twentieth Air Force to 5 Mar 1949
Attached to: 1 Troop Carrier Task Force [Provisional], 5-9 Sep 1950
Attached to: Far East Air Forces Combat Cargo Command, Provisional, 10 Sep 1950-
Remained attached to Far East Air Forces Combat Cargo Command, Provisional, to 25 Jan 1951

Components

Groups

Squadrons

  • 6 Troop Carrier: attached 3 Feb 1956-1 Jul 1957
  • 7 Air Command and Control: 22 May 1974-31 Mar 1975 (detached)
  • 13 Military Airlift: 1 Oct 1987-1 Apr 1992
  • 20 Operations (later, 20 Aeromedical Airlift): 31 Mar 1975-1 Apr 1992
  • 21 Troop Carrier (later, 21 Tactical Airlift; 21 Airlift): attached 29 Jun 1951-28 Mar 1952; attached 3 Feb 1956-1 Jul 1957; assigned 8 Aug 1966-1 Apr 1992
  • 22 Troop Carrier: attached 3 Feb 1956-1 Jul 1957
  • 35 Tactical Airlift: 8 Aug 1966-31 Mar 1971
  • 36 Tactical Airlift: attached 16 May-1 Sep 1972
  • 37 Tactical Airlift: attached 29 Nov 1972-28 Feb 1973
  • 38 Tactical Airlift: attached 1 Sep-29 Nov 1972
  • 41 Tactical Airlift: 8 Aug 1966-28 Feb 1971
  • Troop Carrier Squadron (Medium), No. 47, Provisional: attached 10-26 Jan 1951
  • 50 Tactical Airlift: assigned 31 May 1971-15 Aug 1973; attached 28 Apr-c. 6 Jun 1975
  • 61 Tactical Airlift: attached 16 May-1 Sep 1972
  • 345 Tactical Airlift: 31 May 1971-1 Oct 1978; 1 Oct 1989-1 Apr 1992
  • 772 Tactical Airlift: attached c. 10 May-6 Jun 1973
  • 773 Tactical Airlift: attached 28 Feb-c. 10 May 1973
  • 776 Tactical Airlift: 31 May 1971-31 Oct 1975
  • 815 Tactical Airlift: 1 Nov 1968-15 Dec 1969 (detached 1 Nov 1968-1 Apr 1969)
  • 817 Tactical Airlift: 8 Aug 1966-15 Jun 1970
  • 1403 Military Airlift: 1 Oct 1989-1 Apr 1992
  • 6475 (later, 6037th) Flying Training: attached 25 Nov 1954-18 May 1955
  • 6485 Operations: attached 17 Sep 1956-1 Jul 1957.

Flights

  • 22 Helicopter: April 1 – July 1, 1992
  • 6142 Air Transport: attached August 1 – October 1, 1950
  • 6143 Air Transport: attached July 26 – October 1, 1950
  • 6144 Air Transport: attached July 26 – October 1, 1950

Detachments

  • Royal Thailand Air Force Detachment: attached 1953 – July 1, 1957.

Stations

Aircraft

The 374th AW aircrews have flown a variety of aircraft, including the Douglas C-47 Skytrain, Curtiss-Wright C-46 Commando, Douglas C-54 Skymaster, C-124 Globemaster II, Fairchild C-119 "Flying Boxcar", Lockheed C-130 Hercules, McDonnell Douglas C-9, C-12 Huron, C-21A, and Bell Helicopter Textron UH-1 Huey
References for commands and major units assigned, components and stations:[1][2][3]

Operations

The 374th Troop Carrier Wing was established on 10 August 1948 and activated on 17 August. It operated Harmon Field, Guam, until Mar 1949, and provided troop carrier operations in the Pacific and Far East. It moved to Japan in Mar 1949, and assumed control over Tachikawa (later, Tachikawa AB), operating this facility until 1 Jan 1956.

The 374th Wing operated Harmon Field, Guam from August 1948 though March 1949, and provided troop carrier operations in the Pacific and Far East. It moved to Japan in March 1949, and assumed control over Tachikawa (later, Tachikawa AB), operating this facility until January 1, 1956.

Korean War

When the Korean War broke out in June 1950, the 374th was the only air transport group in the Far East. During the war, the combat components of the unit were:

  • 1st Troop Carrier Group, Provisional: attached August 26, 1950 – January 10, 1951.
  • 21st Troop Carrier Squadron: attached June 29, 1951 – March 28, 1952.
  • 47th Troop Carrier Squadron, Provisional: attached January 10–26, 1951.
  • 6142nd Air Transport Unit: attached August 1 – October 1, 1950.
  • 6143rd Air Transport Unit: attached July 26 – October 1, 1950.
  • 6144th Air Transport Unit: attached July 26 – October 1, 1950.

