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383d Bombardment Group: Wikis

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383d Bombardment Group
Active 1942 - 1946
Country United States
Branch United States Army Air Forces
Role Bombardment
Part of Twentieth Air Force
Garrison/HQ Pacific Ocean Theater of World War II
Engagements
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg American Campaign Medal ribbon.svg Asiatic-Pacific Campaign ribbon.svg
  • World War II
American Campaign (1942-1945)
Pacific Theater (1945)

The 383d Bombardment Group is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to the Army Service Forces, being stationed at Camp Azna, California. It was inactivated on 3 January 1946.

The unit was initially a World War II B-17 Flying Fortress and B-24 Liberator operational training unit (OTU). Redesignated as a replacement training unit (RTU) in October 1943. Inactivated in April 1944 when Second Air Force switched to B-29 Superfortress training. Late in the war the group was reactivated and trained as a Very Heavy (VH) B-29 Superfortress group and assigned to Eighth Air Force in Okinawa. However, the war ended before the group could enter combat.

Contents

History

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Lineage

  • Constituted as 383d Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Oct 1942
Activated on 3 Nov 1942
Inactivated on 1 Apr 1944.
  • Redesignated 383d Bombardment Group (Very Heavy)
Activated on 28 Aug 1944
Inactivated on 3 Jan 1946

Assignments

Stations Assigned

Operational Units

  • 540th Bombardment Squadron 1942-1944 (B-17, B-24)
  • 541st Bombardment Squadron 1942-1944 (B-17, B-24)
  • 542d Bombardment Squadron 1942-1944 (B-17, B-24)
  • 543d Bombardment Squadron 1942-1944 (B-17, B-24)
  • 876th Bombardment Squadron 1944-1946 (B-29)
  • 880th Bombardment Squadron 1944-1946 (B-29)
  • 884th Bombardment Squadron 1944-1946 (B-29)

Aircraft Flown

Operational History

The 383d Bombardment Group (Heavy) was constituted on 28 Oct 1942 at Salt Lake City AAB, Utah, and activated on 3 Nov 1942. The 383d was assigned to Second Air Force as an operational training unit for B-17 Flying Fortress and B-24 Liberator flight crews, first at Rapid City AAF, South Dakota, then later at Geiger AAF, in Washington.

With the phasedown of B-17/B-24 training, the 383d was inactivated on 1 April 1944. However, the unit was reactivated on 28 August as the 383d Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) and programmed as a B-29 Superfortress group for the Pacific Theater at Dalhart AAF, Texas. Shortages of B-29s for training caused the group to remain in the United States for almost a year until finally it deployed to Okinawa in August 1944 to be part of Eighth Air Force in the Pacific. However, the war ended before the group could enter combat.

Reassigned to Twentieth Air Force in September 1945, the group flew a few training missions from Okinawa until being returned to the United States for demobilization in December.

The 383d Bomb Group was inactivated on 3 January, 1946.

References

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.

External links


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