The Wing's assigned and attached components flew a variety of aircraft, including C-54s, C-46s, C-47s, C-119s, and C-124s, performing combat airlift, airdrops, and aeromedical evacuation in Korea throughout the war

The Wing performed routine transport operations. With assigned and attached components, the wing performed combat airlift, airdrops, and aeromedical evacuation in Korea throughout the war. For its work between June 27 and September 15, 1950, transporting vital cargo, personnel and evacuating wounded men, the 374th earned its fourth DUC

It also flew courier flights throughout the Pacific area. In April 1953, the 347th transported the first of several groups of repatriated prisoners of war from Korea to Japan (Operation Little Switch), and subsequently transported United Nations prisoners of war (Operation Big Switch) from North Korea.

Cold War

Lockheed C-130E-LM Hercules 63-7825 345th TAS/374th TAW at Ching Chuan Kang Air Base

Following hostilities, the wing resumed its normal troop carrier and airlift operations in the Far East and Pacific area, including participation in tactical exercises and humanitarian missions.

Beginning in January 1954, the 374th airlifted wounded French troops from Indochina to Japan, en route to France. Principal operations from 1955 until 1958 consisted of numerous mobility exercises, routine theater airlift, and occasional exercises throughout the Western Pacific region. It trained C-46 pilots of the Japanese Air Self Defense Force, from November 1954 through May 1955.

Nine years later, in August 1966, it was activated at Naha AB, Okinawa as part of the 315th Air Division, and assumed a mission of airlift to Southeast Asia, as well as intra-theater airlift for elements of the Pacific Command. In addition, the wing supported Army Special Forces training, participated in tactical exercises, and flew search and rescue and humanitarian missions as needed.

The wing had no aircraft from April 27 to May 31, 1971. It was revived with new resources at Ching Chuan Kang Air Base Taiwan and remained heavily committed in support of operations in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War, and also continued routine airlift in other areas. One of the wing's humanitarian missions-flood relief in the Philippines-earned it a Philippine Republic Presidential Unit Citation in 1972.

The wing provided support in March 1973 for Operation Homecoming, the repatriation of American prisoners from Hanoi, North Vietnam. It maintained a forward operating location at Korat RTAFB Thailand until 1976. The 374th participated in Operation Baby Lift (evacuation of Vietnam orphans) and Operation NewLife (evacuation of Vietnamese refugees) in April 1975. During the recovery of the SS Mayaguez from the Cambodians in May 1975, a wing aircraft dropped a 15,000-lb bomb on Koh Tang Island to create a helicopter landing area.

On March 31, 1975, the 374th gained an aeromedical airlift mission in the Far East. In October 1978, it added a tactical airlift group to control the wing's units in Japan and South Korea, and continued controlling aerial port facilities in South Korea until November 1983, and then in the Philippines and Japan.

It began supporting US Navy elements in the Indian Ocean area in 1980. From December 30, 1990 through July 6, 1991, the wing deployed C-130s and associated aircrews and support personnel for operations in Southwest Asia, and from June 8 through July 1, 1991 provided airlift and aeromedical airlift for the evacuation of Clark AB, Philippines, after the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo.

Modern era

On April 1, 1992 the 374th absorbed the personnel and mission of 475th Air Base Wing, which was inactivated under the "one base-one wing" organizational concept and became the host unit at Yokota. From 1992 to present, the 374th Airlift Wing conducted special operations, aeromedical evacuations, search and rescue operations, humanitarian relief and theater airlift missions in support of US and United Nations security interests throughout the Far East.

In 1996, the 374th deployed portions of the Air Transportable Hospital to Andersen AFB, Guam to assist in Operation Pacific Haven, migrant operations of more than 2000 Kurdish nationals. Deployed to Utapao RTAFB, Thailand from December 28, 2004 though January 26, 2005 as part of Operation Unified Assistance, distributing humanitarian supplies to people and eleven nations devastated by an earthquake triggered tsunami.

374th AW Emblem Gallery

See also

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • This article contains information from the Yokota Air Base factsheet which is an official document of the United States Government and is presumed to be in the public domain.

Notes

  1. ^ Ravenstein 1984
  2. ^ Maurer 1983
  3. ^ Rogers 2005

Bibliography

  • Imparato, Edward. 374th Troop Carrier Group. Paducah, Kentucky: Turner Publishing Company, 1998.
  • Martin, Patrick. Tail Code: The Complete History of USAF Tactical Aircraft Tail Code Markings. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Military Aviation History, 1994. ISBN 0-88740-513-4.
  • Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories, 1947–1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1984. ISBN 0-91279-912-9.
  • Rogers, Brian. United States Air Force Unit Designations Since 1978. Hinkley, UK: Midland Publications, 2005. ISBN 1-85780-197-0.

External links


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